About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Coordinative integration of copper (II) and iron (II) phthalocyanine into amidoximated PAN fiber for enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation., Han, Xu, Han Zhenbang, Li Jinfang, Zhao Jin, and Zhao Xiaoming , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 533, p.333-343, (2019)

Exfoliation of Graphene by Dendritic Water-Soluble Zinc Phthalocyanine Amphiphiles in Polar Media., Hirsch, Andreas, Methfessel Christian, Volland Michel, Brunner Kristin, Wibmer Leonie, Hahn Uwe, Torres Tomas, Guldi Dirk, and de la Torre Gema , Chemistry, 2018 Sep 13, (2018)

Cobalt Phthalocyanine Tetracarboxylic Acid Functionalized Polymer Monolith for Selective Enrichment of Glycopeptides and Glycans., Zhang, Wenjuan, Song Naizhong, Zheng Haijiao, Feng Wei, and Jia Qiong , Proteomics, 2018 Sep 04, p.e1700399, (2018)

Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl)/copper phthalocyanine (CuTNPc) heterostructures immobilized on electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers with enhanced activity for floating photocatalysis., Guo, Xiaohui, Zhou Xuejiao, Li Xinghua, Shao Changlu, Han Chaohan, Li Xiaowei, and Liu Yichun , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 525, p.187-195, (2018)

Glycosylated zinc phthalocyanine-gold nanoparticle conjugates for photodynamic therapy: Effect of nanoparticle shape., Dube, Edith, Oluwole David O., Nwaji Njemuwa, and Nyokong Tebello , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 Oct 05, Volume 203, p.85-95, (2018)

Highly sensitive photoelectrochemical sensing of bisphenol A based on zinc phthalocyanine/TiO nanorod arrays., Fan, Zhenzhen, Fan Lifang, Shuang Shaomin, and Dong Chuan , Talanta, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 189, p.16-23, (2018)

Voltammetric determination of tartaric acid in wines by electrocatalytic oxidation on a cobalt(II)-phthalocyanine-modified electrode associated with multiway calibration., Lourenço, Anabel S., Nascimento Raphael F., Silva Amanda C., Ribeiro Williame F., Araujo Mario C. U., Oliveira Severino C. B., and Nascimento Valberes B. , Anal Chim Acta, 2018 May 30, Volume 1008, p.29-37, (2018)

Blue-light photoelectrochemical sensor based on nickel tetra-amined phthalocyanine-graphene oxide covalent compound for ultrasensitive detection of erythromycin., Peng, Jinyun, Huang Qing, Zhuge Wenfeng, Liu Yuxia, Zhang Cuizong, Yang Wei, and Xiang Gang , Biosens Bioelectron, 2018 May 30, Volume 106, p.212-218, (2018)

Supramolecular complex of a fused zinc phthalocyanine-zinc porphyrin dyad assembled by two imidazole-Cunits: ultrafast photoevents., Follana-Berná, Jorge, Seetharaman Sairaman, Martín-Gomis Luis, Charalambidis Georgios, Trapali Adelais, Karr Paul A., Coutsolelos Athanassios G., Fernández-Lázaro Fernando, D'Souza Francis, and Sastre-Santos Ángela , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Mar 14, Volume 20, Issue 11, p.7798-7807, (2018)

Iron Phthalocyanine Decorated Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Biosensing Platform for Real-Time Detection of Nitric Oxide Released from Living Cells., Xu, Huiying, Liao Chong, Liu Yujie, Ye Bang-Ce, and Liu BaoHong , Anal Chem, 2018 Mar 13, (2018)

Synthesis and properties of N-methylimidazole solvates of vanadium(ii), chromium(ii) and iron(ii) phthalocyanines. Strong NIR absorption in V(MeIm)(Pc)., Konarev, Dmitri V., Kuzmin Alexey V., Nakano Yoshiaki, Khasanov Salavat S., Otsuka Akihiro, Yamochi Hideki, Kitagawa Hiroshi, and Lyubovskaya Rimma N. , Dalton Trans, 2018 Mar 12, (2018)

UHPLC-MS and MALDI-MS study of aluminum phthalocyanine chloride and development of a bioanalytical method for its quantification in nanoemulsions and biological matrices., Py-Daniel, Karen R., Calvo Javier, C Carlos M. Infante, Junior Osmindo R. Pires, Moya Sergio E., and Azevedo Ricardo B. , Talanta, 2018 Mar 01, Volume 179, p.159-166, (2018)

An anionic phthalocyanine decreases NRAS expression by breaking down its RNA G-quadruplex., Kawauchi, Keiko, Sugimoto Wataru, Yasui Takatoshi, Murata Kohei, Itoh Katsuhiko, Takagi Kazuki, Tsuruoka Takaaki, Akamatsu Kensuke, Tateishi-Karimata Hisae, Sugimoto Naoki, et al. , Nat Commun, 2018 Jun 11, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.2271, (2018)

Phase Transition of Graphene-Templated Vertical Zinc Phthalocyanine Nanopillars., D Arellano, Leonardo Gonzalez, Burnett Edmund K., Uzun Sema Demirci, Zakashansky Julia A., Iii Victor K. Champagn, George Michelle H., Mannsfeld Stefan C. B., and Briseno Alejandro L. , J Am Chem Soc, 2018 Jun 07, (2018)

Phthalocyanine-Sensitized Generation of Silver Nanoparticles in Aqueous Buffer Solution Triggered by Red LED-Light., Salzl, Simon, Seymen Yonca Büke, Oberhumer Peter, and Knör Günther , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Jun 01, Volume 18, Issue 6, p.4393-4396, (2018)