About Phthalocyanines

Phthalocyanines are organometallic coordination complexes composed of phthalocyanine (C32H18N8, abbreviated H2PC) with another metallic element. Phthalocyanines are brilliant blue to green colored and thus are used as synthetic pigments in the industrial fields of paper manufacturing, textile dying, and microscopy staining. Additional applications include organic and printed electronics, semiconductor devices, and catalysis.

One of the most widely used phthalocyanine complex is copper phthalocyanine (CuPC), a vivid blue compound that is highly stable and insoluble in water. Copper phthalocyanine is the most used pigment in fine art paints, in which it is known by numerous synonyms such as Winsor blue, Monstral blue, phthalo blue, C.I. Pigment Blue 15:2, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, C.I. 74160, British Rail blue, and others. It has also been investigated as a material for polymer and perovskite photovolaic cells, quantum computing, and light-emitting diodes.

Recent Research & Development for Phthalocyanines

Interfacial Interaction of Absorbate Copper Phthalocyanine with PVDF Based Ferroelectric Polymer Substrates: A Spectroscopic Study., Roy, Dhrubojyoti, Sinha Sumona, Wang Chia-Hsin, Yang Yaw-Wen, and Mukherjee Manabendra , Langmuir, 2020 May 05, Volume 36, Issue 17, p.4607-4618, (2020)

Carboxymethyl chitosan-zinc(II) phthalocyanine conjugates: Synthesis, characterization and photodynamic antifungal therapy., Tang, Fengxiang, Gao Fang, Xie Wei, Li Sicong, Zheng Biyuan, Ke Meirong, and Huang Jiandong , Carbohydr Polym, 2020 May 01, Volume 235, p.115949, (2020)

π-Conjugated polymeric phthalocyanine for the oxidative coupling of amines., Wu, Haihong, Cao Yanwei, Zhu Gangli, Zeng Dehong, Zhu Xiang, Du Jimin, and He Lin , Chem Commun (Camb), 2020 Mar 28, Volume 56, Issue 25, p.3637-3640, (2020)

Rectification ratio and direction controlled by temperature in copper phthalocyanine ensemble molecular diodes., Lopes, Carolina Sergi, Merces Leandro, de Oliveira Rafael Furlan, de Camargo Davi Henrique S., and Bufon Carlos César Bof , Nanoscale, 2020 Mar 20, (2020)

Photo-physicochemical properties of water-soluble non-aggregated indium(III) phthalocyanines., Ghazal, Basma, Ewies Ewies F., Youssef Ahmed S. A., and Makhseed Saad , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2020 Jun 15, Volume 234, p.118244, (2020)

Paper-based electrodes modified with cobalt phthalocyanine colloid for the determination of hydrogen peroxide and glucose., Sánchez-Calvo, A, Costa-García A, and Blanco-López M C. , Analyst, 2020 Feb 28, (2020)

Ultrasensitive and visible light-responsive photoelectrochemical aptasensor for edifenphos based on Zinc phthalocyanine sensitized MoS nanosheets., Ding, Lijun, Jiang Ding, Wen Zuorui, Xu Yuhuan, Guo Yingshu, Ding Caifeng, and Wang Kun , Biosens Bioelectron, 2020 Feb 15, Volume 150, p.111867, (2020)

Comparing a thioglycosylated chlorin and phthalocyanine as potential theranostic agents., Singh, Sunaina, Aggarwal Amit, Bhupathiraju N V. S. Dinesh, Jovanovic Ivana Radivojevi, Landress Michael, Tuz Michelle Paola, Gao Ruomei, and Drain Charles M. , Bioorg Med Chem, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 28, Issue 3, p.115259, (2020)

A Hybrid Nanomaterial Based on Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes Cross-Linked via Axially Substituted Silicon (IV) Phthalocyanine for Chemiresistive Sensors., Polyakov, Maxim, Ivanova Victoria, Klyamer Darya, Köksoy Baybars, Şenocak Ahmet, Demirbaş Erhan, Durmuş Mahmut, and Basova Tamara , Molecules, 2020 Apr 29, Volume 25, Issue 9, (2020)

Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Phthalocyanine Supported on Graphene Oxide and Catalysis of Adrenaline., Peng, Chuan, Tan Su-Yun, and Li Ming-Tian , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Apr 01, Volume 20, Issue 4, p.2195-2204, (2020)

Immunomodulatory activities of zinc(II)phthalocyanine on the mammalian macrophages through p38 pathway: Potential ex vivo immunomodulatory PDT reagents., Yüzer, Abdulcelil, Ayaz Furkan, and Ince Mine , Bioorg Chem, 2019 Sep 12, Volume 92, p.103249, (2019)

Heterogeneous Clusters of Phthalocyanine and Water Prepared and Probed in Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets., Fischer, J, Schlaghaufer F, Lottner E-M, Slenczka A, Christiansen L, Stapelfeldt H, Karra M, Friedrich B, Mullan Th, Schütz M, et al. , J Phys Chem A, 2019 Nov 21, Volume 123, Issue 46, p.10057-10064, (2019)

Mechanism of Oxidative Activation of Fluorinated Aromatic Compounds by N-Bridged Diiron-Phthalocyanine: What Determines the Reactivity?, Colomban, Cédric, Tobing Anthonio H., Mukherjee Gourab, Sastri Chivukula V., Sorokin Alexander B., and de Visser Sam P. , Chemistry, 2019 Nov 13, Volume 25, Issue 63, p.14320-14331, (2019)