Wet air oxidation of cresylic spent caustic - A model compound study over graphene oxide (GO) and ruthenium/GO catalysts.

Author(s) Barge, A.S.; Vaidya, P.D.
Journal J Environ Manage
Date Published 2018 Apr 15

Wet air oxidation (WAO) is a candidate technique for the effective treatment of spent caustic wastewater. In this work, cresols were chosen as model compounds to represent cresylic spent caustic wash. Graphene oxide (GO) is a promising catalyst as well as support for the wet oxidation process, due to its unique structure and properties. For the first time, GO and ruthenium supported on graphene oxide (Ru/GO) were employed for WAO of cresylic isomers. The aforesaid materials were synthesized by modified Hummer's method and characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The performance of the investigated materials for WAO of cresols was studied in a slurry reactor. The best reaction conditions for GO were 175 °C and 0.69 MPa Opressure. Total organic carbon (TOC) degradation achieved at these conditions was 54.9, 48.9 and 61.2% for o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, respectively. The amount of TOC degradation obtained by using Ru/GO at the same reaction conditions was 66.4, 53.4 and 73.9% for o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, respectively. It was found that the order of reactivity for cresols was p-cresol > o-cresol > m-cresol. Finally, kinetics of TOC destruction during CWAO of p-cresol over GO was described using a two-step power law model.

DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.01.066
ISSN 1095-8630
Citation J Environ Manage. 2018;212:479489.

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