About Hydroxides

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)

The hydroxide ion consists of one atom each of hydrogen and oxygen held together by a covalent bond, together forming a polyatomic ion with a formal charge of -1. Hydroxides are compounds which contain this ion.

Inorganic hydroxides include hydroxides of alkali and alkali earth metals, many of which are important industrial alkalis such as sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and calcium hydroxide. Boron hydroxide is also known as boric acid, as rather than dissociating in water, it reacts as a Lewis acid, releasing protons. Zinc and lead hydroxides are amphoteric—they can act as acids or bases. Transition metal and post-transition metal hydroxides are insoluble in water.

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

Methanogenic degradation of tetramethylammonium hydroxide by Methanomethylovorans and Methanosarcina., Hu, Tai-Ho, Whang Liang-Ming, and Huang Chi-Yu , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Sep 05, Volume 357, p.180-186, (2018)

Causes and mechanisms on the toxicity of layered double hydroxide (LDH) to green algae Scenedesmus quadricauda., Ding, Tengda, Lin Kunde, Chen Jin, Hu Qi, Yang Bo, Li Juying, and Gan Jay , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 635, p.1004-1011, (2018)

pH-dependent selective ion exchange based on (ethylenediamintetraacetic acid-nickel)-layered double hydroxide to catalyze the polymerization of aniline for detection of Cu and Fe., Tang, Sheng, Sun Jun, Li Yana, Xia Dasha, Qi Tong, Liu Kai, Deng Huimin, Shen Wei, and Lee Hian Kee , Talanta, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 187, p.287-294, (2018)

Calcium hydroxide coating on highly reactive nanoscale zero-valent iron for in situ remediation application., Wei, Cai-Jie, Xie Yue-Feng, Wang Xiao-Mao, and Li Xiao-Yan , Chemosphere, 2018 Sep, Volume 207, p.715-724, (2018)

Ammonium hydroxide enhancing electrospray response and boosting sensitivity of bisphenol A and its analogs., Tan, Dongqin, Jin Jing, Wang Longxing, Zhao Xueqin, Guo Cuicui, Sun Xiaoli, Lu Xianbo, and Chen Jiping , Talanta, 2018 May 15, Volume 182, p.590-594, (2018)

High Aspect Ratio Perforated Co₃O₄ Nanowires Derived from Cobalt-Carbonate-Hydroxide Nanowires with Enhanced Sensing Performance., Zhou, Tuantuan, Gao Wanlin, Wang Qiang, and Umar Ahmad , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 May 01, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3499-3504, (2018)

Cd sequestration by bacteria-aluminum hydroxide composites., Du, Huihui, Huang Qiaoyun, Yang Ruijia, Tie Boqing, and Lei Ming , Chemosphere, 2018 May, Volume 198, p.75-82, (2018)

Two-dimensional nickel hydroxide/sulfides nanosheet as an efficient cocatalyst for photocatalytic H2 evolution over CdS nanospheres., Xie, Ying Peng, Zheng Yunhui, Yang Yongqiang, Jiang Renzheng, Wang Guosheng, Zhang Yajing, Zhang Enlei, Zhao Liang, and Duan Chun-Ying , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Mar 15, Volume 514, p.634-641, (2018)

Magnetite/Lanthanum hydroxide for phosphate sequestration and recovery from lake and the attenuation effects of sediment particles., Fang, Liping, Liu Ru, Li Ji, Xu Cuihong, Huang Li-Zhi, and Wang Dongsheng , Water Res, 2018 Mar 01, Volume 130, p.243-254, (2018)

Removal of sulfate from wet FGD wastewater by co-precipitation with calcium hydroxide and sodium aluminate., Yu, Jicheng, Lu Jia, and Kang Yong , Water Sci Technol, 2018 Mar, Volume 77, Issue 5, p.1336-1345, (2018)

Dinuclear neodymium and lanthanum bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl) phosphate complexes bearing a hydroxide ligand: catalytic activity of the Nd complex in 1,3-diene polymerization., Minyaev, Mikhail E., Korchagina Sof'ya A., Tavtorkin Alexander N., Churakov Andrei V., and Nifant'ev Ilya E. , Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem, 2018 Jun 01, Volume 74, Issue Pt 6, p.673-682, (2018)

Aluminum hydroxide colloid vaccine encapsulated in yeast shells with enhanced humoral and cellular immune responses., Liu, Hui, Jia Zhenghu, Yang Chengmao, Song Mei, Jing Zhe, Zhao Yapu, Wu Zhenzhou, Zhao Liqing, Wei Dongsheng, Yin Zhinan, et al. , Biomaterials, 2018 Jun, Volume 167, p.32-43, (2018)

One-pot synthesis of layered double hydroxide hollow nanospheres with ultrafast removal efficiency for heavy metal ions and organic contaminants., Mubarak, Mahfuza, Jeon Hyokyung, Islam Md Shahinul, Yoon Cheolho, Bae Jong-Seong, Hwang Seong-Ju, San Choi Won, and Lee Ha-Jin , Chemosphere, 2018 Jun, Volume 201, p.676-686, (2018)

Butanolysis: Comparison of potassium hydroxide and potassium tert-butoxide as catalyst for biodiesel preparing from rapeseed oil., Musil, Martin, Skopal Frantisek, Hájek Martin, and Vavra Ales , J Environ Manage, 2018 Jul 15, Volume 218, p.555-561, (2018)