About Hydroxides

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)

The hydroxide ion consists of one atom each of hydrogen and oxygen held together by a covalent bond, together forming a polyatomic ion with a formal charge of -1. Hydroxides are compounds which contain this ion.

Inorganic hydroxides include hydroxides of alkali and alkali earth metals, many of which are important industrial alkalis such as sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and calcium hydroxide. Boron hydroxide is also known as boric acid, as rather than dissociating in water, it reacts as a Lewis acid, releasing protons. Zinc and lead hydroxides are amphoteric—they can act as acids or bases. Transition metal and post-transition metal hydroxides are insoluble in water.

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

Ammonium hydroxide enhancing electrospray response and boosting sensitivity of bisphenol A and its analogs., Tan, Dongqin, Jin Jing, Wang Longxing, Zhao Xueqin, Guo Cuicui, Sun Xiaoli, Lu Xianbo, and Chen Jiping , Talanta, 2018 May 15, Volume 182, p.590-594, (2018)

High Aspect Ratio Perforated Co₃O₄ Nanowires Derived from Cobalt-Carbonate-Hydroxide Nanowires with Enhanced Sensing Performance., Zhou, Tuantuan, Gao Wanlin, Wang Qiang, and Umar Ahmad , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 May 01, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3499-3504, (2018)

Cd sequestration by bacteria-aluminum hydroxide composites., Du, Huihui, Huang Qiaoyun, Yang Ruijia, Tie Boqing, and Lei Ming , Chemosphere, 2018 May, Volume 198, p.75-82, (2018)

Two-dimensional nickel hydroxide/sulfides nanosheet as an efficient cocatalyst for photocatalytic H2 evolution over CdS nanospheres., Xie, Ying Peng, Zheng Yunhui, Yang Yongqiang, Jiang Renzheng, Wang Guosheng, Zhang Yajing, Zhang Enlei, Zhao Liang, and Duan Chun-Ying , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Mar 15, Volume 514, p.634-641, (2018)

Magnetite/Lanthanum hydroxide for phosphate sequestration and recovery from lake and the attenuation effects of sediment particles., Fang, Liping, Liu Ru, Li Ji, Xu Cuihong, Huang Li-Zhi, and Wang Dongsheng , Water Res, 2018 Mar 01, Volume 130, p.243-254, (2018)

Removal of sulfate from wet FGD wastewater by co-precipitation with calcium hydroxide and sodium aluminate., Yu, Jicheng, Lu Jia, and Kang Yong , Water Sci Technol, 2018 Mar, Volume 77, Issue 5, p.1336-1345, (2018)

Aluminum hydroxide colloid vaccine encapsulated in yeast shells with enhanced humoral and cellular immune responses., Liu, Hui, Jia Zhenghu, Yang Chengmao, Song Mei, Jing Zhe, Zhao Yapu, Wu Zhenzhou, Zhao Liqing, Wei Dongsheng, Yin Zhinan, et al. , Biomaterials, 2018 Jun, Volume 167, p.32-43, (2018)

One-pot synthesis of layered double hydroxide hollow nanospheres with ultrafast removal efficiency for heavy metal ions and organic contaminants., Mubarak, Mahfuza, Jeon Hyokyung, Islam Md Shahinul, Yoon Cheolho, Bae Jong-Seong, Hwang Seong-Ju, San Choi Won, and Lee Ha-Jin , Chemosphere, 2018 Jun, Volume 201, p.676-686, (2018)

Butanolysis: Comparison of potassium hydroxide and potassium tert-butoxide as catalyst for biodiesel preparing from rapeseed oil., Musil, Martin, Skopal Frantisek, Hájek Martin, and Vavra Ales , J Environ Manage, 2018 Jul 15, Volume 218, p.555-561, (2018)

Prepared Reticulated Nickel Hydroxide for Sensing Urea by Differential Pulse Voltammetry., Luk, Hsiang-Ning, Wang Chun-Min, Peng Hsin-Yuan, and Wu Ren-Jang , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 18, Issue 7, p.4728-4733, (2018)

Enhanced colloidal stability and protein resistance of layered double hydroxide nanoparticles with phosphonic acid-terminated PEG coating for drug delivery., Cao, Zhenbang, Adnan Nik Nik M., Wang Guoying, Rawal Aditya, Shi Bingyang, Liu Ruizhe, Liang Kang, Zhao Lingyun, J Gooding Justin, Boyer Cyrille, et al. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 521, p.242-251, (2018)

Performance of layered double hydroxides intercalated with acetate as biodenitrification carbon source: The effects of metal ions and particle size., Jiang, Li, Liu Jianyong, Zuo Kang, Zou Lianpai, Li Yu-You, Qian Guangren, and Xu Zhi Ping , Bioresour Technol, 2018 Jul, Volume 259, p.99-103, (2018)

Density-functional tight-binding investigation of the structure, stability and material properties of nickel hydroxide nanotubes., Jahangiri, Soran, and Mosey Nicholas J. , Nanotechnology, 2018 Jan 12, Volume 29, Issue 2, p.025708, (2018)

Ultrathin Beta-Nickel hydroxide nanosheets grown along multi-walled carbon nanotubes: A novel nanohybrid for enhancing flame retardancy and smoke toxicity suppression of unsaturated polyester resin., Hai, Yun, Jiang Saihua, Qian Xiaodong, Zhang Shuidong, Sun Ping, Xie Bo, and Hong Ningning , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 01, Volume 509, p.285-297, (2018)