About Arsenates

Arsenate Ion

Arsenates are salts or esters of arsenic acid. The arsenic atom in arsenate is also known as pentavalent arsenic or As(V) and has a valency of 5. Arsenates are moderate oxidizers, with a potential of +0.56 for reduction to arsenites. Arsenates are chemically similar the more well-known phosphates in many respects, and this similarity is responsible for the mechanism of arsenic toxicity: in biological systems, substitution of arsenate for inorganic phosphate disrupts essential biochemical pathways. A number of naturally occurring minerals, including the iron mineral scorodite, are arsenates. Arsenates are frequently used commercially as insecticides or preservatives.

Recent Research & Development for Arsenates

Structural and mechanistic analysis of the arsenate respiratory reductase provides insight into environmental arsenic transformations., Glasser, Nathaniel R., Oyala Paul H., Osborne Thomas H., Santini Joanne M., and Newman Dianne K. , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2018 Sep 11, Volume 115, Issue 37, p.E8614-E8623, (2018)

Arsenate-dependent growth is independent of an ArrA mechanism of arsenate respiration in the termite hindgut isolate Citrobacter sp. strain TSA-1., Blum, Jodi Switzer, Hernandez-Maldonado Jaime, Redford Kaitlyn, Sing Caitlyn, Bennett Stacy C., Saltikov Chad W., and Oremland Ronald S. , Can J Microbiol, 2018 Sep, Volume 64, Issue 9, p.619-627, (2018)

Occurrence state of co-existing arsenate and nickel ions at the ferrihydrite-water interface: Mechanisms of surface complexation and surface precipitation via ATR-IR spectroscopy., Wang, Chao, Cui Yong, Zhang Jinghai, Gomez Mario, Wang Shaofeng, and Jia Yongfeng , Chemosphere, 2018 Sep, Volume 206, p.33-42, (2018)

Efficient multistep arsenate removal onto magnetite modified fly ash., Karanac, Milica, Đolić Maja, Veličković Zlate, Kapidžić Ana, Ivanovski Valentin, Mitrić Miodrag, and Marinković Aleksandar , J Environ Manage, 2018 Oct 15, Volume 224, p.263-276, (2018)

Vacuolar Phosphate Transporter 1 (VPT1) Affects Arsenate Tolerance by Regulating Phosphate Homeostasis in Arabidopsis., Luan, Mingda, Liu Jinlong, Liu Yuewen, Han Xingbao, Sun Guangfang, Lan Wenzhi, and Luan Sheng , Plant Cell Physiol, 2018 Jul 01, Volume 59, Issue 7, p.1345-1352, (2018)

Enhanced oxidation of arsenite to arsenate using tunable K concentration in the OMS-2 tunnel., Hou, Jingtao, Sha Zhenjie, Hartley William, Tan Wenfeng, Wang Mingxia, Xiong Juan, Li Yuanzhi, Ke Yujie, Long Yi, and Xue Shengguo , Environ Pollut, 2018 Jul, Volume 238, p.524-531, (2018)

Structural and spectroscopic study of arsenate and vanadate incorporation into apatite group: Implications for semi-quantitative estimation of As and V contents in apatite., Song, Han, Liu Jing, and Cheng Hongfei , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 Jan 05, Volume 188, p.488-494, (2018)

Identification of Fe and Zr oxide phases in an iron-zirconium binary oxide and arsenate complexes adsorbed onto their surfaces., Dou, Xiaomin, Wang Gui-Chang, Zhu Mengqiang, Liu Fudong, Li Wei, Mohan Dinesh, and Pittman Charles U. , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Apr 10, Volume 353, p.340-347, (2018)

Crystal structure of sodium di-hydrogen arsenate., Ring, Joseph, Lindenthal Lorenz, Weil Matthias, and Stöger Berthold , Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 73, Issue Pt 10, p.1520-1522, (2017)

An arsenate with the α-CrPO4 structure type, NaCa1-xNi3-2xAl2x(AsO4)3 (x = 0.23): crystal structure, charge-distribution and bond-valence-sum analyses., Ben Smail, Ridha, and Zid Mohamed Faouzi , Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem, 2017 Nov 01, Volume 73, Issue Pt 11, p.896-904, (2017)

A unique dysprosium selenoarsenate(iii) exhibiting a photocurrent response and slow magnetic relaxation behavior., Zhou, Jian, Zou Hua-Hong, Zhao Rongqing, Xiao Hong, and Ding Qingran , Dalton Trans, 2017 Jan 03, Volume 46, Issue 2, p.342-346, (2017)

Mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and apoptotic induction in microglial BV-2 cells treated with sodium arsenate., Kharroubi, Wafa, Ahmed Samia Haj, Nury Thomas, Andreoletti Pierre, Sakly Rachid, Hammami Mohamed, and Lizard Gérard , J Environ Sci (China), 2017 Jan, Volume 51, p.44-51, (2017)