About Hydroxides

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)

The hydroxide ion consists of one atom each of hydrogen and oxygen held together by a covalent bond, together forming a polyatomic ion with a formal charge of -1. Hydroxides are compounds which contain this ion.

Inorganic hydroxides include hydroxides of alkali and alkali earth metals, many of which are important industrial alkalis such as sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and calcium hydroxide. Boron hydroxide is also known as boric acid, as rather than dissociating in water, it reacts as a Lewis acid, releasing protons. Zinc and lead hydroxides are amphoteric—they can act as acids or bases. Transition metal and post-transition metal hydroxides are insoluble in water.

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

Energetic Cost for Being "Redox-Site-Rich" in Pseudocapacitive Energy Storage with Nickel-Aluminum Layered Double Hydroxide Materials., Zhang, Xianghui, Cockreham Cody B., Yılmaz Esra, Li Gengnan, Li Nan, Ha Su, Fu Liangjie, Qi Jianqi, Xu Hongwu, and Wu Di , J Phys Chem Lett, 2020 May 07, Volume 11, Issue 9, p.3745-3753, (2020)

Optically active neodymium hydroxide surface-functionalized mesoporous silica micro-cocoons for biomedical applications., Ansari, Anees A., Khan Aslam, Alam Manawwer, Siddiqui Maqsood A., Ahmad Naushad, and Alkhedhairy Abdulaziz A. , Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces, 2020 May, Volume 189, p.110877, (2020)

Nanovolume Gas-Free Hydroxide Eluent Generator for Open Tubular Ion Chromatography., Chouhan, Bikash, Shelor Charles Phillip, Huang Weixiong, Chen Yongjing, and Dasgupta Purnendu K. , Anal Chem, 2020 Mar 06, (2020)

Influence of sodium hydroxide addition on characteristics and environmental risk of heavy metals in biochars derived from swine manure., Xu, Yonggang, Bai Tianxia, Yan Yubo, and Ma Kuirong , Waste Manag, 2020 Mar 03, Volume 105, p.511-519, (2020)

Novel synthesis of aluminum hydroxide gel-coated nano zero-valent iron and studies of its activity in flocculation-enhanced removal of tetracycline., Wang, Xiangyu, Zhang Binbin, Ma Jun, and Ning Ping , J Environ Sci (China), 2020 Mar, Volume 89, p.194-205, (2020)

The effect of sodium hydroxide on Al uptake by calcium silicate hydrates (CSH)., Barzgar, Sonya, Lothenbach Barbara, Tarik Mohamed, Di Giacomo Alessio, and Ludwig Christian , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2020 Jul 15, Volume 572, p.246-256, (2020)

Influence of calcium hydroxide residues after using different irrigants on the accuracy of two electronic apex locators: An study., Shojaee, Nooshin Sadat, Zaeri Zahra, Shokouhi Mohammad Mehdi, Sobhnamayan Fereshteh, and Adl Alireza , Dent Res J (Isfahan), 2020 Jan-Feb, Volume 17, Issue 1, p.48-53, (2020)

Folate- and glucuronate-functionalization of layered double hydroxides containing dysprosium and gadolinium and the effect on oxidative stress in rat liver mitochondria., Juménez, Cecilia Sánchez, Moisés Fermín Paul Pache, Cano M E., Andrade Karina Nava, Torres Ana Laura Brio, and Arízaga Gregorio Guadalupe , Heliyon, 2020 Jan, Volume 6, Issue 1, p.e03111, (2020)

Importance of ZnTiO3 Phase in ZnTi-Mixed Metal Oxide Photocatalysts Derived from Layered Double Hydroxide., Chuaicham, Chitiphon, Karthikeyan Sekar, Song Jun Tae, Ishihara Tatsumi, Ohtani Bunsho, and Sasaki Keiko , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2020 Feb 26, Volume 12, Issue 8, p.9169-9180, (2020)

A luminescent cellulose ether with a regenerated crystal form obtained in tetra(n-butyl)ammonium hydroxide/dimethyl sulfoxide., Cai, Xu-Min, Chen Xiao, Chen Xinfei, Li Yu, and Wang Fei , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 Feb 15, Volume 230, p.115649, (2020)

Facile Synthesis of Nickel Cobalt Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets Intercalated with Sulfate Anion for High-Performance Supercapacitor., Feng, Yanyan, Li Yanjie, Yang Wen, and Huang Hongbin , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.1260-1268, (2020)

A novel nanobiosorbent of functionalized graphene quantum dots from rice husk with barium hydroxide for microwave enhanced removal of lead (II) and lanthanum (III)., Mahmoud, Mohamed E., Fekry Nesma A., and Abdelfattah Amir M. , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Feb, Volume 298, p.122514, (2020)

Cobalt oxyhydroxide nanoflakes with oxidase-mimicking activity induced chemiluminescence of luminol for glutathione detection., Yang, Xi Ju, Li Rong Sheng, Li Chun Mei, Li Yuan Fang, and Huang Cheng Zhi , Talanta, 2020 Aug 01, Volume 215, p.120928, (2020)

Adsorption onto aluminum hydroxide adjuvant protects antigens from degradation., Colaprico, Annalisa, Senesi Silvia, Ferlicca Francesca, Brunelli Brunella, Ugozzoli Mildred, Pallaoro Michele, and O'Hagan Derek T. , Vaccine, 2020 Apr 23, Volume 38, Issue 19, p.3600-3609, (2020)

A hybrid iron oxyhydroxide agglomerates-ultrafiltration process for efficient removal of chromate., Wei, Zongsu, Semiat Raphael, and Shemer Hilla , Environ Technol, 2020 Apr 03, p.1-19, (2020)