About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Supramolecular complex of a fused zinc phthalocyanine-zinc porphyrin dyad assembled by two imidazole-Cunits: ultrafast photoevents., Follana-Berná, Jorge, Seetharaman Sairaman, Martín-Gomis Luis, Charalambidis Georgios, Trapali Adelais, Karr Paul A., Coutsolelos Athanassios G., Fernández-Lázaro Fernando, D'Souza Francis, and Sastre-Santos Ángela , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Mar 14, Volume 20, Issue 11, p.7798-7807, (2018)

Iron Phthalocyanine Decorated Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Biosensing Platform for Real-Time Detection of Nitric Oxide Released from Living Cells., Xu, Huiying, Liao Chong, Liu Yujie, Ye Bang-Ce, and Liu BaoHong , Anal Chem, 2018 Mar 13, (2018)

Synthesis and properties of N-methylimidazole solvates of vanadium(ii), chromium(ii) and iron(ii) phthalocyanines. Strong NIR absorption in V(MeIm)(Pc)., Konarev, Dmitri V., Kuzmin Alexey V., Nakano Yoshiaki, Khasanov Salavat S., Otsuka Akihiro, Yamochi Hideki, Kitagawa Hiroshi, and Lyubovskaya Rimma N. , Dalton Trans, 2018 Mar 12, (2018)

Preparation of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes with Zinc Phthalocyanine Hybrid Materials and Their Nonlinear Optical (NLO) Properties., Ramya, E, Momen Nabil, and D Rao Narayana , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 18, Issue 7, p.4764-4770, (2018)

Reaction of tin(iv) phthalocyanine dichloride with decamethylmetallocenes (M = CrII and CoII). Strong magnetic coupling of spins in (Cp*2Co+){SnIVCl2(Pc˙3-)}˙-·2C6H4Cl2., Konarev, Dmitri V., Troyanov Sergey I., Shestakov Alexander F., Yudanova Evgeniya I., Otsuka Akihiro, Yamochi Hideki, Kitagawa Hiroshi, and Lyubovskaya Rimma N. , Dalton Trans, 2018 Jan 23, Volume 47, Issue 4, p.1243-1250, (2018)

Phthalocyanine as a redox-active platform for organometallic chemistry., Zhou, Wen, and Leznoff Daniel B. , Chem Commun (Camb), 2018 Jan 10, (2018)

Near-Infrared-Absorbing Metal-Free Organic, Porphyrin, and Phthalocyanine Sensitizers for Panchromatic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells., Brogdon, Phillip, Cheema Hammad, and Delcamp Jared H. , ChemSusChem, 2018 Jan 10, Volume 11, Issue 1, p.86-103, (2018)

Kinetic and Thermodynamic Control in Porphyrin and Phthalocyanine Self-Assembled Monolayers., Hipps, K W., and Mazur Ursula , Langmuir, 2018 Jan 09, Volume 34, Issue 1, p.3-17, (2018)

Improvement of the photovoltaic parameters of perovskite solar cells using a reduced-graphene-oxide-modified titania layer and soluble copper phthalocyanine as a hole transporter., Nouri, Esmaiel, Mohammadi Mohammad Reza, Xu Zong-Xiang, Dracopoulos Vassilios, and Lianos Panagiotis , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Jan 08, (2018)

Assemblies of BODIPY/Porphyrin, Phthalocyanine, and C60 Moieties as Artificial Models of Photosynthesis. Synthesis, Supramolecular Interactions, and Photophysical Studies., Ng, Dennis K. P., Chen Xiao-Fei, El-Khouly Mohamed, Ohkubo Kei, and Fukuzumi Shunichi , Chemistry, 2018 Jan 06, (2018)

Targeted photodynamic therapy of breast cancer cells using lactose-phthalocyanine functionalized gold nanoparticles., Calavia, Paula García, Chambrier Isabelle, Cook Michael J., Haines Alan H., Field Robert A., and Russell David A. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Feb 15, Volume 512, p.249-259, (2018)

Characterization of titanyl phthalocyanine (TiOPc) thin films by microscopic and spectroscopic method., Skonieczny, R, Makowiecki J, Bursa B, Krzykowski A, and Szybowicz M , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 Feb 15, Volume 191, p.203-210, (2018)

Cellular imaging using BODIPY-, pyrene- and phthalocyanine-based conjugates., Bizet, Faustine, Ipuy Martin, Bernhard Yann, Lioret Vivian, Winckler Pascale, Goze Christine, Perrier-Cornet Jean-Marie, and Decréau Richard A. , Bioorg Med Chem, 2018 01 15, Volume 26, Issue 2, p.413-420, (2018)

Simple and Selective HPLC-UV/Vis Bioanalytical Method to Determine Aluminum Phthalocyanine Chloride in Skin Permeation Studies., Reis, Thaiene Avila, Jaculi Ana Elise, Alves Rubens da Costa, Gratieri Tais, Azevedo Ricardo Bentes, Joanitti Graziella Anselmo, Gelfuso Guilherme Martins, and Cunha-Filho Marcilio , J Anal Methods Chem, 2018, Volume 2018, p.7423764, (2018)