About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

Remediation of soil co-contaminated with decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) and copper by enhanced electrokinetics-persulfate process., Chen, Fu, Li Xiaoxiao, Ma Jing, Qu Junfeng, Yang Yongjun, and Zhang Shaoliang , J Hazard Mater, 2019 May 05, Volume 369, p.448-455, (2019)

Calorimetric study of the influence of aluminum substitution in ferrihydrite on sulfate adsorption and reversibility., Namayandeh, Alireza, and Kabengi Nadine , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Mar 22, Volume 540, p.20-29, (2019)

Geochemical simulation of the stabilization process of vanadium-contaminated soil remediated with calcium oxide and ferrous sulfate., Zou, Quan, Li De'an, Jiang Jianguo, Aihemaiti Aikelaimu, Gao Yuchen, Liu Nuo, and Liu Jiwei , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2019 Mar 08, Volume 174, p.498-505, (2019)

Effect of glycerol with sodium chloride on the Krafft point of sodium dodecyl sulfate using surface tension., Khan, Haris, Seddon John M., Law Robert V., Brooks Nicholas J., Robles Eric, Cabral João T., and Ces Oscar , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Mar 07, Volume 538, p.75-82, (2019)

Inhibition of dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis in mice by baker's yeast polysaccharides., Sun, Ying, Shi Xiaodan, Zheng Xing, Nie Shaoping, and Xu Xiaojuan , Carbohydr Polym, 2019 Mar 01, Volume 207, p.371-381, (2019)

Depolymerization of carboxymethyl cellulose using hydrodynamic cavitation combined with ultraviolet irradiation and potassium persulfate., Prajapat, Amrutlal L., and Gogate Parag R. , Ultrason Sonochem, 2019 Mar, Volume 51, p.258-263, (2019)

Population Pharmacokinetic Modeling to Evaluate Standard Magnesium Sulfate Treatments and Alternative Dosing Regimens for Women With Preeclampsia., Du, Lihong, Wenning Larissa, Migoya Elizabeth, Xu Yan, Carvalho Brendan, Brookfield Kathleen, Witjes Han, de Greef Rik, Lumbiganon Pisake, Sangkomkamhang Ussanee, et al. , J Clin Pharmacol, 2019 Mar, Volume 59, Issue 3, p.374-385, (2019)

Liquefaction of chicken sternal cartilage by steam explosion to isolate chondroitin sulfate., Shen, Qingshan, Zhang Chunhui, Jia Wei, Qin Xiaojie, Xu Xiong, Ye Mengliang, Mo Haizhen, and Richel Aurore , Carbohydr Polym, 2019 Jul 01, Volume 215, p.73-81, (2019)

Microwave-assisted synthesis of cellulose/zinc-sulfate‑calcium-phosphate (ZSCAP) nanocomposites for biomedical applications., Dharmalingam, K, Padmavathi Ganesan, Kunnumakkara Ajaikumar B., and Anandalakshmi R , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Jul, Volume 100, p.535-543, (2019)

Effects of ferric sulfate and polyaluminum chloride coagulation enhanced treatment wetlands on Typha growth, soil and water chemistry., Liang, Yan Ling, Kraus Tamara E. C., Silva Lucas C. R., Bachand Philip A. M., Bachand Sandra M., Doane Timothy A., and Horwath William R. , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 648, p.116-124, (2019)

Chemical reaction between sodium pyruvate and ammonium sulfate in aerosol particles and resultant sodium sulfate efflorescence., Yang, Hui, Wang Na, Pang Shu-Feng, Zheng Chuan-Ming, and Zhang Yun-Hong , Chemosphere, 2019 Jan, Volume 215, p.554-562, (2019)

Electrospun Combination of Peppermint Oil and Copper Sulphate with Conducive Physico-Chemical properties for Wound Dressing Applications., Jaganathan, Saravana Kumar, Mani Mohan Prasath, and Khudzari Ahmad Zahran Md , Polymers (Basel), 2019 Apr 01, Volume 11, Issue 4, (2019)

Magnesium sulfate use for fetal neuroprotection., Brookfield, Kathleen F., and Vinson Abigail , Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol, 2019 Apr, Volume 31, Issue 2, p.110-115, (2019)

Structural characterization and in vitro antioxidant activities of chondroitin sulfate purified from Andrias davidianus cartilage., Zhu, Wenming, Ji Yang, Wang Yi, He Dong, Yan Yishu, Su Nan, Zhang Chong, and Xing Xin-Hui , Carbohydr Polym, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 196, p.398-404, (2018)