About Silicates

Silicate Formula Diagram (Si-O)

Silicates are compounds containing a silicon-containing polyatomic anion. Most often, these anions feature a silicon atom in a tetrahedral arrangement such that it is surrounded by four oxygen atoms. These tetrahedra can occur singly, or joined together in various arrangements such as pairs or rings. Many compounds containing such silica oxyanions occur naturally as minerals, many of which are used in the production of ubiquitous materials such as Portland cement.

Additionally, non-oxygen-containing compounds can be considered silicates, as in the case of hexafluorosilicate—SiF62-. Hexafluorosilicates have application in the production of aluminum from ore, in water fluoridation, lead refining, organic synthesis, and the production of ceramics, concretes, and phosphors. Aluminosilicates are another important class of silicates: as the major components of many clay minerals, they have many industrial uses in the production of ceramics and building materials.

Recent Research & Development for Silicates

Accumulation of magnetite by flotation on bubbles during decompression of silicate magma., Knipping, Jaayke L., Webster James D., Simon Adam C., and Holtz François , Sci Rep, 2019 Mar 07, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.3852, (2019)

Sequential usage of diamond bur for CAD/CAM milling: Effect on the roughness, topography and fatigue strength of lithium disilicate glass ceramic., Madruga, Camila Ferreira L., Bueno Mírian Galvão, Dal Piva Amanda Maria de O., Prochnow Catina, Pereira Gabriel Kalil Roch, Bottino Marco Antonio, Valandro Luiz Felipe, and de Melo Renata Marques , J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2019 Mar, Volume 91, p.326-334, (2019)

Electrophoretically deposited mesoporous magnesium silicate with ordered nanopores as an antibiotic-loaded coating on surface-modified titanium., Bigham, Ashkan, Saudi Ahmad, Rafienia Mohammad, Rahmati Shahram, Bakhtiyari Hassan, Salahshouri Fatemeh, Sattary Mansoureh, and Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi S A. , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Mar, Volume 96, p.765-775, (2019)

In-situ grown manganese silicate from biomass-derived heteroatom-doped porous carbon for supercapacitors with high performance., Wang, Qiushi, Zhang Yifu, Jiang Hanmei, and Meng Changgong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 15, Volume 534, p.142-155, (2019)

Efficacy and retrievability of root canal filling using calcium silicate-based and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers with matched obturation techniques., Kim, Seo Ryeong, Kwak Sang Won, Lee Ju-Kyung, Goo Hye-Jin, Ha Jung-Hong, and Kim Hyeon-Cheol , Aust Endod J, 2019 Jan 06, (2019)

Properties of calcium silicate-monobasic calcium phosphate materials for endodontics containing tantalum pentoxide and zirconium oxide., Zamparini, Fausto, Siboni Francesco, Prati Carlo, Taddei Paola, and Gandolfi Maria Giovanna , Clin Oral Investig, 2019 Jan, Volume 23, Issue 1, p.445-457, (2019)

Improved osteogenesis of boron incorporated calcium silicate coatings via immunomodulatory effects., Lu, Xiang, Li Kai, Xie Youtao, Qi Shengcai, Shen Qingyi, Yu Jiangming, Huang Liping, and Zheng Xuebin , J Biomed Mater Res A, 2019 Jan, Volume 107, Issue 1, p.12-24, (2019)

Silicate-based bioceramic scaffolds for dual-lineage regeneration of osteochondral defect., Bunpetch, Varitsara, Zhang Xiaoan, Li Tian, Lin Junxin, Maswikiti Ewetse Paul, Wu Yan, Cai Dandan, Li Jun, Zhang Shufang, Wu Chengtie, et al. , Biomaterials, 2019 Feb, Volume 192, p.323-333, (2019)

Effects of Ca/Si Ratio, Aluminum and Magnesium on the Carbonation Behavior of Calcium Silicate Hydrate., Li, Jing, Yu Qijun, Huang Haoliang, and Yin Suhong , Materials (Basel), 2019 Apr 18, Volume 12, Issue 8, (2019)

Alkaline earth silicate (AES) wools: Evaluation of potential cyto-genotoxic and inflammatory effects on human respiratory cells., Ursini, Cinzia L., Campopiano Antonella, Fresegna Anna M., Ciervo Aureliano, Cannizzaro Annapaola, Angelosanto Federica, Maiello Raffaele, Iavicoli Sergio, and Cavallo Delia , Toxicol In Vitro, 2019 Apr 16, (2019)

Phase separation strategy to facilely form fluorescent [Ag]/[Ag] quantum clusters in boro-alumino-silicate multiphase glasses., Chen, Xiaotong, Zhao Junjie, Xu Xiuxia, Ren Kai, Luo Xue, Sun Xinwen, Qiao Xvsheng, Fan Xianping, Qian Guodong, and Han Gaorong , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Sep 13, (2018)

Comparison of Cytomorphometry and Early Cell Response of Human Gingival Fibroblast (HGFs) between Zirconium and New Zirconia-Reinforced Lithium Silicate Ceramics (ZLS)., Rizo-Gorrita, María, Luna-Oliva Irene, Serrera-Figallo María-Ángeles, Gutiérrez-Pérez José-Luis, and Torres-Lagares Daniel , Int J Mol Sci, 2018 Sep 11, Volume 19, Issue 9, (2018)

Non-Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics of Transparent Glass-Ceramic Phosphors Containing Calcium Magnesium Aluminosilicate Nanocrystals., Senanon, Wipada, Eitssayeam Sukum, Rujijanagul Gobwute, Tunkasiri Tawee, Yongsiri Ploypailin, and Pengpat Kamonpan , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 18, Issue 9, p.6195-6200, (2018)

The first investigation of europium silicate melilite for second-order nonlinear optical application: experimental and theoretical studies., Chi, Yang, Xue Huai-Guo, and Guo Sheng-Ping , Dalton Trans, 2018 Oct 02, Volume 47, Issue 38, p.13434-13441, (2018)