Zirconium oxide and niobium oxide used as radiopacifiers in a calcium silicate-based material stimulate fibroblast proliferation and collagen formation.

Author(s) Silva, G.F.; Guerreiro-Tanomaru, J.M.; da Fonseca, T.S.; Bernardi, M.I.B.; Sasso-Cerri, E.; Tanomaru-Filho, M.; Cerri, P.S.
Journal Int Endod J
Date Published 2017 Dec
Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the influence of the addition of microparticulate (micro) and nanoparticulate (nano) zirconium oxide (ZrO2 ) and niobium pentoxide (Nb2 O5 ) to a calcium silicate-based cement (CS) on the subcutaneous healing process in rats compared with MTA Angelus™.

METHODOLOGY: In each rat, two polyethylene tubes filled with the following materials: (i) MTA; (ii) CS + ZrO2 micro; (iii) CS + ZrO2 nano; (iv) CS + Nb2 O5 micro or (v) CS + Nb2 O5 nano were implanted subcutaneously; empty polyethylene tubes were used in the Control group. After 7, 15, 30 and 60 days, the specimens (n = 5 per group in each period) were fixed and embedded in paraffin. Masson's trichrome sections were used to obtain the volume density of the inflammatory cells (VvIC) and fibroblasts (VvFb). The sections were also stained with Picrosirius-red to calculate the birefringent collagen content. Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the number of immunolabelled cells was obtained. The data were subjected to two-way anova followed by Tukey's test (P ≤ 0.05).

RESULTS: At all periods, the VvIC was significantly lower (P < 0.001) in all the CS and Control groups than in the MTA group. At all periods, the VvFb was reduced significantly (P = 0.023) in the MTA group in comparison with the other groups. In addition, the number of immunolabelled cells in the capsules of the CS groups was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than in the MTA group at all time-points.

CONCLUSIONS: The experimental materials (CS + ZrO2 and CS + Nb2 O5 ) induced fibroblast proliferation and accelerated the regression of the inflammatory reaction. However, the addition of nanoparticulate radiopacifiers did not improve the biological properties of a calcium silicate-based cement when compared to microparticulate agents.

DOI 10.1111/iej.12789
ISSN 1365-2591
Citation Int Endod J. 2017;50 Suppl 2:e95e108.

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