About Carbonates

Carbonates are salts or esters of carbonic acid and contain the carbonate ion, CO32−. Most carbonate salts are insoluble in water, but those that are soluble—carbonates of lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and uranium—produce alkaline aqueous solutions. Metal carbonates decompose into carbon dioxide and a metal oxide upon heating, a process known as calcination. This name is derived from calx, the Latin name of calcium oxide or quick lime, which is produced by roasting calcium carbonate minerals, known commonly as limestone, in a kiln. Many naturally-occurring minerals including calcite, dolomite, and aragonite, also consist of or contain carbonates. Calcium carbonate and carbonates of other alkali and alkali earth metals are important chemical commodities, and among other uses are found as drying agents, electrolytes, buffering or pH adjusting agents, and fluxes in the production of ceramics and glass. Other metal carbonates are primarily used as sources of the metal they contain or as chemical reagents/catalysts.

Recent Research & Development for Carbonates

Synthesis and characterization of rGO-graft-poly(trimethylene carbonate) for nerve regeneration conduits., Guo, Zhengchao, Kofink Sandra, Chen Honglin, Liang Jia, Grijpma Dirk W., and Poot André A. , Biomed Mater, 2019 Mar 07, Volume 14, Issue 3, p.034101, (2019)

Synthesis of helical aluminium catalysts for cyclic carbonate formation., Gaona, Miguel A., de la Cruz-Martínez Felipe, Fernández-Baeza Juan, Sánchez-Barba Luis F., Alonso-Moreno Carlos, Rodríguez Ana M., Rodríguez-Diéguez Antonio, Castro-Osma José A., Otero Antonio, and Lara-Sánchez Agustín , Dalton Trans, 2019 Mar 07, (2019)

Micelles directed preparation of ternary cobalt hydroxide carbonate-nickel hydroxide-reduced graphene oxide composite porous nanowire arrays with superior faradic capacitance performance., Gao, Zhiyong, Wang Zhen, Chang Jiuli, Chen Liming, Wu Dapeng, Xu Fang, Wang Xinjun, and Jiang Kai , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 534, p.563-573, (2019)

The use of calcium carbonate-enriched clay minerals and diammonium phosphate as novel immobilization agents for mercury remediation: Spectral investigations and field applications., Wang, Jianxu, Xing Ying, Xie Yuanyan, Meng Yong, Xia Jicheng, and Feng Xinbin , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 646, p.1615-1623, (2019)

Activation of sodium percarbonate by vanadium for the degradation of aniline in water: Mechanism and identification of reactive species., Li, Li, Huang Jun, Hu Xuebin, Zhang Sai, Dai Qin, Chai Hongxiang, and Gu Li , Chemosphere, 2019 Jan, Volume 215, p.647-656, (2019)

Influence of carbonate on sequestration of U(VI) on perovskite., Lu, Songhua, Zhu Kairuo, Hayat Tasawar, Alharbi Njud S., Chen Changlun, Song Gang, Chen Diyun, and Sun Yubing , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 15, Volume 364, p.100-107, (2019)

Activation of natural halloysite nanotubes by introducing lanthanum oxycarbonate nanoparticles via co-calcination for outstanding phosphate removal., Wei, Yanfu, Yuan Peng, Liu Dong, Losic Dusan, Tan Daoyong, Chen Fanrong, Liu Hongchang, Zhou Junming, Du Peixin, and Song Yaran , Chem Commun (Camb), 2019 Feb 12, Volume 55, Issue 14, p.2110-2113, (2019)

Promotion of graphitic carbon oxidation via stimulating CO desorption by calcium carbonate., Yao, Shuiliang, Zhang Huanhuan, Chen Zhizong, Lin Hanghao, Han Shoushan, Wu Xinyue, Dong Ruoyu, Wu Zuliang, and Nozaki Tomohiro , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.10-15, (2019)

Quantitatively assessing the role played by carbonate radicals in bromate formation by ozonation., Yang, Jingxin, Dong Zijun, Jiang Chengchun, Liu Hong, and Li Ji , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.428-438, (2019)

Nanosheets of Nickel Iron Hydroxy Carbonate Hydrate with Pronounced OER Activity under Alkaline and Near-Neutral Conditions., Karthick, Kannimuthu, Anantharaj Sengeni, Ede Sivasankara Rao, and Kundu Subrata , Inorg Chem, 2019 Feb 04, Volume 58, Issue 3, p.1895-1904, (2019)

A Synthesis of Alkoxylates from Styrenated Phenols and Ethylene Carbonate Over KOH/La₂O₃ Catalysts., Lee, Seungmin, Son Seokhwan, Kwak Wonbong, Jung Sunghun, Ahn Hogeun, and Chung Minchul , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2019 Feb 01, Volume 19, Issue 2, p.1200-1203, (2019)

Nutritional status and survival of maintenance hemodialysis patients receiving lanthanum carbonate., Komaba, Hirotaka, Kakuta Takatoshi, Wada Takehiko, Hida Miho, Suga Takao, and Fukagawa Masafumi , Nephrol Dial Transplant, 2019 Feb 01, Volume 34, Issue 2, p.318-325, (2019)

Fabrication and evaluation of interconnected porous carbonate apatite from alpha tricalcium phosphate spheres., Ishikawa, Kunio, Arifta Tya Indah, Hayashi Koichiro, and Tsuru Kanji , J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater, 2019 Feb, Volume 107, Issue 2, p.269-277, (2019)

Cross-linking of sodium carbonate-soluble pectins from apple by zinc ions., Gawkowska, Diana, Cybulska Justyna, and Zdunek Artur , Carbohydr Polym, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 196, p.1-7, (2018)