Ultra Thin Gadolinium Nanofoil

CAS #

Gd

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PRODUCT PRODUCT CODE REQUEST A QUOTE PRINT SAFETY DATA
(3N) 99.9% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil GD-M-03-FN Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil GD-M-04-FN Request Quote
(5N) 99.999% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil GD-M-05-FN Request Quote

Properties

Molecular Weight 157.25
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1312 °C
Boiling Point 3250 °C
Density 7901kg/m3
Thermal Expansion

(100 °C, poly) 9.4 µm/(m·K)

Poisson Ratio (? form) 0.259
Vickers Hardness 570 MPa
Young's Modulus (? form) 54.8 GPa
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.1 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266 °C
Heat of Fusion 3.70 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H261
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
WGK Germany 3

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 02/14/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Ultra Thin Gadolinium Nanofoil

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. GD-M-03-FN, GD-M-04-FN, GD-M-05-FN

CAS #: 7440-54-2

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
GHS02 Flame
Pyr. Sol. 1 H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
Self-heat. 2 H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.
Water-react. 1 H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms

Flame - GHS02

GHS02
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
Precautionary statements
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P222 Do not allow contact with air.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use for extinction: CO2, sand, extinguishing powder.
P422 Store contents under inert gas.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
B6 - Reactive flammable material
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1
4
3
Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 4
Physical Hazard = 3
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7440-54-2 Gadolinium
Identification number(s):
EC number: 231-162-2


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No further relevant information available.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents
Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Spontaneously flammable in air.
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Keep away from ignition sources
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Keep away from ignition sources.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Do not flush with water or aqueous cleansing agents
Prevention of secondary hazards:
Keep away from ignition sources.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
Protect against electrostatic charges.
Substance/product is self ignitable.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Do not store together with oxidizing and acidic materials.
Store away from air.
Store away from water/moisture.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is moisture sensitive.
This product is air sensitive.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
The product does not contain any relevant quantities of materials with critical values that have to be monitored at the workplace.
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
Not determined
Eye protection:
Safety glasses
Full face protection
Body protection:
Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Powder
Color: Silver-colored
Odor: Not determined
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 1312 °C (2394 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 3273 °C (5923 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous)
Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Spontaneously flammable in air.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure at 20 °C (68 °F): 0 hPa
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 7.9 g/cm³ (65.926 lbs/gal)
Relative density: Not determined.
Vapor density: Not applicable.
Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water:
Contact with water releases flammable gases
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water):
Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Spontaneously flammable in air.
Contact with water releases flammable gases
Conditions to avoid
No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
Air
Oxidizing agents
Water/moisture
Hazardous decomposition products:
Metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
No effects known.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
Skin irritation or corrosion: May cause irritation
Eye irritation or corrosion: May cause irritation
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity: No effects known.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability
No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential
No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil
No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN1383
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Pyrophoric metals, n.o.s. (Gadolinium)
IMDG, IATA
PYROPHORIC METAL, N.O.S. (Gadolinium)
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion.
Label
4.2
Class
4.2 (S4) Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Label
4.2
IMDG, IATA
Class
4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion.
Label
4.2
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
I
Environmental hazards:
Not applicable.
Special precautions for user
Warning: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN1383, Pyrophoric metals, n.o.s. (Gadolinium), 4.2, I


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

"
Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms
GHS02
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
Precautionary statements
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P222 Do not allow contact with air.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use for extinction: CO2, sand, extinguishing powder.
P422 Store contents under inert gas.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Non-Domestic Substances List (NDSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

American Elements' Nanometal™ nanofoil manufacturing unit produces ultra thin foil as thin as only 50 nm thick in diameters up to 910 mm. Typically, foils are in thicknesses from 20 nm to 1000 nm, 1 micron, 2 micron, and up to a few microns thick. Nanometal™ ultra thin foil can also be produced on a substrate with a parting agent to permit removal by floating and can then be mounted on frames. Frames may be washers, rings, or more-complicated assemblies. For foils >1 micron thick see our Gadolinium Foil page. We also produce Gadolinium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

3.70 Cal/gm mole

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Gd
CAS 7440-54-2
Pubchem CID 23982
MDL MFCD00011022
EC No. 231-162-2
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Gd]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Gd
InchI Key UIWYJDYFSGRHKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Gadolinium products. Gadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25. Gadolinium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous to specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. Elemental Gadolinium PictureIt is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μ B) and in phosphors and scintillator crystals. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.

Recent Research

Increasing signal intensity within the dentate nucleus and globus pallidus on unenhanced T1W magnetic resonance images in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: correlation with cumulative dose of a macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast age, Stojanov, Dragan A., Aracki-Trenkic Aleksandra, Vojinovic Slobodan, Benedeto-Stojanov Daniela, and Ljubisavljevic Srdjan , Eur Radiol, 2016 Mar, Volume 26, Issue 3, p.807-15, (2016)

Structure and photoluminescent properties of green-emitting terbium-doped GdV1-x Px O4 phosphor prepared by solution combustion method., Motloung, S J., Shaat S K. K., Tshabalala K G., and Ntwaeaborwa O M. , Luminescence, 2016 Jan 7, (2016)

Mechanisms for overestimating acute myocardial infarct size with gadolinium-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in humans: a quantitative and kinetic study †., Hammer-Hansen, Sophia, W Bandettini Patricia, Hsu Li-Yueh, Leung Steve W., Shanbhag Sujata, Mancini Christine, Greve Anders M., Køber Lars, Thune Jens Jakob, Kellman Peter, et al. , Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging, 2016 Jan, Volume 17, Issue 1, p.76-84, (2016)

DNA-gadolinium-gold nanoparticles for in vivo T1 MR imaging of transplanted human neural stem cells., Nicholls, Francesca J., Rotz Matthew W., Ghuman Harmanvir, MacRenaris Keith W., Meade Thomas J., and Modo Michel , Biomaterials, 2016 Jan, Volume 77, p.291-306, (2016)

Synthesis and Photoluminescence Studies of Eu(III), Er(III) Doped Strontium Gadolinium Tantalum Oxide., Vishwnath, Verma, Srinivas Mangalampalli, Patel Nimesh P., Modi Dhaval, and Murthy K V. R. , J Fluoresc, 2016 Jan, Volume 26, Issue 1, p.277-82, (2016)

Cationic gadolinium chelate for magnetic resonance imaging of cartilaginous defects., Nwe, Kido, Huang Ching-Hui, Qu Feini, Warden-Rothman Robert, Zhang Clare Y., Mauck Robert L., and Tsourkas Andrew , Contrast Media Mol Imaging, 2016 Feb 8, (2016)

Macrocyclic and Other Non-Group 1 Gadolinium Contrast Agents Deposit Low Levels of Gadolinium in Brain and Bone Tissue: Preliminary Results From 9 Patients With Normal Renal Function., Murata, Nozomu, Gonzalez-Cuyar Luis F., Murata Kiyoko, Fligner Corinne, Dills Russell, Hippe Daniel, and Maravilla Kenneth R. , Invest Radiol, 2016 Feb 8, (2016)

Geometrically confined ultrasmall gadolinium oxide nanoparticles boost the T1 contrast ability., Ni, Kaiyuan, Zhao Zhenghuan, Zhang Zongjun, Zhou Zijian, Yang Li, Wang Lirong, Ai Hua, and Gao Jinhao , Nanoscale, 2016 Feb 14, Volume 8, Issue 6, p.3768-74, (2016)

Signal Increase on Unenhanced T1-Weighted Images in the Rat Brain After Repeated, Extended Doses of Gadolinium-Based Contrast Agents: Comparison of Linear and Macrocyclic Agents., Jost, Gregor, Lenhard Diana Constanze, Sieber Martin Andrew, Lohrke Jessica, Frenzel Thomas, and Pietsch Hubertus , Invest Radiol, 2016 Feb, Volume 51, Issue 2, p.83-9, (2016)