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Sodium Dithionite

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

Na2S2O4

MDL Number:

MFCD00011640

EC No.:

231-890-0

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PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
Sodium Dithionite
NA-DTH-01-P
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >

Sodium Dithionite Properties (Theoretical)

Compound Formula Na2O4S2
Molecular Weight 174.107
Appearance White crystalline powder
Melting Point 52 °C
Boiling Point Decomposes
Density 2.8 g/cm3
Solubility in H2O 18.2 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Exact Mass 173.903339
Monoisotopic Mass 173.903339

Sodium Dithionite Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H251-H302
Hazard Codes F, Xi
Precautionary Statements P301 + P312 + P330-P407-P413-P420
Flash Point 100 °C
Risk Codes 7-22-31
Safety Statements 7/8-26-28-43
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 1384 4.2/PG 2
WGK Germany 1
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 05/19/2019
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Sodium Dithionite

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. NA-DTH-01-P

CAS #: 7775-14-6

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America: +1 800-424-9300
International: +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Self-heating substances and mixtures (Category 1), H251
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
2.2 GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Pictogram

Flame - GHS02
Exclamation Mark - GHS07
Environment - GHS09

Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H251 Self-heating: may catch fire.
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statement(s)
P235 + P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face
protection.
P301 + P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you
feel unwell.
P330 Rinse mouth.
P391 Collect spillage.
P407 Maintain air gap between stacks/ pallets.
P410 Protect from sunlight.
P420 Store away from other materials.
P501 Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
2.3 Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) or not covered by GHS
Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

3.1 Substances
Synonyms : Sodium dithionite
Sodium hypodisulfite
Formula : Na2O4S2
Molecular weight : 174.11 g/mol
CAS-No. : 7775-14-6
EC-No. : 231-890-0
Index-No. : 016-028-00-1
Hazardous components
Component Classification Concentration
Sodium dithionite
Self-heat. 1; Acute Tox. 4;
Aquatic Acute 2; Aquatic
Chronic 2; H251, H302, H411
90 - 100 %


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

4.1 Description of first aid measures
General advice
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.Move out of dangerous area.
If inhaled
If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
In case of skin contact
Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
If swallowed
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
4.2 Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in section 11
4.3 Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

5.1 Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Dry powder
5.2 Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Sulphur oxides, Sodium oxides
5.3 Advice for firefighters
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.
5.4 Further information
Addition of small amounts of water may cause self ignition.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing Vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
For personal protection see section 8.
6.2 Environmental precautions
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment
must be avoided.
6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Sweep up and shovel. Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wetbrushing
and place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13). Do not flush with water.
Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
6.4 Reference to other sections
For disposal see section 13.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

7.1 Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.Further processing of solid materials may result
in the formation of combustible dusts. The potential for combustible dust formation should be taken into consideration
before additional processing occurs.
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
For precautions see section 2.2.
7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Never allow product to get in contact with water during storage. Do not store near acids.
Keep in a dry place. Air-, heat-, and moisture-sensitive. Handle and store under inert gas. Keep in a dry place.
7.3 Specific end use(s)
Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

8.1 Control parameters
Components with workplace control parameters
Contains no substances with occupational exposure limit values.
8.2 Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of
workday.
Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection
Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate
government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin protection
Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without
touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after
use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.
Full contact
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0.11 mm
Break through time: > 480 min
Material tested:
Splash contact
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0.11 mm
Break through time: > 480 min
Material tested:
data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300, e-mail sales@kcl.de, test method:
EN374
If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374, contact the
supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must be evaluated by an
industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our customers. It
should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.
Body Protection
Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected according to
the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory protection
Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle respirator type
N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. If the respirator is the
sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use respirators and components tested and
approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Control of environmental exposure
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
environment must be avoided.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

9.1 Information on basic physical and chemical properties
a) Appearance Form: powder
Colour: white
b) Odor No data available
c) Odor Threshold No data available
d) pH 7.0 - 9 at 50 g/l at 20 °C (68 °F)
e) Melting point/freezing point 300 °C (572 °F)
f) Initial boiling point and boiling range No data available
g) Flash point No data available
h) Evaporation rate No data available
i) Flammability (solid, gas) No data available
j) Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits No data available
k) Vapor pressure No data available
l) Vapor density No data available
m) Relative density 2.500 g/cm3 at 20 °C (68 °F)
n) Water solubility No data available
o) Partition coefficient: noctanol/water log Pow: < -4.7
p) Auto-ignition temperature The substance or mixture is classified as self heating with the category 1.
q) Decomposition temperature No data available
r) Viscosity No data available
s) Explosive properties No data available
t) Oxidizing properties No data available
9.2 Other safety information Bulk density 1,250 kg/m3


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

10.1 Reactivity
No data available
10.2 Chemical stability
May decompose on exposure to air and moisture.
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions
No data available
10.4 Conditions to avoid
Do not allow water to enter container because of violent reaction. Avoid moisture. Heat.
10.5 Incompatible materials
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, Water
10.6 Hazardous decomposition products
Other decomposition products - No data available
In the event of fire: see section 5


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

11.1 Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity
No data available
Inhalation: No data available
Dermal: No data available
No data available
Skin corrosion/irritation
No data available
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
No data available
Respiratory or skin sensitisation
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
No data available
Carcinogenicity
IARC: No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as
ACGIH: No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by ACGIH.
NTP: No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
known or anticipated carcinogen by NTP.
OSHA: No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as a
carcinogen or potential carcinogen by OSHA.
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Additional Information
RTECS: Not available
To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties have not been thoroughly
investigated.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

12.1 Toxicity
Toxicity to fish LC50 - Leuciscus idus (Golden orfe) - 10 - 100 mg/l - 96 h
Toxicity to daphnia and
other aquatic
invertebrates
EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 10 - 100 mg/l - 48 h
12.2 Persistence and degradability
No data available
12.3 Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
12.4 Mobility in soil
No data available
12.5 Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
12.6 Other adverse effects
An environmental hazard cannot be excluded in the event of unprofessional handling or disposal.
Toxic to aquatic life.
No data available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

13.1 Waste treatment methods
Product
Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting as this
material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company. Contact a
licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material.
Contaminated packaging
Dispose of as unused product.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

DOT (US)
UN number: 1384 Class: 4.2 Packing group: II
Proper shipping name: Sodium dithionite
Reportable Quantity (RQ):
Marine pollutant: No
Poison Inhalation Hazard: No
IMDG
UN number: 1384 Class: 4.2 Packing group: II EMS-No: F-A, S-J
Proper shipping name: SODIUM DITHIONITE
Marine pollutant: No
IATA
UN number: 1384 Class: 4.2 Packing group: II
Proper shipping name: Sodium dithionite


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

SARA 302 Components
No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section 302.
SARA 313 Components
This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the threshold (De
Minimis) reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313.
SARA 311/312 Hazards
Reactivity Hazard, Acute Health Hazard
Massachusetts Right To Know Components
Sodium dithionite
CAS-No.
7775-14-6
Revision Date
1993-04-24
Pennsylvania Right To Know Components
Sodium dithionite
CAS-No.
7775-14-6
Revision Date
1993-04-24
New Jersey Right To Know Components
Sodium dithionite
CAS-No.
7775-14-6
Revision Date
1993-04-24
California Prop. 65 Components
This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other
reproductive harm.


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2018 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Sodium Dithionite

Sodium Dithionite is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Sodium Dithionite Synonyms

Sodium Metabisulfate, Sodium metabisulphate; Sodium hydrosulfite; Sodium hydrosulphite; Disodium dithionite; Vatrolite; Sodium sulfoxylate; Sodium hypodisulfite; Dithionous acid, disodium salt; CAS 7631-94-9; EC 231-550-1

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula Na2S2O4
MDL Number MFCD00011640
EC No. 231-890-0
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
Pubchem CID 24489
IUPAC Name N/A
SMILES [O-]S(=O)S(=O)[O-].[Na+].[Na+]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/2Na.H2O4S2/c;;1-5(2)6(3)4/h;;(H,1,2)(H,3,4)/q2*+1;/p-2
InchI Key JVBXVOWTABLYPX-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

Sodium Bohr ModelSee more Sodium products. Sodium (atomic symbol: Na, atomic number: 11) is a Block D, Group 5, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 22.989769. The number of electrons in each of Sodium's shells is [2, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s1.The sodium atom has a radius of 185.8 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm. Sodium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. In its elemental form, sodium has a silvery-white metallic appearance. It is the sixth most abundant element, making up 2.6 % of the earth's crust. Sodium does not occur in nature as a free element and must be extracted from its compounds (e.g., feldspars, sodalite, and rock salt). The name Sodium is thought to come from the Arabic word suda, meaning "headache" (due to sodium carbonate's headache-alleviating properties), and its elemental symbol Na comes from natrium, its Latin name.

See more Sulfur products. Sulfur (or Sulphur) (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. Sulfur Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777, when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound.

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May 19, 2019
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