Voltammetric determination of tartaric acid in wines by electrocatalytic oxidation on a cobalt(II)-phthalocyanine-modified electrode associated with multiway calibration.

Author(s) Lourenço, A.S.; Nascimento, R.F.; Silva, A.C.; Ribeiro, W.F.; Araujo, M.C.U.; Oliveira, S.C.B.; Nascimento, V.B.
Journal Anal Chim Acta
Date Published 2018 May 30

The electrocatalytic oxidation of tartaric acid on a carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt (II)-phthalocyanine was demonstrated and applied to the development of a highly sensitive, simple, fast and inexpensive voltammetric sensor to determine tartaric acid. The electrochemical behavior of the modified electrode was investigated by cyclic and square wave voltammetry, and the effect of experimental variables, such as dispersion and loading of cobalt (II)-phthalocyanine, together with optimum conditions for sensing the analyte by square wave voltammetry were assessed. In addition, the absence of a significant memory effect combined with the ease of electrode preparation led to the development of a sensitive and direct method to determine tartaric acid in wines. Interferences from other low molecular weight organic acids commonly present in wines were circumvented by using a multiway calibration technique, successfully obtaining the second order advantage by modeling voltammetric data with unfolded partial least square with residual bilinearization (U-PLS/RBL). A linear response range between 10 and 100 μmol L (r = 0.9991), a relative prediction error of 4.55% and a recovery range from 96.41 to 102.43% were obtained. The proposed method is non-laborious, since it does not use sample pretreatment such as filtration, extraction, pre-concentration or cleanup procedures.

DOI 10.1016/j.aca.2018.01.005
ISSN 1873-4324
Citation Anal Chim Acta. 2018;1008:2937.

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