About Fluorides

Fluoride IonThe fluoride ion is the anion of fluorine, F-, and fluorides are compounds which contain this anion. Metallic mono-, di, and trifluorides usually exhibit ionic bonding, pentafluorides and higher exhibit covalent bonding, and tetrafluorides contain bonds with intermediate properties. Ionic-bonded fluorides may be soluble or insoluble: alkali fluorides are soluble, alkali earth metals form insoluble fluorides, transition metal difluorides are often soluble, and trifluorides are insoluble. An exception to some of these trends is beryllium difluoride, which features bonds with partially covalent character and the crystalline structure of a covalently bonded network solid, yet is soluble in water.

Covalently metal-bonded fluorides are typically either gases or volatile liquids or solids, and act chemically as oxidants and fluoridating agents. Tungsten hexafluoride is used routinely to deposit tungsten using chemical vapor deposition methods in semiconductor device fabrication. Uranium hexafluoride is of vital importance to the enrichment processed used to produce nuclear reactor fuels and material for nuclear weapons. Non-metal fluorides also exist, and all are volatile compounds, but their chemical properties vary widely. A number of important superacids contain fluorine, and are typically produced by mixing hydrogen fluoride, itself a highly reactive acid, with a metal fluoride.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of fluoride compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its fluoride products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Fluorides Products

Aluminum Fluoride Aluminum Fluoride Monohydrate Aluminum Fluoride Pieces
Aluminum Fluoride Trihydrate Aluminum Fluoride, Anhydrous Ammonium Beryllium Fluoride
Ammonium Bifluoride Ammonium Fluoride Ammonium Hexafluorogermanate
Ammonium Hexafluorostannate Antimony Ammonium Fluoride Antimony Pentafluoride
Antimony Pentafluoride / Graphite 1:1 Antimony(III) Fluoride Antimony(V) Fluoride
Barium Fluoride BaF2 Barium Fluoride Granule Barium Fluoride Lenses
Barium Fluoride Pieces Barium Fluoride Prisms Barium Fluoride Window
Barium Fluorosilicate Beryllium Fluoride Bismuth(III) Fluoride
Bismuth(V) Fluoride Boron Trifluoride Boron Trifluoride Acetic Acid Complex
Boron Trifluoride Dibutyl Etherate Boron Trifluoride Diethyl Etherate Boron Trifluoride Dihydrate
Boron Trifluoride Ethylamine Complex Boron Trifluoride Methanol Complex Solution Boron Trifluoride Methyl Etherate
Boron Trifluoride Phenol Complex Boron Trifluoride Phosphoric Acid Complex Boron Trifluoride Propanol Complex
Boron Trifluoride Tetrahydrofuran Complex Boron Trifluoride-Methanol Solution Boron Trifluoride-tert-Butyl Methyl Etherate
Boron-10 Trifluoride Isotope Boron-11 Trifluoride Isotope Cadmium Fluoride
Calcium Fluoride Calcium Fluoride Activated by Europium Calcium Fluoride Beam Splitters
Calcium Fluoride Raman Substrate Calcium Fluoride Sheet Calcium Fluoride Window
Carbon Tetrafluoride Cerium(III) Fluoride Cerium(IV) Fluoride
Cerium(IV) Fluoride Hydrate Cerium-doped Calcium Fluoride Cesium Fluoride
Chromium Difluoride Chromium(III) Fluoride Chromium(III) Fluoride Tetrahydrate
Cobalt Fluoride Tetrahydrate Cobalt(II) Fluoride Cobalt(III) Fluoride
Copper Fluoride Copper Hydroxyfluoride Copper(II) Fluoride Dihydrate
Cryolite (Sodium Aluminum Fluoride) Disilver Fluoride Dysprosium Fluoride
Erbium Fluoride Erbium Fluoride Oxide Europium doped Lanthanum Fluoride Single Crystal
Europium(II) Fluoride Europium(III) Fluoride Fluoroantimonic Acid Hexahydrate
Gadolinium Fluoride Gallium Fluoride Gallium(III) Fluoride Trihydrate
Germanium(IV) Fluoride Gold Fluoride Gold Pentafluoride
Gold Trifluoride Graphite, Fluorinated, Polymer Hafnium Fluoride
Holmium Fluoride Holmium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride Indium Fluoride
Indium(III) Fluoride Trihydrate Iridium Fluoride Iron(II) Fluoride
Iron(II) Fluoride Tetrahydrate Iron(III) Fluoride Iron(III) Fluoride Trihydrate
KBBF Crystal, Nonlinear Lanthanum Fluoride Lanthanum Fluoride Granules
Lanthanum Fluoride Pieces Lead(II) Fluoride Lead(II) Tetrafluoroborate
Lead(IV) Fluoride Lithium Fluoride Lithium Fluoride Foil
Lithium Fluoride Granules Lithium Fluoride Lump Lithium Fluoride Pieces
Lithium Fluoride Powder Lithium-6 Fluoride Lithium-7 Fluoride
Lutetium Fluoride Magnesium Fluoride Magnesium Fluoride Foil
Magnesium Fluoride Granules Magnesium Fluoride Pieces Magnesium Fluoride Window
Magnesium:Cerium Fluoride Magnesium:Neodymium Fluoride Manganese(II) Fluoride
Manganese(III) Fluoride Mercury(I) Fluoride Mercury(II) Fluoride
Molybdenum Fluoride MoF3 Molybdenum(VI) Fluoride Neodymium Fluoride
Neodymium Fluoride Granules Neodymium Fluoride Pieces Neodymium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride
Nickel Fluoride Niobium Trifluoride Niobium(V) Fluoride
Osmium Fluoride Palladium Fluoride Platinum Fluoride
Potassium Bifluoride Potassium Fluoride Potassium Fluoride Dihydrate
Potassium Fluoride on Aluminum Oxide Potassium Hexafluorogermanate Potassium Hydrogen Fluoride
Potassium Silicofluoride Praseodymium Fluoride Rhenium Heptafluoride
Rhenium(IV) Fluoride Rhenium(VI) Fluoride Rhodium Fluoride
Rubidium Fluoride Rubidium Fluoride Hydrate Ruthenium Fluoride
Samarium Fluoride Scandium Fluoride Selenium Fluoride
Silicon Fluoride Silver Difluoride Silver Fluoride
Silver Hydrogen Fluoride Silver Tetrafluoroborate Silver(II) Fluoride
Sodium Bifluoride Sodium Fluoride Sodium Silicofluoride
Sodium Yttrium Fluoride, Ytterbium And Erbium Doped Sodium Yttrium Fluoride, Ytterbium And Thulium Doped Sodium Yttrium Oxyfluoride, Ytterbium And Erbium Doped
Strontium Fluoride Tantalum(III) Fluoride Tantalum(V) Fluoride
Tellurium Fluoride Terbium Fluoride Terbium Fluoride Oxide
Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Hydrate Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Solution Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Trihydrate
Thallium Fluoride Thulium Fluoride Thulium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride
Tin(II) Fluoride Tin(II) Tetrafluoroborate Solution Tin(IV) Fluoride
Titanium Difluoride Titanium(III) Fluoride Titanium(IV) Fluoride
Tungsten Fluoride Tungsten(VI) Fluoride Ultra Dry Barium Fluoride
Ultra Dry Calcium Fluoride Ultra Dry Chromium Fluoride Ultra Dry Lithium Fluoride
Ultra Dry Thulium Fluoride Vanadium Fluoride VF2 Vanadium Fluoride VF3
Vanadium Fluoride VF4 Vanadium(V) Oxyfluoride Xenon Difluoride
Ytterbium Fluoride Ytterbium Fluoride Pieces Yttrium Fluoride
Yttrium Fluoride Granule Yttrium Fluoride Pieces Yttrium Lithium Fluoride
Zinc Fluoride Zinc Fluoride Tetrahydrate Zinc Fluoroborate
Zirconium Fluoride

Recent Research & Development for Fluorides

Intense 2.7μm emission in Er(3+) doped zinc fluoride glass., Huang, Feifei, Guo Yanyan, Tian Ying, Xu Shiqing, and Zhang Junjie , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2017 May 15, Volume 179, p.42-45, (2017)

Highly selective "turn-on" fluorescent sensing of fluoride ion based on a conjugated polymer thin film-Fe(3+) complex., Ding, Wanchuan, Xu Jingkun, Wen Yangping, Zhang Jie, Liu Hongtao, and Zhang Zhouxiang , Anal Chim Acta, 2017 May 15, Volume 967, p.78-84, (2017)

A selective chemosensor for fluoride ion and its interaction with Calf Thymus DNA., Ghosh, Soumen, Masum Abdulla Al, Ganguly Aniruddha, Islam Md Maidul, Alam Md Akhtarul, and Guchhait Nikhil , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2017 May 05, Volume 178, p.24-31, (2017)

Upconversion color tuning in Ce(3+)-doped LiYF4:Yb(3+)/Ho(3+)@LiYF4 nanoparticles towards ratiometric fluorescence detection of chromium(III)., Liu, Shijiang, Li Yangjie, Zhang Cheng, Yang Liang, Zhao Tingting, Zhang Ruilong, and Jiang Changlong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 May 01, Volume 493, p.10-16, (2017)

Thulium fiber pumped tunable Ho:CaF2 laser., Němec, Michal, Šulc Jan, Jelínek Michal, Kubeček Václav, Jelínková Helena, Doroshenko Maxim E., Alimov Olimkhon K., Konyushkin Vasilii A., Nakladov Andrei N., and Osiko Vyatcheslav V. , Opt Lett, 2017 May 01, Volume 42, Issue 9, p.1852-1855, (2017)

Tunable passively Q-switched thulium-fluoride fiber laser in the S+/S band (1450.0 to 1512.0  nm) region using a single-walled carbon-nanotube-based saturable absorber., Ahmad, H, Reduan S A., Zulkifli A Z., and Tiu Z C. , Appl Opt, 2017 May 01, Volume 56, Issue 13, p.3841-3847, (2017)

Can Spatiotemporal Fluoride ((18)F(-)) Uptake be Used to Assess Bone Formation in the Tibia? A Longitudinal Study Using PET/CT., Lundblad, Henrik, Karlsson-Thur Charlotte, Maguire Gerald Q., Jonsson Cathrine, Noz Marilyn E., Zeleznik Michael P., and Weidenhielm Lars , Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2017 May, Volume 475, Issue 5, p.1486-1498, (2017)

Synthesis of Novel Thiazole Based Carbaldehyde as Potential Sensor for Fluoride Anion and their Spectroscopic Properties., Tayade, Rajratna P., and Sekar Nagaiyan , J Fluoresc, 2017 May, Volume 27, Issue 3, p.1117-1128, (2017)

In vitro enamel erosion and abrasion-inhibiting effect of different fluoride varnishes., Alexandria, Adílis Kalina, Vieira Thiago Isidro, Pithon Matheus Melo, Fidalgo Tatiana Kelly da S., Fonseca-Gonçalves Andréa, Valença Ana Maria Gond, Cabral Lúcio Mendes, and Maia Lucianne Cople , Arch Oral Biol, 2017 May, Volume 77, p.39-43, (2017)

A biocompatible and novelly-defined Al-HAP adsorption membrane for highly effective removal of fluoride from drinking water., He, Junyong, Chen Kai, Cai Xingguo, Li Yulian, Wang Chengming, Zhang Kaisheng, Jin Zhen, Meng Fanli, Wang Xuguang, Kong Lingtao, et al. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 490, p.97-107, (2017)