About Sulfides

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfide Ion

Sulfides are compounds derived from the sulfide anion, S2-. As sulfur is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and sulfide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

The bonding in transition metal sulfides is highly covalent, a property that is intimately related to their ability to function as semiconductors and pigments . These are the sulfides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. One particularly familiar sulfide is the bright yellow species CdS or "cadmium yellow". This is the color used for school buses in the United States, though the color is now replicated with alternate pigments due to the toxicity of cadmium.

Another familiar transition-metal sulfide is the black tarnish formed on sterling silver: silver sulfide. Cadmium sulfide is an essential component of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells. Calcium polysulfide ("lime sulfur") is a traditional fungicide in gardening. Lead sulfide is used in infra-red sensors. Molybdenum disulfide, found naturally as the mineral molybdenite, is used as a petrochemical catalyst to remove sulfur from fossil fuels and as a solid lubricant for high temperature and high pressure applications. Zinc sulfide is used for lenses and other optical devices in the infrared part of the spectrum. Zinc sulfide with a trace of copper is used for photoluminescent strips for emergency lighting and luminous watch dials. Research into properties of semiconducting sulfides in the form of nanostructured materials such as quantum dots has grown in recent years, and such materials are now coming into use in optoelectronic applications.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides, including the sulfides, have bonds with more ionic character than those found in transition metal sulfides. They are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds, and are used more as chemical reagents than as functional materials. For instance, sodium sulfide is an important industrial chemical, used in paper manufacturing, dyes, leather tanning, crude petroleum processing, treatment of heavy metal pollution, and others.

Sulfides Products

Aluminum Sulfide Antimony Sulfide Antimony(V) Sulfide
Arsenic Disulfide Arsenic Sulfide Arsenic(V) Sulfide
Barium Sulfide Beryllium Sulfide Bismuth Sulfide
Boron Sulfide Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Solution
Boron Trichloride Methyl Sulfide Complex Boron Trifluoride Methyl Sulfide Complex Cadmium Selenide Sulfide
Cadmium Sulfide Calcium Lanthanum Sulfide Calcium Sulfide
Carbon Disulfide Carbon Disulfide Solution Carbonyl Sulfide
Cerium Monosulfide Cerium Sulfide Cesium Sulfide
Chloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Chromium Sulfide Cobalt Sulfide
Cobalt(IV) Sulfide Copper Antimony Sulfide Copper Indium Sulfide Granules
Copper Iron Sulfide Copper Lanthanum Sulfide Copper Sulfide
Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Copper(I) Sulfide Dibromoborane Methyl Sulfide Complex
Dichloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex Digold Sulfide Digold Trisulfide
Dysprosium Sulfide Dysprosium Sulfide DyS Erbium Sulfide
Europium Sulfide Ferric Sulfide Gadolinium Sulfide
Gadolinium(II) Sulfide Gallium Lanthanum Sulfide (GLS) Gallium(II) Sulfide
Gallium(III) Sulfide Germanium(II) Sulfide Germanium(IV) Sulfide
Gold Sulfide Hafnium Sulfide Holmium Sulfide
Indium Sulfide Iridium Sulfide Iron Disulfide
Iron Pyrite Iron(II) Sulfide Iron(II) Sulfide Sticks
Lanthanum Disulfide Lanthanum Sulfide Lead Sulfide
Lead Sulfide Hollow Satellites Lead Sulfide Hollow Spheres Lithium Germanium Phosphorus Sulfide
Lithium Sulfide Lithium Tin Phosphorous Sulfide Lithopone
Lutetium Sulfide Magnesium Sulfide Manganese Sulfide
Mercury(II) Sulfide Mercury(II) Sulfide Red Molybdenum Disulfide Flakes
Molybdenum Disulfide Single Crystal Molybdenum Disulfide Ultrafine Powder Molybdenum Sulfide
Molybdenum Sulfide Selenide Neodymium Sulfide Nickel Sulfide Ni3S2
Nickel Sulfide NiS Nickel(III) Sulfide Nickel(IV) Sulfide
Niobium Disulfide Niobium Sulfide Osmium Sulfide
Palladium Sulfide Phosphorus Pentasulfide Platinum(II) Sulfide
Platinum(IV) Sulfide Platinum, Sulfided, on Carbon Potassium Sulfide
Praseodymium Sulfide Praseodymium(II) Sulfide Rhenium Disulfide Crystal
Rhenium Sulfide Rhenium Sulfide Solution Rhenium(IV) Sulfide
Rhodium Sulfide Rubidium Sulfide Ruthenium Sulfide
Samarium Sulfide Scandium Sulfide Selenium Sulfide
Silicon Sulfide Silver Gallium Sulfide Silver Indium Sulfide Granules
Silver Sulfide Sodium Hydrogen Sulfide Sodium Hydrosulfide Hydrate
Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfide Hydrate Sodium Sulfide Nonahydrate
Strontium Lanthanum Sulfide Strontium Sulfide Tantalum Sulfide
Tellurium Sulfide Terbium Sulfide Thallium(I) Sulfide
Thulium Sulfide Tin(II) Sulfide Tin(IV) Sulfide
Titanium Disulfide Crystal Titanium(IV) Sulfide Tungsten Disulfide Crystal
Tungsten Disulfide Flakes Tungsten Disulfide Micropowder Tungsten Sulfide
Ultra Dry Copper Sulfide Vanadium Sulfide Ytterbium Sulfide
Yttrium Sulfide Zinc Sulfide Zinc Sulfide Crystal
Zinc Sulfide Granules Zinc Sulfide Pieces Zinc Sulfide Powder
Zinc Sulfide Tablets Zinc Sulfide Wafer Zinc Sulfide Windows
Zirconium Sulfide

Recent Research & Development for Sulfides

Formation and stability of manganese-doped ZnS quantum dot monolayers determined by QCM-D and streaming potential measurements., Oćwieja, Magdalena, Matras-Postołek Katarzyna, Maciejewska-Prończuk Julia, Morga Maria, Adamczyk Zbigniew, Sovinska Svitlana, Żaba Adam, Gajewska Marta, Król Tomasz, Cupiał Klaudia, et al. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 Oct 01, Volume 503, p.186-197, (2017)

Synthesis of uniform cadmium sulphide thin film by the homogeneous precipitation method on cadmium telluride nanorods and its application in three-dimensional heterojunction flexible solar cells., Wang, Jun, Liu Shurong, Mu Yannan, Liu Li, A Runa, Su Pengyu, Yang Jiandong, Zhu Guijie, Fu Wuyou, and Yang Haibin , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2017 May 25, Volume 505, p.59-66, (2017)

Application of dahlia-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheets for solid phase extraction of Co(II) in vegetable and water samples., Aghagoli, Mohammad Javad, Beyki Mostafa Hossein, and Shemirani Farzaneh , Food Chem, 2017 May 15, Volume 223, p.8-15, (2017)

Tungsten disulphide for ultrashort pulse generation in all-fiber lasers., Liu, Wenjun, Pang Lihui, Han Hainian, Bi Ke, Lei Ming, and Wei Zhiyi , Nanoscale, 2017 May 11, Volume 9, Issue 18, p.5806-5811, (2017)

Photoluminescence of Functionalized Germanium Nanocrystals Embedded in Arsenic Sulfide Glass., Gu, Tingyi, Gao Jia, Ostroumov Evgeny E., Jeong Hyuncheol, Wu Fan, Fardel Romain, Yao Nan, Priestley Rodney D., Scholes Gregory D., Loo Yueh-Lin, et al. , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 May 09, (2017)

Mechanisms of hydrogen sulfide removal by ground granulated blast furnace slag amended soil., Xie, Mengyao, Leung Anthony Kwan, and Ng Charles Wang Wai , Chemosphere, 2017 May, Volume 175, p.425-430, (2017)

Endogenous hydrogen sulfide contributes to uterine quiescence during pregnancy., You, Xingji, Chen Zixi, Zhao Huina, Xu Chen, Liu Weina, Sun Qianqian, He Ping, Gu Hang, and Ni Xin , Reproduction, 2017 May, Volume 153, Issue 5, p.535-543, (2017)

Hydrogen sulfide in stroke: Protective or deleterious?, Chan, Su Jing, and Wong Peter T. - H. , Neurochem Int, 2017 May, Volume 105, p.1-10, (2017)

Metastable Marcasite-FeS2 as a New Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries: CNFs-Improved Lithiation/Delithiation Reversibility and Li-Storage Properties., Fan, Hong-Hong, Li Huan-Huan, Huang Ke-Cheng, Fan Chao-Ying, Zhang Xiao-Ying, Wu Xing-Long, and Zhang Jing-Ping , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 Mar 29, Volume 9, Issue 12, p.10708-10716, (2017)

Observation of biexcitonic emission at extremely low power density in tungsten disulfide atomic layers grown on hexagonal boron nitride., Okada, Mitsuhiro, Miyauchi Yuhei, Matsuda Kazunari, Taniguchi Takashi, Watanabe Kenji, Shinohara Hisanori, and Kitaura Ryo , Sci Rep, 2017 Mar 23, Volume 7, Issue 1, p.322, (2017)