About Fluorides

Fluoride IonThe fluoride ion is the anion of fluorine, F-, and fluorides are compounds which contain this anion. Metallic mono-, di, and trifluorides usually exhibit ionic bonding, pentafluorides and higher exhibit covalent bonding, and tetrafluorides contain bonds with intermediate properties. Ionic-bonded fluorides may be soluble or insoluble: alkali fluorides are soluble, alkali earth metals form insoluble fluorides, transition metal difluorides are often soluble, and trifluorides are insoluble. An exception to some of these trends is beryllium difluoride, which features bonds with partially covalent character and the crystalline structure of a covalently bonded network solid, yet is soluble in water.

Covalently metal-bonded fluorides are typically either gases or volatile liquids or solids, and act chemically as oxidants and fluoridating agents. Tungsten hexafluoride is used routinely to deposit tungsten using chemical vapor deposition methods in semiconductor device fabrication. Uranium hexafluoride is of vital importance to the enrichment processed used to produce nuclear reactor fuels and material for nuclear weapons. Non-metal fluorides also exist, and all are volatile compounds, but their chemical properties vary widely. A number of important superacids contain fluorine, and are typically produced by mixing hydrogen fluoride, itself a highly reactive acid, with a metal fluoride.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of fluoride compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its fluoride products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Fluorides Products

Aluminum Fluoride Aluminum Fluoride Monohydrate Aluminum Fluoride Pieces
Aluminum Fluoride Trihydrate Aluminum Fluoride, Anhydrous Ammonium Beryllium Fluoride
Ammonium Bifluoride Ammonium Fluoride Ammonium Hexafluorogermanate
Ammonium Hexafluorostannate Antimony Ammonium Fluoride Antimony Pentafluoride
Antimony Pentafluoride / Graphite 1:1 Antimony(III) Fluoride Antimony(V) Fluoride
Barium Fluoride BaF2 Barium Fluoride Granule Barium Fluoride Lenses
Barium Fluoride Pieces Barium Fluoride Prisms Barium Fluoride Window
Barium Fluorosilicate Beryllium Fluoride Bismuth(III) Fluoride
Bismuth(V) Fluoride Boron Trifluoride Boron Trifluoride Acetic Acid Complex
Boron Trifluoride Dibutyl Etherate Boron Trifluoride Diethyl Etherate Boron Trifluoride Dihydrate
Boron Trifluoride Ethylamine Complex Boron Trifluoride Methanol Complex Solution Boron Trifluoride Methyl Etherate
Boron Trifluoride Phenol Complex Boron Trifluoride Phosphoric Acid Complex Boron Trifluoride Propanol Complex
Boron Trifluoride Tetrahydrofuran Complex Boron Trifluoride-Methanol Solution Boron Trifluoride-tert-Butyl Methyl Etherate
Boron-10 Trifluoride Isotope Boron-11 Trifluoride Isotope Cadmium Fluoride
Calcium Fluoride Calcium Fluoride Activated by Europium Calcium Fluoride Beam Splitters
Calcium Fluoride Raman Substrate Calcium Fluoride Sheet Calcium Fluoride Window
Carbon Tetrafluoride Cerium(III) Fluoride Cerium(IV) Fluoride
Cerium(IV) Fluoride Hydrate Cerium-doped Calcium Fluoride Cesium Fluoride
Chromium Difluoride Chromium(III) Fluoride Chromium(III) Fluoride Tetrahydrate
Cobalt Fluoride Tetrahydrate Cobalt(II) Fluoride Cobalt(III) Fluoride
Copper Fluoride Copper Hydroxyfluoride Copper(II) Fluoride Dihydrate
Cryolite (Sodium Aluminum Fluoride) Disilver Fluoride Dysprosium Fluoride
Erbium Fluoride Erbium Fluoride Oxide Europium doped Lanthanum Fluoride Single Crystal
Europium(II) Fluoride Europium(III) Fluoride Fluoroantimonic Acid Hexahydrate
Gadolinium Fluoride Gallium Fluoride Gallium(III) Fluoride Trihydrate
Germanium(IV) Fluoride Gold Fluoride Gold Pentafluoride
Gold Trifluoride Graphite, Fluorinated, Polymer Hafnium Fluoride
Holmium Fluoride Holmium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride Hydrogen Hexafluoroantimonate(V)
Indium Fluoride Indium(III) Fluoride Trihydrate Iridium Fluoride
Iron(II) Fluoride Iron(II) Fluoride Tetrahydrate Iron(III) Fluoride
Iron(III) Fluoride Trihydrate KBBF Crystal, Nonlinear Lanthanum Fluoride
Lanthanum Fluoride Granules Lanthanum Fluoride Pieces Lead(II) Fluoride
Lead(II) Tetrafluoroborate Lead(IV) Fluoride Lithium Fluoride
Lithium Fluoride Foil Lithium Fluoride Granules Lithium Fluoride Lump
Lithium Fluoride Pieces Lithium Fluoride Powder Lithium Hexafluoroantimonate
Lithium-6 Fluoride Lithium-7 Fluoride Lutetium Fluoride
Magnesium Fluoride Magnesium Fluoride Foil Magnesium Fluoride Granules
Magnesium Fluoride Pieces Magnesium Fluoride Window Magnesium:Cerium Fluoride
Magnesium:Neodymium Fluoride Manganese(II) Fluoride Manganese(III) Fluoride
Mercury(I) Fluoride Mercury(II) Fluoride Molybdenum Fluoride MoF3
Molybdenum(VI) Fluoride Neodymium Fluoride Neodymium Fluoride Granules
Neodymium Fluoride Pieces Neodymium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride Nickel Fluoride
Niobium Trifluoride Niobium(V) Fluoride Osmium Fluoride
Palladium Fluoride Platinum Fluoride Potassium Bifluoride
Potassium Fluoride Potassium Fluoride Dihydrate Potassium Fluoride on Aluminum Oxide
Potassium Hexafluorogermanate Potassium Hydrogen Fluoride Potassium Silicofluoride
Praseodymium Fluoride Rhenium Heptafluoride Rhenium(IV) Fluoride
Rhenium(VI) Fluoride Rhodium Fluoride Rubidium Fluoride
Rubidium Fluoride Hydrate Ruthenium Fluoride Samarium Fluoride
Scandium Fluoride Selenium Fluoride Silicon Fluoride
Silver Difluoride Silver Fluoride Silver Hydrogen Fluoride
Silver Tetrafluoroborate Silver(II) Fluoride Sodium Bifluoride
Sodium Fluoride Sodium Silicofluoride Sodium Yttrium Fluoride, Ytterbium And Erbium Doped
Sodium Yttrium Fluoride, Ytterbium And Thulium Doped Sodium Yttrium Oxyfluoride, Ytterbium And Erbium Doped Strontium Fluoride
Tantalum(III) Fluoride Tantalum(V) Fluoride Tellurium Fluoride
Terbium Fluoride Terbium Fluoride Oxide Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Hydrate
Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Solution Tetrabutylammonium Fluoride Trihydrate Thallium Fluoride
Thulium Fluoride Thulium-doped Yttrium Lithium Fluoride Tin(II) Fluoride
Tin(II) Tetrafluoroborate Solution Tin(IV) Fluoride Titanium Difluoride
Titanium(III) Fluoride Titanium(IV) Fluoride Triphenylbismuth Difluoride
Tungsten Fluoride Tungsten(VI) Fluoride Ultra Dry Barium Fluoride
Ultra Dry Calcium Fluoride Ultra Dry Chromium Fluoride Ultra Dry Lithium Fluoride
Ultra Dry Thulium Fluoride Vanadium Fluoride VF2 Vanadium Fluoride VF3
Vanadium Fluoride VF4 Vanadium(V) Oxyfluoride Xenon Difluoride
Ytterbium Fluoride Ytterbium Fluoride Oxide Ytterbium Fluoride Pieces
Yttrium Fluoride Yttrium Fluoride Granule Yttrium Fluoride Pieces
Yttrium Lithium Fluoride Zinc Fluoride Zinc Fluoride Tetrahydrate
Zinc Fluoroborate Zirconium Fluoride

Recent Research & Development for Fluorides

Fluoride adsorption on manganese carbonate: Ion-exchange based on the surface carbonate-like groups and hydroxyl groups., Zhang, Yong-Xing, and Jia Yong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 510, p.407-417, (2018)

Spontaneous Octahedral Tilting in the Cubic Inorganic Cesium Halide Perovskites CsSnX3 and CsPbX3 (X = F, Cl, Br, I)., Yang, Ruo Xi, Skelton Jonathan M., E da Silva Lora, Frost Jarvist M., and Walsh Aron , J Phys Chem Lett, 2017 Sep 18, p.4720-4726, (2017)

Green synthesis of highly dispersed ytterbium and thulium co-doped sodium yttrium fluoride microphosphors for in situ light upconversion from near-infrared to blue in animals., Pu, Yuan, Lin Lifeng, Wang Dan, Wang Jie-Xin, Qian Jun, and Chen Jian-Feng , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 07, Volume 511, p.243-250, (2017)

Structural Design of Two Fluorine-Beryllium Borates BaMBe2(BO3)2F2 (M = Mg, Ca) Containing Flexible Two-Dimensional [Be3B3O6F3]∞ Single Layers without Structural Instability Problems., Guo, Shu, Jiang Xingxing, Xia Mingjun, Liu Lijuan, Fang Zhi, Huang Qian, Wu Ruofei, Wang Xiaoyang, Lin Zheshuai, and Chen Chuangtian , Inorg Chem, 2017 Oct 02, Volume 56, Issue 19, p.11451-11454, (2017)

Different dominant transitions in holmium and ytterbium codoped oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramics originating from varying phonon energy environments., Liu, Qunhuo, Tian Ying, Wang Caizhi, Huang Feifei, Jing Xufeng, Zhang Junjie, Zhang Xianghua, and Xu Shiqing , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2017 Nov 06, (2017)

Intense 2.7μm emission in Er(3+) doped zinc fluoride glass., Huang, Feifei, Guo Yanyan, Tian Ying, Xu Shiqing, and Zhang Junjie , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2017 May 15, Volume 179, p.42-45, (2017)

Tunable passively Q-switched thulium-fluoride fiber laser in the S+/S band (1450.0 to 1512.0  nm) region using a single-walled carbon-nanotube-based saturable absorber., Ahmad, H, Reduan S A., Zulkifli A Z., and Tiu Z C. , Appl Opt, 2017 May 01, Volume 56, Issue 13, p.3841-3847, (2017)

Upconversion color tuning in Ce(3+)-doped LiYF4:Yb(3+)/Ho(3+)@LiYF4 nanoparticles towards ratiometric fluorescence detection of chromium(III)., Liu, Shijiang, Li Yangjie, Zhang Cheng, Yang Liang, Zhao Tingting, Zhang Ruilong, and Jiang Changlong , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 May 01, Volume 493, p.10-16, (2017)

Thulium fiber pumped tunable Ho:CaF2 laser., Němec, Michal, Šulc Jan, Jelínek Michal, Kubeček Václav, Jelínková Helena, Doroshenko Maxim E., Alimov Olimkhon K., Konyushkin Vasilii A., Nakladov Andrei N., and Osiko Vyatcheslav V. , Opt Lett, 2017 May 01, Volume 42, Issue 9, p.1852-1855, (2017)

In vitro enamel erosion and abrasion-inhibiting effect of different fluoride varnishes., Alexandria, Adílis Kalina, Vieira Thiago Isidro, Pithon Matheus Melo, Fidalgo Tatiana Kelly da S., Fonseca-Gonçalves Andréa, Valença Ana Maria Gond, Cabral Lúcio Mendes, and Maia Lucianne Cople , Arch Oral Biol, 2017 May, Volume 77, p.39-43, (2017)

Synthesis and photophysical properties of halogenated derivatives of (dibenzoylmethanato)boron difluoride., Kononevich, Yuriy N., Surin Nikolay M., Sazhnikov Viacheslav A., Svidchenko Evgeniya A., Aristarkhov Vladimir M., Safonov Andrei A., Bagaturyants Alexander A., Alfimov Mikhail V., and Muzafarov Aziz M. , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2017 Mar 15, Volume 175, p.177-184, (2017)

Characterization and extinction measurement of potassium terbium fluoride single crystal for high laser power applications., Jalali, Amir A., Rogers Evan, and Stevens Kevin , Opt Lett, 2017 Mar 01, Volume 42, Issue 5, p.899-902, (2017)

An Aluminum Fluoride Complex with an Appended Ammonium Salt as an Exceptionally Active Cooperative Catalyst for the Asymmetric Carboxycyanation of Aldehydes., Brodbeck, Daniel, Broghammer Florian, Meisner Jan, Klepp Julian, Garnier Delphine, Frey Wolfgang, Kästner Johannes, and Peters René , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Mar 01, (2017)

Removal of boron and fluoride in wastewater using Mg-Al layered double hydroxide and Mg-Al oxide., Kameda, Tomohito, Oba Jumpei, and Yoshioka Toshiaki , J Environ Manage, 2017 Mar 01, Volume 188, p.58-63, (2017)

On the reaction of Naphthalene Diimides with Fluoride ions: Acid/Base vs Redox reactions., Bélanger-Chabot, Guillaume, Ali Ahmed, and Gabbai Francois Pierre , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Jun 30, (2017)