About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Synthesis, photodynamic activities, and cytotoxicity of new water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and zinc(II) phthalocyanines., Fujishiro, Rei, Sonoyama Hayato, Ide Yuki, Fujimura Takuya, Sasai Ryo, Nagai Atsushi, Mori Shigeki, Kaufman Nichole E. M., Zhou Zehua, M Vicente Graça H., et al. , J Inorg Biochem, 2019 Mar, Volume 192, p.7-16, (2019)

New zinc phthalocyanine derivatives for nitrogen dioxide sensors: A theoretical optoelectronic investigation., Chaabene, Marwa, Gassoumi Bouzid, Mignon Pierre, Ben Chaâbane Rafik, and Allouche Abdul-Rahman , J Mol Graph Model, 2019 Jan 19, Volume 88, p.174-182, (2019)

Sequential, Ultrafast Energy Transfer and Electron Transfer in a Fused Zinc Phthalocyanine-free-base Porphyrin-C Supramolecular Triad., Seetharaman, Sairaman, Follana-Berná Jorge, Martín-Gomis Luis, Charalambidis Georgios, Trapali Adelais, Karr Paul A., Coutsolelos Athanassios G., Fernández-Lázaro Fernando, Sastre-Santos Ángela, and D'Souza Francis , Chemphyschem, 2019 Jan 07, Volume 20, Issue 1, p.163-172, (2019)

Coordinative integration of copper (II) and iron (II) phthalocyanine into amidoximated PAN fiber for enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation., Han, Xu, Han Zhenbang, Li Jinfang, Zhao Jin, and Zhao Xiaoming , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 533, p.333-343, (2019)

Switchable Aromaticity in an Isostructural Mn Phthalocyanine Series Isolated in Five Separate Redox States., Hunt, Camden, Peterson Madeline, Anderson Cassidy, Chang Tieyan, Wu Guang, Scheiner Steve, and Ménard Gabriel , J Am Chem Soc, 2019 Feb 13, Volume 141, Issue 6, p.2604-2613, (2019)

Photooxidase-Mimicking Nanovesicles with Superior Photocatalytic Activity and Stability Based on Amphiphilic Amino Acid and Phthalocyanine Co-Assembly., Han, Jingjing, Liu Kai, Chang Rui, Zhao Luyang, and Yan Xuehai , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019 Feb 11, Volume 58, Issue 7, p.2000-2004, (2019)

Exfoliation of Graphene by Dendritic Water-Soluble Zinc Phthalocyanine Amphiphiles in Polar Media., Hirsch, Andreas, Methfessel Christian, Volland Michel, Brunner Kristin, Wibmer Leonie, Hahn Uwe, Torres Tomas, Guldi Dirk, and de la Torre Gema , Chemistry, 2018 Sep 13, (2018)

Cobalt Phthalocyanine Tetracarboxylic Acid Functionalized Polymer Monolith for Selective Enrichment of Glycopeptides and Glycans., Zhang, Wenjuan, Song Naizhong, Zheng Haijiao, Feng Wei, and Jia Qiong , Proteomics, 2018 Sep 04, p.e1700399, (2018)

Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl)/copper phthalocyanine (CuTNPc) heterostructures immobilized on electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers with enhanced activity for floating photocatalysis., Guo, Xiaohui, Zhou Xuejiao, Li Xinghua, Shao Changlu, Han Chaohan, Li Xiaowei, and Liu Yichun , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 525, p.187-195, (2018)

Glycosylated zinc phthalocyanine-gold nanoparticle conjugates for photodynamic therapy: Effect of nanoparticle shape., Dube, Edith, Oluwole David O., Nwaji Njemuwa, and Nyokong Tebello , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 Oct 05, Volume 203, p.85-95, (2018)

Highly sensitive photoelectrochemical sensing of bisphenol A based on zinc phthalocyanine/TiO nanorod arrays., Fan, Zhenzhen, Fan Lifang, Shuang Shaomin, and Dong Chuan , Talanta, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 189, p.16-23, (2018)

Blue-light photoelectrochemical sensor based on nickel tetra-amined phthalocyanine-graphene oxide covalent compound for ultrasensitive detection of erythromycin., Peng, Jinyun, Huang Qing, Zhuge Wenfeng, Liu Yuxia, Zhang Cuizong, Yang Wei, and Xiang Gang , Biosens Bioelectron, 2018 May 30, Volume 106, p.212-218, (2018)

Voltammetric determination of tartaric acid in wines by electrocatalytic oxidation on a cobalt(II)-phthalocyanine-modified electrode associated with multiway calibration., Lourenço, Anabel S., Nascimento Raphael F., Silva Amanda C., Ribeiro Williame F., Araujo Mario C. U., Oliveira Severino C. B., and Nascimento Valberes B. , Anal Chim Acta, 2018 May 30, Volume 1008, p.29-37, (2018)

Supramolecular complex of a fused zinc phthalocyanine-zinc porphyrin dyad assembled by two imidazole-Cunits: ultrafast photoevents., Follana-Berná, Jorge, Seetharaman Sairaman, Martín-Gomis Luis, Charalambidis Georgios, Trapali Adelais, Karr Paul A., Coutsolelos Athanassios G., Fernández-Lázaro Fernando, D'Souza Francis, and Sastre-Santos Ángela , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Mar 14, Volume 20, Issue 11, p.7798-7807, (2018)

Iron Phthalocyanine Decorated Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Biosensing Platform for Real-Time Detection of Nitric Oxide Released from Living Cells., Xu, Huiying, Liao Chong, Liu Yujie, Ye Bang-Ce, and Liu BaoHong , Anal Chem, 2018 Mar 13, (2018)