Water as probe molecule for midgap states in nanocrystalline strontium titanate by conventional and synchronous luminescence spectroscopy under ambient conditions.

Author(s) Taylor, S.; Samokhvalov, A.
Journal Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
Date Published 2017 Mar 05
Abstract

Alkaline earth metal titanates are broad bandgap semiconductors with applications in electronic devices, as catalysts, photocatalysts, sorbents, and sensors. Strontium titanate SrTiO3 is of interest in electronic devices, sensors, in the photocatalytic hydrogen generation, as catalyst and sorbent. Both photocatalysis and operation of electronic devices rely upon the pathways of relaxation of excited charge in the semiconductor, including relaxation through the midgap states. We report characterization of nanocrystalline SrTiO3 at room temperature by "conventional" vs. synchronous luminescence spectroscopy and complementary methods. We determined energies of radiative transitions in the visible range through the two midgap states in the nanocrystalline SrTiO3. Further, adsorption and desorption of vapor of water as "probe molecule" for midgap states in the nanocrystalline SrTiO3 was studied, for the first time, by luminescence spectroscopy under ambient conditions. Emission of visible light from the nanocrystalline SrTiO3 is significantly increased upon desorption of water and decreased (quenched) upon adsorption of water vapor, due to interactions with the surface midgap states.

DOI 10.1016/j.saa.2016.11.011
ISSN 1873-3557
Citation Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2017;174:5461.

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