About Carbonates

Carbonates are salts or esters of carbonic acid and contain the carbonate ion, CO32−. Most carbonate salts are insoluble in water, but those that are soluble—carbonates of lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and uranium—produce alkaline aqueous solutions. Metal carbonates decompose into carbon dioxide and a metal oxide upon heating, a process known as calcination. This name is derived from calx, the Latin name of calcium oxide or quick lime, which is produced by roasting calcium carbonate minerals, known commonly as limestone, in a kiln. Many naturally-occurring minerals including calcite, dolomite, and aragonite, also consist of or contain carbonates. Calcium carbonate and carbonates of other alkali and alkali earth metals are important chemical commodities, and among other uses are found as drying agents, electrolytes, buffering or pH adjusting agents, and fluxes in the production of ceramics and glass. Other metal carbonates are primarily used as sources of the metal they contain or as chemical reagents/catalysts.

Recent Research & Development for Carbonates

A selective volatilization method for determination of chloride and sulfate in calcium carbonate pharmaceutical raw material and commercial tablets., Novo, Diogo L. R., Pereira Rodrigo M., Hartwig Carla A., Santos Clarissa M. M., and Mesko Marcia F. , Talanta, 2018 May 01, Volume 181, p.440-447, (2018)

Ultrasonic-assisted manufacturing of new hydrogel nanocomposite biosorbent containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles and tragacanth gum for removal of heavy metal., Mallakpour, Shadpour, Abdolmaleki Amir, and Tabesh Farbod , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Mar, Volume 41, p.572-581, (2018)

Strontium carbonate precipitation as a sample preparation technique for isotope ratio analysis of Sr in mineral water and wine by quadrupole-based inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry., Dronov, Michail, Koza Tim, Schwiers Alexander, Schmidt Torsten C., and Schram Jürgen , Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, 2018 Jan 30, Volume 32, Issue 2, p.149-158, (2018)

Structure and Liquid Fragility in Sodium Carbonate., Wilson, Mark, Ribeiro Mauro C. C., Wilding Martin C., Benmore Chris, Weber J K. R., Alderman Oliver, Tamalonis Anthony, and Parise J B. , J Phys Chem A, 2018 Jan 18, (2018)

Fluoride adsorption on manganese carbonate: Ion-exchange based on the surface carbonate-like groups and hydroxyl groups., Zhang, Yong-Xing, and Jia Yong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 510, p.407-417, (2018)

Capillary Structured Suspensions from In Situ Hydrophobized Calcium Carbonate Particles Suspended in a Polar Liquid Media., Dunstan, Timothy S., Das Anupam A. K., Starck Pierre, Stoyanov Simeon D., and Paunov Vesselin N. , Langmuir, 2018 Jan 09, Volume 34, Issue 1, p.442-452, (2018)

Stable isotope fractionation of strontium in coccolithophore calcite: Influence of temperature and carbonate chemistry., Müller, M N., Krabbenhöft A, Vollstaedt H, Brandini F P., and Eisenhauer A , Geobiology, 2018 Feb 12, (2018)

Targeted delivery and pH-responsive release of doxorubicin to cancer cells using calcium carbonate/hyaluronate/glutamate mesoporous hollow spheres., Guo, Yuming, Li Han, Shi Weike, Zhang Jie, Feng Jing, Yang Xiaoli, Wang Kui, Zhang Hua, and Yang Lin , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Sep 15, Volume 502, p.59-66, (2017)

Characterization of new functionalized calcium carbonate-polycaprolactone composite material for application in geometry-constrained drug release formulation development., Wagner-Hattler, Leonie, Schoelkopf Joachim, Huwyler Jörg, and Puchkov Maxim , Drug Dev Ind Pharm, 2017 Oct, Volume 43, Issue 10, p.1669-1676, (2017)

Comparison of fluid balance and hemodynamic and metabolic effects of sodium lactate versus sodium bicarbonate versus 0.9% NaCl in porcine endotoxic shock: a randomized, open-label, controlled study., Duburcq, Thibault, Durand Arthur, Dessein Anne-Frédérique, Vamecq Joseph, Vienne Jean-Claude, Dobbelaere Dries, Mention Karine, Douillard Claire, Maboudou Patrice, Gmyr Valery, et al. , Crit Care, 2017 May 19, Volume 21, Issue 1, p.113, (2017)

Lanthanum carbonate - a new phosphate binding drug in advanced renal failure., Aaseth, Jan, and Bjørke-Monsen Anne-Lise , Curr Med Chem, 2017 May 09, (2017)

Effect of carbonate substitution on physicochemical and biological properties of silver containing hydroxyapatites., Kolmas, Joanna, Piotrowska Urszula, Kuras Marzena, and Kurek Eliza , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2017 May 01, Volume 74, p.124-130, (2017)