About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

Structural characterization and in vitro antioxidant activities of chondroitin sulfate purified from Andrias davidianus cartilage., Zhu, Wenming, Ji Yang, Wang Yi, He Dong, Yan Yishu, Su Nan, Zhang Chong, and Xing Xin-Hui , Carbohydr Polym, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 196, p.398-404, (2018)

Chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate from corb (Sciaena umbra) skin: Purification, structural analysis and anticoagulant effect., Bougatef, Hajer, Krichen Fatma, Capitani Federica, Ben Amor Ikram, Maccari Francesca, Mantovani Veronica, Galeotti Fabio, Volpi Nicola, Bougatef Ali, and Sila Assaad , Carbohydr Polym, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 196, p.272-278, (2018)

Synthesis of Magnetic CoFe₂O₄ Nanoparticles and Their Efficient Degradation of Diclofenac by Activating Persulfate via Formation of Sulfate Radicals., Zhang, Huixuan, Li Huarui, Wang Zhongjuan, Li Bo, Cheng Xiuwen, and Cheng Qingfeng , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Oct 01, Volume 18, Issue 10, p.6942-6948, (2018)

Growth and antioxidant response in Ceratophyllum demersum L. under sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), phenol and joint stress., Liu, Nian, and Wu Zhonghua , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2018 Nov 15, Volume 163, p.188-195, (2018)

Mapping magnesium sulfate salts from saline mine discharge with airborne hyperspectral data., Pfitzner, Kirrilly S., Harford Andrew J., Whiteside Timothy G., and Bartolo Renee E. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 640-641, p.1259-1271, (2018)

Optical parameters and dispersion behavior of potassium magnesium chloride sulfate single crystals doped with Co ions., A El-Fadl, Abu, and Abd-Elsalam A M. , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 May 05, Volume 196, p.367-374, (2018)

The influence of zinc sulfate on neonatal jaundice: a systematic review and meta-analysis., Yang, Li, Wu De, Wang Baotian, Bu Xiaosong, and Tang Jiulai , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 May, Volume 31, Issue 10, p.1311-1317, (2018)

Magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection in the setting of chorioamnionitis., Edwards, James M., Edwards Laura E., Swamy Geeta K., and Grotegut Chad A. , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 May, Volume 31, Issue 9, p.1156-1160, (2018)

Ferric citrate and ferric EDTA but not ferrous sulfate drive amphiregulin-mediated activation of the MAP kinase ERK in gut epithelial cancer cells., Scheers, Nathalie M., Pereira Dora I. A., Faria Nuno, and Powell Jonathan J. , Oncotarget, 2018 Mar 30, Volume 9, Issue 24, p.17066-17077, (2018)

Irradiator System For Manganese Sulfate Bath Efficiency Measurements Using A Plutonium-Beryllium Neutron Source., Silva, F S., Martins M M., Conti C C., Leite S P., Fonseca E S., Patrão K C. S., and Pereira W W. , Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 2018 Mar 06, (2018)

Ultrasound-assisted leaching of rare earths from the weathered crust elution-deposited ore using magnesium sulfate without ammonia-nitrogen pollution., Yin, Shaohua, Pei Jiannan, Jiang Feng, Li Shiwei, Peng Jinhui, Zhang Libo, Ju Shaohua, and Srinivasakannan Chandrasekar , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Mar, Volume 41, p.156-162, (2018)

Fluorescigenic Magnetofluids Based on Gadolinium, Terbium, and Dysprosium-Containing Imidazolium Salts., Cheng, Kun-Lun, Yuan Wen-Li, He Ling, Tang Ning, Jian Hong-Mei, Zhao Ying, Qin Song, and Tao Guo-Hong , Inorg Chem, 2018 Jun 04, Volume 57, Issue 11, p.6376-6390, (2018)

Antenatal magnesium sulfate for both tocolysis and fetal neuroprotection in premature rupture of the membranes before 32 weeks' gestation., Jung, Eun Jung, Byun Jung Mi, Kim Young Nam, Lee Kyung Bok, Sung Moon Su, Kim Ki Tae, Shin Jong Beom, and Jeong Dae Hoon , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 Jun, Volume 31, Issue 11, p.1431-1441, (2018)

Assessment of calcium sulfate hemihydrate-Tricalcium silicate composite for bone healing in a rabbit femoral condyle model., Hao, Fengyu, Qin Limei, Liu Jingdong, Chang Jiang, Huan Zhiguang, and Wu Lin , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 88, p.53-60, (2018)

Immobilization of Cr(VI) by hydrated Portland cement pastes with and without calcium sulfate., Zhang, Mingtao, Yang Changhui, Zhao Min, Yu Linwen, Yang Kai, Zhu Xiaohong, and Jiang Xing , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.242-251, (2018)