About Sulfides

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfides Products

(5N) 99.999% Tin(IV) Sulfide High Purity Powder Aluminum Sulfide Antimony Sulfide
Antimony(V) Sulfide Arsenic Disulfide Arsenic Sulfide
Arsenic(V) Sulfide Barium Sulfide Beryllium Sulfide
Bismuth Sulfide Boron Sulfide Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex
Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Solution Boron Trichloride Methyl Sulfide Complex Boron Trifluoride Methyl Sulfide Complex
Cadmium Selenide Sulfide Cadmium Sulfide Calcium Lanthanum Sulfide
Calcium Sulfide Carbon Disulfide Carbon Disulfide Solution
Carbonyl Sulfide Cerium Monosulfide Cerium Sulfide
Cesium Sulfide Chloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Chromium Sulfide
Cobalt Sulfide Cobalt(IV) Sulfide Copper Aluminum Sulfide
Copper Antimony Sulfide Copper Indium Sulfide Granules Copper Iron Sulfide
Copper Lanthanum Sulfide Copper Sulfide Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide
Copper(I) Sulfide Dibromoborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Dichloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex
Digold Sulfide Digold Trisulfide Dysprosium Sulfide
Dysprosium Sulfide DyS Erbium Sulfide Europium Sulfide
Ferric Sulfide Gadolinium Sulfide Gadolinium(II) Sulfide
Gallium Lanthanum Sulfide (GLS) Gallium(II) Sulfide Gallium(III) Sulfide
Germanium(II) Sulfide Germanium(IV) Sulfide Gold Sulfide
Hafnium Sulfide Holmium Sulfide Indium Sulfide
Iridium Sulfide Iron Disulfide Iron Pyrite
Iron(II) Sulfide Iron(II) Sulfide Sticks Lanthanum Disulfide
Lanthanum Sulfide Lead Sulfide Lead Sulfide Hollow Satellites
Lead Sulfide Hollow Spheres Lithium Germanium Phosphorus Sulfide Lithium Sulfide
Lithium Tin Phosphorous Sulfide Lithopone Lutetium Sulfide
Magnesium Sulfide Manganese Sulfide Mercury(II) Sulfide
Mercury(II) Sulfide Red Molybdenum Disulfide Flakes Molybdenum Disulfide Single Crystal
Molybdenum Disulfide Ultrafine Powder Molybdenum Sulfide Molybdenum Sulfide Selenide
Neodymium Sulfide Nickel Sulfide Ni3S2 Nickel Sulfide NiS
Nickel(III) Sulfide Nickel(IV) Sulfide Niobium Disulfide
Niobium Sulfide Osmium Sulfide Palladium Sulfide
Phosphorus Pentasulfide Platinum(II) Sulfide Platinum(IV) Sulfide
Platinum, Sulfided, on Carbon Potassium Sulfide Praseodymium Sulfide
Praseodymium(II) Sulfide Rhenium Disulfide Crystal Rhenium Sulfide
Rhenium Sulfide Solution Rhenium(IV) Sulfide Rhodium Sulfide
Rubidium Sulfide Ruthenium Sulfide Samarium Sulfide
Scandium Sulfide Selenium Sulfide Silicon Sulfide
Silver Gallium Sulfide Silver Indium Sulfide Granules Silver Sulfide
Sodium Hydrogen Sulfide Sodium Hydrosulfide Hydrate Sodium Sulfide
Sodium Sulfide Hydrate Sodium Sulfide Nonahydrate Strontium Lanthanum Sulfide
Strontium Sulfide Tantalum Sulfide Tellurium Sulfide
Terbium Sulfide Thallium(I) Sulfide Thulium Sulfide
Tin(II) Sulfide Tin(IV) Sulfide Titanium Disulfide Crystal
Titanium(IV) Sulfide Tungsten Disulfide Crystal Tungsten Disulfide Flakes
Tungsten Disulfide Micropowder Tungsten Sulfide Ultra Dry Copper Sulfide
Vanadium Sulfide Ytterbium Sulfide Yttrium Sulfide
Zinc Sulfide Zinc Sulfide Crystal Zinc Sulfide Granules
Zinc Sulfide Pieces Zinc Sulfide Powder Zinc Sulfide Tablets
Zinc Sulfide Wafer Zinc Sulfide Windows Zirconium Sulfide

Recent Research & Development for Sulfides

A solid composite microbial inoculant for the simultaneous removal of volatile organic sulfide compounds: Preparation, characterization, and its bioaugmentation of a biotrickling filter., Chen, Dong-Zhi, Zhao Xiang-Yu, Miao Xiao-Ping, Chen Jing, Ye Jie-Xu, Cheng Zhuo-Wei, Zhang Shi-Han, and Chen Jian-Meng , J Hazard Mater, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 342, p.589-596, (2018)

Sulphur and nitrogen dual-doped mesoporous carbon hybrid coupling with graphite coated cobalt and cobalt sulfide nanoparticles: Rational synthesis and advanced multifunctional electrochemical properties., Zhu, Anquan, Tan Pengfei, Qiao Lulu, Liu Yi, Ma Yongjin, and Pan Jun , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 01, Volume 509, p.254-264, (2018)

Electrochemical co-preparation of cobalt sulfide/reduced graphene oxide composite for electrocatalytic activity and determination of H2O2 in biological samples., Kubendhiran, Subbiramaniyan, Thirumalraj Balamurugan, Chen Shen-Ming, and Karuppiah Chelladurai , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Jan 01, Volume 509, p.153-162, (2018)

Isotherms and kinetic study of ultrasound-assisted adsorption of malachite green and Pb(2+) ions from aqueous samples by copper sulfide nanorods loaded on activated carbon: Experimental design optimization., Sharifpour, Ebrahim, Khafri Hossein Zare, Ghaedi Mehrorang, Asfaram Arash, and Jannesar Ramin , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.373-382, (2018)

Copper sulfide nanoplates as nanosensors for fast, sensitive and selective detection of DNA., Wang, Dewen, Li Qun, Xing Zhicai, and Yang Xiurong , Talanta, 2018 Feb 01, Volume 178, p.905-909, (2018)

Hydrophilic cobalt sulfide nanosheets as a bifunctional catalyst for oxygen and hydrogen evolution in electrolysis of alkaline aqueous solution., Zhu, Mingchao, Zhang Zhongyi, Zhang Hu, Zhang Hui, Zhang Xiaodong, Zhang Lixue, and Wang Shicai , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Sep 21, (2017)

Self-assembly of exfoliated molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets and layered double hydroxide (LDH): Towards reducing fire hazards of epoxy., Zhou, Keqing, Gao Rui, and Qian Xiaodong , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Sep 15, Volume 338, p.343-355, (2017)

3D Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Rhenium Disulfide., Jang, Hyejin, Ryder Christopher R., Wood Joshua D., Hersam Mark C., and Cahill David G. , Adv Mater, 2017 Sep, Volume 29, Issue 35, (2017)

Heterogeneous Bimetallic Phosphide/Sulfide Nanocomposite for Efficient Solar-Energy-Driven Overall Water Splitting., Xin, Yanmei, Kan Xiang, Gan Li-Yong, and Zhang Zhonghai , ACS Nano, 2017 Oct 24, Volume 11, Issue 10, p.10303-10312, (2017)

Facile synthesis and characterization of a novel silica-molybdenum disulfide hybrid material., Zhou, Keqing, Qian Xiaodong, Gao Rui, and Mei Fuding , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 15, Volume 504, p.158-163, (2017)

Formation and stability of manganese-doped ZnS quantum dot monolayers determined by QCM-D and streaming potential measurements., Oćwieja, Magdalena, Matras-Postołek Katarzyna, Maciejewska-Prończuk Julia, Morga Maria, Adamczyk Zbigniew, Sovinska Svitlana, Żaba Adam, Gajewska Marta, Król Tomasz, Cupiał Klaudia, et al. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 503, p.186-197, (2017)

Cobalt fibers anchored with tin disulfide nanosheets as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries., Chen, Xuefang, Huang Ying, Zhang Kaichuang, and Zhang Weichao , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 506, p.291-299, (2017)

Zinc-doping enhanced cadmium sulfide electrochemiluminescence behavior based on Au-Cu alloy nanocrystals quenching for insulin detection., Zhu, Wenjuan, Wang Chao, Li Xiaojian, Khan Malik Saddam, Sun Xu, Ma Hongmin, Fan Dawei, and Wei Qin , Biosens Bioelectron, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 97, p.115-121, (2017)

Highly sensitive response of solution-processed bismuth sulfide nanobelts for room-temperature nitrogen dioxide detection., Kan, Hao, Li Min, Song Zhilong, Liu Sisi, Zhang Baohui, Liu Jingyao, Li Ming-Yu, Zhang Guangzu, Jiang Shenglin, and Liu Huan , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 506, p.102-110, (2017)

Chemical vapor deposition growth of bilayer graphene in between molybdenum disulfide sheets., Kwieciñski, Wojciech, Sotthewes Kai, Poelsema Bene, Zandvliet Harold J. W., and Bampoulis Pantelis , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 01, Volume 505, p.776-782, (2017)