About Silicates

Silicate Formula Diagram (Si-O)

Silicates are compounds containing a silicon-containing polyatomic anion. Most often, these anions feature a silicon atom in a tetrahedral arrangement such that it is surrounded by four oxygen atoms. These tetrahedra can occur singly, or joined together in various arrangements such as pairs or rings. Many compounds containing such silica oxyanions occur naturally as minerals, many of which are used in the production of ubiquitous materials such as Portland cement.

Additionally, non-oxygen-containing compounds can be considered silicates, as in the case of hexafluorosilicate—SiF62-. Hexafluorosilicates have application in the production of aluminum from ore, in water fluoridation, lead refining, organic synthesis, and the production of ceramics, concretes, and phosphors. Aluminosilicates are another important class of silicates: as the major components of many clay minerals, they have many industrial uses in the production of ceramics and building materials.

Recent Research & Development for Silicates

Bioactive tri/dicalcium silicate cements for treatment of pulpal and periapical tissues., Primus, Carolyn M., Tay Franklin R., and Niu Li-Na , Acta Biomater, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 96, p.35-54, (2019)

Silicate bioceramics: from soft tissue regeneration to tumor therapy., Yu, Qingqing, Chang Jiang, and Wu Chengtie , J Mater Chem B, 2019 Sep 04, (2019)

Highly porous polycaprolactone scaffolds doped with calcium silicate and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate designed for bone regeneration., Gandolfi, Maria Giovanna, Zamparini Fausto, Esposti Micaela Degli, Chiellini Federica, Fava Fabio, Fabbri Paola, Taddei Paola, and Prati Carlo , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Sep, Volume 102, p.341-361, (2019)

Impacts of Egyptian propolis extract on rat cerebellum intoxicated by aluminum silicate: histopathological studies., Omar, Nahed A., Abu-Almaaty Ali H., El-Aziz Yasmin M. Abd, Abdeen Ahmed M., Mohamed Fatma El Zahraa, Hashem Mohamed M. M., and Hammad Seddik , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 May 29, (2019)

Crack-healing during two-stage crystallization of biomedical lithium (di)silicate glass-ceramics., Belli, Renan, Lohbauer Ulrich, Goetz-Neunhoeffer Friedlinde, and Hurle Katrin , Dent Mater, 2019 May 24, (2019)

Accumulation of magnetite by flotation on bubbles during decompression of silicate magma., Knipping, Jaayke L., Webster James D., Simon Adam C., and Holtz François , Sci Rep, 2019 Mar 07, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.3852, (2019)

Sequential usage of diamond bur for CAD/CAM milling: Effect on the roughness, topography and fatigue strength of lithium disilicate glass ceramic., Madruga, Camila Ferreira L., Bueno Mírian Galvão, Dal Piva Amanda Maria de O., Prochnow Catina, Pereira Gabriel Kalil Roch, Bottino Marco Antonio, Valandro Luiz Felipe, and de Melo Renata Marques , J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2019 Mar, Volume 91, p.326-334, (2019)

Electrophoretically deposited mesoporous magnesium silicate with ordered nanopores as an antibiotic-loaded coating on surface-modified titanium., Bigham, Ashkan, Saudi Ahmad, Rafienia Mohammad, Rahmati Shahram, Bakhtiyari Hassan, Salahshouri Fatemeh, Sattary Mansoureh, and Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi S A. , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Mar, Volume 96, p.765-775, (2019)

Surface thermodynamics of silicate compounds: the case of ZnSiO(001) surfaces and thin films., Baima, Jacopo, Goniakowski Jacek, Noguera Claudine, Koltsov Alexey, and Mataigne Jean-Michel , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2019 Jun 28, Volume 21, Issue 24, p.13287-13295, (2019)

Semisynthetic Antimycobacterial C-3 Silicate and C-3/ C-21 Ester Derivatives of Fusidic Acid: Pharmacological Evaluation and Stability Studies in Liver Microsomes, Rat Plasma and Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture., Njoroge, Mathew, Kaur Gurminder, Espinoza-Moraga Marlene, Wasuna Antonina, Dziwornu Godwin Akpeko, Seldon Ronnett, Taylor Dale, Okombo John, Warner Digby F., and Chibale Kelly , ACS Infect Dis, 2019 Jul 16, (2019)

Atom Probe Tomographic Imaging of PbS Quantum Dot Formation on Neodymium Clusters in Silicate Glasses., Park, Won Ji, Kim Ju Eun, Lee Ho Jeong, Park Chan Gyung, and Heo Jong , Sci Rep, 2019 Jul 11, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.10029, (2019)

In-situ grown manganese silicate from biomass-derived heteroatom-doped porous carbon for supercapacitors with high performance., Wang, Qiushi, Zhang Yifu, Jiang Hanmei, and Meng Changgong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 534, p.142-155, (2019)

Effects of dodecacalcium hepta-aluminate content on the setting time, compressive strength, alkalinity, and cytocompatibility of tricalcium silicate cement., Choi, Yoorina, Bae Jong-Lye, Kim Hee-Jin, Yu Mi-Kyung, Lee Kwang-Won, and San Min Kyung- , J Appl Oral Sci, 2019 Jan 07, Volume 27, p.e20180247, (2019)

Efficacy and retrievability of root canal filling using calcium silicate-based and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers with matched obturation techniques., Kim, Seo Ryeong, Kwak Sang Won, Lee Ju-Kyung, Goo Hye-Jin, Ha Jung-Hong, and Kim Hyeon-Cheol , Aust Endod J, 2019 Jan 06, (2019)