About Hydroxides

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)

The hydroxide ion consists of one atom each of hydrogen and oxygen held together by a covalent bond, together forming a polyatomic ion with a formal charge of -1. Hydroxides are compounds which contain this ion.

Inorganic hydroxides include hydroxides of alkali and alkali earth metals, many of which are important industrial alkalis such as sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and calcium hydroxide. Boron hydroxide is also known as boric acid, as rather than dissociating in water, it reacts as a Lewis acid, releasing protons. Zinc and lead hydroxides are amphoteric—they can act as acids or bases. Transition metal and post-transition metal hydroxides are insoluble in water.

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

Ammonium hydroxide enhancing electrospray response and boosting sensitivity of bisphenol A and its analogs., Tan, Dongqin, Jin Jing, Wang Longxing, Zhao Xueqin, Guo Cuicui, Sun Xiaoli, Lu Xianbo, and Chen Jiping , Talanta, 2018 May 15, Volume 182, p.590-594, (2018)

High Aspect Ratio Perforated Co₃O₄ Nanowires Derived from Cobalt-Carbonate-Hydroxide Nanowires with Enhanced Sensing Performance., Zhou, Tuantuan, Gao Wanlin, Wang Qiang, and Umar Ahmad , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 May 01, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3499-3504, (2018)

Cd sequestration by bacteria-aluminum hydroxide composites., Du, Huihui, Huang Qiaoyun, Yang Ruijia, Tie Boqing, and Lei Ming , Chemosphere, 2018 May, Volume 198, p.75-82, (2018)

Two-dimensional nickel hydroxide/sulfides nanosheet as an efficient cocatalyst for photocatalytic H2 evolution over CdS nanospheres., Xie, Ying Peng, Zheng Yunhui, Yang Yongqiang, Jiang Renzheng, Wang Guosheng, Zhang Yajing, Zhang Enlei, Zhao Liang, and Duan Chun-Ying , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Mar 15, Volume 514, p.634-641, (2018)

Magnetite/Lanthanum hydroxide for phosphate sequestration and recovery from lake and the attenuation effects of sediment particles., Fang, Liping, Liu Ru, Li Ji, Xu Cuihong, Huang Li-Zhi, and Wang Dongsheng , Water Res, 2018 Mar 01, Volume 130, p.243-254, (2018)

Removal of sulfate from wet FGD wastewater by co-precipitation with calcium hydroxide and sodium aluminate., Yu, Jicheng, Lu Jia, and Kang Yong , Water Sci Technol, 2018 Mar, Volume 77, Issue 5, p.1336-1345, (2018)

Prepared Reticulated Nickel Hydroxide for Sensing Urea by Differential Pulse Voltammetry., Luk, Hsiang-Ning, Wang Chun-Min, Peng Hsin-Yuan, and Wu Ren-Jang , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 18, Issue 7, p.4728-4733, (2018)

Density-functional tight-binding investigation of the structure, stability and material properties of nickel hydroxide nanotubes., Jahangiri, Soran, and Mosey Nicholas J. , Nanotechnology, 2018 Jan 12, Volume 29, Issue 2, p.025708, (2018)

Ultrathin Beta-Nickel hydroxide nanosheets grown along multi-walled carbon nanotubes: A novel nanohybrid for enhancing flame retardancy and smoke toxicity suppression of unsaturated polyester resin., Hai, Yun, Jiang Saihua, Qian Xiaodong, Zhang Shuidong, Sun Ping, Xie Bo, and Hong Ningning , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 01, Volume 509, p.285-297, (2018)

Facile sonochemical synthesis of amorphous NiFe-(oxy)hydroxide nanoparticles as superior electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction., Lee, Eunjik, Park Ah-Hyeon, Park Hyun-Uk, and Kwon Young-Uk , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.552-557, (2018)

Hardened exogenous material after extrusion of calcium hydroxide with barium sulfate: Case study and histopathologic and laboratory analyses., Nevares, Giselle, Monteiro Gabriela Queiroz de, Sobral Ana Paula Vera, de Campello Sergio Lemos, da Silva Marcely Cristiny F., Bezerra Aldo, da Silva Felipe Xavier Bez, Scheneider Cristina Musso, and Albuquerque Diana Santana , J Am Dent Assoc, 2018 Jan, Volume 149, Issue 1, p.59-66, (2018)

Needle-based sampling coupled with colorimetric reaction catalyzed by layered double hydroxide peroxidase mimic for rapid detection of the change of d-glucose levels with time in bananas., Shen, Wei, Sun Jun, Seah Jowy Yi Hoong, Shi Lei, Tang Sheng, and Lee Hian Kee , Anal Chim Acta, 2018 Feb 25, Volume 1001, p.32-39, (2018)

Layered double hydroxide nanoparticles: Impact on vascular cells, blood cells and the complement system., Gu, Zi, Yan Shiyu, Cheong Soshan, Cao Zhenbang, Zuo Huali, Thomas Anita C., Rolfe Barbara E., and Xu Zhi Ping , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Feb 15, Volume 512, p.404-410, (2018)

Treatment of a highly-concentrated sulphate-rich synthetic wastewater using calcium hydroxide in a fluidised bed crystallizer., Maharaj, Chiara, Chivavava Jemitias, and Lewis Alison , J Environ Manage, 2018 Feb 01, Volume 207, p.378-386, (2018)