Zintl Phases as Reactive Precursors for Synthesis of Novel Silicon and Germanium-Based Materials.

Author(s) Beekman, M.; Kauzlarich, S.M.; Doherty, L.; Nolas, G.S.
Journal Materials (Basel)
Date Published 2019 Apr 08
Abstract

Recent experimental and theoretical work has demonstrated significant potential to tune the properties of silicon and germanium by adjusting the mesostructure, nanostructure, and/or crystalline structure of these group 14 elements. Despite the promise to achieve enhanced functionality with these already technologically important elements, a significant challenge lies in the identification of effective synthetic approaches that can access metastable silicon and germanium-based extended solids with a particular crystal structure or specific nano/meso-structured features. In this context, the class of intermetallic compounds known as Zintl phases has provided a platform for discovery of novel silicon and germanium-based materials. This review highlights some of the ways in which silicon and germanium-based Zintl phases have been utilized as precursors in innovative approaches to synthesize new crystalline modifications, nanoparticles, nanosheets, and mesostructured and nanoporous extended solids with properties that can be very different from the ground states of the elements.

DOI 10.3390/ma12071139
ISSN 1996-1944
Citation Beekman M, Kauzlarich SM, Doherty L, Nolas GS. Zintl Phases as Reactive Precursors for Synthesis of Novel Silicon and Germanium-Based Materials. Materials (Basel). 2019;12(7).