About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

How does the NMR thermometer work? Application of combined quantum molecular dynamics and GIPAW calculations into the study of lead nitrate., Szeleszczuk, Łukasz, Pisklak Dariusz M., and Zielińska-Pisklak Monika , J Comput Chem, 2019 Mar 05, Volume 40, Issue 6, p.811-819, (2019)

Sonocatalytic reduction of nitrate using magnetic layered double hydroxide: Implications for removal mechanism., Wong, Kien Tiek, Saravanan Pichiah, Nah In Wook, Choi Jaeyoung, Park Chulhwan, Kim Namchan, Yoon Yeomin, and Jang Min , Chemosphere, 2019 Mar, Volume 218, p.799-809, (2019)

Preparation, characterization and evaluation of the zinc titanate and silver nitrate incorporated wipes for topical chemical and biological decontamination., Sharma, Navneet, Chaudhary Mamta, Butola Bhupendra Singh, Jeyabalaji Joseph Kingston, Pathak Dharm Pal, and Sharma Rakesh Kumar , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Mar, Volume 96, p.183-196, (2019)

Low-Temperature Thermally Annealed Niobium Oxide Thin Films as a Minimally Color Changing Ion Storage Layer in Solution-Processed Polymer Electrochromic Devices., He, Jiazhi, You Liyan, Tran Dung T., and Mei Jianguo , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019 Jan 30, Volume 11, Issue 4, p.4169-4177, (2019)

Sulfate-nitrate-ammonium as double salts in PM: Direct observations and implications for haze events., Sun, Zhenli, Duan Fengkui, He Kebin, Du Jingjing, and Zhu Lidan , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 10, Volume 647, p.204-209, (2019)

Spatio-temporal variation of nitrate sources to Lake Winnipeg using N and O isotope (δN, δO) analyses., Soto, David X., Koehler Geoff, Wassenaar Leonard I., and Hobson Keith A. , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jan 10, Volume 647, p.486-493, (2019)

Effects of denitrification and transport on the isotopic composition of nitrate (δO, δN) in freshwater systems., Wells, Naomi S., Clough Tim J., Johnson-Beebout Sarah E., Elberling Bo, and W Baisden Troy , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Feb 15, Volume 651, Issue Pt 2, p.2228-2234, (2019)

Stability and performance of gun propellants incorporating 3,6-dihydrazino-s-tetrazine and 5-aminotetrazolium nitrate., Lavoie, Jonathan, Petre Catalin-Florin, Durand Simon, and Dubois Charles , J Hazard Mater, 2019 Feb 05, Volume 363, p.457-463, (2019)

Quantitative analysis of vaporous ammonia by online derivatization with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry with applications to ammonium nitrate-based explosives., Katilie, Christopher J., Simon Alison G., and DeGreeff Lauryn E. , Talanta, 2019 Feb 01, Volume 193, p.87-92, (2019)

An automatic reserve flow injection method using vanadium (III) reduction for simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate in estuarine and coastal waters., Lin, Kunning, Li Peicong, Ma Jian, and Yuan Dongxing , Talanta, 2019 Apr 01, Volume 195, p.613-618, (2019)

Evaluation of energy consumption of treating nitrate-contaminated groundwater by bioelectrochemical systems., Cecconet, Daniele, Zou Shiqiang, Capodaglio Andrea G., and He Zhen , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 636, p.881-890, (2018)

Evaluating microwave-synthesized silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate with life cycle assessment techniques., Bafana, Adarsh, Kumar Shishir V., Temizel-Sekeryan Sila, Dahoumane Si Amar, Haselbach, iv L, and Jeffryes Clayton S. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 636, p.936-943, (2018)

Kinetic competition between microbial anode respiration and nitrate respiration in a bioelectrochemical system., Su, Shi-Gang, Cheng Hao-Yi, Zhu Ting-Ting, Wang Hong-Cheng, and Wang Ai-Jie , Bioelectrochemistry, 2018 Oct, Volume 123, p.241-247, (2018)

Effects of nitrate on freshwater mussel glochidia attachment and metamorphosis success to the juvenile stage., Moore, Adrian P., and Bringolf Robert B. , Environ Pollut, 2018 Nov, Volume 242, Issue Pt A, p.807-813, (2018)