About Sulfates

Sulfates are chemical compounds containing the sulfate anion, (SO42-). Sulfates are salts or esters of sulfuric acid, H2SO4, formed by replacing one or both of the hydrogen atoms with a metal cation or organic group. Most metal sulfates are readily soluble in water, but calcium sulfate is only slightly soluble, while barium, lead, and strontium sulfates are insoluble. Sulfates are widely distributed in nature. Barium sulfate occurs as barite; calcium sulfate is found as gypsum, alabaster, and selenite; Epsom salts are magnesium sulfate; sodium sulfate occurs as its decahydrate, Glauber's salt; and strontium sulfate occurs as celestite. Some sulfates were formerly known as vitriols; blue vitriol is cupric sulfate, green vitriol is ferrous sulfate, and white vitriol is zinc sulfate. Sulfates play a significant role both in the chemical industry and in biological systems. Sulfuric acid is used in lead storage batteries and in the manufacture of nitric acid; copper sulfate is a common algicide.

Recent Research & Development for Sulfates

A dermatan sulfate-functionalized biomimetic nanocarrier for melanoma targeted chemotherapy., Li, Shanshan, Zhang Fuzhong, Yu Yang, and Zhang Qixiong , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 May 01, Volume 235, p.115983, (2020)

Formation and control of bromate in sulfate radical-based oxidation processes for the treatment of waters containing bromide: A critical review., Guan, Chaoting, Jiang Jin, Pang Suyan, Zhou Yang, Gao Yuan, Li Juan, and Wang Zhen , Water Res, 2020 Mar 16, Volume 176, p.115725, (2020)

The Effect of Antenatal Neuroprotective Magnesium Sulfate Treatment on Cerebral Oxygenation in Preterm Infants., Bekmez, Buse Ozer, Oğuz Yüksel, Kutman Hayriye Gözde Kan, Uygur Dilek, Canpolat Fuat Emre, Oğuz Serife Suna, and Tayman Cüneyt , Am J Perinatol, 2020 Mar 06, (2020)

Corrosion of Cu by a sulfate reducing bacterium in anaerobic vials with different headspace volumes., Dou, Wenwen, Pu Yanan, Han Xiaomei, Song Yi, Chen Shougang, and Gu Tingyue , Bioelectrochemistry, 2020 Jun, Volume 133, p.107478, (2020)

Auxiliary voltage enhanced microbial methane oxidation co-driven by nitrite and sulfate reduction., Chai, Fengguang, Li Lin, Xue Song, and Liu Junxin , Chemosphere, 2020 Jul, Volume 250, p.126259, (2020)

Effect of selenate and thiosulfate on anaerobic methanol degradation using activated sludge., Eregowda, Tejaswini, Rene Eldon R., Matanhike Luck, and Lens Piet N. L. , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2020 Jan 21, (2020)

Predicting dissolution and transformation of inhaled nanoparticles in the lung using abiotic flow cells: The case of barium sulfate., Keller, Johannes G., Graham Uschi M., Koltermann-Jülly Johanna, Gelein Robert, Ma-Hock Lan, Landsiedel Robert, Wiemann Martin, Oberdörster Günter, Elder Alison, and Wohlleben Wendel , Sci Rep, 2020 Jan 16, Volume 10, Issue 1, p.458, (2020)

The effects of nonredox metal ions on the activation of peroxymonosulfate for organic pollutants degradation in aqueous solution with cobalt based catalysts: A new mechanism investigation., Xu, Aihua, Wei Yi, Zou Qiancheng, Zhang Wenyu, Jin Yezi, Wang Zeyu, Yang Lizhen, and Li Xiaoxia , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Jan 15, Volume 382, p.121081, (2020)

Simple spectrofluorimetric methods for determination of veterinary antibiotic drug (apramycin sulfate) in pharmaceutical preparations and milk samples., Mabrouk, Mokhtar M., Noureldin Hind A. M., Badr Ibrahim H. A., and Saad Amira H. K. , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2020 Jan 05, Volume 224, p.117395, (2020)

The role of the lecithin addition in the properties and cytotoxic activity of chitosan and chondroitin sulfate nanoparticles containing curcumin., Jardim, Katiúscia Vieira, Siqueira Joseílma Luciana Ne, Báo Sônia Nair, Sousa Marcelo Henrique, and Parize Alexandre Luis , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 Jan 01, Volume 227, p.115351, (2020)

Microbial interactions regulated by the dosage of ferroferric oxide in the co-metabolism of organic carbon and sulfate., Xing, Lizhen, Zhang Weikang, Gu Mengqi, Yin Qidong, and Wu Guangxue , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122317, (2020)

Blood component ridable and CD44 receptor targetable nanoparticles based on a maleimide-functionalized chondroitin sulfate derivative., Lee, Jae-Young, Lee Han Sol, Kang Nae-Won, Lee Song Yi, Kim Dong Hyun, Kim Sungyun, Yoon In-Soo, Cho Hyun-Jong, and Kim Dae-Duk , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 Feb 15, Volume 230, p.115568, (2020)

Development, characterization and antimicrobial activity of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polysaccharides capsules containing eugenol., Jacumazo, Joslaine, de Carvalho Mariana M., Parchen Gabriela Pereira, Campos Izabela M. F., Garcia Meira J. Balleste, Brugnari Tatiane, Maciel Giselle Maria, Marques Francisco A., and de Freitas Rilton A. , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 Feb 15, Volume 230, p.115562, (2020)

Environmental risk assessment of the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate in site-specific conditions arising from mechanized tunnelling., Finizio, A, Patrolecco L, Grenni P, Galli E, Muzzini V G., Rauseo J, Rizzi C, and A Caracciolo Barra , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Feb 05, Volume 383, p.121116, (2020)

Facile Synthesis of Nickel Cobalt Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets Intercalated with Sulfate Anion for High-Performance Supercapacitor., Feng, Yanyan, Li Yanjie, Yang Wen, and Huang Hongbin , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.1260-1268, (2020)