About Bromates

Bromates are chemical compound that contains the bromine oxoanion, BrO−3. They often form in the environment as a result of a reaction between bromine anions and ozone, or of electrochemical processes carried out in bromine-containing brines, but in the lab they are typically synthesized by dissolving bromine in a concentrated solution of potassium hydroxide. For large scale production, bromates can also be intentionally produced through electrolytic processes. Bromates are oxidizing agents sometimes used in industrial chemistry. The strong oxidant properties of bromates make them irritating to the skin and respiratory tract, and toxic if ingested. Potassium bromate and calcium bromate have been used as flour additives to improve rising, but concerns about their possible carcinogenicity have led to reduction of this practice.

Recent Research & Development for Bromates

Denitrifying microbial community with the ability to bromate reduction in a rotating biofilm-electrode reactor., Zhong, Yu, Yang Qi, Fu Guangyi, Xu Youze, Cheng Yingxiang, Chen Caili, Xiang Renjun, Wen Tao, Li Xiaoming, and Zeng Guangming , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.150-157, (2018)

Potassium bromate as a food additive: a case study of Tunisian breads., Ati-Hellal, Myriam El, Doggui Radhouene, Krifa Youssef, and Ati Jalila El , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2018 Jan, Volume 25, Issue 3, p.2702-2706, (2018)

Electrospun decyl-3-methylimidazolium mono bromate/polyamide nanofibers as solid-phase microextraction coating., Roostaie, Ali, Rastegar Sorosh, Najarzadegan Hamid, and Ehteshami Shokooh , J Chromatogr A, 2017 Sep 22, Volume 1516, p.35-41, (2017)

Efficient reductive elimination of bromate in water using zero-valent zinc prepared by acid-washing treatments., Lin, Kun-Yi Andrew, Lin Chu-Hung, and Lin Jia-Yin , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 15, Volume 504, p.397-403, (2017)

Application of UV absorbance and fluorescence indicators to assess the formation of biodegradable dissolved organic carbon and bromate during ozonation., Li, Wen-Tao, Cao Meng-Jie, Young Tessora, Ruffino Barbara, Dodd Michael, Li Ai-Min, and Korshin Gregory , Water Res, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 111, p.154-162, (2017)

Kinetic and Diffusion-Driven Instabilities in the Bromate-Sulfite-Ferrocyanide System., Molnár, István, and Szalai István , J Phys Chem A, 2017 Mar 09, Volume 121, Issue 9, p.1900-1908, (2017)

Analysis of haloacetic acids, bromate, and dalapon in natural waters by ion chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry., Wu, Shimin, Anumol Tarun, Gandhi Jay, and Snyder Shane A. , J Chromatogr A, 2017 Mar 03, Volume 1487, p.100-107, (2017)

Enhanced adsorption of bromate from aqueous solutions on ordered mesoporous Mg-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs)., Ji, Huashun, Wu Wenhao, Li Feihu, Yu Xiaoxue, Fu Jingjing, and Jia Luyao , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Jul 15, Volume 334, p.212-222, (2017)

Effects of vanillin on potassium bromate-induced neurotoxicity in adult mice: impact on behavior, oxidative stress, genes expression, inflammation and fatty acid composition., Ben Saad, Hajer, Kharrat Nadia, Driss Dorra, Gargouri Manel, Marrakchi Rim, Jammoussi Kamel, Magné Christian, Boudawara Tahia, Chaabouni Samia Ellouz, Zeghal Khaled Mounir, et al. , Arch Physiol Biochem, 2017 Jul, Volume 123, Issue 3, p.165-174, (2017)

An overview of advanced reduction processes for bromate removal from drinking water: Reducing agents, activation methods, applications and mechanisms., Xiao, Qian, Yu Shuili, Li Lei, Wang Ting, Liao Xinlei, and Ye Yubing , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Feb 15, Volume 324, Issue Pt B, p.230-240, (2017)

Novel pre-treatments to control bromate formation during ozonation., Antoniou, Maria G., Sichel Cosima, Andre Klaus, and Andersen Henrik R. , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Feb 05, Volume 323, Issue Pt A, p.452-459, (2017)

Creation of Pd/Al2O3 Catalyst by a Spray Process for Fixed Bed Reactors and Its Effective Removal of Aqueous Bromate., Gao, Yu, Sun Wuzhu, Yang Weiyi, and Li Qi , Sci Rep, 2017 Feb 02, Volume 7, p.41797, (2017)

Reduction of Bromate by Cobalt-Impregnated Biochar Fabricated via Pyrolysis of Lignin Using CO2 as a Reaction Medium., Cho, Dong-Wan, Kwon Gihoon, Ok Yong Sik, Kwon Eilhann E., and Song Hocheol , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 Apr 19, Volume 9, Issue 15, p.13142-13150, (2017)

Valorization of aluminum scrap via an acid-washing treatment for reductive removal of toxic bromate from water., Lin, Kun-Yi Andrew, Lin Jia-Yin, and Lien Hsing-Lung , Chemosphere, 2017 Apr, Volume 172, p.325-332, (2017)

Effect of operational and water quality parameters on conventional ozonation and the advanced oxidation process O3/H2O2: Kinetics of micropollutant abatement, transformation product and bromate formation in a surface water., Bourgin, Marc, Borowska Ewa, Helbing Jakob, Hollender Juliane, Kaiser Hans-Peter, Kienle Cornelia, McArdell Christa S., Simon Eszter, and von Gunten Urs , Water Res, 2017 10 01, Volume 122, p.234-245, (2017)