About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

The effects of nonredox metal ions on the activation of peroxymonosulfate for organic pollutants degradation in aqueous solution with cobalt based catalysts: A new mechanism investigation., Xu, Aihua, Wei Yi, Zou Qiancheng, Zhang Wenyu, Jin Yezi, Wang Zeyu, Yang Lizhen, and Li Xiaoxia , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Jan 15, Volume 382, p.121081, (2020)

Simple spectrofluorimetric methods for determination of veterinary antibiotic drug (apramycin sulfate) in pharmaceutical preparations and milk samples., Mabrouk, Mokhtar M., Noureldin Hind A. M., Badr Ibrahim H. A., and Saad Amira H. K. , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2020 Jan 05, Volume 224, p.117395, (2020)

The role of the lecithin addition in the properties and cytotoxic activity of chitosan and chondroitin sulfate nanoparticles containing curcumin., Jardim, Katiúscia Vieira, Siqueira Joseílma Luciana Ne, Báo Sônia Nair, Sousa Marcelo Henrique, and Parize Alexandre Luis , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 Jan 01, Volume 227, p.115351, (2020)

Microbial interactions regulated by the dosage of ferroferric oxide in the co-metabolism of organic carbon and sulfate., Xing, Lizhen, Zhang Weikang, Gu Mengqi, Yin Qidong, and Wu Guangxue , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122317, (2020)

Environmental risk assessment of the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate in site-specific conditions arising from mechanized tunnelling., Finizio, A, Patrolecco L, Grenni P, Galli E, Muzzini V G., Rauseo J, Rizzi C, and A Caracciolo Barra , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Feb 05, Volume 383, p.121116, (2020)

Facile Synthesis of Nickel Cobalt Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets Intercalated with Sulfate Anion for High-Performance Supercapacitor., Feng, Yanyan, Li Yanjie, Yang Wen, and Huang Hongbin , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.1260-1268, (2020)

Insights into pharmaceuticals removal in an anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria sludge system., Jia, Yanyan, Zhang Huiqun, Khanal Samir Kumar, Yin Linwan, and Lu Hui , Water Res, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 161, p.191-201, (2019)

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles-based colorimetric sensors for determination of hydrogen peroxide and triacetone triperoxide (TATP)., Gökdere, Bahar, Üzer Ayşem, Durmazel Selen, Erçağ Erol, and Apak Reşat , Talanta, 2019 Sep 01, Volume 202, p.402-410, (2019)

Total arsenic and inorganic arsenic speciation in groundwater intended for human consumption in Uruguay: Correlation with fluoride, iron, manganese and sulfate., Machado, Ignacio, Bühl Valery, and Mañay Nelly , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Sep 01, Volume 681, p.497-502, (2019)

Sulfate radicals mediated oxidation of amoxicillin: Optimization of key parameters., Matta, Roger, Younes Hicham, Hanna Rita, Saab Joseph, and Abou-Khalil Rony , J Environ Manage, 2019 Sep 01, Volume 245, p.375-383, (2019)

Mitigation of chromium toxicity in Arabidopsis thaliana by sulfur supplementation., Ding, Guotao, Jin Zengjun, Han Yonghong, Sun Peng, Li Guiying, and Li Weihao , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2019 Oct 30, Volume 182, p.109379, (2019)

The role of sulfate and its corresponding S(IV)+NO formation pathway during the evolution of haze in Beijing., Yue, Fange, Xie Zhouqing, Zhang Pengfei, Song Shaojie, He Pengzhen, Liu Cheng, Wang Longquan, Yu Xiawei, and Kang Hui , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 15, Volume 687, p.741-751, (2019)

Massive extrusion of calcium hydroxide paste containing barium sulphate during endodontic treatment., Fonsêca, Jéssica Montenegro, Palmier Natália Rangel, Amaral-Silva Gleyson Kleber, Arboleda Lady Paola Aris, Almeida José Flávio Af, de Goes Mario Fernando, Vargas Pablo Agustin, Lopes Marcio Ajudarte, and Santos-Silva Alan Roger , Aust Endod J, 2019 Nov 14, (2019)

Enhanced anaerobic performance and SMD process in treatment of sulfate and organic S-rich TMBA manufacturing wastewater by micro-electric field-zero valent iron-UASB., Li, Weicheng, Niu Qigui, Wu Jiang, Luan Xiao, Qi Weikang, Zhang Yu, Li Yu-You, Gao Yingxin, and Yang Min , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Nov 05, Volume 379, p.120695, (2019)