The Thermomechanical Properties of Thermally Evaporated Bismuth Triiodide Thin Films.

Author(s) Coutinho, N.F.; Cucatti, S.; Merlo, R.B.; Filho, J.Maria C.Si; Villegas, N.F.Borrero; Alvarez, F.; Nogueira, A.F.; Marques, F.C.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2019 Aug 13
Abstract

Bismuth triiodide (BiI) has been studied in recent years with the aim of developing lead-free semiconductors for photovoltaics. It has also appeared in X-ray detectors due to the high density of the Bismuth element. This material is attractive as an active layer in solar cells, or may be feasible for conversion into perovskite-like material (MABiI), being also suitable for photovoltaic applications. In this study, we report on the thermomechanical properties (stress, hardness, coefficient of thermal expansion, and biaxial and reduced Young's moduli) of BiI thin films deposited by thermal evaporation. The stress was determined as a function of temperature, adopting the thermally induced bending technique, which allowed us to extract the coefficient of thermal expansion (31 × 10 °C) and Young's biaxial modulus (19.6 GPa) for the films. Nanohardness (~0.76 GPa) and a reduced Young's modulus of 27.1 GPa were determined through nanoindentation measurements.

DOI 10.1038/s41598-019-48194-1
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Coutinho NF, Cucatti S, Merlo RB, Filho JM, Villegas NF, Alvarez F, et al. The Thermomechanical Properties of Thermally Evaporated Bismuth Triiodide Thin Films. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):11785.

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