Yttrium Metal



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Product Code Available Product Forms Request A Quote
Y-M-025 (2N5) 99.5% Yttrium Metal Request
Y-M-03 (3N) 99.9% Yttrium Metal Request
Y-M-04 (4N) 99.99% Yttrium Metal Request
Y-M-05 (5N) 99.999% Yttrium Metal Request


Molecular Weight 88.91
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1526 °C
Boiling Point 3336 °C
Density 4472 kg/m3
Tensile Strength 67 MPa
Thermal Conductivity 0.172 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.3 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.068 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 93 K-Cal/gm atom at 3338 °C

Health & Safety Info  |  MSDS / SDS

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
Transport Information N/A
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling (GHS) N/A


High Purity (99.999%) Yttrium (Y) MetalYttrium Metal is available as disc, granules, ingot, pellets, pieces, powder, rod, sputtering target, wire, and in numerous other forms and custom shapes. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, quantum dots, targets for thin film deposition, pellets for evaporation and single crystal or polycrystalline forms. Elements can also be introduced into alloys or other systems as fluorides, oxides or chlorides or as solutions. Yttrium metal is generally immediately available in most volumes. Yttrium has the highest thermo-dynamic affinity for oxygen, useful in ceramics for crucibles for molten reactive metals, in florescent phosphors, computer displays and automotive fuel sensors. Yttria stabilized zirconia is used in high temperature applications and as an electrolyte in fuel cells. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Y
CAS 7440-65-5
Pubchem CID 23993
MDL MFCD00011468
EC No. 231-174-8
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Y

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Yttrium products. Yttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. Yttrium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by Johann Gadolin in 1794 and first isolated by Carl Gustav Mosander in 1840. Elemental Yttrium In its elemental form, Yttrium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Yttrium has the highest thermodynamic affinity for oxygen of any element. Yttrium is not found in nature as a free element and is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the "yttrics" for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. The name yttrium originated from a Swedish village near Vaxholm called Yttbery where it was discovered.