About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Ultrasensitive and visible light-responsive photoelectrochemical aptasensor for edifenphos based on Zinc phthalocyanine sensitized MoS nanosheets., Ding, Lijun, Jiang Ding, Wen Zuorui, Xu Yuhuan, Guo Yingshu, Ding Caifeng, and Wang Kun , Biosens Bioelectron, 2020 Feb 15, Volume 150, p.111867, (2020)

Comparing a thioglycosylated chlorin and phthalocyanine as potential theranostic agents., Singh, Sunaina, Aggarwal Amit, Bhupathiraju N V. S. Dinesh, Jovanovic Ivana Radivojevi, Landress Michael, Tuz Michelle Paola, Gao Ruomei, and Drain Charles M. , Bioorg Med Chem, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 28, Issue 3, p.115259, (2020)

Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Phthalocyanine Supported on Graphene Oxide and Catalysis of Adrenaline., Peng, Chuan, Tan Su-Yun, and Li Ming-Tian , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Apr 01, Volume 20, Issue 4, p.2195-2204, (2020)

Immunomodulatory activities of zinc(II)phthalocyanine on the mammalian macrophages through p38 pathway: Potential ex vivo immunomodulatory PDT reagents., Yüzer, Abdulcelil, Ayaz Furkan, and Ince Mine , Bioorg Chem, 2019 Sep 12, Volume 92, p.103249, (2019)

Heterogeneous Clusters of Phthalocyanine and Water Prepared and Probed in Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets., Fischer, J, Schlaghaufer F, Lottner E-M, Slenczka A, Christiansen L, Stapelfeldt H, Karra M, Friedrich B, Mullan Th, Schütz M, et al. , J Phys Chem A, 2019 Nov 21, Volume 123, Issue 46, p.10057-10064, (2019)

Mechanism of Oxidative Activation of Fluorinated Aromatic Compounds by N-Bridged Diiron-Phthalocyanine: What Determines the Reactivity?, Colomban, Cédric, Tobing Anthonio H., Mukherjee Gourab, Sastri Chivukula V., Sorokin Alexander B., and de Visser Sam P. , Chemistry, 2019 Nov 13, Volume 25, Issue 63, p.14320-14331, (2019)

Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy Using a Chloro-Aluminum Phthalocyanine Adjuvant to Nonsurgical Periodontal Treatment Does Not Improve Clinical Parameters in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis., Sena, Israel Alexandre, Silva Davi Neto de Ar, Azevedo Marcela Letícia d, da Silva Natália Teixeira, Longo João Paulo Figu, de Moraes Maiara, and Martins Ana Rafaela Lu , Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg, 2019 Nov, Volume 37, Issue 11, p.729-735, (2019)

Determination of prostate cancer biomarker acid phosphatase at a copper phthalocyanine-modified screen printed gold transducer., Fredj, Zina, Ben Ali Mounir, Abbas Mohammed Nooredeen, and Dempsey Eithne , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 May 30, Volume 1057, p.98-105, (2019)

Copper-phthalocyanine coordination polymer as a reusable catechol oxidase biomimetic catalyst., Castro, Kelly A. D. F., Figueira Flávio, Paz Filipe A. Almeida, Tomé João P. C., da Silva Roberto S., Nakagaki Shirley, M Neves Graça P. M. S., Cavaleiro José A. S., and Simões Mário M. Q. , Dalton Trans, 2019 May 08, (2019)

Polyarylene Ether Nitrile and Barium Titanate Nanocomposite Plasticized by Carboxylated Zinc Phthalocyanine Buffer., Liu, Shuning, Liu Chenchen, Liu Changyu, Tu Ling, You Yong, Wei Renbo, and Liu Xiaobo , Polymers (Basel), 2019 Mar 04, Volume 11, Issue 3, (2019)

Synthesis, photodynamic activities, and cytotoxicity of new water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and zinc(II) phthalocyanines., Fujishiro, Rei, Sonoyama Hayato, Ide Yuki, Fujimura Takuya, Sasai Ryo, Nagai Atsushi, Mori Shigeki, Kaufman Nichole E. M., Zhou Zehua, M Vicente Graça H., et al. , J Inorg Biochem, 2019 Mar, Volume 192, p.7-16, (2019)

Dimension-matched Zinc Phthalocyanine/BiVO4 ultrathin nanocomposites for CO2 Reduction as Efficient Wide-Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalysts via a Cascade Charge Transfer., Bian, Ji, Feng Jiannan, Zhang Ziqing, Li Zhijun, Zhang Yuhang, Liu Yadi, Ali Sharafat, Qu Yang, Bai Linlu, Xie Jijia, et al. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019 Jun 14, (2019)

In-situ growth of gadolinium phthalocyaninato sandwich complexes on the Ag(111) surface., Urgel, José I., Ecija David, Vijayaraghavan Saranyan, Pörtner Mathias, Bocquet Marie Laure, Auwärter Willi, and Barth Johannes V. , Chemphyschem, 2019 Jun 11, (2019)