About Sulfides

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfides Products

Aluminum Sulfide Antimony Sulfide Antimony(V) Sulfide
Arsenic Disulfide Arsenic Sulfide Arsenic(V) Sulfide
Barium Sulfide Beryllium Sulfide Bismuth Sulfide
Boron Sulfide Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Solution
Boron Trichloride Methyl Sulfide Complex Boron Trifluoride Methyl Sulfide Complex Cadmium Selenide Sulfide
Cadmium Sulfide Calcium Lanthanum Sulfide Calcium Sulfide
Carbon Disulfide Carbon Disulfide Solution Carbonyl Sulfide
Cerium Monosulfide Cerium Sulfide Cesium Sulfide
Chloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Chromium Sulfide Cobalt Sulfide
Cobalt(IV) Sulfide Copper Aluminum Sulfide Copper Antimony Sulfide
Copper Indium Sulfide Granules Copper Iron Sulfide Copper Lanthanum Sulfide
Copper Sulfide Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Copper(I) Sulfide
Dibromoborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Dichloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Digold Sulfide
Digold Trisulfide Dysprosium Sulfide Dysprosium Sulfide DyS
Erbium Sulfide Europium Sulfide Ferric Sulfide
Gadolinium Sulfide Gadolinium(II) Sulfide Gallium Lanthanum Sulfide (GLS)
Gallium(II) Sulfide Gallium(III) Sulfide Germanium(II) Sulfide
Germanium(IV) Sulfide Gold Sulfide Hafnium Sulfide
Holmium Sulfide Indium Sulfide Iridium Sulfide
Iron Disulfide Iron Pyrite Iron(II) Sulfide
Iron(II) Sulfide Sticks Lanthanum Disulfide Lanthanum Sulfide
Lead Sulfide Lead Sulfide Hollow Satellites Lead Sulfide Hollow Spheres
Lithium Germanium Phosphorus Sulfide Lithium Sulfide Lithium Tin Phosphorous Sulfide
Lithopone Lutetium Sulfide Magnesium Sulfide
Manganese Sulfide Mercury(II) Sulfide Mercury(II) Sulfide Red
Molybdenum Disulfide Flakes Molybdenum Disulfide Single Crystal Molybdenum Disulfide Ultrafine Powder
Molybdenum Sulfide Molybdenum Sulfide Selenide Neodymium Sulfide
Nickel Sulfide Ni3S2 Nickel Sulfide NiS Nickel(III) Sulfide
Nickel(IV) Sulfide Niobium Disulfide Niobium Sulfide
Osmium Sulfide Palladium Sulfide Phosphorus Pentasulfide
Platinum(II) Sulfide Platinum(IV) Sulfide Platinum, Sulfided, on Carbon
Potassium Sulfide Praseodymium Sulfide Praseodymium(II) Sulfide
Rhenium Disulfide Crystal Rhenium Sulfide Rhenium Sulfide Solution
Rhenium(IV) Sulfide Rhodium Sulfide Rubidium Sulfide
Ruthenium Sulfide Samarium Sulfide Scandium Sulfide
Selenium Sulfide Silicon Sulfide Silver Gallium Sulfide
Silver Indium Sulfide Granules Silver Sulfide Sodium Hydrogen Sulfide
Sodium Hydrosulfide Hydrate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfide Hydrate
Sodium Sulfide Nonahydrate Strontium Lanthanum Sulfide Strontium Sulfide
Tantalum Sulfide Tellurium Sulfide Terbium Sulfide
Thallium(I) Sulfide Thulium Sulfide Tin(II) Sulfide
Tin(IV) Sulfide Titanium Disulfide Crystal Titanium(IV) Sulfide
Tungsten Disulfide Crystal Tungsten Disulfide Flakes Tungsten Disulfide Micropowder
Tungsten Sulfide Ultra Dry Copper Sulfide Vanadium Sulfide
Ytterbium Sulfide Yttrium Sulfide Zinc Sulfide
Zinc Sulfide Crystal Zinc Sulfide Granules Zinc Sulfide Pieces
Zinc Sulfide Powder Zinc Sulfide Tablets Zinc Sulfide Wafer
Zinc Sulfide Windows Zirconium Sulfide

Recent Research & Development for Sulfides

Isotherms and kinetic study of ultrasound-assisted adsorption of malachite green and Pb(2+) ions from aqueous samples by copper sulfide nanorods loaded on activated carbon: Experimental design optimization., Sharifpour, Ebrahim, Khafri Hossein Zare, Ghaedi Mehrorang, Asfaram Arash, and Jannesar Ramin , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.373-382, (2018)

Hydrophilic cobalt sulfide nanosheets as a bifunctional catalyst for oxygen and hydrogen evolution in electrolysis of alkaline aqueous solution., Zhu, Mingchao, Zhang Zhongyi, Zhang Hu, Zhang Hui, Zhang Xiaodong, Zhang Lixue, and Wang Shicai , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Sep 21, (2017)

Self-assembly of exfoliated molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets and layered double hydroxide (LDH): Towards reducing fire hazards of epoxy., Zhou, Keqing, Gao Rui, and Qian Xiaodong , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Sep 15, Volume 338, p.343-355, (2017)

3D Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity of Exfoliated Rhenium Disulfide., Jang, Hyejin, Ryder Christopher R., Wood Joshua D., Hersam Mark C., and Cahill David G. , Adv Mater, 2017 Sep, Volume 29, Issue 35, (2017)

Facile synthesis and characterization of a novel silica-molybdenum disulfide hybrid material., Zhou, Keqing, Qian Xiaodong, Gao Rui, and Mei Fuding , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 15, Volume 504, p.158-163, (2017)

Formation and stability of manganese-doped ZnS quantum dot monolayers determined by QCM-D and streaming potential measurements., Oćwieja, Magdalena, Matras-Postołek Katarzyna, Maciejewska-Prończuk Julia, Morga Maria, Adamczyk Zbigniew, Sovinska Svitlana, Żaba Adam, Gajewska Marta, Król Tomasz, Cupiał Klaudia, et al. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 503, p.186-197, (2017)

Cobalt fibers anchored with tin disulfide nanosheets as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries., Chen, Xuefang, Huang Ying, Zhang Kaichuang, and Zhang Weichao , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 506, p.291-299, (2017)

Zinc-doping enhanced cadmium sulfide electrochemiluminescence behavior based on Au-Cu alloy nanocrystals quenching for insulin detection., Zhu, Wenjuan, Wang Chao, Li Xiaojian, Khan Malik Saddam, Sun Xu, Ma Hongmin, Fan Dawei, and Wei Qin , Biosens Bioelectron, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 97, p.115-121, (2017)

Highly sensitive response of solution-processed bismuth sulfide nanobelts for room-temperature nitrogen dioxide detection., Kan, Hao, Li Min, Song Zhilong, Liu Sisi, Zhang Baohui, Liu Jingyao, Li Ming-Yu, Zhang Guangzu, Jiang Shenglin, and Liu Huan , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 506, p.102-110, (2017)

Chemical vapor deposition growth of bilayer graphene in between molybdenum disulfide sheets., Kwieciñski, Wojciech, Sotthewes Kai, Poelsema Bene, Zandvliet Harold J. W., and Bampoulis Pantelis , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Nov 01, Volume 505, p.776-782, (2017)

Synthesis of uniform cadmium sulphide thin film by the homogeneous precipitation method on cadmium telluride nanorods and its application in three-dimensional heterojunction flexible solar cells., Wang, Jun, Liu Shurong, Mu Yannan, Liu Li, A Runa, Su Pengyu, Yang Jiandong, Zhu Guijie, Fu Wuyou, and Yang Haibin , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 May 25, Volume 505, p.59-66, (2017)

Application of dahlia-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheets for solid phase extraction of Co(II) in vegetable and water samples., Aghagoli, Mohammad Javad, Beyki Mostafa Hossein, and Shemirani Farzaneh , Food Chem, 2017 May 15, Volume 223, p.8-15, (2017)

Adsorption energy of oxygen molecules on graphene and two-dimensional tungsten disulfide., Bagsican, Filchito Renee, Winchester Andrew, Ghosh Sujoy, Zhang Xiang, Ma Lulu, Wang Minjie, Murakami Hironaru, Talapatra Saikat, Vajtai Robert, Ajayan Pulickel M., et al. , Sci Rep, 2017 May 11, Volume 7, Issue 1, p.1774, (2017)

Tungsten disulphide for ultrashort pulse generation in all-fiber lasers., Liu, Wenjun, Pang Lihui, Han Hainian, Bi Ke, Lei Ming, and Wei Zhiyi , Nanoscale, 2017 May 11, Volume 9, Issue 18, p.5806-5811, (2017)

Photoluminescence of Functionalized Germanium Nanocrystals Embedded in Arsenic Sulfide Glass., Gu, Tingyi, Gao Jia, Ostroumov Evgeny E., Jeong Hyuncheol, Wu Fan, Fardel Romain, Yao Nan, Priestley Rodney D., Scholes Gregory D., Loo Yueh-Lin, et al. , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 May 09, (2017)