Titanium dioxide nanotubes functionalized with Cratylia mollis seed lectin, Cramoll, enhanced osteoblast-like cells adhesion and proliferation.

Author(s) Oliveira, W.F.; Silva, G.M.M.; Filho, P.E.Cabral; Fontes, A.; Oliveira, M.D.L.; Andrade, C.A.S.; Silva, M.V.; Coelho, L.C.B.B.; Machado, G.; Correia, M.T.S.
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2018 Sep 01
Abstract

An alternative to accelerate the osseointegration on titanium dioxide nanotubes (TNTs) used in osseointegrated implants is through the functionalization of these nanostructured surfaces with biomolecules. In this work, we immobilized a lectin with recognized mitogenic activity, the Cramoll lectin, extracted from Cratylia mollis seeds, on surfaces modified by TNTs. For the immobilization of Cramoll on TNTs surfaces, we used the Layer-by-Layer technique (LbL) by growing five alternate layers of poly(allylamine) hydrochloride (PAH) and poly(acrylic) acid (PAA); lastly we incubated the lectin, at different concentrations, with the TNTs-LbL. Before and after the immobilization procedures, the substrate surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). We also evaluated the Cramoll activity after immobilization on TNTs by using the lectin interaction with ovalbumin. The lectin did not lose its biological activity, even after immobilization onto nanotubular arrays. In addition, we observed an increase osteoblast-like cell adhesion on the TNTs-LbL-Cramoll system when compared to the bare TNTs surfaces. Moreover, a significative cell proliferation was identified on the substrates when Cramoll was immobilized at concentrations of 80, 160 and 320 μg/mL after 48 h of incubation by using the resazurin assay. Our results suggest that Cramoll was efficiently immobilized on a nanotubular array and this new platform presents a great potential to be tested in implantology.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2018.04.089
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Oliveira WF, Silva GM, Filho PE, Fontes A, Oliveira MD, Andrade CA, et al. Titanium dioxide nanotubes functionalized with Cratylia mollis seed lectin, Cramoll, enhanced osteoblast-like cells adhesion and proliferation. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2018;90:664-672.

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