About Carbonates

Carbonates are salts or esters of carbonic acid and contain the carbonate ion, CO32−. Most carbonate salts are insoluble in water, but those that are soluble—carbonates of lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and uranium—produce alkaline aqueous solutions. Metal carbonates decompose into carbon dioxide and a metal oxide upon heating, a process known as calcination. This name is derived from calx, the Latin name of calcium oxide or quick lime, which is produced by roasting calcium carbonate minerals, known commonly as limestone, in a kiln. Many naturally-occurring minerals including calcite, dolomite, and aragonite, also consist of or contain carbonates. Calcium carbonate and carbonates of other alkali and alkali earth metals are important chemical commodities, and among other uses are found as drying agents, electrolytes, buffering or pH adjusting agents, and fluxes in the production of ceramics and glass. Other metal carbonates are primarily used as sources of the metal they contain or as chemical reagents/catalysts.

Recent Research & Development for Carbonates

Phase field model of uranium carbide solidification through a combined KKS and orientation field approach., Bair, Jacob L., Abrecht David G., Reilly Dallas D., Athon Matthew T., and Corbey Jordan F. , J Phys Condens Matter, 2019 Mar 27, Volume 31, Issue 12, p.125901, (2019)

Synthesis, photodynamic activities, and cytotoxicity of new water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and zinc(II) phthalocyanines., Fujishiro, Rei, Sonoyama Hayato, Ide Yuki, Fujimura Takuya, Sasai Ryo, Nagai Atsushi, Mori Shigeki, Kaufman Nichole E. M., Zhou Zehua, M Vicente Graça H., et al. , J Inorg Biochem, 2019 Mar, Volume 192, p.7-16, (2019)

Micelles directed preparation of ternary cobalt hydroxide carbonate-nickel hydroxide-reduced graphene oxide composite porous nanowire arrays with superior faradic capacitance performance., Gao, Zhiyong, Wang Zhen, Chang Jiuli, Chen Liming, Wu Dapeng, Xu Fang, Wang Xinjun, and Jiang Kai , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 534, p.563-573, (2019)

Organic acid concentration thresholds for ageing of carbonate minerals: Implications for CO trapping/storage., Ali, Muhammad, Al-Anssari Sarmad, Arif Muhammad, Barifcani Ahmed, Sarmadivaleh Mohammad, Stalker Linda, Lebedev Maxim, and Iglauer Stefan , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 534, p.88-94, (2019)

Magnetofluorescent Nanocomposite Comprised of Carboxymethyl Dextran Coated Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and β-Diketon Coordinated Europium Complexes., Han, Daewon, Han Seung-Yun, Lee Nam Seob, Shin Jongdae, Jeong Young Gil, Park Hwan-Woo, and Kim Do Kyung , Nanomaterials (Basel), 2019 Jan 04, Volume 9, Issue 1, (2019)

The use of calcium carbonate-enriched clay minerals and diammonium phosphate as novel immobilization agents for mercury remediation: Spectral investigations and field applications., Wang, Jianxu, Xing Ying, Xie Yuanyan, Meng Yong, Xia Jicheng, and Feng Xinbin , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 646, p.1615-1623, (2019)

Activation of sodium percarbonate by vanadium for the degradation of aniline in water: Mechanism and identification of reactive species., Li, Li, Huang Jun, Hu Xuebin, Zhang Sai, Dai Qin, Chai Hongxiang, and Gu Li , Chemosphere, 2019 Jan, Volume 215, p.647-656, (2019)

Influence of carbonate on sequestration of U(VI) on perovskite., Lu, Songhua, Zhu Kairuo, Hayat Tasawar, Alharbi Njud S., Chen Changlun, Song Gang, Chen Diyun, and Sun Yubing , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 15, Volume 364, p.100-107, (2019)

Photooxidase-Mimicking Nanovesicles with Superior Photocatalytic Activity and Stability Based on Amphiphilic Amino Acid and Phthalocyanine Co-Assembly., Han, Jingjing, Liu Kai, Chang Rui, Zhao Luyang, and Yan Xuehai , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019 Feb 11, Volume 58, Issue 7, p.2000-2004, (2019)

Quantitatively assessing the role played by carbonate radicals in bromate formation by ozonation., Yang, Jingxin, Dong Zijun, Jiang Chengchun, Liu Hong, and Li Ji , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.428-438, (2019)

Promotion of graphitic carbon oxidation via stimulating CO desorption by calcium carbonate., Yao, Shuiliang, Zhang Huanhuan, Chen Zhizong, Lin Hanghao, Han Shoushan, Wu Xinyue, Dong Ruoyu, Wu Zuliang, and Nozaki Tomohiro , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.10-15, (2019)

Mid-infrared flattened supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion tellurium chalcogenide fiber., Jiao, Kai, Yao Jinmei, Zhao Zheming, Wang Xiange, Si Nian, Wang Xunsi, Chen Peng, Xue Zugang, Tian Youmei, Zhang Bin, et al. , Opt Express, 2019 Feb 04, Volume 27, Issue 3, p.2036-2043, (2019)

A Synthesis of Alkoxylates from Styrenated Phenols and Ethylene Carbonate Over KOH/La₂O₃ Catalysts., Lee, Seungmin, Son Seokhwan, Kwak Wonbong, Jung Sunghun, Ahn Hogeun, and Chung Minchul , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2019 Feb 01, Volume 19, Issue 2, p.1200-1203, (2019)

Fabrication and evaluation of interconnected porous carbonate apatite from alpha tricalcium phosphate spheres., Ishikawa, Kunio, Arifta Tya Indah, Hayashi Koichiro, and Tsuru Kanji , J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater, 2019 Feb, Volume 107, Issue 2, p.269-277, (2019)

Cross-linking of sodium carbonate-soluble pectins from apple by zinc ions., Gawkowska, Diana, Cybulska Justyna, and Zdunek Artur , Carbohydr Polym, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 196, p.1-7, (2018)