About Hydrides

Hydride Ion Diagram

The hydride ion is the anion of hydrogen, H-. Hydrides are compounds in which one or more hydrogens have nucleophilic/reducing properties, and many are ionic compounds containing the hydride ion. Almost all the elements form binary compounds with hydrogen; these are the simplest hydrides.

Hydrides are divided into three basic types: saline, metallic, and covalent. Saline hydrides, such as sodium hydride and calcium hydride, are often used as portable sources of hydrogen gas. Metallic hydrides, such as titanium hydride, are alloy-like materials that share some properties with metals including luster and electrical conductivity. Covalent hydrides are mostly compounds of hydrogen and nonmetallic elements; they include water, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and methane. A fourth group of hydrides, dimeric or polymeric hydrides, give off large amounts of energy when burned and have been investigated for use in rocket fuels.

Hydrides like sodium and potassium hydride are commonly used as reducing agents in chemical synthesis, dessicants or drying agents in laboratory or industrial settings, catalysts, and as chemical means of hydrogen storage, as in nickel-metal hydride battery and hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of hydride compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its hydride products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Hydrides Products

Alane N,N-dimethylethylamine Complex Solution Aluminum Borohydride Aluminum Hydride
Ammonia Borane Antimony Hydride Arsenic Hydride
Arsenic Hydride (Diarsine) Arsine Barium Hydride
Beryllium Borohydride Bis(cyclopentadienyl)tungsten(IV) Dihydride Bismuth Hydride
Borane Ammonia Complex Calcium Borohydride Calcium Borohydride bis(tetrahydrofuran)
Calcium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride Calcium Hydride Cerium Hydride
Cerium(II) Hydride Cesium Dodecahydrododecaborate Methanolate Cesium Hydride
Copper Hydride Diisobutylaluminum Hydride Dimethylaluminum Hydride
Dysprosium Hydride Erbium Hydride ErH2 Erbium Hydride ErH3
Europium(II) Hydride Europium(III) Hydride Gadolinium Hydride GdH2
Gadolinium Hydride GdH3 Gallium Hydride Hafnium Hydride
Holmium Hydride HoH2 Holmium Hydride HoH3 Indium Hydride - Indigane
Lanthanum Hydride Lanthanum Nickel Hydride Lead Hydride
Lithium 9-BBN Hydride Solution Lithium Aluminum Deuteride Lithium Aluminum Deuteride Solution
Lithium Aluminum Hexahydride Lithium Aluminum Hydride Lithium Aluminum Hydride Bis(tetrahydrofuran) Solution
Lithium Aluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Ammonia Borane Lithium Borodeuteride
Lithium Borohydride Lithium Borohydride Solution Lithium Borohydride/Aluminum
Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride/Tin Lithium Deuteride
Lithium Diisobutyl-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Hydride Lithium tri-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride
Lithium tri-tert-butoxyaluminum Hydride Solution Lithium Triethylborodeuteride Lithium Triethylborohydride
Lutetium Hydride LuH2 Lutetium Hydride LuH3 Magnesium Borohydride
Magnesium Borohydride Dimethylsulfide Complex Magnesium Hydride Manganese Borohydride
Neodymium Hydride NdH2 Neodymium Hydride NdH3 Nickel Hydride
Niobium Hydride Phosphorus Hydride Potassium Borohydride
Potassium Cyanoborodeuteride Potassium Hydride Potassium Triethylborohydride Solution
Praseodymium Hydride PrH2 Praseodymium Hydride PrH3 Rubidium Hydride
Scandium Borohydride Silane Sodium Aluminum Hydride
Sodium Aluminum Hydride Solution Sodium Borodeuteride Sodium Borohydride
Sodium Borohydride - Sodium Hydroxide Solution Sodium Borohydride Caplets Sodium Borohydride Granules
Sodium Borohydride on Alumina Sodium Borohydride Particles Sodium Borohydride Pellets
Sodium Borohydride Powder Sodium Borohydride Solution Sodium Borohydride/ Magnesium Hydride
Sodium Cyanoborodeuteride Sodium Cyanoborohydride Reagent Grade Sodium Cyanoborohydride Solution
Sodium Hydride Sodium Triacetoxyborohydride Sodium Triethylborohydride Solution
Sodium Trimethoxyborohydride Strontium Hydride Tantalum Hydride
Terbium Hydride TbH2 Terbium Hydride TbH3 Tetrabutylammonium Borohydride
Tetrabutylammonium Cyanoborohydride Tetraethylammonium Borohydride Technical Tetramethylammonium Borohydride
Tetramethylammonium Triacetoxyborohydride Thallium Hydride Thulium Hydride
Thulium Trihydride Tin Hydride Titanium Borohydride
Titanium Hydride Tributyltin Hydride Trichlorosilane
Triethylgermanium Hydride Triphenylgermanium Hydride Triphenyltin Hydride
Ytterbium Hydride Ytterbium Trihydride Yttrium Dihydride
Yttrium Trihydride Zinc Borohydride Zirconium Borohydride
Zirconium Hydride Zirconium Nickel Hydride Zirconium Nickel Hydride - Zirconium Nickel Deuteride

Recent Research & Development for Hydrides

Mechanistic Insights into Alkane Metathesis Catalyzed by Silica-Supported Tantalum Hydrides: A DFT Study., Núñez-Zarur, Francisco, Solans-Monfort Xavier, and Restrepo Albeiro , Inorg Chem, 2017 Sep 05, Volume 56, Issue 17, p.10458-10473, (2017)

Synthesis of Scandium Terminal Hydride From H2 Activation by Scandium Terminal Imido Complex and Its Reactivity., Maron, Laurent, Han Xianghao, Xiang Li, Lamsfus Carlos Alvarez, Mao Weiqing, Lu Erli, Leng Xuebing, and Chen Yaofeng , Chemistry, 2017 Sep 04, (2017)

Reversible Heterolytic Cleavage of the H-H Bond by Molybdenum Complexes: Controlling the Dynamics of Exchange Between Proton and Hydride., Zhang, Shaoguang, Appel Aaron M., and R Bullock Morris , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 31, Volume 139, Issue 21, p.7376-7387, (2017)

Formation of high-molecular weight polyaminoborane by Fe hydride catalysed dehydrocoupling of methylamine borane., Anke, F, Han D, Klahn M, Spannenberg A, and Beweries T , Dalton Trans, 2017 May 30, Volume 46, Issue 21, p.6843-6847, (2017)

Cationic Copper Hydride Clusters Arising from Oxidation of (Ph3P)6Cu6H6., Liu, Shuo, Eberhart Michael S., Norton Jack R., Yin Xiaodong, Neary Michelle C., and Paley Daniel W. , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 30, (2017)

The Formation of Surface Li-Fe Ternary Hydride and its Function on Catalytic Ammonia Synthesis at Low Temperatures., Wang, Peikun, Xie Hua, Guo Jianping, Zhao Zhi, Kong Xiangtao, Gao Wenbo, Chang Fei, He Teng, Wu Guotao, Chen Mingshu, et al. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 29, (2017)

Manganese Silylene Hydride Complexes: Synthesis and Reactivity with Ethylene to Afford Silene Hydride Complexes., Price, Jeffrey S., Emslie David J. H., and Britten James F. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 22, Volume 56, Issue 22, p.6223-6227, (2017)

Dynamic Behavior and Isomerization Equilibria of Distannenes Synthesized by Tin Hydride/Olefin Insertions: Characterization of the Elusive Monohydrido Bridged Isomer., Wang, Shuai, McCrea-Hendrick Madison L., Weinstein Cory M., Caputo Christine A., Hoppe Elke, Fettinger James C., Olmstead Marilyn M., and Power Philip P. , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 17, Volume 139, Issue 19, p.6586-6595, (2017)

Low-Valent Lead Hydride and Its Extreme Low-Field (1)H NMR Chemical Shift., Schneider, Julia, Sindlinger Christian P., Eichele Klaus, Schubert Hartmut, and Wesemann Lars , J Am Chem Soc, 2017 May 17, Volume 139, Issue 19, p.6542-6545, (2017)

A Dual Palladium and Copper Hydride Catalyzed Approach for Alkyl-Aryl Cross-Coupling of Aryl Halides and Olefins., Friis, Stig D., Pirnot Michael T., Dupuis Lauren N., and Buchwald Stephen L. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 May 16, (2017)

Hydroboration of alkynes and nitriles using an α-diimine cobalt hydride catalyst., Ben-Daat, Hagit, Rock Christopher L., Flores Marco, Groy Thomas L., Bowman Amanda C., and Trovitch Ryan J. , Chem Commun (Camb), 2017 May 15, (2017)

Synthesis of NPN-Coordinated Tantalum Alkyl Complexes and Their Hydrogenolysis: Isolation of a Terminal Tantalum Hydride Incorporating a Doubly Cyclometalated NPN Scaffold., Batke, Sonja, Sietzen Malte, Wadepohl Hubert, and Ballmann Joachim , Inorg Chem, 2017 May 01, Volume 56, Issue 9, p.5122-5134, (2017)

Ionic liquid-assisted separation and determination of selenium species in food and beverage samples by liquid chromatography coupled to hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry., Grijalba, Alexander Castro, Fiorentini Emiliano F., and Wuilloud Rodolfo G. , J Chromatogr A, 2017 Mar 31, Volume 1491, p.117-125, (2017)

Spectroscopic Evidence for a Monomeric Copper(I) Hydride and Crystallographic Characterization of a Monomeric Silver(I) Hydride., Romero, Erik A., Olsen Pauline M., Jazzar Rodolphe, Soleilhavoup Michele, Gembicky Milan, and Bertrand Guy , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Mar 27, Volume 56, Issue 14, p.4024-4027, (2017)