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Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium


Linear Formula:



(2N) 99% Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium (Tm:YAP)
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(3N) 99.9% Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium (Tm:YAP)
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(4N) 99.99% Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium (Tm:YAP)
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(5N) 99.999% Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium (Tm:YAP)
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Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium Properties



Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium Health & Safety Information

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About Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium

Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium (Tm:YAP) is a crystalline solid used in photo optic applications. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting frelevant units of measurement.

Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium Synonyms

Thulium doped YAlO3, thulium-doped yttrium orthoaluminate, yttrium aluminum perovskite doped with thulium

Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Thulium Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula


Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

See more Thulium products. Thulium (atomic symbol: Tm, atomic number: 69) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 168.93421. Thulium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Thulium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f136s2. The thulium atom has a radius of 176 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 227 pm.Elemental Thulium Picture In its elemental form, thulium has a silvery-gray appearance. Thulium is representative of the other lanthanides (rare earths) and similar in chemistry to yttrium. It is the least abundant of the rare earth elements. Thulium emits blue upon excitation, and is used in flat panel screens that depend critically on bright blue emitters. Thulium was discovered and first isolated by Per Teodor Cleve in 1879. It is named after "Thule," which is the ancient name of Scandinavia.

See more Yttrium products. Yttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. Yttrium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by Johann Gadolin in 1794 and first isolated by Carl Gustav Mosander in 1840. In its elemental form, Yttrium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Yttrium has the highest thermodynamic affinity for oxygen of any element. Elemental YttriumYttrium is not found in nature as a free element and is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the "yttrics" for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. The name yttrium originated from a Swedish village near Vaxholm called Yttbery where it was discovered.

See more Aluminum products. Aluminum (or Aluminum) (atomic symbol: Al, atomic number: 13) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 3 element with an atomic weight of 26.9815386. It is the third most abundant element in the earth's crust and the most abundant metallic element. Aluminum Bohr Model Aluminum's name is derived from alumina, the mineral from which Sir Humphrey Davy attempted to refine it from in 1812. It wasn't until 1825 that Aluminum was first isolated by Hans Christian Oersted. Aluminum is a silvery gray metal that possesses many desirable characteristics. It is light, nonmagnetic and non-sparking. It stands second among metals in the scale of malleability, and sixth in ductility. It is extensively used in many industrial applications where a strong, light, easily constructed material is needed. Elemental AluminumAlthough it has only 60% of the electrical conductivity of copper, it is used in electrical transmission lines because of its light weight. Pure aluminum is soft and lacks strength, but alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements it imparts a variety of useful properties. Aluminum was first predicted by Antoine Lavoisierin 1787 and first isolated by Friedrich Wöhler in 1827.

Recent Research

Tattoo removal by Q-switched yttrium aluminium garnet laser: client satisfaction., K Carlsen, Hutton, Esmann J, and Serup J , J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol, 2017 May, Volume 31, Issue 5, p.904-909, (2017)

A systematic review of comparative studies of CO2 and erbium:YAG lasers in resurfacing facial rhytides (wrinkles)., Chen, Kee-Hsin, Tam Ka-Wai, Chen I-Fan, Huang Shihping Kevin, Tzeng Pei-Chuan, Wang Hsian-Jenn, and Chen Chiehfeng Cliff , J Cosmet Laser Ther, 2017 Feb 06, p.1-6, (2017)

Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) 1064-nm picosecond laser vs. Nd:YAG 1064-nm nanosecond laser in tattoo removal: a randomized controlled single-blind clinical trial., Pinto, F, Große-Büning S, Karsai S, Weiß C, Bäumler W, Hammes S, Felcht M, and Raulin C , Br J Dermatol, 2017 Feb, Volume 176, Issue 2, p.457-464, (2017)

Combined vitamin C sonophoresis and neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (NdYAG) laser for facial hyperpigmentation: An outcome observation study in Asian patients., Chen, Yu-Tsung, Chang Chang-Cheng, Hsu Cherng-Ru, Shen Jen-Hsiang, Shih Chao-Jen, and Lin Bor-Shyh , Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol, 2016 May 23, (2016)

Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier., Malevich, Pavel, Kanai Tsuneto, Hoogland Heinar, Holzwarth Ronald, Baltuška Andrius, and Pugžlys Audrius , Opt Lett, 2016 Mar 1, Volume 41, Issue 5, p.930-3, (2016)

Does the Heat Generation by the Thulium:Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser in the Irrigation Fluid Allow Its Use on the Upper Urinary Tract? An Experimental Study., Kallidonis, Panagiotis, Amanatides Lefteris, Panagopoulos Vasileios, Kyriazis Iason, Vrettos Theofanis, Fligou Fotini, Kamal Wissam, and Liatsikos Evangelos N. , J Endourol, 2016 Apr, Volume 30, Issue 4, p.422-7, (2016)

Neodymium yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser resection significantly improves quality of life in patients with malignant central airway obstruction due to lung cancer., Zaric, B, Kovacevic T, Stojsic V, Sarcev T, Kocic M, Urosevic M, Kalem D, and Perin B , Eur J Cancer Care (Engl), 2015 Jul, Volume 24, Issue 4, p.560-6, (2015)

Analysis of early morbidity and functional outcome of thulium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser enucleation for benign prostate enlargement: patient age and prostate size determine adverse surgical outcome., Rausch, Steffen, Heider Thomas, Bedke Jens, Kruck Stephan, Schwentner Christian, Fischer Karsten, Stenzl Arnulf, and Kälble Tilman , Urology, 2015 Jan, Volume 85, Issue 1, p.182-8, (2015)

Efficacy and safety of 120-W thulium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet vapoenucleation of prostates compared with holmium laser enucleation of prostates for benign prostatic hyperplasia., Hong, Kai, Liu Yu-Qing, Lu Jian, Xiao Chun-Lei, Huang Yi, and Ma Lu-Lin , Chin Med J (Engl), 2015 Apr 5, Volume 128, Issue 7, p.884-9, (2015)


June 23, 2017
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