About Hydrides

Hydride Ion Diagram

The hydride ion is the anion of hydrogen, H-. Hydrides are compounds in which one or more hydrogens have nucleophilic/reducing properties, and many are ionic compounds containing the hydride ion. Almost all the elements form binary compounds with hydrogen; these are the simplest hydrides.

Hydrides are divided into three basic types: saline, metallic, and covalent. Saline hydrides, such as sodium hydride and calcium hydride, are often used as portable sources of hydrogen gas. Metallic hydrides, such as titanium hydride, are alloy-like materials that share some properties with metals including luster and electrical conductivity. Covalent hydrides are mostly compounds of hydrogen and nonmetallic elements; they include water, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and methane. A fourth group of hydrides, dimeric or polymeric hydrides, give off large amounts of energy when burned and have been investigated for use in rocket fuels.

Hydrides like sodium and potassium hydride are commonly used as reducing agents in chemical synthesis, dessicants or drying agents in laboratory or industrial settings, catalysts, and as chemical means of hydrogen storage, as in nickel-metal hydride battery and hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of hydride compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its hydride products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Hydrides Products

Alane N,N-dimethylethylamine Complex Solution Aluminum Borohydride Aluminum Hydride
Ammonia Borane Antimony Hydride Arsenic Hydride
Arsenic Hydride (Diarsine) Arsine Barium Hydride
Beryllium Borohydride Bis(cyclopentadienyl)tungsten(IV) Dihydride Bis(triphenylphosphine)copper(I) Borohydride
Bismuth Hydride Borane Ammonia Complex Calcium Borohydride
Calcium Borohydride bis(tetrahydrofuran) Calcium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride Calcium Hydride
Cerium Hydride Cerium(II) Hydride Cesium Dodecahydrododecaborate Methanolate
Cesium Hydride Copper Hydride Diisobutylaluminum Hydride
Dimethylaluminum Hydride Dysprosium Hydride Erbium Hydride ErH2
Erbium Hydride ErH3 Europium(II) Hydride Europium(III) Hydride
Gadolinium Hydride GdH2 Gadolinium Hydride GdH3 Gallium Hydride
Hafnium Hydride Holmium Hydride HoH2 Holmium Hydride HoH3
Indium Hydride - Indigane Lanthanum Hydride Lanthanum Nickel Hydride
Lead Hydride Lithium 9-BBN Hydride Solution Lithium Aluminum Deuteride
Lithium Aluminum Deuteride Solution Lithium Aluminum Hexahydride Lithium Aluminum Hydride
Lithium Aluminum Hydride Bis(tetrahydrofuran) Solution Lithium Aluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Ammonia Borane
Lithium Borodeuteride Lithium Borohydride Lithium Borohydride Solution
Lithium Borohydride/Aluminum Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride/Tin
Lithium Deuteride Lithium Diisobutyl-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Hydride
Lithium tri-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride Lithium tri-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Triethylborodeuteride
Lithium Triethylborohydride Lutetium Hydride LuH2 Lutetium Hydride LuH3
Magnesium Borohydride Magnesium Borohydride Dimethylsulfide Complex Magnesium Hydride
Manganese Borohydride Neodymium Hydride NdH2 Neodymium Hydride NdH3
Nickel Hydride Niobium Hydride Phosphorus Hydride
Potassium Borohydride Potassium Cyanoborodeuteride Potassium Hydride
Potassium Triethylborohydride Solution Praseodymium Hydride PrH2 Praseodymium Hydride PrH3
Rubidium Hydride Scandium Borohydride Silane
Sodium Aluminum Hydride Sodium Aluminum Hydride Solution Sodium Borodeuteride
Sodium Borohydride Sodium Borohydride - Sodium Hydroxide Solution Sodium Borohydride Caplets
Sodium Borohydride Granules Sodium Borohydride on Alumina Sodium Borohydride Particles
Sodium Borohydride Pellets Sodium Borohydride Powder Sodium Borohydride Solution
Sodium Borohydride/ Magnesium Hydride Sodium Cyanoborodeuteride Sodium Cyanoborohydride Reagent Grade
Sodium Cyanoborohydride Solution Sodium Hydride Sodium Triacetoxyborohydride
Sodium Triethylborohydride Solution Sodium Trimethoxyborohydride Strontium Hydride
Tantalum Hydride Terbium Hydride TbH2 Terbium Hydride TbH3
Tetrabutylammonium Borohydride Tetrabutylammonium Cyanoborohydride Tetraethylammonium Borohydride Technical
Tetramethylammonium Borohydride Tetramethylammonium Triacetoxyborohydride Thallium Hydride
Thulium Hydride Thulium Trihydride Tin Hydride
Titanium Borohydride Titanium Hydride Tributyltin Hydride
Trichlorosilane Triethylgermanium Hydride Triphenylgermanium Hydride
Triphenyltin Hydride Ytterbium Hydride Ytterbium Trihydride
Yttrium Dihydride Yttrium Trihydride Zinc Borohydride
Zirconium Borohydride Zirconium Hydride Zirconium Nickel Hydride
Zirconium Nickel Hydride - Zirconium Nickel Deuteride

Recent Research & Development for Hydrides

A Bimetallic Nickel-Gallium Complex Catalyzes CO2 Hydrogenation via the Intermediacy of an Anionic d(10) Nickel Hydride., Cammarota, Ryan C., Vollmer Matthew V., Xie Jing, Ye Jingyun, Linehan John C., Burgess Samantha A., Appel Aaron M., Gagliardi Laura, and Lu Connie C. , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 Sep 28, (2017)

Mechanistic Insights into Alkane Metathesis Catalyzed by Silica-Supported Tantalum Hydrides: A DFT Study., Núñez-Zarur, Francisco, Solans-Monfort Xavier, and Restrepo Albeiro , Inorg Chem, 2017 Sep 05, Volume 56, Issue 17, p.10458-10473, (2017)

Synthesis of Scandium Terminal Hydride From H2 Activation by Scandium Terminal Imido Complex and Its Reactivity., Maron, Laurent, Han Xianghao, Xiang Li, Lamsfus Carlos Alvarez, Mao Weiqing, Lu Erli, Leng Xuebing, and Chen Yaofeng , Chemistry, 2017 Sep 04, (2017)

A reevaluation of the origin of the rate acceleration for enzyme-catalyzed hydride transfer., Reyes, Archie C., Amyes Tina L., and Richard John P. , Org Biomol Chem, 2017 Oct 31, Volume 15, Issue 42, p.8856-8866, (2017)

Electron-Transfer and Hydride-Transfer Pathways in the Stoltz-Grubbs Reducing System (KOtBu/Et3 SiH)., Smith, Andrew J., Young Allan, Rohrbach Simon, O'Connor Erin F., Allison Mark, Wang Hong-Shuang, Poole Darren L., Tuttle Tell, and Murphy John A. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Oct 23, Volume 56, Issue 44, p.13747-13751, (2017)

A C(sp(2) )-H Dehydrogenation of Heteroarenes and Arenes by a Functionalized Aluminum Hydride., Chen, Shimin, Li Bin, Wang Xiaoping, Huang Yanting, Li Jiancheng, Zhu Hongping, Zhao Lili, Frenking Gernot, and Roesky Herbert W. , Chemistry, 2017 Oct 04, Volume 23, Issue 55, p.13633-13637, (2017)

Selective Reduction of CO2 to a Formate Equivalent with Heterobimetallic Gold---Copper Hydride Complexes., Crimmin, Mark Richard, Hicken Alexandra, and White Andrew J. P. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Oct 04, (2017)

Reversible Heterolytic Cleavage of the H-H Bond by Molybdenum Complexes: Controlling the Dynamics of Exchange Between Proton and Hydride., Zhang, Shaoguang, Appel Aaron M., and R Bullock Morris , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 31, Volume 139, Issue 21, p.7376-7387, (2017)

Formation of high-molecular weight polyaminoborane by Fe hydride catalysed dehydrocoupling of methylamine borane., Anke, F, Han D, Klahn M, Spannenberg A, and Beweries T , Dalton Trans, 2017 May 30, Volume 46, Issue 21, p.6843-6847, (2017)

Cationic Copper Hydride Clusters Arising from Oxidation of (Ph3P)6Cu6H6., Liu, Shuo, Eberhart Michael S., Norton Jack R., Yin Xiaodong, Neary Michelle C., and Paley Daniel W. , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 30, (2017)

The Formation of Surface Li-Fe Ternary Hydride and its Function on Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis at Low Temperatures., Wang, Peikun, Xie Hua, Guo Jianping, Zhao Zhi, Kong Xiangtao, Gao Wenbo, Chang Fei, He Teng, Wu Guotao, Chen Mingshu, et al. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 29, (2017)

Manganese Silylene Hydride Complexes: Synthesis and Reactivity with Ethylene to Afford Silene Hydride Complexes., Price, Jeffrey S., Emslie David J. H., and Britten James F. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 22, Volume 56, Issue 22, p.6223-6227, (2017)

Dynamic Behavior and Isomerization Equilibria of Distannenes Synthesized by Tin Hydride/Olefin Insertions: Characterization of the Elusive Monohydrido Bridged Isomer., Wang, Shuai, McCrea-Hendrick Madison L., Weinstein Cory M., Caputo Christine A., Hoppe Elke, Fettinger James C., Olmstead Marilyn M., and Power Philip P. , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 17, Volume 139, Issue 19, p.6586-6595, (2017)

Low-Valent Lead Hydride and Its Extreme Low-Field (1)H NMR Chemical Shift., Schneider, Julia, Sindlinger Christian P., Eichele Klaus, Schubert Hartmut, and Wesemann Lars , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 17, Volume 139, Issue 19, p.6542-6545, (2017)

A Dual Palladium and Copper Hydride Catalyzed Approach for Alkyl-Aryl Cross-Coupling of Aryl Halides and Olefins., Friis, Stig D., Pirnot Michael T., Dupuis Lauren N., and Buchwald Stephen L. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 16, (2017)