About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of sulfate compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its sulfate products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Sulfates Products

Aluminum Cesium Sulfate Dodecahydrate Aluminum Potassium Sulfate Dodecahydrate Aluminum Sodium Sulfate
Aluminum Sodium Sulfate Dodecahydrate Aluminum Sulfate (Anhydrous) Aluminum Sulfate Hexadecahydrate
Aluminum Sulfate Hydrate Aluminum Sulfate Octadecahydrate Aluminum Sulfate Solution
Ammonium Nickel(II) Sulfate Hexahydrate Ammonium Persulfate Ammonium Sulfate
Ammonium Zinc Sulfate Hydrate Antimony Sulfate Solution Antimony(III) Sulfate
Barium Sulfate Barium Sulfate Solution Beryllium Sulfate Solution
Beryllium Sulfate Tetrahydrate Bismuth Sulfate Bismuth Sulfate Solution
Cadmium Sulfate Hydrate Cadmium Sulfate Octahydrate Cadmium Sulfate Solution
Cadmium Sulfate, Anhydrous Calcium Sulfate Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate
Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate Calcium Sulfate Solution Cerium Sulfate Solution
Cerium(III) Sulfate Cerium(III) Sulfate Hydrate Cerium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate
Cerium(IV) Sulfate Cerium(IV) Sulfate Hydrate Cerium(IV) Sulfate Hydrate, Complex with Sulfuric Acid
Cerium(IV) Sulfate Tetrahydrate Cesium Iridium Sulfate Dodecahydrate Cesium Sulfate
Cesium Sulfate Solution Chromium Potassium Sulfate Chromium Sulfate
Chromium Sulfate Basic Chromium Sulfate Hydrate Chromium Sulfate Solution
Chromium(III) Potassium Sulfate Dodecahydrate Chromium(III) Potassium Sulfate Solution Cobalt Sulfate
Cobalt Sulfate Hydrate Cobalt Sulfate Solution Cobalt(II) Sulfate Heptahydrate
Copper Sulfate Copper Sulfate Basic Copper Sulfate Monohydrate
Copper Sulfate Solution Copper Tetraammine Sulfate Hydrate Copper(II) Sulfate Pentahydrate
Cupric Sulfate Anhydrous Dihydrogen Dinitrosulfatoplatinate(II) Solution Dysprosium Sulfate Octahydrate
Dysprosium Sulfate Solution Erbium Sulfate Erbium Sulfate Solution
Erbium(III) Sulfate Hydrate Erbium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Europium Sodium Sulfate
Europium Sulfate Europium Sulfate Solution Europium(III) Sulfate Hydrate
Europium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Ferric Subsulfate Ferric Subsulfate Solution
Ferric Sulfate Ferric Sulfate Hydrate Ferrous Sulfate
Gadolinium Sulfate Gadolinium Sulfate Solution Gadolinium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate
Gallium Sulfate Gallium Sulfate Solution Gallium(III) Sulfate Hydrate
Gold Sulfate Gold Sulfate Solution Gold(I) Sodium Thiosulfate Hydrate
Hafnium Sulfate Hafnium Sulfate Solution Holmium Sulfate
Holmium Sulfate Solution Holmium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Indium Sulfate
Indium Sulfate Solution Indium(III) Sulfate Hydrate Iridium Sulfate
Iridium Sulfate Solution Iron Sulfate Solution Iron(II) Sulfate Heptahydrate
Iron(II) Sulfate Hydrate Lanthanum Sulfate Lanthanum Sulfate Solution
Lanthanum(III) Sulfate Hydrate Lead Sulfate Lead Sulfate Solution
Lithium Dodecyl Sulfate Lithium Sulfate Lithium Sulfate Monohydrate
Lithium Sulfate Solution Lithium-6 Sulfate Lithopone
Lutetium Sulfate Lutetium Sulfate Solution Lutetium(III) Sulfate Hydrate
Magnesium Sulfate Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate Magnesium Sulfate Hexahydrate
Magnesium Sulfate Hydrate Magnesium Sulfate Monohydrate Magnesium Sulfate Solution
Manganese Sulfate Monohydrate Manganese Sulfate Solution Manganese(II) Sulfate
Manganese(II) Sulfate Hydrate Manganese(II) Sulfate Tetrahydrate Mercury(I) Sulfate
Mercury(II) Sulfate Molybdenum Sulfate Molybdenum Sulfate Solution
Neodymium Sulfate Neodymium Sulfate Solution Neodymium(III) Sulfate Hydrate
Neodymium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Nickel Sulfate Nickel Sulfate Anhydrous
Nickel Sulfate Solution Nickel(II) Sulfate Heptahydrate Palladium Sulfate
Palladium Sulfate Solution Palladium(II) Potassium Thiosulfate Monohydrate Palladium(II) Sulfate Dihydrate
Platinum Sulfate Platinum Sulfate Solution Potassium Bisulfate
Potassium Dinitrosulfatopalladate(II) Solution Potassium Disulfate Potassium Disulfitopalladate(II)
Potassium Fluorosulfate Potassium Monoperoxysulfate Potassium Peroxydisulfate
Potassium Persulfate Potassium Sulfate Potassium Sulfate Solution
Potassium Thiosulfate Praseodymium Sulfate Praseodymium Sulfate Solution
Praseodymium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Propylene Sulfate Rhodium on Barium Sulfate
Rhodium Sulfate Rhodium Sulfate Solution Rhodium(III) Sulfate Tetrahydrate
Rubidium Sulfate Rubidium Sulfate Solution Ruthenium Sulfate
Ruthenium Sulfate Solution Ruthenium(III) Nitrosylsulfate Samarium Sulfate Solution
Samarium(III) Sulfate Octahydrate Samarium(III) Sulfate, Anhydrous Scandium Sulfate
Scandium Sulfate Octahydrate Scandium Sulfate Pentahydrate Scandium Sulfate Solution
Silver Sulfate Silver Sulfate Solution Sodium Bisulfate Monohydrate
Sodium Cholesteryl Sulfate Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate
Sodium Hydrogen Sulfate Sodium Persulfate Sodium Sulfate
Sodium Sulfate Anhydrous Sodium Sulfate Decahydrate Sodium Sulfate Solution
Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate Sodium Thiosulfate Anhydrous Sodium Thiosulfate Pentahydrate
Sodium Thiosulfate Solution Strontium Sulfate Strontium Sulfate Solution
Tellurium Sulfate Solution Terbium Sulfate Octahydrate Terbium Sulfate Solution
Tetraamminecopper(II) Sulfate Monohydrate Tetraamminepalladium(II) Sulfate Thallium Sulfate
Thallium Sulfate Solution Thulium Sulfate Thulium Sulfate Octahydrate
Thulium Sulfate Solution Tin Sulfate Solution Tin(II) Sulfate
Tin(IV) Sulfate Titanium Oxysulfate Dihydrate Titanium Sulfate
Titanium(III) Sulfate Solution Titanium(IV) Oxysulfate Titanium(IV) Oxysulfate - Sulfuric Acid Hydrate
Titanium(IV) Oxysulfate Solution Titanium(IV) Sulfate Hydrate Titanium(IV) Sulfate Solution
Vanadium Oxysulfate Hydrate Vanadium Sulfate Vanadium Sulfate Solution
Vanadium(IV) Oxide Sulfate Hydrate Vanadyl Sulfate Vanadyl Sulfate Pentahydrate
Ytterbium Sulfate Ytterbium Sulfate Solution Yttrium Sulfate
Yttrium Sulfate Solution Zinc Sulfate Zinc Sulfate Heptahydrate
Zinc Sulfate Monohydrate Zinc Sulfate Solution Zirconium Sulfate
Zirconium Sulfate Solution Zirconium(IV) Sulfate Tetrahydrate

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

Uniform dispersion of cobalt nanoparticles over nonporous TiO2 with low activation energy for magnesium sulfate recovery in a novel magnesia-based desulfurization process., Wang, Lidong, Qi Tieyue, Wang Juan, Zhang Shihan, Xiao Huining, and Ma Yongliang , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.579-588, (2018)

Immobilization of Cr(VI) by hydrated Portland cement pastes with and without calcium sulfate., Zhang, Mingtao, Yang Changhui, Zhao Min, Yu Linwen, Yang Kai, Zhu Xiaohong, and Jiang Xing , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.242-251, (2018)

Ultrasound augmented leaching of nickel sulfate in sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide media., Li, Haoyu, Li Shiwei, Peng Jinhui, Srinivasakannan Chandrasekar, Zhang Libo, and Yin Shaohua , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.1021-1030, (2018)

Maternal side effects & fetal neuroprotection according to body mass index after magnesium sulfate in a multicenter randomized controlled trial., Vilchez, Gustavo, Dai Jing, Lagos Moraima, and Sokol Robert J. , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 Jan, Volume 31, Issue 2, p.178-183, (2018)

Reaction kinetics and mechanisms of organosilicon fungicide flusilazole with sulfate and hydroxyl radicals., D Mercado, Fabio, Bracco Larisa L. B., Arques Antonio, Gonzalez Mónica C., and Caregnato Paula , Chemosphere, 2018 Jan, Volume 190, p.327-336, (2018)

Indoxyl 3-sulfate inhibits maturation and activation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells., Ghimire, Sakhila, Matos Carina, Caioni Massimiliano, Weber Daniela, Peter Katrin, Holler Ernst, Kreutz Marina, and Renner Kathrin , Immunobiology, 2018 Feb, Volume 223, Issue 2, p.239-245, (2018)

Separation and Enrichment of Lectin from Zihua Snap-Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Seeds by PEG 600-Ammonium Sulfate Aqueous Two-Phase System., Jiang, Bin, Yuan Yongqiang, Zhang Xiaoqing, Feng Zhibiao, and Liu Chunhong , Molecules, 2017 Sep 22, Volume 22, Issue 10, (2017)

Structure and dynamics of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride-sodium dodecylsulfate (CTAC-SDS) catanionic vesicles: High-value nano-vehicles from low-cost surfactants., Krauss, Irene Russo, Imperatore Riccardo, De Santis Augusta, Luchini Alessandra, Paduano Luigi, and D'Errico Gerardino , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Sep 01, Volume 501, p.112-122, (2017)

Separation of polysaccharides from Spirulina platensis by HSCCC with ethanol-ammonium sulfate ATPS and their antioxidant activities., Wu, Xueyan, Li Ruichang, Zhao Yongjie, and Liu Yang , Carbohydr Polym, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 173, p.465-472, (2017)

Examining the Use of Magnesium Sulfate to Treat Pregnant Women with Preeclampsia and Eclampsia: Results of a Program Assessment of Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) Training in India., Budhwani, Henna, Shivkumar Poonam, Purandare Chittaranjan Narhari, Cataldo Nicholas A., Desai Sadhana, Bhatt Prakash, Baswal Dinesh, and Bhardwaj Ajey , J Obstet Gynaecol India, 2017 Oct, Volume 67, Issue 5, p.330-336, (2017)

Systemic administration of l-kynurenine sulfate induces cerebral hypoperfusion transients in adult C57Bl/6 mice., Varga, Dániel Péter, Menyhárt Ákos, Puskás Tamás, Bari Ferenc, Farkas Eszter, Kis Zsolt, Vécsei László, Toldi József, and Gellért Levente , Microvasc Res, 2017 Nov, Volume 114, p.19-25, (2017)

The effect of temperature, composition and alcohols on the microstructures of catanionic mixtures of sodium dodecylsulfate and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide in water., Rajkhowa, S, Mahiuddin S, Dey J, Kumar S, Aswal V K., Biswas R, Kohlbrecher J, and Ismail K , Soft Matter, 2017 May 21, Volume 13, Issue 19, p.3556-3567, (2017)

High temperature dielectric properties of spent adsorbent with zinc sulfate by cavity perturbation technique., Lin, Guo, Liu Chenhui, Zhang Libo, Hu Tu, Peng Jinhui, Li Jing, and Wang Shixing , J Hazard Mater, 2017 May 15, Volume 330, p.36-45, (2017)

The effect of aspirated barium sulfate, iodixanol, and diatrizoic acid on survival and lung injury in a lagomorph model., M Siddiqui, Tausif, Litts Juliana K., Cheney Diane M., Kuhn Maggie A., Nativ-Zeltzer Nogah, and Belafsky Peter C. , Laryngoscope, 2017 May, Volume 127, Issue 5, p.E148-E152, (2017)

Ropinirole-dextran sulfate nanoplex for nasal administration against Parkinson's disease: in silico molecular modeling and in vitro-ex vivo evaluation., Pardeshi, Chandrakantsing Vijaysing, and Belgamwar Veena Shailendra , Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2017 May, Volume 45, Issue 3, p.635-648, (2017)