About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Fabrication of Si Nanoparticles Encapsulated into Porous N-Doped Carbon for Superior Lithium Storage Performances., Tang, Ze-Hua, Xie Jin-Feng, Bian Zheng-Xu, Zhang Jun-Hao, Liu Yuan-Jun, Guo Xing-Mei, Kong Qing-Hong, and Yuan Ai-Hua , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.949-956, (2020)

Revealing chlorinated ethene transformation hotspots in a nitrate-impacted hyporheic zone., Weatherill, John J., Krause Stefan, Ullah Sami, Cassidy Nigel J., Levy Amir, Drijfhout Falko P., and Rivett Michael O. , Water Res, 2019 Sep 15, Volume 161, p.222-231, (2019)

Triple oxygen isotopic evidence for atmospheric nitrate and its application in source identification for river systems in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau., Xia, Xinghui, Li Siling, Wang Fan, Zhang Sibo, Fang Yunting, Li Jianghanyang, Michalski Greg, and Zhang Liwei , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 20, Volume 688, p.270-280, (2019)

Simultaneous underway analysis of nitrate and nitrite in estuarine and coastal waters using an automated integrated syringe-pump-based environmental-water analyzer., Fang, Tengyue, Li Peicong, Lin Kunning, Chen Nengwang, Jiang Yiyong, Chen Jixin, Yuan Dongxing, and Ma Jian , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 Oct 17, Volume 1076, p.100-109, (2019)

The role of sulfate and its corresponding S(IV)+NO formation pathway during the evolution of haze in Beijing., Yue, Fange, Xie Zhouqing, Zhang Pengfei, Song Shaojie, He Pengzhen, Liu Cheng, Wang Longquan, Yu Xiawei, and Kang Hui , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 15, Volume 687, p.741-751, (2019)

Different impacts of external ammonium and nitrate addition on plant growth in terrestrial ecosystems: A meta-analysis., Yan, Liming, Xu Xiaoni, and Xia Jianyang , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Oct 10, Volume 686, p.1010-1018, (2019)

Combined use of calcium nitrate addition and anion exchange resin capping to control sedimentary phosphorus release and its nitrate‑nitrogen releasing risk., Zhan, Yanhui, Wu Xiaolong, Lin Jianwei, Zhang Zhe, Zhao Yuying, Yu Yang, and Wang Yan , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Nov 01, Volume 689, p.203-214, (2019)

Exploring biostimulation of plant hormones and nitrate supplement to effectively enhance biomass growth and lutein production with thermo-tolerant Desmodesmus sp. F51., Ahmed, Nur Rashid, Manirafasha Emmanuel, Pan Xueshan, Chen Bor-Yann, Lu Yinghua, and Jing Keju , Bioresour Technol, 2019 Nov, Volume 291, p.121883, (2019)

Effect of chronic nitrate and citrulline supplementation on vascular function and exercise performance in older individuals., Le Roux-Mallouf, Thibault, Pelen Felix, Vallejo Angela, Halimaoui Idir, Doutreleau Stéphane, and Verges Samuel , Aging (Albany NY), 2019 May 29, (2019)

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis in Oilseed Rape () Reveals Distinct Gene Expression Details between Nitrate and Ammonium Nutrition., Tang, Weijie, He Xin, Qian Lunwen, Wang Feng, Zhang Zhenhua, Sun Chao, Lin Liangbin, and Guan Chunyun , Genes (Basel), 2019 May 22, Volume 10, Issue 5, (2019)

Effects of pyrolysis temperature on nitrate-nitrogen (NO-N) and bromate (BrO) adsorption onto date palm biochar., Alsewaileh, Abdulaziz S., Usman Adel R., and Al-Wabel Mohammad I. , J Environ Manage, 2019 May 01, Volume 237, p.289-296, (2019)

How does the NMR thermometer work? Application of combined quantum molecular dynamics and GIPAW calculations into the study of lead nitrate., Szeleszczuk, Łukasz, Pisklak Dariusz M., and Zielińska-Pisklak Monika , J Comput Chem, 2019 Mar 05, Volume 40, Issue 6, p.811-819, (2019)

Preparation, characterization and evaluation of the zinc titanate and silver nitrate incorporated wipes for topical chemical and biological decontamination., Sharma, Navneet, Chaudhary Mamta, Butola Bhupendra Singh, Jeyabalaji Joseph Kingston, Pathak Dharm Pal, and Sharma Rakesh Kumar , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Mar, Volume 96, p.183-196, (2019)

Sonocatalytic reduction of nitrate using magnetic layered double hydroxide: Implications for removal mechanism., Wong, Kien Tiek, Saravanan Pichiah, Nah In Wook, Choi Jaeyoung, Park Chulhwan, Kim Namchan, Yoon Yeomin, and Jang Min , Chemosphere, 2019 Mar, Volume 218, p.799-809, (2019)

Dissolved oxygen has no inhibition on methane oxidation coupled to selenate reduction in a membrane biofilm reactor., Shi, Ling-Dong, Wang Min, Li Zi-Yan, Lai Chun-Yu, and Zhao He-Ping , Chemosphere, 2019 Jun 19, Volume 234, p.855-863, (2019)