Ultrafast Synthesis of Calcium Vanadate for Superior Aqueous Calcium-Ion Battery.

Author(s) Liu, L.; Wu, Y.C.; Rozier, P.; Taberna, P.L.; Simon, P.
Journal Research (Wash D C)
Date Published 2019
Abstract

Recently, multivalent aqueous calcium-ion batteries (CIBs) have attracted considerable attention as a possible alternative to Li-ion batteries. However, traditional Ca-ion storage materials show either limited rate capabilities and poor cycle life or insufficient specific capacity. Here, we tackle these limitations by exploring materials having a large interlayer distance to achieve decent specific capacities and one-dimensional architecture with adequate Ca-ion passages that enable rapid reversible (de)intercalation processes. In this work, we report the high-yield, rapid, and low-cost synthesis of 1D metal oxides VO ( = Li, K), CaVO, and CaVO·7HO (CVO) via a molten salt method. Firstly, using 1D CVO as electrode materials, we show high capacity 205 mA h g, long cycle life (>97% capacity retention after 200 cycles at 3.0 C), and high-rate performance (117 mA h g at 12 C) for Ca-ion (de)intercalation. This work represents a step forward for the development of the molten salt method to synthesize nanomaterials and to help pave the way for the future growth of Ca-ion batteries.

DOI 10.34133/2019/6585686
ISSN 2639-5274
Citation Liu L, Wu Y-, Rozier P, Taberna P-, Simon P. Ultrafast Synthesis of Calcium Vanadate for Superior Aqueous Calcium-Ion Battery. Research (Wash D C). 2019;2019:6585686.

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