Ytterbium Sulfate

Yb2(SO4)3

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About

Sulfate IonYtterbium Sulfate is a moderately water and acid soluble Ytterbium source for uses compatible with sulfates.Sulfate compounds are salts or esters of sulfuric acid formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogens with a metal. Most metal sulfate compounds are readily soluble in water for uses such as water treatment, unlike fluorides and oxides which tend to be insoluble. Organometallic forms are soluble in organic solutions and sometimes in both aqueous and organic solutions. Metallic ions can also be dispersed utilizing suspended or coated nanoparticles and deposited utilizing sputtering targets and evaporation materials for uses such as solar cells and fuel cells. Ytterbium Sulfate is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity, high purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Ytterbium Sulfate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Synonyms

ytterbium(+3) sulfate, Ytterbium(III) sulfate, Sulfuric acid, ytterbium(3+) salt (3:2)

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Yb2(SO4)3
CAS 10034-98-7
Pubchem CID 1668323
MDL MFCD00011289
EC No. 236-727-7
IUPAC Name ytterbium(+3); trisulfate
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Yb+3].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/H2O4S.Yb/c1-5(2,3)4;/h(H2,1,2,3,4);/q;+3/p-2
InchI Key NRPGYUCPVOFUII-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Properties

Compound Formula O12S3Yb2
Molecular Weight 634.26
Appearance White
Melting Point N/A
Boiling Point N/A
Density N/A
Exact Mass 633.730432
Monoisotopic Mass 633.730432

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Warnings
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Statements 26-36
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling (GHS)
MSDS

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Element(s)

Yb Ytterbium (atomic symbol: Yb, atomic number: 70) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 173.054. The number of electrons in each of Ytterbium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f14 6s2. The Ytterbium atom has a radius of 176 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 242 pm. Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1878 and first isolated by Georges Urbain in 1907. In its elemental form, ytterbium has a silvery-white color. Ytterbium is found in monazite sand as well as the ores euxenite and xenotime. Ytterbium is named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. Ytterbium can be used as a source for gamma rays, for the doping of stainless steel, or other active metals. Its electrical resistivity rises under stress, making it very useful for stress gauges that measure the deformation of the ground in the even of an earthquake.

S Sulfur or Sulphur (atomic symbol: S, atomic number: 16) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 3 element with an atomic radius of 32.066. The number of electrons in each of Sulfur's shells is 2, 8, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. In its elemental form, sulfur has a light yellow appearance. The sulfur atom has a covalent radius of 105 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 180 pm. In nature, sulfur can be found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and as galena, gypsum, and epsom salts. Sulfur has been known since ancient times but was not accepted as an element until 1777, when Antoine Lavoisier helped to convince the scientific community that it was an element and not a compound.

Research

Recent Research & Development for Ytterbium

  • Phosphate ytterbium-doped single-mode all-solid photonic crystal fiber with output power of 13.8 W. Wang L, He D, Feng S, Yu C, Hu L, Qiu J, Chen D. Sci Rep. 2015 Feb 16
  • Reactivity of ytterbium(II) silylamide supported by a pyrrolyl-cyclopentadienyl ligand. Li J, Hao J, Cui C. Dalton Trans. 2015 Jan 14
  • Flexible rectangular wave-breaking-free pulse generation in actively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser. Chen H, Chen SP, Jiang ZF, Hou J. Opt Express. 2014 Nov 3
  • Fractional 1,550 nm Ytterbium/Erbium fiber laser in the treatment of lichen amyloidosis: clinical and histological study. Panchaprateep R, Tusgate S, Munavalli GS, Noppakun N. Lasers Surg Med. 2015 Mar
  • Switchable Q-switched and modelocked operation in ytterbium doped fiber laser under all-normal-dispersion configuration. Mukhopadhyay PK, Gupta PK, Singh CP, Singh A, Sharma SK, Bindra KS, Oak SM. Rev Sci Instrum. 2015 Mar
  • Preparation of a Ytterbium-tagged Gunshot Residue Standard for Quality Control in the Forensic Analysis of GSR. Hearns NG, Laflèche DN, Sandercock ML. J Forensic Sci. 2015 May
  • An ytterbium complex with unique luminescence properties: detecting the temperature based on a luminescence spectrum without the interference of oxygen. Tang M, Huang Y, Wang Y, Fu L. Dalton Trans. 2015 Apr 8
  • Ytterbium-doped glass-ceramics for optical refrigeration. Filho ES, Krishnaiah KV, Ledemi Y, Yu YJ, Messaddeq Y, Nemova G, Kashyap R. Opt Express. 2015 Feb 23
  • High-power, efficient and azimuthally polarized ytterbium-doped fiber laser. Zou L, Yao Y, Li J. Opt Lett. 2015 Jan 15
  • A Roughness Study of Ytterbium-Doped Potassium Yttrium Tungstate (YB: KYW) Thin-Disk Femtosecond Ablated Dentin. Liu J, Chen H, Ge W, Wang Y, Sun Y, Wang Y, Lü P. J Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Winter
  • Enhanced near-infrared emission from holmium-ytterbium co-doped phosphate glasses containing silver nanoparticles. Vallejo Hernandez MA, Martínez Gámez MA, Lucio Martínez JL, Kir'yanov AV. Appl Spectrosc. 2014

Recent Research & Development for Sulfur

  • Induction and repair of DNA cross-links induced by sulfur mustard in the A-549 cell line followed by a comet assay. Jost P, Svobodova H, Stetina R. Chem Biol Interact. 2015 May 15
  • Thiol activated prodrugs of sulfur dioxide (SO2) as MRSA inhibitors. Pardeshi KA, Malwal SR, Banerjee A, Lahiri S, Rangarajan R, Chakrapani H. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2015 Apr 23.
  • A simple approach to the synthesis of Cu1.8S dendrites with thiamine hydrochloride as a sulfur source and structure-directing agent. Yan X, Li S, Pan YX, Yang Z, Liu X. Beilstein J Nanotechnol. 2015 Apr 1
  • Enabling Prominent High-Rate and Cycle Performances in One Lithium-Sulfur Battery: Designing Permselective Gateways for Li+ Transportation in Holey-CNT/S Cathodes. Zhou Y, Zhou C, Li Q, Yan C, Han B, Xia K, Gao Q, Wu J. Adv Mater. 2015 May 20.
  • Nanospace-Confinement Copolymerization Strategy for Encapsulating Polymeric Sulfur into Porous Carbon for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Ding B, Chang Z, Xu G, Nie P, Wang J, Pan J, Dou H, Zhang X. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 May 22.
  • Hydrophilicity-controlled ordered mesoporous carbon for lithium-sulfur batteries. Bae S, Jin X, Park GO, Kim JM. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2014 Dec
  • Vertically Aligned Sulfur-Graphene Nanowalls on Substrates for Ultrafast Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Li B, Li S, Liu J, Wang B, Yang S. Nano Lett. 2015 Apr 10. : Nano Lett
  • Dominance of sulfur-fueled iron oxide reduction in low-sulfate freshwater sediments. Hansel CM, Lentini CJ, Tang Y, Johnston DT, Wankel SD, Jardine PM. ISME J. 2015 Apr 14.: ISME J
  • Interaction between Nitrogen and Sulfur in Co-Doped Graphene and Synergetic Effect in Supercapacitor. Wang T, Wang LX, Wu DL, Xia W, Jia DZ. Sci Rep. 2015 Apr 16: Sci Rep
  • Protic-Salt-Derived Nitrogen/Sulfur-Codoped Mesoporous Carbon for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Supercapacitors. Zhang S, Ikoma A, Ueno K, Chen Z, Dokko K, Watanabe M. ChemSusChem. 2015 Apr 8.: ChemSusChem
  • Encapsulation of S/SWNT with PANI Web for Enhanced Rate and Cycle Performance in Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Kim JH, Fu K, Choi J, Kil K, Kim J, Han X, Hu L, Paik U. Sci Rep. 2015 Mar 10

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

  • Beneficial effects of the traditional medicine Igongsan and its constituent ergosterol on dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice. Kim SJ, Shin HJ, Lee GH, Kim DS, Kim HL, Park J, Jung Y, Youn DH, Kang J, Hong SH, Um JY. Mol Med Rep. 2015 May 22.
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, a useful endogenous probe for evaluation of drug-drug interaction on hepatic organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) in cynomolgus monkeys. Watanabe M, Watanabe T, Yabuki M, Tamai I. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2015 Apr
  • Acetoclastic methanogenesis is likely the dominant biochemical pathway of palmitate degradation in the presence of sulfate. Lv L, Mbadinga SM, Wang LY, Liu JF, Gu JD, Mu BZ, Yang SZ. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2015 May 20.
  • Neuroprotective properties of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate and its relationship to interleukin 6 after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective cohort study. Höllig A, Thiel M, Stoffel-Wagner B, Coburn M, Clusmann H. Crit Care. 2015 May 21
  • Effectiveness of levulinic acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate employed as a sanitizer during harvest or packing of cantaloupes contaminated with Salmonella Poona. Webb CC, Erickson MC, Davey LE, Doyle MP. Int J Food Microbiol. 2015 May 2
  • Entamoeba mitosomes play an important role in encystation by association with cholesteryl sulfate synthesis. Mi-Ichi F, Miyamoto T, Takao S, Jeelani G, Hashimoto T, Hara H, Nozaki T, Yoshida H. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 May 18.
  • Production of Sulfate Radical and Hydroxyl Radical by Reaction of Ozone with Peroxymonosulfate: A Novel Advanced Oxidation Process. Yang Y, Jiang J, Lu X, Ma J, Liu Y. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 May 19.
  • Dominance of sulfur-fueled iron oxide reduction in low-sulfate freshwater sediments. Hansel CM, Lentini CJ, Tang Y, Johnston DT, Wankel SD, Jardine PM. ISME J. 2015 Apr 14.: ISME J
  • Strawberry Phytochemicals Inhibit Azoxymethane/Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colorectal Carcinogenesis in Crj: CD-1 Mice. Shi N, Clinton SK, Liu Z, Wang Y, Riedl KM, Schwartz SJ, Zhang X, Pan Z, Chen T. Nutrients. 2015 Mar 10

Free Test Sample Program

We recognize many of our customers are purchasing small quantities directly online as trial samples in anticipation of placing a larger future order or multiple orders as a raw material for production. Since our primary business is the production of industrial quantities and/or highly consistent batches which can be used for commercial production and purchased repeatedly in smaller quantity, American Elements offers trial samples at no charge on the following basis. Within 6 months of purchasing materials directly online from us, you have the option to refer back to that order and advise that it is the intention of your company, institution or lab to either purchase a larger quantity, purchase the material in regular intervals or purchase more on some other basis.

We will then evaluate your future needs and assuming the quantity or number of future purchases qualify, we will fully credit your purchase price with the next order. Because of the many variables in the quantity and number of orders you may place, it is impossible to evaluate whether your future order(s) will qualify for this program prior to your placing your next order. Please know American Elements strongly desires to make this free sample program available to you and will make every effort to do so once your next order is placed.