About Carbonates

Carbonates are salts or esters of carbonic acid and contain the carbonate ion, CO32−. Most carbonate salts are insoluble in water, but those that are soluble—carbonates of lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and uranium—produce alkaline aqueous solutions. Metal carbonates decompose into carbon dioxide and a metal oxide upon heating, a process known as calcination. This name is derived from calx, the Latin name of calcium oxide or quick lime, which is produced by roasting calcium carbonate minerals, known commonly as limestone, in a kiln. Many naturally-occurring minerals including calcite, dolomite, and aragonite, also consist of or contain carbonates. Calcium carbonate and carbonates of other alkali and alkali earth metals are important chemical commodities, and among other uses are found as drying agents, electrolytes, buffering or pH adjusting agents, and fluxes in the production of ceramics and glass. Other metal carbonates are primarily used as sources of the metal they contain or as chemical reagents/catalysts.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of carbonate compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its carbonate products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Carbonates Products

Aluminum Carbonate Ammonium Bicarbonate Ammonium Carbonate/Scandium Carbonate Double Salt Monohydrate
Ammonium Zirconium(IV) Carbonate Antimony Carbonate Barium Carbonate
Beryllium Carbonate Beryllium Carbonate Hydroxide Bismuth Carbonate
Bismuth Subcarbonate Cadmium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate
Calcium Carbonate Microparticles Cerium Carbonate Cesium Carbonate
Cesium Hydrogencarbonate Chromium Carbonate Cobalt Carbonate
Cobalt Carbonate, Basic Cobalt(II) Carbonate Hydrate Copper Carbonate
Copper(I) Iodide/Cesium Carbonate Admixture Copper(II) Carbonate Basic Dysprosium Carbonate
Erbium Carbonate Erbium Carbonate Hydrate Europium Carbonate
Gadolinium Carbonate Gadolinium Carbonate Hydrate Holmium Carbonate
Indium Carbonate Iron Carbonate Lanthanum Carbonate
Lead Carbonate Lead Carbonate, Basic Lithium Carbonate
Lithium Carbonate Solution Lithium-6 Carbonate Isotope Lithium-7 Carbonate
Lutetium(III) Carbonate Hydrate Magnesium Aluminum Hydroxycarbonate Magnesium Carbonate
Magnesium Carbonate Hydrate Magnesium Carbonate Hydroxide Hydrate Magnesium Carbonate Hydroxide Pentahydrate
Magnesium Carbonate Microparticles Magnesium Carbonate Trihydrate Manganese Carbonate
Manganese Nickel Carbonate Manganese(II) Carbonate Hydrate Neodymium Carbonate
Neodymium(III) Carbonate Hydrate Nickel Carbonate Nickel Carbonate Basic Hydrate
Nickel(II) Carbonate Basic Nickel(II) Carbonate Hydroxide Tetrahydrate Potassium Bicarbonate
Potassium Carbonate Potassium Carbonate Sesquihydrate Potassium Carbonate, Anhydrous
Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate Potassium Zirconium Carbonate Praseodymium Carbonate
Rubidium Carbonate Samarium Carbonate Scandium Atomic Absorption Standard Solution
Scandium Carbonate Scandium(III) Carbonate Hydrate Silver Carbonate
Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Carbonate Sodium Carbonate Decahydrate
Sodium Carbonate Monohydrate Sodium Carbonate, Anhydrous Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
Sodium Percarbonate Strontium Carbonate Terbium Carbonate
Terbium(III) Carbonate Hydrate Thallium Carbonate Thallium(I) Carbonate
Thulium Carbonate Ytterbium Carbonate Yttrium Carbonate
Yttrium(III) Carbonate Trihydrate Zinc Carbonate Zinc Carbonate Basic
Zirconium Basic Carbonate Hydrate Zirconium Basic Carbonate Paste Zirconium Carbonate
Zirconium Carbonate Oxide Zirconium Dicarbonate Hydrate

Recent Research & Development for Carbonates

Comparison of fluid balance and hemodynamic and metabolic effects of sodium lactate versus sodium bicarbonate versus 0.9% NaCl in porcine endotoxic shock: a randomized, open-label, controlled study., Duburcq, Thibault, Durand Arthur, Dessein Anne-Frédérique, Vamecq Joseph, Vienne Jean-Claude, Dobbelaere Dries, Mention Karine, Douillard Claire, Maboudou Patrice, Gmyr Valery, et al. , Crit Care, 2017 May 19, Volume 21, Issue 1, p.113, (2017)

Lanthanum carbonate - a new phosphate binding drug in advanced renal failure., Aaseth, Jan, and Bjørke-Monsen Anne-Lise , Curr Med Chem, 2017 May 09, (2017)

Synthesis and characterization of cellulose carbonate using greenchemistry: Surface modification of Avicel., Khiari, Ramzi, Salon Marie-Christine Brochier, Mhenni Mohamed Farouk, Mauret Evelyne, and Belgacem Mohamed Naceur , Carbohydr Polym, 2017 May 01, Volume 163, p.254-260, (2017)

Effect of carbonate substitution on physicochemical and biological properties of silver containing hydroxyapatites., Kolmas, Joanna, Piotrowska Urszula, Kuras Marzena, and Kurek Eliza , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2017 May 01, Volume 74, p.124-130, (2017)

Mesoporous phenylalanine ammonia lyase microspheres with improved stability through calcium carbonate templating., Cui, Jiandong, Zhao Yamin, Tan Zhilei, Zhong Cheng, Han Peipei, and Jia Shiru , Int J Biol Macromol, 2017 May, Volume 98, p.887-896, (2017)

Ciprofloxacin HCl-loaded calcium carbonate nanoparticles: preparation, solid state characterization, and evaluation of antimicrobial effect against Staphylococcus aureus., Dizaj, Solmaz Maleki, Lotfipour Farzaneh, Barzegar-Jalali Mohammad, Zarrintan Mohammad-Hossein, and Adibkia Khosro , Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol, 2017 May, Volume 45, Issue 3, p.535-543, (2017)

Complete genome sequence of Lysinibacillus sphaericus LMG 22257, a strain with ureolytic activity inducing calcium carbonate precipitation., Yan, Wenkai, Xiao Xiang, and Zhang Yu , J Biotechnol, 2017 Mar 20, Volume 246, p.33-35, (2017)

Porous calcium carbonate as a carrier material to increase the dissolution rate of poorly soluble flavouring compounds., Johnson, Maria Lundin, Noreland David, Gane Patrick, Schoelkopf Joachim, Ridgway Cathy, and Fureby Anna Millqvist , Food Funct, 2017 Mar 15, (2017)

Lauryl phosphate adsorption in the flotation of Bastnaesite, (Ce,La)FCO3., Liu, Weiping, Wang Xuming, Xu Hui, and Miller J D. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 490, p.825-833, (2017)

A combined high-temperature experimental and theoretical kinetic study of the reaction of dimethyl carbonate with OH radicals., Khaled, Fethi, Giri Binod Raj, Szőri Milán, Mai Tam V. - T., Huynh Lam K., and Farooq Aamir , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2017 Mar 08, Volume 19, Issue 10, p.7147-7157, (2017)