Yttrium Powder

CAS 7440-65-5
Linear Formula: Y
MDL Number: MFCD00011468
EC No.: 231-174-8

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PRODUCT Product Code REQUEST A QUOTE SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Yttrium Powder
Y-M-02-P Pricing
(3N) 99.9% Yttrium Powder
Y-M-03-P Pricing
(4N) 99.99% Yttrium Powder
Y-M-04-P Pricing
(5N) 99.999% Yttrium Powder
Y-M-05-P Pricing

Properties

Molecular Weight 88.91
Appearance Silvery
Melting Point 1526 °C
Boiling Point 3336 °C
Density 4472 kg/m3
Thermal Expansion

(r.t.) (poly) 10.6 µm/(m·K)

Poisson Ratio 0.243
Vickers Hardness N/A
Young's Modulus 63.5 GPa
Tensile Strength 67 MPa
Thermal Conductivity 0.172 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.3 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.068 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 93 K-Cal/gm atom at 3338 °C

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H228-H250-H302 + H312 + H332
Hazard Codes N/A
Precautionary Statements P210-P222-P231-P280-P422
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number ZG2980000
Transport Information UN 3089 4.1 / PGII
WGK Germany 3

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 09/26/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Yttrium Powder

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. Y-M-02-P , Y-M-03-P , Y-M-04-P , Y-M-05-P

CAS #: 7440-65-5

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
GHS02 Flame
Flam. Sol. 1 H228 Flammable solid.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms

Flame - GHS02

GHS02
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H228 Flammable solid.
Precautionary statements
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use for extinction: CO2, powder or water spray.
WHMIS classification
B4 - Flammable solid
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1
3
1
Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 3
Physical Hazard = 1
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
Not applicable.
vPvB:
Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7440-65-5 Yttrium
Identification number(s):
EC number:
231-174-8


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents: Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Keep away from ignition sources
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Keep away from ignition sources.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
Keep away from ignition sources.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Information about protection against explosions and fires: Protect against electrostatic charges.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles: Store in a cool location.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from air.
Store away from water/moisture.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is moisture sensitive.
This product is air sensitive.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
7440-65-5 Yttrium (100.0%)
PEL (USA) Long-term value: 1 mg/m³ as Y
REL (USA) Long-term value: 1 mg/m³ as Y
TLV (USA) Long-term value: 1 mg/m³ as Y
EL (Canada) Long-term value: 1 mg/m³ as Y
EV (Canada) Long-term value: 1 mg/m³ metal and compounds
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment: Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Recommended filter device for short term use:
Use a respirator with type P100 (USA) or P3 (EN 143) cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. Risk assessment should be performed to determine if air-purifying respirators are appropriate. Only use equipment tested and approved under appropriate government standards.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes): Not determined
Eye protection: Safety glasses
Body protection: Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Powder
Color: Grey
Odor: Odorless
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 1522 °C (2772 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 3338 °C (6040 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous) Highly flammable.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure: Not applicable.
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 4.47 g/cm³ (37.302 lbs/gal)
Relative density: Not determined.
Vapor density: Not applicable.
Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Insoluble
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: No information known.
Chemical stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided: Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions: No dangerous reactions known
Conditions to avoid: No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials: Air
Water/moisture
Hazardous decomposition products: Metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity: No effects known.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
Skin irritation or corrosion: No irritant effect.
Eye irritation or corrosion: No irritant effect.
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
Carcinogenicity: No classification data on carcinogenic properti
es of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity: No effects known.
Additional toxicological information: To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity: No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability: No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential: No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil: No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation: Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN3089
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Metal powders, flammable, n.o.s. (Yttrium powder)
IMDG, IATA
METAL POWDER, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. (Yttrium powder)
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives.
Label
4.1
Class
4.1 (F3) Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives
Label
4.1
IMDG, IATA
Class
4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives.
Label
4.1
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
II
Environmental hazards:
Not applicable.
Special precautions for user
Warning: Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives
EMS Number: F-G,S-G
Segregation groups
Heavy metals and their salts (including their organometallic compounds), powdered metals
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN3089, Metal powders, flammable, n.o.s. (Yttrium powder), 4.1, Il


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
GHS label elements
The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms: GHS02
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements
H228 Flammable solid.
Precautionary statements
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use for extinction: CO2, powder or water spray.
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use: For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006. Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on themarket and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment: A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

Ultra High Purity Metal Powders American Elements specializes in producing high purity Yttrium Powder with the smallest possible average grain sizes for use in preparation of pressed and bonded sputtering targets and in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Powders are also useful in any application where high surface areas are desired such as water treatment and in fuel cell and solar applications. Nanoparticles also produce very high surface areas. Our standard powder particle sizes average in the range of - 325 mesh, - 100 mesh, 10-50 microns and submicron (< 1 micron). We can also provide many materials in the nanoscale range. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. We also produce Yttrium as rod, ingot, pieces, pellets, disc, granules, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

y-m-02rm-p.100m

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula Y
CAS 7440-65-5
Pubchem CID 23993
MDL Number MFCD00011468
EC No. 231-174-8
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Y]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Y
InchI Key VWQVUPCCIRVNHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

SUCCESS

See more Yttrium products. Yttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. Yttrium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by Johann Gadolin in 1794 and first isolated by Carl Gustav Mosander in 1840. In its elemental form, Yttrium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Yttrium has the highest thermodynamic affinity for oxygen of any element. Elemental YttriumYttrium is not found in nature as a free element and is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the "yttrics" for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. The name yttrium originated from a Swedish village near Vaxholm called Yttbery where it was discovered.

Recent Research

Evaluation of microtensile and tensile bond strength tests determining effects of erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser pulse frequency on resin-enamel bonding., Yildirim, T, Ayar M K., Yesilyurt C, and Kilic S , Niger J Clin Pract, 2016 Sep-Oct, Volume 19, Issue 5, p.585-90, (2016)

Yttrium Doped Sb2Te3: A Promising Material for Phase-Change Memory., Li, Zhen, Si Chen, Zhou Jian, Xu Huibin, and Sun Zhimei , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016 Sep 9, (2016)

Connecting cancer biology and clinical outcomes to imaging in KRAS mutant and wild-type colorectal cancer liver tumors following selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90., Magnetta, Michael J., Ghodadra Anish, Lahti Steven J., Xing Minzhi, Zhang Di, and Kim Hyun S. , Abdom Radiol (NY), 2016 Sep 6, (2016)

Evidence of the pressure-induced conductivity switching of yttrium-doped SrTiO3., Dai, LiDong, Wu Lei, Li Heping, Hu HaiYing, Zhuang YuKai, and Liu KaiXiang , J Phys Condens Matter, 2016 Sep 16, Volume 28, Issue 47, p.475501, (2016)

Impact of Yttrium-90 Microsphere Density, Flow Dynamics, and Administration Technique on Spatial Distribution: Analysis Using an In Vitro Model., Caine, Marcus, McCafferty Michael S., McGhee Scott, Garcia Pedro, Mullett Wayne M., Zhang Xunli, Hill Martyn, Dreher Matthew R., and Lewis Andrew L. , J Vasc Interv Radiol, 2016 Sep 15, (2016)

Selective Internal Radiation Therapy/Yttrium-90: Have We Found Its Place?, Harrold, Emily C., Nicholson Patrick J., Tuite David J., and Power Derek G. , J Clin Oncol, 2016 Sep 12, (2016)

A composite material based on nanoparticles of yttrium (III) oxide for the selective and sensitive electrochemical determination of acetaminophen., Baytak, Aysegul Kutluay, Teker Tugce, Duzmen Sehriban, and Aslanoglu Mehmet , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2016 Sep 1, Volume 66, p.278-84, (2016)

The Utility of Unilobar Technetium-99m Macroaggregated Albumin to Predict Pulmonary Toxicity In Bilobar Hepatocellular Carcinoma prior to Yttrium-90 Radioembolization., Kallini, Joseph R., Gabr Ahmed, Kulik Laura, Salem Riad, and Lewandowski Robert J. , J Vasc Interv Radiol, 2016 Sep, Volume 27, Issue 9, p.1453-6, (2016)

Yttrium-90 Radioembolization for Breast Cancer Liver Metastases., Gordon, Andrew C., Salem Riad, and Lewandowski Robert J. , J Vasc Interv Radiol, 2016 Sep, Volume 27, Issue 9, p.1316-9, (2016)

Location and speciation of gadolinium and yttrium in roots of Zea mays by LA-ICP-MS and ToF-SIMS., Saatz, Jessica, Stryhanyuk Hryhoriy, Vetterlein Doris, Musat Niculina, Otto Matthias, Reemtsma Thorsten, Richnow Hans H., and Daus Birgit , Environ Pollut, 2016 Sep, Volume 216, p.245-52, (2016)

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