Ultra Thin Gadolinium Nanofoil

CAS #

Gd

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Product Code Product Request Quote
GD-M-03-FN (3N) 99.9% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request
GD-M-04-FN (4N) 99.99% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request
GD-M-05-FN (5N) 99.999% Ultra Thin Gadolinium Foil Request

About

American Elements' Nanometal™ nanofoil manufacturing unit produces ultra thin foil as thin as only 50 nm thick in diameters up to 910 mm. Typically, foils are in thicknesses from 20 nm to 1000 nm, 1 micron, 2 micron, and up to a few microns thick. Nanometal™ ultra thin foil can also be produced on a substrate with a parting agent to permit removal by floating and can then be mounted on frames. Frames may be washers, rings, or more-complicated assemblies. For foils >1 micron thick see our Gadolinium Foil page. We also produce Gadolinium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

3.70 Cal/gm mole

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Gd
CAS 7440-54-2
Pubchem CID 23982
MDL MFCD00011022
EC No. 231-162-2
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Gd]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Gd
InchI Key UIWYJDYFSGRHKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Properties

Molecular Weight 157.25
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1312 °C
Boiling Point 3250 °C
Density 7901kg/m3
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.105 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.1 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.055 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 72 K-Cal/gm atom at 3266 °C
Heat of Fusion 3.70 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H261
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 3208 4.3/PG 3
WGK Germany 3
MSDS

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Element(s)

Gd Gadolinium (atomic symbol: Gd, atomic number: 64) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 157.25. The number of electrons in each of Gadolinium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2. The gadolinium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1880 and first isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. In its elemental form, gadolinium has a silvery-white appearance. Gadolinium is a rare earth or lanthanide element that possesses unique properties advantageous to specialized applications such as semiconductor fabrication and nuclear reactor shielding. It is utilized for both its high magnetic moment (7.94μ B) and in phosphors and scintillator crystals. When complexed with EDTA ligands, it is used as an injectable contrast agent for MRIs. The element is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.

Research

Recent Research & Development for Gadolinium

  • Magnetic Transition to Antiferromagnetic Phase in Gadolinium Substituted Topological Insulator Bi2Te3. Kim J, Lee K, Takabatake T, Kim H, Kim M, Jung MH. Sci Rep. 2015 May 14
  • Therapy Response Assessment after Radioembolization of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma-Comparison of MR Imaging with Gadolinium Ethoxybenzyl Diethylenetriamine Penta-Acetic Acid and Gadobutrol. Schelhorn J, Best J, Reinboldt MP, Gerken G, Ruhlmann M, Lauenstein TC, Antoch G, Kinner S. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2015 Apr 27.
  • Effects of iodinated contrast agent, xylocaine and gadolinium concentration on the signal emitted in magnetic resonance arthrography: a samples study. da Silva YL, Costa RZ, Pinho KE, Ferreira RR, Schuindt SM. Radiol Bras. 2015 Mar-Apr
  • Functional assessment of the liver with gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine penta-acetate-enhanced MRI in living-donor liver transplantation. Ninomiya M, Shirabe K, Kayashima H, Ikegami T, Nishie A, Harimoto N, Yamashita Y, Yoshizumi T, Uchiyama H, Maehara Y. Br J Surg. 2015 Apr 29.
  • Brain Imaging in Methamphetamine-Treated Mice using a Nitroxide Contrast Agent for EPR Imaging of the Redox Status and a Gadolinium Contrast Agent for MRI Observation of Blood-Brain Barrier Function. Emoto MC, Yamato M, Akaba-Sato H, Yamada KI, Matsuoka Y, Fujii HG. Free Radic Res. 2015 May 12:1-36.
  • Multifunctional layered gadolinium hydroxide nanoplates for ultrahigh field magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and fluorescence bioimaging. Wu M, Li L, Yu X, Zhang D, Sun T, Li X, Sun L, Lui S, Huang X, Bi F, Wang H, Zhu H, Gong Q. J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2014 Dec
  • The grain growth behavior of NiO in thermally-stable mesoporous gadolinium-doped ceria network for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell anode materials. Ahn S, Koo H, Bae SH, Chang I, Cha S, Yoo YS, Park C. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2014 Oct
  • Long-Circulating Iodinated Albumin-Gadolinium Nanoparticles as Enhanced Magnetic Resonance and Computed Tomography Imaging Probes for Osteosarcoma Visualization. Wang Q, Lv L, Ling Z, Wang Y, Liu Y, Li L, Liu G, Shen L, Yan J, Wang Y. Anal Chem. 2015 Apr 7. : Anal Chem
  • The gadolinium-based contrast agent OmniscanĀ® promotes in vitro fibroblast survival through in situ precipitation. Feng M, Fan YZ, Ma XJ, Li JX, Yang XG. Metallomics. 2015 Apr 13. : Metallomics
  • SWI enhances vein detection using gadolinium in multiple sclerosis. Maggi P, Mazzoni LN, Moretti M, Grammatico M, Chiti S, Massacesi L. Acta Radiol Open. 2015 Mar 18: Acta Radiol Open

Free Test Sample Program

We recognize many of our customers are purchasing small quantities directly online as trial samples in anticipation of placing a larger future order or multiple orders as a raw material for production. Since our primary business is the production of industrial quantities and/or highly consistent batches which can be used for commercial production and purchased repeatedly in smaller quantity, American Elements offers trial samples at no charge on the following basis. Within 6 months of purchasing materials directly online from us, you have the option to refer back to that order and advise that it is the intention of your company, institution or lab to either purchase a larger quantity, purchase the material in regular intervals or purchase more on some other basis.

We will then evaluate your future needs and assuming the quantity or number of future purchases qualify, we will fully credit your purchase price with the next order. Because of the many variables in the quantity and number of orders you may place, it is impossible to evaluate whether your future order(s) will qualify for this program prior to your placing your next order. Please know American Elements strongly desires to make this free sample program available to you and will make every effort to do so once your next order is placed.