About Carbides

Carbide ion

Carbides are compounds in which the anion is one or more carbon atoms. Most metals form carbide compounds, though not all--indium and gallium, for example, do not. American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of metallic carbide materials including boron carbide, cobalt carbide, chromium carbide, hafnium carbide, molybdenum carbide, niobium carbide, tantalum carbide, titanium carbide, vanadium carbide, zirconium carbide, and numerous others. Metallic carbide materials are marketed under the tradename AE Carbides™.

Like diamond, a pure carbon compound, carbide compounds tend to be extremely hard, refractory and resistant to wear, corrosion and heat, making them excellent candidates for coatings for drills and other tools. They often have other valuable properties in combination with toughness, such as electrical conductivity, low thermal expansion and abrasiveness.

Some notable carbides include:

Chromium carbide: A typical example of a carbide compound that combines the refractory and hardness of carbides with some other property attributable to the cation. In this case, the anti-corrosive properties of chromium. Chromium carbide is used extensively in aerospace materials, high temperature drilling parts, welding electrodes and in other high temperature corrosive environments.

Hafnium carbide: Combining the high refractive index of both the element hafnium and of carbides generally, HfC is the most refractory simple binary compound, with a melting temperature of 3,890 ºC.

Silicon carbide: Combines the refractory and hardness of carbides with high thermal conductivity, creating a stiff low thermal expansion material.

Tungsten carbide: The most commonly used of the carbides is tungsten carbide which, when combined with one or more other transition metal carbides, produces the hardest and least costly cutting drills and tools.

Recent Research & Development for Carbides

Photoluminescence Quantum Yield of Fluorescent Silicon Carbide Determined by an Integrating Sphere Setup., Wei, Yi, and Ou Haiyan , ACS Omega, 2019 Sep 24, Volume 4, Issue 13, p.15488-15495, (2019)

Experimental Study of Wear Mechanisms of Cemented Carbide in the Turning of Ti6Al4V., Saketi, Sara, Odelros Stina, Östby Jonas, and Olsson Mikael , Materials (Basel), 2019 Sep 02, Volume 12, Issue 17, (2019)

Spectroscopic X-ray and Mössbauer Characterization of M and M Iron(Molybdenum)-Carbonyl Carbide Clusters: High Carbide-Iron Covalency Enhances Local Iron Site Electron Density Despite Cluster Oxidation., McGale, Jeremy, Cutsail George E., Joseph Chris, Rose Michael J., and DeBeer Serena , Inorg Chem, 2019 Oct 07, Volume 58, Issue 19, p.12918-12932, (2019)

A comparison of two high spatial resolution imaging techniques for determining carbide precipitate type and size in ferritic 9Cr-1Mo steel., Liu, C, Heard P J., Payton O D., Picco L, and Flewitt P E. J. , Ultramicroscopy, 2019 Oct, Volume 205, p.13-19, (2019)

Functional Titanium Carbide MXenes-Loaded Entropy-Driven RNA Explorer for Long Noncoding RNA PCA3 Imaging in Live Cells., Wang, Song, Song Wenlu, Wei Shaohua, Zeng Shu, Yang Sihui, Lei Chunyang, Huang Yan, Nie Zhou, and Yao Shouzhuo , Anal Chem, 2019 May 30, (2019)

Phase field model of uranium carbide solidification through a combined KKS and orientation field approach., Bair, Jacob L., Abrecht David G., Reilly Dallas D., Athon Matthew T., and Corbey Jordan F. , J Phys Condens Matter, 2019 Mar 27, Volume 31, Issue 12, p.125901, (2019)

Iron Carbide-Sulfide Carbonyl Clusters., Liu, Liang, Rauchfuss Thomas B., and Woods Toby J. , Inorg Chem, 2019 Jun 11, (2019)

Highly Catalytic Niobium Carbide (MXene) Promotes Hematopoietic Recovery after Radiation by Free Radical Scavenging., Ren, Xiangyi, Huo Minfeng, Wang Mengmeng, Lin Han, Zhang Xuxia, Yin Jun, Chen Yu, and Chen Honghong , ACS Nano, 2019 Jun 10, (2019)

Ultrahigh Recovery of Fracture Strength on Mismatched Fractured Amorphous Surfaces of Silicon Carbide., Cui, Junfeng, Zhang Zhenyu, Jiang Haiyue, Liu Dongdong, Zou Li, Guo Xiaoguang, Lu Yao, Parkin Ivan P., and Guo Dongming , ACS Nano, 2019 Jun 06, (2019)

Plasmonic Transition Metal Carbide Electrodes for High-Performance InSe Photodetectors., Yang, Yajie, Jeon Jaeho, Park Jin-Hong, Jeong Mun Seok, Lee Byoung Hun, Hwang Euyheon, and Lee Sungjoo , ACS Nano, 2019 Jul 18, (2019)

Two-dimensional transition metal carbide (TiCT) as an efficient adsorbent to remove cesium (Cs)., Khan, Abdul Rehman, Husnain Syed M., Shahzad Faisal, Mujtaba-Ul-Hassan Syed, Mehmood Mazhar, Ahmad Jamil, Mehran Muhammad Taqi, and Rahman Sohaila , Dalton Trans, 2019 Jul 15, (2019)

Carbide and nitride phase characterization in a transition metal carbo-nitride using x-ray spectroscopy and atom probe tomography., Vogel, F, Ngai S, Smith C J., Holler R, Weinberger C R., Wanderka N, and Thompson G B. , Micron, 2019 Jul, Volume 122, p.32-40, (2019)

Recovery of cutting fluids and silicon carbide from slurry waste., Shen, Zih-Yao, Chen Chi-Yao, and Lee Maw-Tien , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 362, p.115-123, (2019)

Structural, chemical, and magnetic properties of cobalt intercalated graphene on silicon carbide., Hönig, R, Roese P, Shamout K, Ohkochi T, Berges U, and Westphal C , Nanotechnology, 2019 Jan 11, Volume 30, Issue 2, p.025702, (2019)

Rapid adsorption and enhanced removal of emodin and physcion by nano zirconium carbide., Zhang, Bingjie, Ji Jiawen, Liu Xue, Li Changsheng, Yuan Meng, Yu Jingyang, and Ma Yongqiang , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 10, Volume 647, p.57-65, (2019)