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About Fluorides

Fluoride IonThe fluoride ion is the anion of fluorine, F-, and fluorides are compounds which contain this anion. Metallic mono-, di, and trifluorides usually exhibit ionic bonding, pentafluorides and higher exhibit covalent bonding, and tetrafluorides contain bonds with intermediate properties. Ionic-bonded fluorides may be soluble or insoluble: alkali fluorides are soluble, alkali earth metals form insoluble fluorides, transition metal difluorides are often soluble, and trifluorides are insoluble. An exception to some of these trends is beryllium difluoride, which features bonds with partially covalent character and the crystalline structure of a covalently bonded network solid, yet is soluble in water.

Covalently metal-bonded fluorides are typically either gases or volatile liquids or solids, and act chemically as oxidants and fluoridating agents. Tungsten hexafluoride is used routinely to deposit tungsten using chemical vapor deposition methods in semiconductor device fabrication. Uranium hexafluoride is of vital importance to the enrichment processed used to produce nuclear reactor fuels and material for nuclear weapons. Non-metal fluorides also exist, and all are volatile compounds, but their chemical properties vary widely. A number of important superacids contain fluorine, and are typically produced by mixing hydrogen fluoride, itself a highly reactive acid, with a metal fluoride.

Fluoride Products

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of fluorides compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its fluorides products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Recent Research & Development for Fluorides

  • Excellent fluoride decontamination and antibacterial efficacy of Fe-Ca-Zr hybrid metal oxide nanomaterial. 2015 Jun 30 Dhillon A, Nair M, Bhargava SK, Kumar D. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2015 Jun 30
  • The Role of Calcium in Ameliorating the Oxidative Stress of Fluoride in Rats. 2015 Jul 23 Mohamed NE. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2015 Jul 23
  • Carbon Nanohorns Carried Iron Fluoride Nanocomposite with ultrahigh rate lithium ion storage properties. 2015 Jul 15 Fan L, Li B, Zhang N, Sun K. Sci Rep. 2015 Jul 15
  • Dental fluorosis and skeletal fluoride content as biomarkers of excess fluoride exposure in marsupials. 2015 Jul 15 Death C, Coulson G, Kierdorf U, Kierdorf H, Morris WK, Hufschmid J. Sci Total Environ. 2015 Jul 15
  • Skeletal Pathology of Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) Exposed to High Environmental Fluoride Levels in South-Eastern Australia. 2015 Jul 14 Hufschmid J, Beveridge I, Coulson G, Walker G, Shen P, Reynolds E, Charles J. J Comp Pathol. 2015 Jul 14
  • Effect of two fluoride varnishes on the color stability of three resin-based restorative materials: an inĀ vitro study. 2015 Jul 14 Tafaroji R, Biria M, Ameri F, Torabzadeh H, Qahari P, Akbarzadeh Baghban A. J Investig Clin Dent. 2015 Jul 14
  • Experimental and theoretical study of urea and thiourea based new colorimetric chemosensor for fluoride and acetate ions. 2015 Jul 14 Saikia E, Borpuzari MP, Chetia B, Kar R. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2015 Jul 14
  • Sulfonic acid- and lithium sulfonate-grafted poly(vinylidene fluoride) electrospun mats as ionic liquid host for electrochromic device and lithium-ion battery. 2015 Jul 13 Zhou R, Liu W, Leong YW, Xu J, Lu X. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Jul 13
  • Reaction-based phosphorescent nanosensor for ratiometric and time-resolved luminescence imaging of fluoride in live cells. 2015 Jul 13 Liu S, Zhang J, Shen D, Liang H, Liu X, Zhao Q, Huang W. Chem Commun (Camb). 2015 Jul 13
  • Inferring the fluoride hydrogeochemistry and effect of consuming fluoride-contaminated drinking water on human health in some endemic areas of Birbhum district, West Bengal. 2015 Jul 12 Mondal D, Dutta G, Gupta S. Environ Geochem Health. 2015 Jul 12