About Hydrides

Hydride Ion Diagram

The hydride ion is the anion of hydrogen, H-. Hydrides are compounds in which one or more hydrogens have nucleophilic/reducing properties, and many are ionic compounds containing the hydride ion. Almost all the elements form binary compounds with hydrogen; these are the simplest hydrides.

Hydrides are divided into three basic types: saline, metallic, and covalent. Saline hydrides, such as sodium hydride and calcium hydride, are often used as portable sources of hydrogen gas. Metallic hydrides, such as titanium hydride, are alloy-like materials that share some properties with metals including luster and electrical conductivity. Covalent hydrides are mostly compounds of hydrogen and nonmetallic elements; they include water, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and methane. A fourth group of hydrides, dimeric or polymeric hydrides, give off large amounts of energy when burned and have been investigated for use in rocket fuels.

Hydrides like sodium and potassium hydride are commonly used as reducing agents in chemical synthesis, dessicants or drying agents in laboratory or industrial settings, catalysts, and as chemical means of hydrogen storage, as in nickel-metal hydride battery and hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

Recent Research & Development for Hydrides

Chemo- and Regioselective Synthesis of Acyl-Cyclohexenes by a Tandem Acceptorless Dehydrogenation-[1,5]-Hydride Shift Cascade., Smith, Lewis B., Armstrong Roly J., Matheau-Raven Daniel, and Donohoe Timothy J. , J Am Chem Soc, 2020 Jan 22, (2020)

High-Pressure Synthesis of Magnetic Neodymium Polyhydrides., Zhou, Di, Semenok Dmitrii V., Xie Hui, Huang Xiaoli, Duan Defang, Aperis Alex, Oppeneer Peter M., Galasso Michele, Kartsev Alexey I., Kvashnin Alexander G., et al. , J Am Chem Soc, 2020 Jan 22, (2020)

A fast and sensitive flow-batch method with hydride generating and atomic fluorescence spectrometric detection for automated inorganic antimony speciation in waters., Lima, Eduardo A., Cunha Francisco A. S., Junior Mario M. S., Lyra Wellington S., Santos Josué C. C., Ferreira Sergio L. C., Araujo Mario C. U., and Almeida Luciano F. , Talanta, 2020 Jan 15, Volume 207, p.119834, (2020)

Catalyzing the Hydrodefluorination of CF3-substituted Alkenes by PhSiH3. H• Transfer from a Nickel Hydride., Yao, Chengbo, Wang Shuai, Norton Jack R., and Hammond Matthew , J Am Chem Soc, 2020 Jan 14, (2020)

Sodium Butylated Hydroxytoluene (NaBHT) as a New and Efficient Hydride Source for Pd-Catalysed Reduction Reactions., Sharif, Sepideh, Rodriguez Michael J., Lu Yu, Kopach Michael E., Mitchell David, Hunter Howard N., and Organ Michael G. , Chemistry, 2019 Sep 19, (2019)

CO hydrogenation by phosphorus-nitrogen PNP-pincer iridium hydride complexes: elucidation of the deactivation pathway., Pan, Yupeng, Guan Chao, Li Huaifeng, Chakraborty Priyanka, Zhou Chunhui, and Huang Kuo-Wei , Dalton Trans, 2019 Sep 14, Volume 48, Issue 34, p.12812-12816, (2019)

Sodium borohydride-assisted synthesis of strontium substituted lanthanum cobaltate with in-situ generated cobaltosic oxide: Towards enhanced oxygen evolution reaction in alkaline media., Liu, Heng, Tan Pengfei, Ma Quanyin, Dong Rui, Zhu Anquan, Qiao Lulu, Tang Meifang, Li Erping, and Pan Jun , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Sep 07, Volume 557, p.103-111, (2019)

Publisher Correction: Gallium arsenide solar cells grown at rates exceeding 300 µm h by hydride vapor phase epitaxy., Metaferia, Wondwosen, Schulte Kevin L., Simon John, Johnston Steve, and Ptak Aaron J. , Nat Commun, 2019 Sep 03, Volume 10, Issue 1, p.4070, (2019)

Ultratrace Pb determination in seawater by solution-cathode glow discharge-atomic emission spectrometry coupled with hydride generation., Cheng, Junqi, Li Qing, Zhao Mingyue, and Wang Zheng , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 Oct 24, Volume 1077, p.107-115, (2019)

Efficient and Selective Conversion of Phosphine-Protected (MAu) (M = Pd, Pt) Superatoms to Thiolate-Protected (MAu) or Alkynyl-Protected (MAu) Superatoms via Hydride Doping., Takano, Shinjiro, Ito Shun, and Tsukuda Tatsuya , J Am Chem Soc, 2019 Oct 09, Volume 141, Issue 40, p.15994-16002, (2019)

Hydrogen gas formation from the photolysis of rhenium hydrides - mechanistic and computational studies., Webster, Alyssa A., Huo Jianqiang, Milliken Jenna, Sullivan Pat, Kubelka Jan, and Hoberg John O. , Dalton Trans, 2019 Nov 21, Volume 48, Issue 43, p.16148-16152, (2019)

Erratum: Structural and Valence Changes of Europium Hydride Induced by Application of High-Pressure H_{2} [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 025501 (2011)]., Matsuoka, T, Fujihisa H, Hirao N, Ohishi Y, Mitsui T, Masuda R, Seto M, Yoda Y, Shimizu K, Machida A, et al. , Phys Rev Lett, 2019 May 03, Volume 122, Issue 17, p.179901, (2019)

(Diphenylphosphino)alkylaldehyde affords hydride- or alkyl-[(diphenylphosphino)alkylacyl]rhodium(iii) or (diphenylphosphino)alkylester complexes: theoretical and experimental diastereoselectivity., Azpeitia, Susan, Barquín Montserrat, Mendicute-Fierro Claudio, Huertos Miguel A., Rodríguez-Diéguez Antonio, Seco Jose M., San Sebastian Eider, Ibarlucea Lourdes, and Garralda María A. , Dalton Trans, 2019 Mar 05, Volume 48, Issue 10, p.3300-3313, (2019)