About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

Optical parameters and dispersion behavior of potassium magnesium chloride sulfate single crystals doped with Coions., A El-Fadl, Abu, and Abd-Elsalam A M. , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 May 05, Volume 196, p.367-374, (2018)

The influence of zinc sulfate on neonatal jaundice: a systematic review and meta-analysis., Yang, Li, Wu De, Wang Baotian, Bu Xiaosong, and Tang Jiulai , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 May, Volume 31, Issue 10, p.1311-1317, (2018)

Magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection in the setting of chorioamnionitis., Edwards, James M., Edwards Laura E., Swamy Geeta K., and Grotegut Chad A. , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 May, Volume 31, Issue 9, p.1156-1160, (2018)

Irradiator System For Manganese Sulfate Bath Efficiency Measurements Using A Plutonium-Beryllium Neutron Source., Silva, F S., Martins M M., Conti C C., Leite S P., Fonseca E S., Patrão K C. S., and Pereira W W. , Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 2018 Mar 06, (2018)

Ultrasound-assisted leaching of rare earths from the weathered crust elution-deposited ore using magnesium sulfate without ammonia-nitrogen pollution., Yin, Shaohua, Pei Jiannan, Jiang Feng, Li Shiwei, Peng Jinhui, Zhang Libo, Ju Shaohua, and Srinivasakannan Chandrasekar , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Mar, Volume 41, p.156-162, (2018)

Antenatal magnesium sulfate for both tocolysis and fetal neuroprotection in premature rupture of the membranes before 32 weeks' gestation., Jung, Eun Jung, Byun Jung Mi, Kim Young Nam, Lee Kyung Bok, Sung Moon Su, Kim Ki Tae, Shin Jong Beom, and Jeong Dae Hoon , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 Jun, Volume 31, Issue 11, p.1431-1441, (2018)

Poly-L-Arginine-Modified Boron-Doped Diamond and Glassy Carbon Electrodes for Terbutaline Sulfate Detection., da Costa, Paulo Vinicius F., da Silva Rejane Maria P., Suffredini Hugo B., and Alves Wendel A. , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 18, Issue 7, p.4551-4558, (2018)

Immobilization of Cr(VI) by hydrated Portland cement pastes with and without calcium sulfate., Zhang, Mingtao, Yang Changhui, Zhao Min, Yu Linwen, Yang Kai, Zhu Xiaohong, and Jiang Xing , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.242-251, (2018)

RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O), RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O)2, and RE(SO4)[B(OH)4](H2O)·H2O: Rare-Earth Borate-Sulfates Featuring Three Types of Layered Structures., Wang, Wen-Wen, Xu Xiang, Kong Jin-Tao, and Mao Jiang-Gao , Inorg Chem, 2018 Jan 02, Volume 57, Issue 1, p.163-174, (2018)

Hardened exogenous material after extrusion of calcium hydroxide with barium sulfate: Case study and histopathologic and laboratory analyses., Nevares, Giselle, Monteiro Gabriela Queiroz de, Sobral Ana Paula Vera, de Campello Sergio Lemos, da Silva Marcely Cristiny F., Bezerra Aldo, da Silva Felipe Xavier Bez, Scheneider Cristina Musso, and Albuquerque Diana Santana , J Am Dent Assoc, 2018 Jan, Volume 149, Issue 1, p.59-66, (2018)

Reaction kinetics and mechanisms of organosilicon fungicide flusilazole with sulfate and hydroxyl radicals., D Mercado, Fabio, Bracco Larisa L. B., Arques Antonio, Gonzalez Mónica C., and Caregnato Paula , Chemosphere, 2018 Jan, Volume 190, p.327-336, (2018)

Maternal side effects & fetal neuroprotection according to body mass index after magnesium sulfate in a multicenter randomized controlled trial., Vilchez, Gustavo, Dai Jing, Lagos Moraima, and Sokol Robert J. , J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 2018 Jan, Volume 31, Issue 2, p.178-183, (2018)

Ultrasound augmented leaching of nickel sulfate in sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide media., Li, Haoyu, Li Shiwei, Peng Jinhui, Srinivasakannan Chandrasekar, Zhang Libo, and Yin Shaohua , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.1021-1030, (2018)

Dissolution studies of metamizole sodium and pseudoephedrine sulphate dosage forms - comparison and correlation of electronic tongue results with reference studies., Wesoły, Małgorzata, Zabadaj Marcin, Cal Krzysztof, Ciosek-Skibińska Patrycja, and Wróblewski Wojciech , J Pharm Biomed Anal, 2018 Feb 05, Volume 149, p.242-248, (2018)