Understanding the coagulant activity of zirconium oxychloride to control THMs formation using response surface methodology.

Author(s) Priya, T.; Prakash, P.; Mishra, B.K.
Journal Ecotoxicol Environ Saf
Date Published 2018 Sep 15

In the present study, impact of coagulant activity of zirconium oxychloride and aluminium sulphate on the kinetics of chlorine consumption and trihalomethanes (THMs) formation has been delineated. Zirconium Oxychloride showed rapid chlorine decay within the first 30 min, which further achieved steady rate after 60 min, but in case of aluminium sulphate chlorine consumption has been increased drastically throughout the chlorine decay. Zirconium oxychloride has effectively reduced significant amount of slow reducing agents (SRA) as well as fast reducing agents (FRA), which correspond to the rate of reduction in phenolic groups from water enriched with Natural Organic Matter (NOM) which eventually decreased trihalomethane mediated cancer risk by ~ 2.3 times among adults as compared to aluminium sulphate. Result depicts the outstanding coagulant activity of zirconium oxychloride as it tends to surpass aluminium sulphate in reducing NOM "measured as Absorbance Slope Index (ASI)" and phenol by 57.98% and 49.02% respectively from NOM enriched chlorinated water, which also resembles the THMs removal trend observed during cancer risk assessment.

DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.04.036
ISSN 1090-2414
Citation Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018;159:2837.

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