See more Aluminum products. Aluminum (or Aluminum) (atomic symbol: Al, atomic number: 13) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 3 element with an atomic weight of 26.9815386. It is the third most abundant element in the earth's crust and the most abundant metallic element. Aluminum's name is derived from alumina, the mineral from which Sir Humphrey Davy attempted to refine it from in 1812. It wasn't until 1825 that Aluminum was first isolated by Hans Christian Oersted. Aluminum is a silvery gray metal that possesses many desirable characteristics. It is light, nonmagnetic and non-sparking. It stands second among metals in the scale of malleability, and sixth in ductility. It is extensively used in many industrial applications where a strong, light, easily constructed material is needed. Although it has only 60% of the electrical conductivity of copper, it is used in electrical transmission lines because of its light weight. Pure aluminum is soft and lacks strength, but alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements it imparts a variety of useful properties. Aluminum was first predicted by Antoine Lavoisierin 1787 and first isolated by Friedrich Wöhler in 1827.
See more Dysprosium products. Dysprosium (atomic symbol: Dy, atomic number: 66) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 162.5. The number of electrons in each of dysprosium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f10 6s2. The dysprosium atom has an atomic radius of 178 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 229 pm. Dysprosium was first discovered by Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886.In its elemental form, dysprosium has a silvery-white appearance. It is a member of the lanthanide or rare earth series of elements and, along with holmium, has the highest magnetic strength of all other elements on the periodic table, especially at low temperatures. Dysprosium is found in various minerals including bastnäsite, blomstrandine, euxenite, fergusonite, gadolinite, monazite, polycrase and xenotime. It is not found in nature as a free element. The element name originates from the Greek word dysprositos, meaning hard to get at.
See more Europium products. Europium (atomic symbol: Eu, atomic number: 63)is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 151.964. The number of electrons in each of Europium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2 and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f7 6s2. The europium atom has an atomic radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 233 pm. Europium was discovered by Eugène-Anatole Demarçay in 1896, however, he did not isolate it until 1901. Europium was named after the continent of Europe. Europium is a member of the rare earth series of metals in its elemental form, it has a silvery-white appearance but it is rarely found without oxide discoloration. Europium is found in many minerals including bastnasite, monazite, xenotime and loparite. It is not found in nature as a free element.
See more Strontium products. Strontium (atomic symbol: Sr, atomic number: 38) is a Block S, Group 2, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 87.62 . The number of electrons in each of Strontium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 5s2. The strontium atom has a radius of 215 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 249 pm. Strontium was discovered by William Cruickshank in 1787 and first isolated by Humphry Davy in 1808. In its elemental form, strontium is a soft, silvery white metallic solid that quickly turns yellow when exposed to air. Cathode ray tubes in televisions are made of strontium, which are becoming increasingly displaced by other display technologies pyrotechnics and fireworks employ strontium salts to achhieve a bright red color. Radioactive isotopes of strontium have been used in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) and for certain cancer treatments. In nature, most strontium is found in celestite (as strontium sulfate) and strontianite (as strontium carbonate). Strontium was named after the Scottish town where it was discovered.