About Carbonates

Carbonates are salts or esters of carbonic acid and contain the carbonate ion, CO32−. Most carbonate salts are insoluble in water, but those that are soluble—carbonates of lithium, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and uranium—produce alkaline aqueous solutions. Metal carbonates decompose into carbon dioxide and a metal oxide upon heating, a process known as calcination. This name is derived from calx, the Latin name of calcium oxide or quick lime, which is produced by roasting calcium carbonate minerals, known commonly as limestone, in a kiln. Many naturally-occurring minerals including calcite, dolomite, and aragonite, also consist of or contain carbonates. Calcium carbonate and carbonates of other alkali and alkali earth metals are important chemical commodities, and among other uses are found as drying agents, electrolytes, buffering or pH adjusting agents, and fluxes in the production of ceramics and glass. Other metal carbonates are primarily used as sources of the metal they contain or as chemical reagents/catalysts.

Recent Research & Development for Carbonates

Boron incorporation into precipitated calcium carbonates affected by aqueous pH and boron concentration., Kobayashi, Kazuki, Hashimoto Yohey, and Wang Shan-Li , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Feb 05, Volume 383, p.121183, (2020)

Synthesis of Manganese Carbonate Templates with Different Morphologies and Their Application in Preparing Hollow MoS₂ Micro/Nanostructures for Photocatalysis., Lu, Yun, Gao Rui, Song Jimei, Li Wenfang, and Hu Gang , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Apr 01, Volume 20, Issue 4, p.2239-2246, (2020)

The impact of sodium carbonate on physico-chemical properties and cooking qualities of starches isolated from alkaline yellow noodles., Tao, Han, Li Mingyang, Deng Hao-Dong, Ren Ke-Xin, Zhuang Gang-Qiang, Xu Xue-Ming, and Wang Hui-Li , Int J Biol Macromol, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 137, p.697-702, (2019)

Heterogeneous sonocatalytic degradation of an anionic dye in aqueous solution using a magnetic lanthanum dioxide carbonate-doped zinc ferrite-reduced graphene oxide nanostructure., Han, Jonghun, Jun Byung-Moon, Heo Jiyong, Kim Sewoon, Yoon Yeomin, and Park Chang Min , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2019 Oct 30, Volume 182, p.109396, (2019)

Non-stoichiometric hydrated magnesium-doped calcium carbonate precipitation in ethanol., Magnabosco, Giulia, Condorelli Andrea M. M., Rosenberg Rose, Polishchuk Iryna, Pokroy Boaz, Gebauer Denis, Cölfen Helmut, and Falini Giuseppe , Chem Commun (Camb), 2019 Oct 24, Volume 55, Issue 86, p.12944-12947, (2019)

Synthetic calcium carbonate improves the effectiveness of treatments with nanolime to contrast decay in highly porous limestone., Ševčík, Radek, Viani Alberto, Machová Dita, Lanzafame Gabriele, Mancini Lucia, and Appavou Marie-Sousai , Sci Rep, 2019 Oct 24, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.15278, (2019)

Cobalt carbonate as an electro-catalyst for water oxidation., Patra, Shanti G., Illés Erzsébet, Mizrahi Amir, and Meyerstein Dan , Chemistry, 2019 Oct 23, (2019)

Development of Coprocessed Chitin-Calcium Carbonate as Multifunctional Tablet Excipient for Direct Compression, Part 2: Tableting Properties., Chaheen, Mohammad, Bataille Bernard, Yassine Ahmad, Belamie Emmanuel, and Sharkawi Tahmer , J Pharm Sci, 2019 Oct, Volume 108, Issue 10, p.3319-3328, (2019)

Potassium carbonate improves fresh pork quality characteristics., LeMaster, Michelle N., Chauhan Surinder S., Wick Macdonald P., Clark Daniel L., and England Eric M. , Meat Sci, 2019 Oct, Volume 156, p.222-230, (2019)

The long-term stability of calcium arsenates: Implications for phase transformation and arsenic mobilization., Zhang, Danni, Wang Shaofeng, Wang Ying, Gomez Mario A., and Jia Yongfeng , J Environ Sci (China), 2019 Oct, Volume 84, p.29-41, (2019)

Transport of uranium(VI) in red soil in South China: influence of initial pH and carbonate concentration., Fu, Haiying, Ding Dexin, Sui Yang, Zhang Hui, Hu Nan, Li Feng, Dai Zhongran, Li Guangyue, Ye Yongjun, and Wang Yongdong , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 Nov 19, (2019)

Comparison between calcium carbonate and β-tricalcium phosphate as additives of 3D printed scaffolds with polylactic acid matrix., Donate, Ricardo, Monzón Mario, Ortega Zaida, Wang Ling, Ribeiro Viviana, Pestana David, Oliveira Joaquim M., and Reis Rui L. , J Tissue Eng Regen Med, 2019 Nov 16, (2019)

Manufacturing bio-bricks using microbial induced calcium carbonate precipitation and human urine., Lambert, S E., and Randall D G. , Water Res, 2019 May 22, Volume 160, p.158-166, (2019)

Effects of Nicotinamide and Lanthanum Carbonate on Serum Phosphate and Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 in CKD: The COMBINE Trial., Ix, Joachim H., Isakova Tamara, Larive Brett, Raphael Kalani L., Raj Dominic S., Cheung Alfred K., Sprague Stuart M., Fried Linda F., Gassman Jennifer J., Middleton John P., et al. , J Am Soc Nephrol, 2019 May 13, (2019)

Synthesis of helical aluminium catalysts for cyclic carbonate formation., Gaona, Miguel A., de la Cruz-Martínez Felipe, Fernández-Baeza Juan, Sánchez-Barba Luis F., Alonso-Moreno Carlos, Rodríguez Ana M., Rodríguez-Diéguez Antonio, Castro-Osma José A., Otero Antonio, and Lara-Sánchez Agustín , Dalton Trans, 2019 Mar 07, (2019)