About Antimonides

Antimonide Ion

Antimonides, also known as stibnides, are compounds of antimony with more electropositive elements. Many are flammable due to the reducing properties of the antimonide ion. Most commercially relevant antimonides are compounds of antimony with group II or III metals, and are semiconductors most often found in optoelectronic applications.

Notable antimonide semiconductors include gallium antimonide, indium antimonide, aluminum antimonide, and ternary alloys of these compounds with each other or with related semiconductors. Bismuth antimonide is notable for being the material in which 3D topological insulator properties were first observed. Hydrogen antimonide is also known as stibine, and is a toxic colorless gas analogous to arsine and phosphine. A number of relatively rare natural antimonide minerals exist, including the gold antimonide mineral aurostibite.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of antimonide compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its antimonide products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Recent Research & Development for Antimonides

Concerted Electrodeposition and Alloying of Antimony on Indium Electrodes for Selective Formation of Crystalline Indium Antimonide., Fahrenkrug, Eli, Rafson Jessica, Lancaster Mitchell, and Maldonado Stephen , Langmuir, 2017 Sep 19, Volume 33, Issue 37, p.9280-9287, (2017)

Conductance through a helical state in an Indium antimonide nanowire., Kammhuber, J, Cassidy M C., Pei F, Nowak M P., Vuik A, Gül Ö, Car D, Plissard S R., Bakkers E P. A. M., Wimmer M, et al. , Nat Commun, 2017 Sep 07, Volume 8, Issue 1, p.478, (2017)

Antimonide-based membranes synthesis integration and strain engineering., Zamiri, Marziyeh, Anwar Farhana, Klein Brianna A., Rasoulof Amin, Dawson Noel M., Schuler-Sandy Ted, Deneke Christoph F., Ferreira Sukarno O., Cavallo Francesca, and Krishna Sanjay , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2017 Jan 03, Volume 114, Issue 1, p.E1-E8, (2017)

Structure, Magnetism, and Thermoelectric Properties of Magnesium-Containing Antimonide Zintl Phases Sr14MgSb11 and Eu14MgSb11., Tan, Wen-Jie, Liu Yin-Tu, Zhu Min, Zhu Tie-Jun, Zhao Xin-Bing, Tao Xu-Tang, and Xia Sheng-Qing , Inorg Chem, 2017 Feb 06, Volume 56, Issue 3, p.1646-1654, (2017)

Copper Antimonide Nanowire Array Lithium Ion Anodes Stabilized by Electrolyte Additives., Jackson, Everett D., and Prieto Amy L. , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016 Nov 09, Volume 8, Issue 44, p.30379-30386, (2016)

Tracking Sodium-Antimonide Phase Transformations in Sodium-Ion Anodes: Insights from Operando Pair Distribution Function Analysis and Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy., Allan, Phoebe K., Griffin John M., Darwiche Ali, Borkiewicz Olaf J., Wiaderek Kamila M., Chapman Karena W., Morris Andrew J., Chupas Peter J., Monconduit Laure, and Grey Clare P. , J Am Chem Soc, 2016 Feb 24, Volume 138, Issue 7, p.2352-65, (2016)

Chemical Synthesis of Iron Antimonide (FeSb2) and Its Thermoelectric Properties., Saleemi, Mohsin, Tafti Mohsen Yakhshi, Jacquot Alexandre, Jägle Martin, Johnsson Mats, and Toprak Muhammet S. , Inorg Chem, 2016 Feb 15, Volume 55, Issue 4, p.1831-6, (2016)

Can antimonide-based nanowires form wurtzite crystal structure?, Ghalamestani, Sepideh Gorji, Lehmann Sebastian, and Dick Kimberly A. , Nanoscale, 2016 Feb 07, Volume 8, Issue 5, p.2778-86, (2016)

Growth of High Material Quality Group III-Antimonide Semiconductor Nanowires by a Naturally Cooling Process., Li, Kan, Pan Wei, Wang Jingyun, Pan Huayong, Huang Shaoyun, Xing Yingjie, and Xu H Q. , Nanoscale Res Lett, 2016 Dec, Volume 11, Issue 1, p.222, (2016)

Indium Antimonide Nanowires: Synthesis and Properties., Shafa, Muhammad, Akbar Sadaf, Gao Lei, Fakhar-E-Alam Muhammad, and Wang Zhiming M. , Nanoscale Res Lett, 2016 Dec, Volume 11, Issue 1, p.164, (2016)

Two-Phonon Quantum Coherences in Indium Antimonide Studied by Nonlinear Two-Dimensional Terahertz Spectroscopy., Somma, Carmine, Folpini Giulia, Reimann Klaus, Woerner Michael, and Elsaesser Thomas , Phys Rev Lett, 2016 Apr 29, Volume 116, Issue 17, p.177401, (2016)

First principles study of defect formation in thermoelectric zinc antimonide, β-Zn4Sb3., Faghaninia, Alireza, and Lo Cynthia S. , J Phys Condens Matter, 2015 Apr 01, Volume 27, Issue 12, p.125502, (2015)

Morphology and composition controlled Ga(x)In(1-x)Sb nanowires: understanding ternary antimonide growth., Ghalamestani, Sepideh Gorji, Ek Martin, Ghasemi Masoomeh, Caroff Philippe, Johansson Jonas, and Dick Kimberly A. , Nanoscale, 2014 Jan 21, Volume 6, Issue 2, p.1086-92, (2014)

Bowtie nanoantenna integrated with indium gallium arsenide antimonide for uncooled infrared detector with enhanced sensitivity., Choi, Sangjo, and Sarabandi Kamal , Appl Opt, 2013 Dec 10, Volume 52, Issue 35, p.8432-8, (2013)

Charge carrier transport and digital data transmission performance in sub-20 nm diameter indium antimonide nanowires., Guvenc, Ali Bilge, Penchev Miroslav, Zhong Jiebin, Ozkan Cengiz S., and Ozkan Mihrimah , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2012 Mar, Volume 12, Issue 3, p.2278-86, (2012)