About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Sulfate-nitrate-ammonium as double salts in PM: Direct observations and implications for haze events., Sun, Zhenli, Duan Fengkui, He Kebin, Du Jingjing, and Zhu Lidan , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 10, Volume 647, p.204-209, (2019)

Spatio-temporal variation of nitrate sources to Lake Winnipeg using N and O isotope (δN, δO) analyses., Soto, David X., Koehler Geoff, Wassenaar Leonard I., and Hobson Keith A. , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 10, Volume 647, p.486-493, (2019)

Stability and performance of gun propellants incorporating 3,6-dihydrazino-s-tetrazine and 5-aminotetrazolium nitrate., Lavoie, Jonathan, Petre Catalin-Florin, Durand Simon, and Dubois Charles , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.457-463, (2019)

Quantitative analysis of vaporous ammonia by online derivatization with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry with applications to ammonium nitrate-based explosives., Katilie, Christopher J., Simon Alison G., and DeGreeff Lauryn E. , Talanta, 2019 Feb 01, Volume 193, p.87-92, (2019)

Evaluating microwave-synthesized silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate with life cycle assessment techniques., Bafana, Adarsh, Kumar Shishir V., Temizel-Sekeryan Sila, Dahoumane Si Amar, Haselbach, iv L, and Jeffryes Clayton S. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 636, p.936-943, (2018)

Evaluation of energy consumption of treating nitrate-contaminated groundwater by bioelectrochemical systems., Cecconet, Daniele, Zou Shiqiang, Capodaglio Andrea G., and He Zhen , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 636, p.881-890, (2018)

Kinetic competition between microbial anode respiration and nitrate respiration in a bioelectrochemical system., Su, Shi-Gang, Cheng Hao-Yi, Zhu Ting-Ting, Wang Hong-Cheng, and Wang Ai-Jie , Bioelectrochemistry, 2018 Oct, Volume 123, p.241-247, (2018)

Effects of nitrate on freshwater mussel glochidia attachment and metamorphosis success to the juvenile stage., Moore, Adrian P., and Bringolf Robert B. , Environ Pollut, 2018 Nov, Volume 242, Issue Pt A, p.807-813, (2018)

Mechanisms of the bactericidal effects of nitrate and nitrite in cured meats., Majou, Didier, and Christieans Souad , Meat Sci, 2018 Nov, Volume 145, p.273-284, (2018)

Mitigating adverse impacts of varying sulfide/nitrate ratios on denitrifying sulfide removal process performance., Chen, Chuan, Shao Bo, Zhang Ruo-Chen, Xu Xi-Jun, Zhou Xu, Yuan Yuan, Ren Nan-Qi, and Lee Duu-Jong , Bioresour Technol, 2018 Nov, Volume 267, p.782-788, (2018)

Low hazard of silver nanoparticles and silver nitrate to the haematopoietic system of rainbow trout., Clark, Nathaniel J., Shaw Benjamin J., and Handy Richard D. , Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2018 May 15, Volume 152, p.121-131, (2018)

A combination of ferric nitrate/EDDS-enhanced washing and sludge-derived biochar stabilization of metal-contaminated soils., Yoo, Jong-Chan, Beiyuan Jingzi, Wang Lei, Tsang Daniel C. W., Baek Kitae, Bolan Nanthi S., Ok Yong Sik, and Li Xiang-Dong , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Mar, Volume 616-617, p.572-582, (2018)

Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of new seven coordinated zinc, cadmium and mercury nitrate complexes: New precursors for nanostructure metal oxides., S Jahromi, Mojahedi, Montazerozohori M, Masoudiasl A, Houshyar E, Joohari S, and White J M. , Ultrason Sonochem, 2018 Mar, Volume 41, p.590-599, (2018)

Investigation of rice husk derived activated carbon for removal of nitrate contamination from water., Satayeva, Aliya R., Howell Carol A., Korobeinyk Alina V., Jandosov Jakpar, Inglezakis Vassilis J., Mansurov Zulkhair A., and Mikhalovsky Sergey V. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Jul 15, Volume 630, p.1237-1245, (2018)