About Nitrides

Boron nitride chemical structureNitrides are any of a class of chemical compounds in which nitrogen is combined with an element of similar or lower electronegativity, such as boron, silicon, and most metals.  Certain metal nitrides are unstable, and most react with water to form ammonia and the oxide or hydroxide of the metal; but the nitrides of boron, vanadium, silicon, titanium, and tantalum are very refractory, resistant to chemical attack, and hard—they therefore are useful as abrasives and in making crucibles.

Boron nitride is used in lubricants and insulators. Silicon nitride is also used as an insulator as well as for cutting materials. Gallium and indium nitrides are used as semiconductors, titanium nitride is used in metal coatings, and lithium nitride is often used in hydrogen storage . The diamond-like nitrides of aluminum, gallium and indium all have the wurtzite structure in which each atom occupies tetrahedral sites. For example in aluminum nitride, each aluminum atom has four neighboring nitrogen atoms at the corners of a tetrahedron and similarly each nitrogen atom has four neighboring aluminum atoms at the corners of a tetrahedron.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrides

Direct nanomechanical measurements of boron nitride nanotube-ceramic interfaces., Yi, Chenglin, Bagchi Soumendu, Gou Feilin, Dmuchowski Christopher M., Park Cheol, Fay Catharine C., Chew Huck Beng, and Ke Changhong , Nanotechnology, 2019 Jan 11, Volume 30, Issue 2, p.025706, (2019)

Composite photocatalyst, tetragonal lead bismuth oxyiodide/bismuth oxyiodide/graphitic carbon nitride: Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic activity., Lee, Ai-Hsuan, Wang Yi-Chuen, and Chen Chiing-Chang , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 533, p.319-332, (2019)

Electrospun Carbon Nanofiber/Boron Nitride Composites as Flexible Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries., Chen, Minghua, Zhang Shouzhi, Zhang Jiawei, and Chen Qingguo , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 19, Issue 1, p.220-225, (2019)

Carbon nanotubes-modified graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts with synergistic effect of nickel(II) sulfide and molybdenum(II) disulfide co-catalysts for more efficient H evolution., Zhang, Yun-Xiao, Li Kui, Yu Yu-Xiang, and De Zhang Wei- , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 526, p.374-383, (2018)

n- and p-type ohmic contacts at monolayer gallium nitride-metal interfaces., Guo, Ying, Pan Feng, Ren Yajie, Yao Binbin, Yang Chuanghua, Ye Meng, Wang Yangyang, Li Jingzhen, Zhang Xiuying, Yan Jiahuan, et al. , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Sep 13, (2018)

Opposite Behavior of Multilayer Graphene/ Indium-Tin-Oxide -Electrode for Gallium Nitride Based-Light Emitting Diodes Depending on Thickness of Indium-Tin-Oxide Layer., Kim, Tae Kyoung, Yoon Yeo Jin, Oh Seung Kyu, Cha Yu-Jung, Hong In Yeol, Cho Moon Uk, Hong Chan-Hwa, Choi Hong Kyw, and Kwak Joon Seop , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 18, Issue 9, p.6106-6111, (2018)

Visible-light-driven dynamic cancer therapy and imaging using graphitic carbon nitride nanoparticles., Heo, Nam Su, Lee Sun Uk, Rethinasabapathy Muruganantham, Lee Eun Zoo, Cho Hye-Jin, Oh Seo Yeong, Choe Sang Rak, Kim Yeonho, Hong Won G., Krishnan Giribabu, et al. , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 90, p.531-538, (2018)

Adsorption of estrone with few-layered boron nitride nanosheets: Kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanism., Liu, Guohong, Zhang Zhaohan, Yan Chen, Wang Yang, Ma Xuerui, Gao Peng, and Feng Yujie , Chemosphere, 2018 Sep, Volume 207, p.534-542, (2018)

Electrochemically prepared oxygen and sulfur co-doped graphitic carbon nitride quantum dots for fluorescence determination of copper and silver ions and biothiols., Wang, Haiyan, Lu Qiujun, Li Mingxia, Li Huan, Liu Yalan, Li Haitao, Zhang Youyu, and Yao Shouzhuo , Anal Chim Acta, 2018 Oct 16, Volume 1027, p.121-129, (2018)

A sensitive fluorescent sensing strategy for nanomolar levels of metformin using graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets as nanofluoroprobe., Rahbar, Nadereh, Abbaszadegan Parivash, and Savarizadeh Aye , Anal Chim Acta, 2018 Oct 05, Volume 1026, p.117-124, (2018)

Effects of hexagonal boron nitride nanoparticles on antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities, cell viability., Kıvanç, Merih, Barutca Banu, Koparal Ayşe Tansu, Göncü Yapıncak, Bostancı Selim Hamit, and Ay Nuran , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2018 Oct 01, Volume 91, p.115-124, (2018)

Effect of Laser Beam Dimension on Laser-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition of Silicon Nitride Thin Films., Kuk, Seungkuk, Nam Han Ku, Wang Zhen, and Hwang David J. , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Oct 01, Volume 18, Issue 10, p.7085-7089, (2018)

Switching charge transfer process of carbon nitride and bismuth vanadate by anchoring silver nanoparticle toward cocatalyst free water reduction., Song, Meiting, Wu Yuhang, Wang Xiaojing, Liu Mengqing, and Su Yiguo , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Nov 01, Volume 529, p.375-384, (2018)