About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Simultaneous underway analysis of nitrate and nitrite in estuarine and coastal waters using an automated integrated syringe-pump-based environmental-water analyzer., Fang, Tengyue, Li Peicong, Lin Kunning, Chen Nengwang, Jiang Yiyong, Chen Jixin, Yuan Dongxing, and Ma Jian , Anal Chim Acta, 2019 Oct 17, Volume 1076, p.100-109, (2019)

Effect of chronic nitrate and citrulline supplementation on vascular function and exercise performance in older individuals., Le Roux-Mallouf, Thibault, Pelen Felix, Vallejo Angela, Halimaoui Idir, Doutreleau Stéphane, and Verges Samuel , Aging (Albany NY), 2019 May 29, (2019)

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis in Oilseed Rape () Reveals Distinct Gene Expression Details between Nitrate and Ammonium Nutrition., Tang, Weijie, He Xin, Qian Lunwen, Wang Feng, Zhang Zhenhua, Sun Chao, Lin Liangbin, and Guan Chunyun , Genes (Basel), 2019 May 22, Volume 10, Issue 5, (2019)

How does the NMR thermometer work? Application of combined quantum molecular dynamics and GIPAW calculations into the study of lead nitrate., Szeleszczuk, Łukasz, Pisklak Dariusz M., and Zielińska-Pisklak Monika , J Comput Chem, 2019 Mar 05, Volume 40, Issue 6, p.811-819, (2019)

Preparation, characterization and evaluation of the zinc titanate and silver nitrate incorporated wipes for topical chemical and biological decontamination., Sharma, Navneet, Chaudhary Mamta, Butola Bhupendra Singh, Jeyabalaji Joseph Kingston, Pathak Dharm Pal, and Sharma Rakesh Kumar , Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl, 2019 Mar, Volume 96, p.183-196, (2019)

Sonocatalytic reduction of nitrate using magnetic layered double hydroxide: Implications for removal mechanism., Wong, Kien Tiek, Saravanan Pichiah, Nah In Wook, Choi Jaeyoung, Park Chulhwan, Kim Namchan, Yoon Yeomin, and Jang Min , Chemosphere, 2019 Mar, Volume 218, p.799-809, (2019)

Nitrate sorption to biochar following chemical oxidation., Sanford, J R., Larson R A., and Runge T , Sci Total Environ, 2019 Jun 15, Volume 669, p.938-947, (2019)

A strategy for enhancing anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge: Driving anodic oxidation by adding nitrate into microbial electrolysis cell., Peng, Hong, Zhao Zhiqiang, Xiao Hong, Yang Yafei, Zhao Huimin, and Zhang Yaobin , J Environ Sci (China), 2019 Jul, Volume 81, p.34-42, (2019)

Influence of irrigation with microalgae-treated biogas slurry on agronomic trait, nutritional quality, oxidation resistance, and nitrate and heavy metal residues in Chinese cabbage., Xu, Zhi-Min, Wang Zhen, Gao Qiong, Wang Li-Li, Chen Li-Li, Li Qiao-Guang, Jiang Jian-Jun, Ye Han-Jie, Wang Dong-Sheng, and Yang Ping , J Environ Manage, 2019 Aug 15, Volume 244, p.453-461, (2019)

Simultaneous removal of nitrate/phosphate with bimetallic nanoparticles of Fe coupled with copper or nickel supported on chelating resin., Shen, Zhanhui, Dong Xinyi, Shi Jialu, Ma Yuanhao, Liu Daoru, and Fan Jing , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 Apr 13, (2019)

Novel Effect of Zinc Nitrate/Vanadyl Oxalate for Selective Catalytic Oxidation of α-Hydroxy Esters to α-Keto Esters with Molecular Oxygen: An In Situ ATR-IR Study., Ju, Yongwei, Du Zhongtian, Xiao Chuhong, Li Xingfei, and Li Shuang , Molecules, 2019 Apr 02, Volume 24, Issue 7, (2019)

An automatic reserve flow injection method using vanadium (III) reduction for simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate in estuarine and coastal waters., Lin, Kunning, Li Peicong, Ma Jian, and Yuan Dongxing , Talanta, 2019 Apr 01, Volume 195, p.613-618, (2019)

Evaluating microwave-synthesized silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate with life cycle assessment techniques., Bafana, Adarsh, Kumar Shishir V., Temizel-Sekeryan Sila, Dahoumane Si Amar, Haselbach, iv L, and Jeffryes Clayton S. , Sci Total Environ, 2018 Sep 15, Volume 636, p.936-943, (2018)

Mitigating adverse impacts of varying sulfide/nitrate ratios on denitrifying sulfide removal process performance., Chen, Chuan, Shao Bo, Zhang Ruo-Chen, Xu Xi-Jun, Zhou Xu, Yuan Yuan, Ren Nan-Qi, and Lee Duu-Jong , Bioresour Technol, 2018 Nov, Volume 267, p.782-788, (2018)