Ultra Thin Gadolinium Nanofoil

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Product Code Product Request Quote
GD-M-03-FN (3N) 99.9% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request
GD-M-04-FN (4N) 99.99% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request
GD-M-05-FN (5N) 99.999% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request


American Elements' Nanometal™ nanofoil manufacturing unit produces ultra thin foil as thin as only 50 nm thick in diameters up to 910 mm. Typically, foils are in thicknesses from 20 nm to 1000 nm, 1 micron, 2 micron, and up to a few microns thick. Nanometal™ ultra thin foil can also be produced on a substrate with a parting agent to permit removal by floating and can then be mounted on frames. Frames may be washers, rings, or more-complicated assemblies. For foils >1 micron thick see our Gadolinium Foil page. We also produce Gadolinium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.


3.70 Cal/gm mole

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Gd
CAS 7440-54-2
Pubchem CID 23982
MDL MFCD00011022
EC No. 231-162-2
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Gd


Molecular Weight 157.25
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1312 °C
Boiling Point 3250 °C
Density 7901kg/m3
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.1 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266 °C
Heat of Fusion 3.70 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Info  |  MSDS / SDS

Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H261
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling (GHS) N/A

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Related Products

GdSee more Gadolinium products. Gadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25. Gadolinium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous to specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. Elemental Gadolinium PictureIt is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μ B) and in phosphors and scintillator crystals. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.


Recent Research & Development for Gadolinium

  • Accuracy of Late Gadolinium Enhancement - Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Measurement of Left Atrial Substrate Remodeling in Patients With Rheumatic Mitral Valve Disease and Persistent Atrial Fibrillation. Zhu D, Wu Z, van der Geest RJ, Luo Y, Sun J, Jiang J, Chen Y. Int Heart J. 9/29/2015
  • Gadolinium(III) Complexes with N-Alkyl-N-methylglucamine Surfactants Incorporated into Liposomes as Potential MRI Contrast Agents. Silva SR, Duarte ÉC, Ramos GS, Kock FV, Andrade FD, Frézard F, Colnago LA, Demicheli C. Bioinorg Chem Appl. 9/28/2015
  • Prevalence, Patterns, and Clinical Predictors of Left Ventricular Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Prior to Pulmonary Vein Antral Isolation for Atrial Fibrillation: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. Nance JW Jr, Khurram IM, Nazarian S, DeWire J, Calkins H, Zimmerman SL. Medicine (Baltimore). 9/28/2015
  • The value of cardiac magnetic resonance and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement for risk stratification of sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Klopotowski M, Kukula K, Malek LA, Spiewak M, Polanska-Skrzypczyk M, Jamiolkowski J, Dabrowski M, Baranowski R, Klisiewicz A, Kusmierczyk M, Jasinska A, Jarmus E, Kruk M, Ruzyllo W, Witkowski A, Chojnowska L. J Cardiol. 9/25/2015
  • Effects of Polyethyleneimine on the Sonochemical Synthesis of Gadolinium Ion-Modified ZnO Nanorods. Choi SC, Yun WS, Sohn SH. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 9/24/2015
  • Progressive increase of T1 signal intensity in the dentate nucleus and globus pallidus on unenhanced T1-weighted MR images in the pediatric brain exposed to multiple doses of gadolinium contrast. Roberts DR, Holden KR. Brain Dev. 9/24/2015
  • Effect of gadolinium on hepatic fat quantification using multi-echo reconstruction technique with T2* correction and estimation. Ge M, Zhang J, Wu B, Liu Z, Song H, Meng X, Wu X. Eur Radiol. 9/18/2015
  • Dynamic-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cirrhotic liver parenchyma: A comparison between gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid and gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid. Lin CY, Chang WC, Chou CT, Chen RC. J Chin Med Assoc. 9/11/2015
  • Gadolinium (III)-Chelated Silica Nanospheres Integrating Chemo- and Photothermal Therapy for Cancer Treatment and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Cao M, Wang P, Kou Y, Wang J, Liu J, Li YH, Li J, Wang L, Chen C. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 7/15/2015
  • Disparate ultrafast dynamics of itinerant and localized magnetic moments in gadolinium metal. Frietsch B, Bowlan J, Carley R, Teichmann M, Wienholdt S, Hinzke D, Nowak U, Carva K, Oppeneer PM, Weinelt M. Nat Commun. 6/15/2015

Free Test Sample Program

We recognize many of our customers are purchasing small quantities directly online as trial samples in anticipation of placing a larger future order or multiple orders as a raw material for production. Since our primary business is the production of industrial quantities and/or highly consistent batches which can be used for commercial production and purchased repeatedly in smaller quantity, American Elements offers trial samples at no charge on the following basis. Within 6 months of purchasing materials directly online from us, you have the option to refer back to that order and advise that it is the intention of your company, institution or lab to either purchase a larger quantity, purchase the material in regular intervals or purchase more on some other basis.

We will then evaluate your future needs and assuming the quantity or number of future purchases qualify, we will fully credit your purchase price with the next order. Because of the many variables in the quantity and number of orders you may place, it is impossible to evaluate whether your future order(s) will qualify for this program prior to your placing your next order. Please know American Elements strongly desires to make this free sample program available to you and will make every effort to do so once your next order is placed.