Zirconium(IV) Chloride

CAS 10026-11-6
Linear Formula: ZrCl4
MDL Number: MFCD00011306
EC No.: 233-058-2

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PRODUCT PRODUCT CODE
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SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Zirconium(IV) Chloride ZR4-CL-02 Pricing
(3N) 99.9% Zirconium(IV) Chloride ZR4-CL-03 Pricing
(4N) 99.99% Zirconium(IV) Chloride ZR4-CL-04 Pricing
(5N) 99.999% Zirconium(IV) Chloride ZR4-CL-05 Pricing

Properties

Compound Formula Cl4Zr
Molecular Weight 233.04
Appearance white crystals
Melting Point 437° C (818.6° F)
Boiling Point 331° C (627.8° F)
Density 2.8 g/cm3
Monoisotopic Mass 229.780106
Exact Mass 231.777165

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H302-H314
Hazard Codes C
Risk Codes 14-22-34
Safety Statements 26-36/37/39-45
RTECS Number ZH7175000
Transport Information UN 2503 8/PG 3
WGK Germany 3

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 05/26/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Zirconium(IV) Chloride

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. ZR4-CL-02, ZR4-CL-03, ZR4-CL-04, ZR4-CL-05

CAS #: 10026-11-6

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS05 Corrosion
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Eye Dam. 1 H318 Causes serious eye damage.
GHS07
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmful if swallowed.
Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
C; Corrosive
R34: Causes burns.
Xn; Harmful
R22: Harmful if swallowed.
R14: Reacts violently with water.
Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment: Not applicable
Hazards not otherwise classified: No information known.
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is classified and labeled according to the CLP regulation.
Hazard pictograms

Corrosion - GHS05 Exclamation Mark - GHS07

GHS05 GHS07
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements
H302 Harmful if swallowed.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P303+P361+P353 If on skin (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
D2B - Toxic material causing other toxic effects
E - Corrosive material
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
3

2
Health (acute effects) = 3
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 2
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
10026-11-6 Zirconium(IV) chloride
Identification number(s):
EC number: 233-058-2
Additional information:
Zirconium is routinely found with a low level of hafnium since separation of the two elements is difficult.


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information: Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact: Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing: Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Causes severe skin burns.
Causes serious eye damage.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed: No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents: In case of fire, use sand, carbon dioxide or powdered extinguishing agent. Never use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents: Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Reacts violently with water
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
Do not allow to penetrate the ground/soil.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Use neutralizing agent.
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Do not flush with water or aqueous cleansing agents
Prevention of secondary hazards: No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Handle under dry protective gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in
tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Information about protection against explosions and fires: No information known.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles: No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from water/moisture.
Store away from strong bases.
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Further information about storage conditions:
Store under dry inert gas.
This product is moisture sensitive.
Protect from humidity and water.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions
in well sealed containers.
Specific end use(s): No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace: 10026-11-6 Zirconium(IV) chloride (100.0%)
PEL (USA) Long-term value: 5 mg/m³ as Zr
TLV (USA) Short-term value: 10 mg/m³
Long-term value: 5 mg/m³ as Zr
EL (Canada) Short-term value: 10 mg/m³
Long-term value: 5 mg/m³ as Zr
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment: Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes): Not determined
Eye protection:
Tightly sealed goggles
Full face protection
Body protection: Protective work clothing


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Powder
Color: White to orange
Odor: Not determined
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 331 °C (628 °F) (subl)
Boiling point/Boiling range: Not determined
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous): Not determined.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure: Not applicable.
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 2.803 g/cm³ (23.391 lbs/gal)
Relative density: Not determined.
Vapor density: Not applicable.
Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Reacts violently
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: Reacts violently with water.
Chemical stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided: Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Reacts with strong oxidizing agents
Reacts violently with water
Conditions to avoid: No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
Bases
Oxidizing agents
Water/moisture
Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Harmful if swallowed.
Swallowing will lead to a strong corrosive effect on mouth and throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus and stomach.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for components in this product.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: Oral LD50 1688 mg/kg (rat)
Skin irritation or corrosion: Causes severe skin burns.
Eye irritation or corrosion: Causes serious eye damage.
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
Carcinogenicity: ACGIH A4: Not classifiable as a human carcinogen: Inadequate data on which to classify the agent in terms of its carcinogenicity in humans and/or animals.
Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity: No effects known.
Additional toxicological information: To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity: No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability: No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential: No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil: No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects: No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation: Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN2503
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Zirconium tetrachloride
IMDG, IATA
ZIRCONIUM TETRACHLORIDE
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8
Class
8 (C2) Corrosive substances
Label
8
IMDG, IATA
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
III
Environmental hazards:
Not applicable.
Special precautions for user
Warning: Corrosive substances
EMS Number:
F-A,S-B
Segregation groups
Acids
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN2503, Zirconium tetrachloride, 8, III


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Non-Domestic Substances List (NDSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings): Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer: Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity: Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female: Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male: Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
This product is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and 40CFR372.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006: Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed: Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use): Substance is not listed.
REACH - Pre-registered substances: Substance is listed.
Chemical safety assessment: A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

Chloride IonZirconium(IV) Chloride (Zirconium Tetrachloride) is an excellent water soluble crystalline Zirconium source for uses compatible with chlorides. Chloride compounds can conduct electricity when fused or dissolved in water. Chloride materials can be decomposed by electrolysis to chlorine gas and the metal. They are formed through various chlorination processes whereby at least one chlorine anion (Cl-) is covalently bonded to the relevant metal or cation. Ultra high purity and proprietary formulations can be prepared. The chloride ion controls fluid equilibrium and pH levels in metabolic systems. They can form either inorganic or organic compounds. Zirconium Chloride is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Zirconium Chloride Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available, as is additional research, technical and safety (MSDS) data. Please contact us above for information on specifications, lead time and pricing.

Synonyms

Zirconium(4+) chloride; Zirconium tetrachloride; Zirconium(4+) tetrachloride; Tetrachlorozirconium; Zirconium chloride, tetra-

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula ZrCl4
CAS 10026-11-6
Pubchem CID 24817
MDL Number MFCD00011306
EC No. 233-058-2
IUPAC Name tetrachlorozirconium
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES Cl[Zr](Cl)(Cl)Cl
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/4ClH.Zr/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4
InchI Key DUNKXUFBGCUVQW-UHFFFAOYSA-J

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Zirconium products. Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. In its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Elemental ZirconiumZirconium is commercially produced as a byproduct of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian wordzargun, meaning gold-like.

Recent Research

Modified tricalcium silicate cement formulations with added zirconium oxide., Li, Xin, Yoshihara Kumiko, De Munck Jan, Cokic Stevan, Pongprueksa Pong, Putzeys Eveline, Pedano Mariano, Chen Zhi, Van Landuyt Kirsten, and Van Meerbeek Bart , Clin Oral Investig, 2016 May 7, (2016)

Zirconium-doped magnetic microspheres for the selective enrichment of cis-diol-containing ribonucleosides., Fan, Hua, Chen Peihong, Wang Chaozhan, and Wei Yinmao , J Chromatogr A, 2016 May 27, Volume 1448, p.20-31, (2016)

Early-Late Heterometallic Complexes of Gold and Zirconium: Photoluminescence and Reactivity., Bestgen, Sebastian, Schoo Christoph, Zovko Christina, Köppe Ralf, Kelly Rory P., Lebedkin Sergei, Kappes Manfred M., and Roesky Peter W. , Chemistry, 2016 May 17, Volume 22, Issue 21, p.7115-26, (2016)

Aldehyde-Tagged Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks: a Versatile Platform for Postsynthetic Modification., Xi, Fu-Gui, Liu Hui, Yang Ning-Ning, and Gao En-Qing , Inorg Chem, 2016 May 16, Volume 55, Issue 10, p.4701-3, (2016)

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A comparison of zirconium phosphonate modified surfaces for immobilizing phosphopeptides and phosphate-tagged proteins., Forato, Florian, Liu Hao, Benoit Roland, Fayon Franck, Charlier Cathy, Fateh Amina, Defontaine Alain, Tellier Charles, Talham Daniel R., Queffélec Clémence, et al. , Langmuir, 2016 May 11, (2016)

Effect of anodization on the surface characteristics and electrochemical behaviour of zirconium in artificial saliva., Romonti, Daniela E., Sanchez Andrea V. Gomez, Milošev Ingrid, Demetrescu Ioana, and Ceré Silvia , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2016 May 1, Volume 62, p.458-66, (2016)

Evaluation of Hard and Soft Tissue Dimensions Around Zirconium Oxide Implant-Supported Crowns: A 1-Year Retrospective Study., Kniha, Kristian, Gahlert Michael, Hicklin Stefan, Brägger Urs, Kniha Heinz, and Milz Stefan , J Periodontol, 2016 May, Volume 87, Issue 5, p.511-8, (2016)

Histomorphometric and histologic evaluation of titanium-zirconium (aTiZr) implants with anodized surfaces., Sharma, Ajay, A McQuillan James, Shibata Yo, Sharma Lavanya A., Waddell John Neil, and Duncan Warwick John , J Mater Sci Mater Med, 2016 May, Volume 27, Issue 5, p.86, (2016)