About Silicates

Silicate Formula Diagram (Si-O)

Silicates are compounds containing a silicon-containing polyatomic anion. Most often, these anions feature a silicon atom in a tetrahedral arrangement such that it is surrounded by four oxygen atoms. These tetrahedra can occur singly, or joined together in various arrangements such as pairs or rings. Many compounds containing such silica oxyanions occur naturally as minerals, many of which are used in the production of ubiquitous materials such as Portland cement.

Additionally, non-oxygen-containing compounds can be considered silicates, as in the case of hexafluorosilicate—SiF62-. Hexafluorosilicates have application in the production of aluminum from ore, in water fluoridation, lead refining, organic synthesis, and the production of ceramics, concretes, and phosphors. Aluminosilicates are another important class of silicates: as the major components of many clay minerals, they have many industrial uses in the production of ceramics and building materials.

Recent Research & Development for Silicates

Patterned Molecular Films of Alkanethiol and PLL-PEG on Gold-Silicate Interfaces: How to Add Functionalities while Retaining Effective Antifouling., Wu, Yanfang, Lian Jiaxin, Gonçales Vinicius R., Pardehkhorram Raheleh, Tang Wenxian, Tilley Richard D., and J Gooding Justin , Langmuir, 2020 May 19, Volume 36, Issue 19, p.5243-5250, (2020)

Fabrication of ZrO-Bearing lithium-silicate glass-ceramics by pressureless sintering and spark plasma sintering., Ghayebloo, M, Alizadeh P, and Melo R M. , J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2020 May, Volume 105, p.103709, (2020)

Exfoliated near infrared fluorescent silicate nanosheets for (bio)photonics., Selvaggio, Gabriele, Chizhik Alexey, Nißler Robert, Kuhlemann Llyas, Meyer Daniel, Vuong Loan, Preiß Helen, Herrmann Niklas, Mann Florian A., Lv Zhiyi, et al. , Nat Commun, 2020 Mar 20, Volume 11, Issue 1, p.1495, (2020)

The effect of sodium hydroxide on Al uptake by calcium silicate hydrates (CSH)., Barzgar, Sonya, Lothenbach Barbara, Tarik Mohamed, Di Giacomo Alessio, and Ludwig Christian , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2020 Jul 15, Volume 572, p.246-256, (2020)

Zinc-/copper-substituted dicalcium silicate cement: advanced biomaterials with enhanced osteogenesis and long-term antibacterial properties., Zhang, Feng, Zhou Mingming, Gu Weizhong, Shen Zheng, Ma Xiaohui, Lu Fengling, Yang Xianyan, Zheng Youyang, and Gou Zhongru , J Mater Chem B, 2020 Jan 15, (2020)

Efficacy and safety of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate for hyperkalaemia: the randomized, placebo-controlled HARMONIZE-Global study., Zannad, Faiez, Hsu Bang-Gee, Maeda Yoshitaka, Shin Sug Kyun, Vishneva Elena M., Rensfeldt Martin, Eklund Stefan, and Zhao June , ESC Heart Fail, 2020 Jan 15, (2020)

Synthesis of Injectable Shear-Thinning Biomaterials of Various Compositions of Gelatin and Synthetic Silicate Nanoplatelet., Xue, Chengbin, Xie Huifang, Eichenbaum James, Chen Yi, Wang Yonggang, van den Dolder Floor W., Lee Junmin, Lee KangJu, Zhang Shiming, Sun Wujin, et al. , Biotechnol J, 2020 Feb 27, p.e1900456, (2020)

Recycled Glass as a Substitute for Quartz Sand in Silicate Products., Borek, Katarzyna, Czapik Przemysław, and Dachowski Ryszard , Materials (Basel), 2020 Feb 25, Volume 13, Issue 5, (2020)

Erbium-doped aluminophosphosilicate all-fiber laser operating at 1584 nm., Lord, Marie-Pier, Talbot Lauris, Boily Olivier, Boilard Tommy, Gariépy Guillaume, Grelet Sacha, Paradis Pascal, Boulanger Vincent, Grégoire Nicolas, Morency Steeve, et al. , Opt Express, 2020 Feb 03, Volume 28, Issue 3, p.3378-3387, (2020)

Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity of Ytterbium-Silicate-Mullite Composites., Xiao, Jie, Chen Wenbo, Wei Liangliang, He Wenting, and Guo Hongbo , Materials (Basel), 2020 Feb 03, Volume 13, Issue 3, (2020)

Influence of minimal extended firing on dimensional, optical, and mechanical properties of crystalized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic., Schweitzer, Florian, Spintzyk Sebastian, Geis-Gerstorfer Juergen, and Huettig Fabian , J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2020 Apr, Volume 104, p.103644, (2020)

Bioactive tri/dicalcium silicate cements for treatment of pulpal and periapical tissues., Primus, Carolyn M., Tay Franklin R., and Niu Li-Na , Acta Biomater, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 96, p.35-54, (2019)

Chemical Stability and Antimicrobial Activity of Plasma-Sprayed Cerium Oxide-Incorporated Calcium Silicate Coating in Dental Implants., Qi, Shengcai, Wu Jinjin, Xu Yiwen, Zhang Yiming, Wang Raorao, Li Kai, and Xu Yuanzhi , Implant Dent, 2019 Sep 10, (2019)

Highly porous polycaprolactone scaffolds doped with calcium silicate and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate designed for bone regeneration., Gandolfi, Maria Giovanna, Zamparini Fausto, Esposti Micaela Degli, Chiellini Federica, Fava Fabio, Fabbri Paola, Taddei Paola, and Prati Carlo , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Sep, Volume 102, p.341-361, (2019)

Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties of a New Calcium Silicate-based Sealer, Bio-C Sealer., Zordan-Bronzel, Cristiane Lopes, Torres Fernanda Ferrari Es, Tanomaru-Filho Mário, Chávez-Andrade Gisselle Moraima, Bosso-Martelo Roberta, and Guerreiro-Tanomaru Juliane Maria , J Endod, 2019 Oct, Volume 45, Issue 10, p.1248-1252, (2019)