About MXenes

American Elements manufactures MXene compositions under the trademark AE MXenes™. AE MXenes are a novel type of two-dimensional (2D) ceramic material composed of layered nitrides, carbides, or carbonitrides of transition metals. Precursors to the synthesis of MXenes are ternary MAX phase compounds with the formula Mn+1AXn, where M is a transition metal, A is an element such as aluminum or silicon, and X is either carbon or nitrogen, with n=1, 2, or 3. Producing the 2D MXene from the bulk three dimensional MAX phase compound involves exfoliation or etching to selectively remove the A layer, resulting in layers which can be separated by other ions (known as intercalation) which can enhance their properties.

AE MXenes have a wide variety of compositions, and researchers are discovering new compositions and synthesis avenues on a regular basis. MXenes are notable for their properties that combine aspects of both metals and ceramics. These include excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, heat resistance, easy machinability, and excellent volumetric capacitance, having the highest EMI shielding effectiveness of all similar synthetic 2D materials, and hydrophobic natures due to various surface functional groups.

AE MXenes have applications in advanced battery and energy storage technologies such as lithium-ion, sodium-ion, and supercapacitors, water purification, electromagnetic shielding, photocatalysis, gas sensors, optoelectronics, polymer nanocomposite fillers, and conductive coatings. In many cases MXenes have been shown to outperform other 2D materials such as graphene.

American Elements supports ongoing research into the synthesis and applications of MXenes. We manufacture both standard and custom compositions of MAX-phase precursor materials and high purity chemical compounds tailored to customer specifications. Our engineers can offer customers assistance in material selection and technical data. Contact an American Elements engineer at mxenes@americanelements.com for more information on our products and services.


Aluminum Carbide Aluminum Carbonitride Chromium Aluminum Carbide
Chromium Carbide Chromium Carbide Cr23C6 Chromium Carbide Cr2C
Chromium Carbide Cr7C3 Chromium Nitride Cobalt-doped Titanium Aluminum Carbide
Copper-doped Titanium Aluminum Carbide Dichromium Nitride Diniobium Carbide
Hafnium Carbide Hafnium Carbide Silicon Nitride Hafnium Carbonitride
Hafnium Nitride Iron-doped Titanium Aluminum Carbide Manganese Aluminum Carbide Mn2AlC
Manganese Aluminum Carbide Mn3AlC2 Manganese Carbide Mn23C6 Manganese Carbide Mn3C
Manganese Carbide Mn5C2 Molybdenum Aluminum Boride Molybdenum Aluminum Carbide
Molybdenum Carbide Mo2C Molybdenum Carbide Mo3C2 Molybdenum Carbide MoC
Molybdenum Gallium Carbide Molybdenum Nitride Molybdenum Nitride Mo2N
Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Carbide Mo2Ti2AlC3 Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Carbide Mo2TiAlC2 Molybdenum Titanium Carbide Mo2TiC2
Molybdenum Titanium Carbide Sputtering Target Niobium Aluminum Carbide Nb2AlC Niobium Aluminum Carbide Nb4AlC3
Niobium Carbide Nb2C Niobium Carbide Nb2CTx Niobium Carbide Nb4C3
Niobium Nitride Niobium(IV) Carbide Scandium Aluminum Carbide ScAl3C3
Scandium Carbide ScC Scandium Carbide ScC2 Scandium Nitride
Silicon Titanium Nitride Tantalum Aluminum Carbide Ta2AlC Tantalum Aluminum Carbide Ta4AlC3
Tantalum Carbide Ta2C Tantalum Carbide Ta4C3 Tantalum Carbide TaC
Tantalum Hafnium Carbide Tantalum Niobium Carbide Tantalum Nitride
Titanium Aluminum Carbide Titanium Aluminum Carbide Sputtering Target Titanium Aluminum Carbide Ti2AlC
Titanium Aluminum Carbide/Chromium Carbide Sputtering Target Titanium Aluminum Nitride Ti2AlN Titanium Aluminum Nitride Ti3AlN
Titanium Aluminum Nitride Ti4AlN3 Titanium Carbide Ti2C Titanium Carbide Ti3C2
Titanium Carbide Ti3C2Tx Titanium Carbonitride Nanoparticles Titanium Carbonitride Ti3CN
Titanium Germanium Carbide Titanium Nitride Titanium Nitride Ti2N
Titanium Selenide Ti2Se Titanium Silicon Carbide Titanium Silicon Carbide Sputtering Target
Titanium Tin Carbide Titanium Vanadium Aluminum Carbide Titanium(IV) Carbide
Vanadium Aluminum Carbide V2AlC Vanadium Aluminum Carbide V4AlC3 Vanadium Carbide V2C
Vanadium Carbide V4C3 Vanadium Nitride Vanadium(IV) Carbide
Zirconium Carbide Zirconium Carbonitride Zirconium Nitride

Recent Research & Development for MXenes

A Fast Charge/Discharge and Wide-Temperature Battery with a Germanium Oxide Layer on a TiC MXene Matrix as Anode., Shang, Mingwei, Chen Xi, Li Bangxing, and Niu Junjie , ACS Nano, 2020 Mar 24, Volume 14, Issue 3, p.3678-3686, (2020)

Super strong 2D titanium carbide MXene-based materials: a theoretical prediction., Kazemi, Seyedeh Alieh, and Wang Yun , J Phys Condens Matter, 2020 Mar 13, Volume 32, Issue 11, p.11LT01, (2020)

High areal capacitance of vanadium oxides intercalated TiC MXene for flexible supercapacitors with high mass loading., Zhang, Zezhong, Guo Miao, Tang Yanhong, Liu Chengbin, Zhou Jian, Yuan Jili, and Gu Jiayun , Nanotechnology, 2020 Apr 17, Volume 31, Issue 16, p.165403, (2020)

A 2D transition metal carbide MXene-based SPR biosensor for ultrasensitive carcinoembryonic antigen detection., Wu, Qiong, Li Ningbo, Wang Ying, Liu Ying, Xu Yanchao, Wei Shuting, Wu Jiandong, Jia Guangri, Fang Xuedong, Chen Fangfang, et al. , Biosens Bioelectron, 2019 Nov 01, Volume 144, p.111697, (2019)

Titanium-carbide MXenes for work function and interface engineering in perovskite solar cells., Agresti, A, Pazniak A, Pescetelli S, Di Vito A, Rossi D, Pecchia A, M der Maur Auf, Liedl A, Larciprete R, Kuznetsov Denis V., et al. , Nat Mater, 2019 Nov, Volume 18, Issue 11, p.1228-1234, (2019)

Functional Titanium Carbide MXenes-Loaded Entropy-Driven RNA Explorer for Long Noncoding RNA PCA3 Imaging in Live Cells., Wang, Song, Song Wenlu, Wei Shaohua, Zeng Shu, Yang Sihui, Lei Chunyang, Huang Yan, Nie Zhou, and Yao Shouzhuo , Anal Chem, 2019 May 30, (2019)

Highly Catalytic Niobium Carbide (MXene) Promotes Hematopoietic Recovery after Radiation by Free Radical Scavenging., Ren, Xiangyi, Huo Minfeng, Wang Mengmeng, Lin Han, Zhang Xuxia, Yin Jun, Chen Yu, and Chen Honghong , ACS Nano, 2019 Jun 10, (2019)

Understanding the Different Diffusion Mechanisms of Hydrated Protons and Potassium Ions in Titanium Carbide MXene., Wen, Jing, Fu Qishan, Wu Wanying, Gao Hong, Zhang Xitian, and Wang Bin , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019 Feb 20, Volume 11, Issue 7, p.7087-7095, (2019)

Titanium carbide MXenes combined with red-emitting carbon dots as a unique turn-on fluorescent nanosensor for label-free determination of glucose., Zhu, Xiaohua, Pang Xiao, Zhang Youyu, and Yao Shouzhuo , J Mater Chem B, 2019 Dec 11, Volume 7, Issue 48, p.7729-7735, (2019)

Sulfur-functionalized vanadium carbide MXene (VCS) as a promising anchoring material for lithium-sulfur batteries., Wang, Yatong, Shen Jiale, Xu Li-Chun, Yang Zhi, Li Rong, Liu Ruiping, and Li Xiuyan , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2019 Aug 28, Volume 21, Issue 34, p.18559-18568, (2019)

Controlled Crumpling of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide (MXene) for Highly Stretchable, Bendable, Efficient Supercapacitors., Chang, Ting-Hsiang, Zhang Tianran, Yang Haitao, Li Kerui, Tian Yuan, Lee Jim Yang, and Chen Po-Yen , ACS Nano, 2018 Aug 06, (2018)

A Two-Dimensional Biodegradable Niobium Carbide (MXene) for Photothermal Tumor Eradication in NIR-I and NIR-II Biowindows., Lin, Han, Gao Shanshan, Dai Chen, Chen Yu, and Shi Jianlin , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 Nov 02, (2017)

Ti3C2 MXene-Derived Sodium/Potassium Titanate Nanoribbons for High-Performance Sodium/Potassium Ion Batteries with Enhanced Capacities., Dong, Yanfeng, Wu Zhong-Shuai, Zheng Shuanghao, Wang Xiaohui, Qin Jieqiong, Wang Sen, Shi Xiaoyu, and Bao Xinhe , ACS Nano, 2017 May 05, (2017)

Transparent, Flexible, and Conductive 2D Titanium Carbide (MXene) Films with High Volumetric Capacitance., Zhang, Chuanfang John, Anasori Babak, Seral-Ascaso Andrés, Park Sang-Hoon, McEvoy Niall, Shmeliov Aleksey, Duesberg Georg S., Coleman Jonathan N., Gogotsi Yury, and Nicolosi Valeria , Adv Mater, 2017 Jul 25, (2017)

Confine sulfur in 3D flexible hybrid MXene/reduced graphene oxide nanosheets for lithium sulfur battery., Bao, Weizhai, Xie Xiuqiang, Xu Jing, Guo Xin, Song Jianjun, Su Dawei, Wang Guoxiu, and Wu Wenjian , Chemistry, 2017 Jul 06, (2017)