About Silicates

Silicate Formula Diagram (Si-O)

Silicates are compounds containing a silicon-containing polyatomic anion. Most often, these anions feature a silicon atom in a tetrahedral arrangement such that it is surrounded by four oxygen atoms. These tetrahedra can occur singly, or joined together in various arrangements such as pairs or rings. Many compounds containing such silica oxyanions occur naturally as minerals, many of which are used in the production of ubiquitous materials such as Portland cement.

Additionally, non-oxygen-containing compounds can be considered silicates, as in the case of hexafluorosilicate—SiF62-. Hexafluorosilicates have application in the production of aluminum from ore, in water fluoridation, lead refining, organic synthesis, and the production of ceramics, concretes, and phosphors. Aluminosilicates are another important class of silicates: as the major components of many clay minerals, they have many industrial uses in the production of ceramics and building materials.

Recent Research & Development for Silicates

Phase separation strategy to facilely form fluorescent [Ag]/[Ag] quantum clusters in boro-alumino-silicate multiphase glasses., Chen, Xiaotong, Zhao Junjie, Xu Xiuxia, Ren Kai, Luo Xue, Sun Xinwen, Qiao Xvsheng, Fan Xianping, Qian Guodong, and Han Gaorong , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Sep 13, (2018)

Comparison of Cytomorphometry and Early Cell Response of Human Gingival Fibroblast (HGFs) between Zirconium and New Zirconia-Reinforced Lithium Silicate Ceramics (ZLS)., Rizo-Gorrita, María, Luna-Oliva Irene, Serrera-Figallo María-Ángeles, Gutiérrez-Pérez José-Luis, and Torres-Lagares Daniel , Int J Mol Sci, 2018 Sep 11, Volume 19, Issue 9, (2018)

Non-Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics of Transparent Glass-Ceramic Phosphors Containing Calcium Magnesium Aluminosilicate Nanocrystals., Senanon, Wipada, Eitssayeam Sukum, Rujijanagul Gobwute, Tunkasiri Tawee, Yongsiri Ploypailin, and Pengpat Kamonpan , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 18, Issue 9, p.6195-6200, (2018)

The first investigation of europium silicate melilite for second-order nonlinear optical application: experimental and theoretical studies., Chi, Yang, Xue Huai-Guo, and Guo Sheng-Ping , Dalton Trans, 2018 Oct 02, Volume 47, Issue 38, p.13434-13441, (2018)

Crystal environment of impurity Nd ion in yttrium and scandium orthosilicate crystals., Sukhanov, A A., Likerov R F., Eremina R M., Yatsyk I V., Gavrilova T P., Tarasov V F., Zavartsev Yu D., and Kutovoi S A. , J Magn Reson, 2018 Oct, Volume 295, p.12-16, (2018)

Does Delayed Restoration Improve Shear Bond Strength of Different Restorative Protocols to Calcium Silicate-Based Cements?, Palma, Paulo J., Marques Joana A., Falacho Rui I., Vinagre Alexandra, Santos João Miguel, and Ramos João Carlos , Materials (Basel), 2018 Nov 08, Volume 11, Issue 11, (2018)

Effect of Added Mullite Whisker on Properties of Lithium Aluminosilicate (LAS) Glass-Ceramics Prepared for Dental Restoration., Zhang, Yaming, Guo Haixia, Zhang Hui, Deng Yuchen, Wang Bo, and Yang Jianfeng , J Biomed Nanotechnol, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 14, Issue 11, p.1944-1952, (2018)

Sodium caseinate-magnesium aluminum silicate nanocomposite films for modified-release tablets., Kajthunyakarn, Wanassnant, Sakloetsakun Duangkamon, and Pongjanyakul Thaned , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 92, p.827-839, (2018)

Lanthanum-silicate-substituted apatite synthesized by fast mechanochemical method: Characterization of powders and biocoatings produced by micro-arc oxidation., Bulina, Natalia V., Chaikina Marina V., Prosanov Igor Yu, Komarova Ekaterina G., Sedelnikova Mariya B., Sharkeev Yurii P., and Sheikin Vladimir V. , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 92, p.435-446, (2018)

Enhanced Capability of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2-loaded Mesoporous Calcium Silicate Scaffolds to Induce Odontogenic Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Cells., Huang, Kuo-Hao, Chen Yi-Wen, Wang Chen-Ying, Lin Yen-Hong, Wu Yuan-Haw Andrew, Shie Ming-You, and Lin Chun-Pin , J Endod, 2018 Nov, Volume 44, Issue 11, p.1677-1685, (2018)

Barrier Properties of Layered-Silicate Reinforced Ethylenepropylenediene Monomer/Chloroprene Rubber Nanorubbers., Wu, Chang Mou, Hsieh Wen Yen, Bin Cheng Kuo, Lai Chiu-Chun, and Lee Kuei Chi , Nanomaterials (Basel), 2018 May 09, Volume 8, Issue 5, (2018)

Influence of the type of aqueous sodium silicate on the stabilization and rheology of kaolin clay suspensions., Izak, Piotr, Ogłaza Longin, Mozgawa Włodzimierz, Mastalska-Popławska Joanna, and Stempkowska Agata , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 May 05, Volume 196, p.155-159, (2018)

Adsorption of Cu Ions from Aqueous Solutions on Nano-Titanate Engelhard Titanosilicate-2 (ETS-2)., Rezaei, Sabereh, and Kuznicki Steven M. , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 May 01, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3619-3623, (2018)

Anisotropic surface chemistry properties and adsorption behavior of silicate mineral crystals., Xu, Longhua, Tian Jia, Wu Houqin, Fang Shuai, Lu Zhongyuan, Ma Caifeng, Sun Wei, and Hu Yuehua , Adv Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Mar 07, (2018)

Dual-responsive electrochemical immunosensor for detection of insulin based on dual-functional zinc silicate spheres-palladium nanoparticles., Li, Yueyuan, Tian Lihui, Liu Li, Khan Malik Saddam, Zhao Guanhui, Fan Dawei, Cao Wei, and Wei Qin , Talanta, 2018 Mar 01, Volume 179, p.420-425, (2018)