Iodine Elemental Symbol
Iodine



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L'iode Jod Iodio Iodo Yodo Jod

Iodine(I) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Iodine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 5 element. Elemental IodineThe number of electrons in each of Iodine's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 7 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5. Iodine Bohr ModelThe iodine atom has a radius of 140.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 198.pm. In its elemental form, CAS 7553-56-2, iodine has a lustrous metallic gray appearance as a solid. As a gas it has a violet appearance. Iodine is found mainly as the highly water-soluble iodide I-. Iodine was discovered and first isolated by Bernard Courtois in 1811.

Iodine forms compounds with many elements, but is less active than the other halogens. Iodine is only slightly soluble in water. It dissolves readily in chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, or carbon disulfide to form purple solutions. Iodine compounds are important in organic chemistry and very useful in medicine. Potassium iodide is used in photography. Iodine is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Iodine nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Iodine is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

Iodine in large amounts is poisonous but in small doses is only slightly toxic. Safety data for Iodine and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab below.


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Iodine Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: I Melting Point: 113.7 oC, 236.66 oF, 386.85 K
Atomic Number: 53 Boiling Point: 184.4 oC, 363.92 oF, 457.55 K
Atomic Weight: 126.9 Density: 4953 kg m-3
Element Category: halogen Liquid Density @ Melting Point: N/A
Group, Period, Block: 17 (halogens), 5, p Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 41.57 kJ mol-1 of I2
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 15.52 kJ mol-1 of I2
Electrons: 53 Thermal Conductivity: 0.449 W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 53 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 74 Electrical Resistivity: (0 °C) 1.3×107Ω·m
Electron Configuration: [Kr]5s24d105p5 Electronegativity: 2.66 (Pauling scale)
Atomic Radius: 140 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 139±3 pm Molar Heat Capacity: (I2) 54.44 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 198 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 5, 7, -1 Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: 7.7 GPa
Crystal Structure: orthorhombic Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 1008.4 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 1845.8 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 3184 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: N/A
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7553-56-2 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: 200 ppb
ChemSpider ID: 4514549 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: 10 atoms relative to C = 1000000
PubChem CID: 807 Abundance in universe, by weight: 1 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00011355 Abundance in universe, by atom: 0.01 ppb
EC Number: 231-442-4 Discovered By: Bernard Courtois
Beilstein Number: 3587194 Discovery Date: 1811
SMILES Identifier: [I]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/I Other Names: Jod, Iodio
InChI Key: ZCYVEMRRCGMTRW-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       

Iodine Products



Recent Research & Development for Iodine

  • Mi-Hee Jung, Polypyrrole/poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) quasi-solid gel electrolyte for iodine-free dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Cem Göl, Mustafa Malkoç, Serkan Yeşilot, Mahmut Durmuş, Novel zinc(II) phthalocyanine conjugates bearing different numbers of BODIPY and iodine groups as substituents on the periphery, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Zengqiang Wang, Fengting Sang, Yuelong Zhang, Xiaokang Hui, Mingxiu Xu, Peng Zhang, Weili Zhao, Benjie Fang, Liping Duo, Yuqi Jin, An experimental research on the mixing process of supersonic oxygen–iodine parallel streams, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Jakub Drnec, David A. Harrington, Oxygen and iodine adsorption on cesium-precovered Pt(111), Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Rummana Matin, A.H. Bhuiyan, Changes in the optical properties of as-deposited plasma polymerized 2,6-diethylaniline thin films by iodine doping, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Volume 75, Issue 10, October 2014
  • Najib Mnasri, Clarence Charnay, Louis-Charles de Ménorval, Younes Moussaoui, Elimame Elaloui, Jerzy Zajac, Silver nanoparticle-containing submicron-in-size mesoporous silica-based systems for iodine entrapment and immobilization from gas phase, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Brian J. Riley, Michael J. Schweiger, Dong-Sang Kim, Wayne W. Lukens Jr., Benjamin D. Williams, Cristian Iovin, Carmen P. Rodriguez, Nicole R. Overman, Mark E. Bowden, Derek R. Dixon, Jarrod V. Crum, John S. McCloy, Albert A. Kruger, Iodine solubility in a low-activity waste borosilicate glass at 1000 °C, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • T.T. Hlatshwayo, N.G. van der Berg, M. Msimanga, J.B. Malherbe, R.J. Kuhudzai, Iodine assisted retainment of implanted silver in 6H-SiC at high temperatures, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 334, 1 September 2014
  • Maria Bastianini, Riccardo Vivani, Morena Nocchetti, Daniele Costenaro, Chiara Bisio, Frédéric Oswald, Toby B. Meyer, Leonardo Marchese, Effect of iodine intercalation in nanosized layered double hydroxides for the preparation of quasi-solid electrolyte in DSSC devices, Solar Energy, Volume 107, September 2014
  • Yanwei Zhang, Rui Wang, Xiangdong Lin, Zhihua Wang, Jianzhong Liu, Junhu Zhou, Kefa Cen, Effects of Ce/Zr composition on nickel based Ce(1−x)ZrxO2 catalysts for hydrogen production in sulfur–iodine cycle, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 39, Issue 21, 15 July 2014

Iodine Isotopes


Iodine has one stable isotope: 127I.

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
127I 126.904473 Stable 5/2+