About Hydroxides

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)

The hydroxide ion consists of one atom each of hydrogen and oxygen held together by a covalent bond, together forming a polyatomic ion with a formal charge of -1. Hydroxides are compounds which contain this ion.

Inorganic hydroxides include hydroxides of alkali and alkali earth metals, many of which are important industrial alkalis such as sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and calcium hydroxide. Boron hydroxide is also known as boric acid, as rather than dissociating in water, it reacts as a Lewis acid, releasing protons. Zinc and lead hydroxides are amphoteric—they can act as acids or bases. Transition metal and post-transition metal hydroxides are insoluble in water.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of hydroxide compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its hydroxide products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Hydroxides Products

Aluminum Hydroxide Aluminum Hydroxide Acetate Hydrate Aluminum Hydroxide Hydrate
Aluminum Phthalocyanine Hydroxide Aluminum Zirconium Chloride Hydroxide Ammonium Hydroxide Solution
Barium Hydroxide Barium Hydroxide Hydrate Barium Hydroxide Monohydrate
Barium Hydroxide Octahydrate Beryllium Carbonate Hydroxide Beryllium Hydroxide
Bismuth Hydroxide Boric Acid Cadmium Hydroxide
Calcium Hydroxide Cerium Hydroxide Cesium Hydroxide Hydrate
Cesium Hydroxide Monohydrate Cesium Hydroxide Solution Chromium Hydroxide
Chromium(III) Acetate Hydroxide Cobalt Hydroxide Copper Hydroxide
Copper Hydroxide Phosphate Copper Oxychloride Dysprosium Hydroxide
Ferric Hydroxide Oxide Gadolinium Hydroxide Gadolinium(III) Hydroxide Hydrate
Gallium(III) Phthalocyanine Hydroxide Gold Hydroxide Hafnium Hydroxide
Indium Hydroxide Lanthanum Hydroxide Lanthanum Oxide
Lithium Hexafluorostannate(IV) Lithium Hydroxide Lithium Hydroxide Anhydrous
Lithium Hydroxide Monohydrate Magnesium Carbonate Hydroxide Hydrate Magnesium Carbonate Hydroxide Pentahydrate
Magnesium Hydroxide Manganese Hydroxide Metatitanic Acid
Methylmercury(II) Hydroxide Neodymium Hydroxide Neodymium(III) Hydroxide Hydrate
Nickel Hydroxide Nickel(II) Carbonate Hydroxide Tetrahydrate Palladium Hydroxide
Palladium Hydroxide on Carbon Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Flake
Potassium Hydroxide Hydrate Potassium Hydroxide Pellets Potassium Hydroxide Solution
Rubidium Hydroxide Rubidium Hydroxide Hydrate Rubidium Hydroxide Solution
Samarium(III) Hydroxide Hydrate Silicon Phthalocyanine Dihydroxide Sodium Borohydride - Sodium Hydroxide Solution
Sodium Deuteroxide Solution Sodium Hydroxide Monohydrate Sodium Hydroxide Pellets
Sodium Hydroxide Solution Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous Strontium Hydroxide
Strontium Hydroxide Octahydrate Titanium Hydroxide Triphenyltin Hydroxide
Zinc Chloride Hydroxide Monohydrate Zinc Hydroxide Zirconium Hydroxide
Zirconium(IV) Acetate Hydroxide

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

Synthetic Applications and Mechanistic Studies of the Hydroxide-Mediated Cleavage of Carbon-Carbon Bonds in Ketones., Mazziotta, Andrea, Makarov Ilya S., Fristrup Peter, and Madsen Robert , J Org Chem, 2017 May 18, (2017)

Preparation of Mesoporous Basic Mixed Metal Oxides through Assembly of Monodispersed Mg-Al Layered Double Hydroxide Nanoparticles., Oka, Yuya, Kuroda Yoshiyuki, Matsuno Takamichi, Kamata Keigo, Wada Hiroaki, Shimojima Atsushi, and Kuroda Kazuyuki , Chemistry, 2017 May 17, (2017)

Understanding Nitrilotris(methylenephosphonic acid) reactions with ferric hydroxide., Martínez, Rodrigo Javier, and Farrell James , Chemosphere, 2017 May, Volume 175, p.490-496, (2017)

Mesoporous-activated carbon prepared from chitosan flakes via single-step sodium hydroxide activation for the adsorption of methylene blue., Marrakchi, F, Ahmed M J., Khanday W A., Asif M, and Hameed B H. , Int J Biol Macromol, 2017 May, Volume 98, p.233-239, (2017)

Sodium ions activated phosphofructokinase leading to enhanced D-lactic acid production by Sporolactobacillus inulinus using sodium hydroxide as a neutralizing agent., Zheng, Lu, Liu Mingqing, Sun Jiaduo, Wu Bin, and He Bingfang , Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 2017 May, Volume 101, Issue 9, p.3677-3687, (2017)

A Heterostructure Coupling of Exfoliated Ni-Fe Hydroxide Nanosheet and Defective Graphene as a Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Overall Water Splitting., Jia, Yi, Zhang Longzhou, Gao Guoping, Chen Hua, Wang Bei, Zhou Jizhi, Soo Mun Teng, Hong Min, Yan Xuecheng, Qian Guangren, et al. , Adv Mater, 2017 May, Volume 29, Issue 17, (2017)

Effect of double antibiotic and calcium hydroxide pastes on dislodgement resistance of an epoxy resin-based and two calcium silicate-based root canal sealers., Gokturk, Hakan, Bayram Emre, Bayram Huda Melike, Aslan Tugrul, and Ustun Yakup , Clin Oral Investig, 2017 May, Volume 21, Issue 4, p.1277-1282, (2017)

Glycine-functionalized copper(ii) hydroxide nanoparticles with high intrinsic superoxide dismutase activity., Korschelt, Karsten, Ragg Ruben, Metzger Carmen S., Kluenker Martin, Oster Michael, Barton Bastian, Panthöfer Martin, Strand Dennis, Kolb Ute, Mondeshki Mihail, et al. , Nanoscale, 2017 Mar 17, Volume 9, Issue 11, p.3952-3960, (2017)

Electrodeposited-hydroxide surface-covered porous nickel-cobalt alloy electrodes for efficient oxygen evolution reaction., Prataap, R K. Vishnu, and Mohan S , Chem Commun (Camb), 2017 Mar 16, Volume 53, Issue 23, p.3365-3368, (2017)

Atomic scale structure of amorphous aluminum oxyhydroxide, oxide and oxycarbide films probed by very high field (27)Al nuclear magnetic resonance., Baggetto, L, Sarou-Kanian V, Florian P, Gleizes A N., Massiot D, and Vahlas C , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 19, Issue 11, p.8101-8110, (2017)

FeOOH-graphene oxide nanocomposites for fluoride removal from water: Acetate mediated nano FeOOH growth and adsorption mechanism., Kuang, Liyuan, Liu Yuyang, Fu Dandan, and Zhao Yaping , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 490, p.259-269, (2017)

L-cysteine capped lanthanum hydroxide nanostructures for non-invasive detection of oral cancer biomarker., Tiwari, Sachchidanand, Gupta Pramod K., Bagbi Yana, Sarkar Tamal, and Solanki Pratima R. , Biosens Bioelectron, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 89, Issue Pt 2, p.1042-1052, (2017)