About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Determination of prostate cancer biomarker acid phosphatase at a copper phthalocyanine-modified screen printed gold transducer., Fredj, Zina, Ben Ali Mounir, Abbas Mohammed Nooredeen, and Dempsey Eithne , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 May 30, Volume 1057, p.98-105, (2019)

Synthesis, photodynamic activities, and cytotoxicity of new water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and zinc(II) phthalocyanines., Fujishiro, Rei, Sonoyama Hayato, Ide Yuki, Fujimura Takuya, Sasai Ryo, Nagai Atsushi, Mori Shigeki, Kaufman Nichole E. M., Zhou Zehua, M Vicente Graça H., et al. , J Inorg Biochem, 2019 Mar, Volume 192, p.7-16, (2019)

New zinc phthalocyanine derivatives for nitrogen dioxide sensors: A theoretical optoelectronic investigation., Chaabene, Marwa, Gassoumi Bouzid, Mignon Pierre, Ben Chaâbane Rafik, and Allouche Abdul-Rahman , J Mol Graph Model, 2019 Jan 19, Volume 88, p.174-182, (2019)

Sequential, Ultrafast Energy Transfer and Electron Transfer in a Fused Zinc Phthalocyanine-free-base Porphyrin-C Supramolecular Triad., Seetharaman, Sairaman, Follana-Berná Jorge, Martín-Gomis Luis, Charalambidis Georgios, Trapali Adelais, Karr Paul A., Coutsolelos Athanassios G., Fernández-Lázaro Fernando, Sastre-Santos Ángela, and D'Souza Francis , Chemphyschem, 2019 Jan 07, Volume 20, Issue 1, p.163-172, (2019)

Sequential Photodynamic Therapy with Phthalocyanine Encapsulated Chitosan-Tripolyphosphate Nanoparticles and Flucytosine Treatment against ., Hsieh, Yi-Hsuan, Chuang Wen-Ching, Yu Kun-Hua, Jheng Cheng-Ping, and Lee Cheng-I , Pharmaceutics, 2019 Jan 04, Volume 11, Issue 1, (2019)

Coordinative integration of copper (II) and iron (II) phthalocyanine into amidoximated PAN fiber for enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation., Han, Xu, Han Zhenbang, Li Jinfang, Zhao Jin, and Zhao Xiaoming , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 533, p.333-343, (2019)

Real-Time Imaging Tracking of a Dual Fluorescent Vaccine Delivery System Based on Ovalbumin Loaded Zinc Phthalocyanine-Incorporated Copolymer Nanoparticles., Wei, Chang, Dong Xia, Liang Jie, Zhang Yan, Zhu Dunwan, Kong Deling, and Lv Feng , J Biomed Nanotechnol, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 15, Issue 1, p.100-112, (2019)

A biotin receptor-targeted silicon(IV) phthalocyanine for in vivo tumor imaging and photodynamic therapy., Li, Ke, Dong Wenyi, Liu Qingzhu, Lv Gaochao, Xie Minhao, Sun Xinchen, Qiu Ling, and Lin Jianguo , J Photochem Photobiol B, 2019 Jan, Volume 190, p.1-7, (2019)

Switchable Aromaticity in an Isostructural Mn Phthalocyanine Series Isolated in Five Separate Redox States., Hunt, Camden, Peterson Madeline, Anderson Cassidy, Chang Tieyan, Wu Guang, Scheiner Steve, and Ménard Gabriel , J Am Chem Soc, 2019 Feb 13, Volume 141, Issue 6, p.2604-2613, (2019)

Photooxidase-Mimicking Nanovesicles with Superior Photocatalytic Activity and Stability Based on Amphiphilic Amino Acid and Phthalocyanine Co-Assembly., Han, Jingjing, Liu Kai, Chang Rui, Zhao Luyang, and Yan Xuehai , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019 Feb 11, Volume 58, Issue 7, p.2000-2004, (2019)

Multianalytical non-invasive characterization of phthalocyanine acrylic paints through spectroscopic and non-linear optical techniques., Dal Fovo, Alice, Oujja Mohamed, Sanz Mikel, Martínez-Hernández Alejandro, Cañamares Maria Vega, Castillejo Marta, and Fontana Raffaella , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 208, p.262-270, (2019)

Photobiological properties of phthalocyanine photosensitizers Photosens, Holosens and Phthalosens: A comparative in vitro analysis., Brilkina, Anna A., Dubasova Lubov V., Sergeeva Ekaterina A., Pospelov Anton J., Shilyagina Natalia Y., Shakhova Natalia M., and Balalaeva Irina V. , J Photochem Photobiol B, 2019 Feb, Volume 191, p.128-134, (2019)

Unveiling Ga(III) phthalocyanine-a different photosensitizer in neuroblastoma cellular model., Constantin, Carolina, Lupu Andreea-Roxana, Fertig Tudor Emanuel, Gherghiceanu Mihaela, Pop Sevinci, Ion Rodica-Mariana, and Neagu Monica , J Cell Mol Med, 2019 Feb, Volume 23, Issue 2, p.1086-1094, (2019)

Nickel phthalocyanine as an excellent hole-transport material in inverted planar perovskite solar cells., Haider, Mustafa, Zhen Chao, Wu Tingting, Wu Jinbo, Jia Chunxu, Liu Gang, and Cheng Hui-Ming , Chem Commun (Camb), 2019 Apr 17, (2019)

Optimization of the photodynamic inactivation of prions by a phthalocyanine photosensitizer: the crucial involvement of singlet oxygen., Kostelanska, Marie, Freisleben Jaroslav, Hanusova Zdenka Backovska, Mosko Tibor, Vik Robert, Moravcova Daniela, Hamacek Ales, Mosinger Jiri, and Holada Karel , J Biophotonics, 2019 Apr 15, p.e201800340, (2019)