About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Enhanced nitrate removal from surface water in a denitrifying woodchip bioreactor with a heterotrophic nitrifying and aerobic denitrifying fungus., Yao, Zongbao, Yang Liu, Wang Fang, Tian Linqi, Song Na, and Jiang Helong , Bioresour Technol, 2020 May, Volume 303, p.122948, (2020)

Removing PFOA and nitrate by quaternary ammonium compounds modified carbon and its mechanisms analysis: Effect of base, acid or oxidant pretreatment., Yuan, Chen, Huang Yang, Cannon Fred S., Geng Cong, Liang Zhijie, and Zhao Zhiwei , Chemosphere, 2020 Mar, Volume 242, p.125233, (2020)

Modified biogas residues as an eco-friendly and easily-recoverable biosorbent for nitrate and phosphate removals from surface water., Pan, Jingwen, Gao Baoyu, Song Wen, Xu Xing, and Yue Qinyan , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Jan 15, Volume 382, p.121073, (2020)

Effect of dissolved oxygen on simultaneous removal of ammonia, nitrate and phosphorus via biological aerated filter with sulfur and pyrite as composite fillers., Li, Yaofeng, Guo Jianbo, Li Haibo, Song Yuanyuan, Chen Zhi, Lu Caicai, Han Yi, and Hou Yanan , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122340, (2020)

Bioenergy generation and simultaneous nitrate and phosphorus removal in a pyrite-based constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell., Ge, Xiaoyan, Cao Xin, Song Xinshan, Wang Yuhui, Si Zhihao, Zhao Yufeng, Wang Wenting, and Tesfahunegn Awet Arefe , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122350, (2020)

Cross-Species Root Transcriptional Network Analysis Highlights Conserved Modules in Response to Nitrate between Maize and Sorghum., Du, Hongyang, Ning Lihua, He Bing, Wang Yuancong, Ge Min, Xu Jinyan, and Zhao Han , Int J Mol Sci, 2020 Feb 20, Volume 21, Issue 4, (2020)

Effects of water level and vegetation on nitrate dynamics at varying sediment depths in laboratory-scale wetland mesocosms., Han, Ji Yeon, Kim Dong-Hun, Oh Seolran, and Moon Hee Sun , Sci Total Environ, 2020 Feb 10, Volume 703, p.134741, (2020)

Fabrication of Si Nanoparticles Encapsulated into Porous N-Doped Carbon for Superior Lithium Storage Performances., Tang, Ze-Hua, Xie Jin-Feng, Bian Zheng-Xu, Zhang Jun-Hao, Liu Yuan-Jun, Guo Xing-Mei, Kong Qing-Hong, and Yuan Ai-Hua , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.949-956, (2020)

Interplay between 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, γ-aminobutyrate and D-glucose in the regulation of high nitrate-induced root growth inhibition in maize., Saiz-Fernández, Iñigo, Lacuesta Maite, Pérez-López Usue, M Sampedro Carmen, Barrio Ramon J., and De Diego Nuria , Plant Sci, 2020 Apr, Volume 293, p.110418, (2020)

Methods for Measuring Nitrate Reductase, Nitrite Levels, and Nitric Oxide from Plant Tissues., Wany, Aakanksha, Pathak Pradeep Kumar, and Gupta Kapuganti Jagadis , Methods Mol Biol, 2020, Volume 2057, p.15-26, (2020)

Revealing chlorinated ethene transformation hotspots in a nitrate-impacted hyporheic zone., Weatherill, John J., Krause Stefan, Ullah Sami, Cassidy Nigel J., Levy Amir, Drijfhout Falko P., and Rivett Michael O. , Water Res, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 161, p.222-231, (2019)

Triple oxygen isotopic evidence for atmospheric nitrate and its application in source identification for river systems in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau., Xia, Xinghui, Li Siling, Wang Fan, Zhang Sibo, Fang Yunting, Li Jianghanyang, Michalski Greg, and Zhang Liwei , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 20, Volume 688, p.270-280, (2019)

Simultaneous underway analysis of nitrate and nitrite in estuarine and coastal waters using an automated integrated syringe-pump-based environmental-water analyzer., Fang, Tengyue, Li Peicong, Lin Kunning, Chen Nengwang, Jiang Yiyong, Chen Jixin, Yuan Dongxing, and Ma Jian , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 Oct 17, Volume 1076, p.100-109, (2019)

The role of sulfate and its corresponding S(IV)+NO formation pathway during the evolution of haze in Beijing., Yue, Fange, Xie Zhouqing, Zhang Pengfei, Song Shaojie, He Pengzhen, Liu Cheng, Wang Longquan, Yu Xiawei, and Kang Hui , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 15, Volume 687, p.741-751, (2019)

Different impacts of external ammonium and nitrate addition on plant growth in terrestrial ecosystems: A meta-analysis., Yan, Liming, Xu Xiaoni, and Xia Jianyang , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 10, Volume 686, p.1010-1018, (2019)