About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Low hazard of silver nanoparticles and silver nitrate to the haematopoietic system of rainbow trout., Clark, Nathaniel J., Shaw Benjamin J., and Handy Richard D. , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2018 May 15, Volume 152, p.121-131, (2018)

Microstructural and associated chemical changes during the composting of a high temperature biochar: Mechanisms for nitrate, phosphate and other nutrient retention and release., Joseph, Stephen, Kammann Claudia I., Shepherd Jessica G., Conte Pellegrino, Schmidt Hans-Peter, Hagemann Nikolas, Rich Anne M., Marjo Christopher E., Allen Jessica, Munroe Paul, et al. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Mar 15, Volume 618, p.1210-1223, (2018)

A combination of ferric nitrate/EDDS-enhanced washing and sludge-derived biochar stabilization of metal-contaminated soils., Yoo, Jong-Chan, Beiyuan Jingzi, Wang Lei, Tsang Daniel C. W., Baek Kitae, Bolan Nanthi S., Ok Yong Sik, and Li Xiang-Dong , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Mar, Volume 616-617, p.572-582, (2018)

Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of new seven coordinated zinc, cadmium and mercury nitrate complexes: New precursors for nanostructure metal oxides., S Jahromi, Mojahedi, Montazerozohori M, Masoudiasl A, Houshyar E, Joohari S, and White J M. , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Mar, Volume 41, p.590-599, (2018)

Dietary nitrate supplementation does not improve cycling time-trial performance in the heat., Kent, Georgina L., Dawson Brian, Cox Gregory R., Burke Louise M., Eastwood Annette, Croft Kevin D., and Peeling Peter , J Sports Sci, 2018 Jun, Volume 36, Issue 11, p.1204-1211, (2018)

The discrimination of 72 nitrate, chlorate and perchlorate salts using IR and Raman spectroscopy., Zapata, Félix, and García-Ruiz Carmen , Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc, 2018 Jan 15, Volume 189, p.535-542, (2018)

Ultrasound-assisted facile one-pot sequential synthesis of novel sulfonamide-isoxazoles using cerium (IV) ammonium nitrate (CAN) as an efficient oxidant in aqueous medium., Alaoui, Soukaina, Driowya Mohsine, Demange Luc, Benhida Rachid, and Bougrin Khalid , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Jan, Volume 40, Issue Pt A, p.289-297, (2018)

Synthesis of Metal-Organic Framework from Iron Nitrate and 2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylic Acid and Its Application as Drug Carrier., Ibrahim, Mihad, Sabouni Rana, and Husseini Ghaleb A. , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Aug 01, Volume 18, Issue 8, p.5266-5273, (2018)

Comparative evaluation of thermal decomposition behavior and thermal stability of powdered ammonium nitrate under different atmosphere conditions., Yang, Man, Chen Xianfeng, Wang Yujie, Yuan Bihe, Niu Yi, Zhang Ying, Liao Ruoyu, and Zhang Zumin , J Hazard Mater, 2017 Sep 05, Volume 337, p.10-19, (2017)

Slow magnetic relaxation in luminescent mononuclear dysprosium(iii) and erbium(iii) pentanitrate complexes with the same LnO10 coordination geometry., Chen, Lei, Zhou JianJun, Yuan Aihua, and Song You , Dalton Trans, 2017 Nov 21, Volume 46, Issue 45, p.15812-15818, (2017)

Acentric La3(IO3)8(OH) and La(IO3)2(NO3): Partial Substitution of Iodate Anions in La(IO3)3 by Hydroxide or Nitrate Anion., Mao, Fei-Fei, Hu Chun-Li, Li Bing-Xuan, and Mao Jiang-Gao , Inorg Chem, 2017 Nov 20, Volume 56, Issue 22, p.14357-14365, (2017)

Zero-valent iron-facilitated reduction of nitrate: Chemical kinetics and reaction pathways., Zhang, Yiping, Douglas Grant B., Pu Long, Zhao Quanlin, Tang Yan, Xu Wei, Luo Bihuan, Hong Wei, Cui Lili, and Ye Zhengfang , Sci Total Environ, 2017 Nov 15, Volume 598, p.1140-1150, (2017)

Modulating Slow Magnetic Relaxation of Dysprosium Compounds through the Position of Coordinating Nitrate Group., Ma, Fang, Chen Qi, Xiong Jin, Sun Hao-Ling, Zhang Yi-Quan, and Gao Song , Inorg Chem, 2017 Nov 06, Volume 56, Issue 21, p.13430-13436, (2017)

Analysis of the acute response of Galleria mellonella larvae to potassium nitrate., Maguire, Ronan, Kunc Martin, Hyrsl Pavel, and Kavanagh Kevin , Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol, 2017 May, Volume 195, p.44-51, (2017)

Chemical Morphology of Frozen Mixed Nitrate-Salt Solutions., Morenz, Karen J., and D Donaldson James , J Phys Chem A, 2017 Mar 16, Volume 121, Issue 10, p.2166-2171, (2017)