About Nitrates

Nitrates are readily soluble in water at standard temperature and pressure; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed. Many nitrates are used as agricultural fertilizers, as plants require the nitrogen they contain to develop and produce seeds. Lightning and radiation create nitrates in the atmosphere, and rain carries it to the ground. Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form of nitrates. Approximately 86 percent of nitrates produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other uses.

Some important inorganic nitrates are potassium nitrate (KNO3), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and silver nitrate (AgNO3). Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder.

Recent Research & Development for Nitrates

Application of the dual-isotope approach and Bayesian isotope mixing model to identify nitrate in groundwater of a multiple land-use area in Chengdu Plain, China., Zhang, Han, Xu Yi, Cheng Siqian, Li Qiling, and Yu Haoran , Sci Total Environ, 2020 May 15, Volume 717, p.137134, (2020)

Enhanced nitrate removal from surface water in a denitrifying woodchip bioreactor with a heterotrophic nitrifying and aerobic denitrifying fungus., Yao, Zongbao, Yang Liu, Wang Fang, Tian Linqi, Song Na, and Jiang Helong , Bioresour Technol, 2020 May, Volume 303, p.122948, (2020)

Composite of chitosan and bentonite cladding Fe-Al bimetal: Effective removal of nitrate and by-products from wastewater., Cheng, Houming, Zhu Qi, Wang Aiwen, Weng Mingmei, and Xing Zipeng , Environ Res, 2020 May, Volume 184, p.109336, (2020)

Removing PFOA and nitrate by quaternary ammonium compounds modified carbon and its mechanisms analysis: Effect of base, acid or oxidant pretreatment., Yuan, Chen, Huang Yang, Cannon Fred S., Geng Cong, Liang Zhijie, and Zhao Zhiwei , Chemosphere, 2020 Mar, Volume 242, p.125233, (2020)

Effect of molten sodium nitrate on the decomposition pathways of hydrated magnesium hydroxycarbonate to magnesium oxide probed by in situ total scattering., Rekhtina, Margarita, Dal Pozzo Alessandro, Stoian Dragos, Armutlulu Andac, Donat Felix, Blanco Maria V., Wang Zhu-Jun, Willinger Marc-Georg, Fedorov Alexey, Abdala Paula M., et al. , Nanoscale, 2020 Jun 01, (2020)

Prior Application of 10% Potassium Nitrate to Reduce Postbleaching Sensitivity: A Randomized Triple-Blind Clinical Trial., Rezende, Márcia, da Silva Karine Leticia, Miguel Thais Caroline, Farago Paulo Vitor, Loguercio Alessandro Dourado, Martins Luciana Dorochenko, and Reis Alessandra , J Evid Based Dent Pract, 2020 Jun, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.101406, (2020)

Nitrate removal characteristics and C metabolic pathways of aerobic denitrifying bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans Z195., Zhang, Haihan, Li Sulin, Ma Ben, Huang Tinglin, Qiu Hui, Zhao Zhenfang, Huang Xin, and Liu Kaiwen , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jul, Volume 307, p.123230, (2020)

Simultaneous removal of nitrate, phosphorous and cadmium using a novel multifunctional biomaterial immobilized aerobic strain Proteobacteria Cupriavidus H29., Su, Jun Feng, Wang Zhao, Huang Ting Lin, Zhang Hao, and Zhang Han , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jul, Volume 307, p.123196, (2020)

Modified biogas residues as an eco-friendly and easily-recoverable biosorbent for nitrate and phosphate removals from surface water., Pan, Jingwen, Gao Baoyu, Song Wen, Xu Xing, and Yue Qinyan , J Hazard Mater, 2020 Jan 15, Volume 382, p.121073, (2020)

Bioenergy generation and simultaneous nitrate and phosphorus removal in a pyrite-based constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell., Ge, Xiaoyan, Cao Xin, Song Xinshan, Wang Yuhui, Si Zhihao, Zhao Yufeng, Wang Wenting, and Tesfahunegn Awet Arefe , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122350, (2020)

Effect of dissolved oxygen on simultaneous removal of ammonia, nitrate and phosphorus via biological aerated filter with sulfur and pyrite as composite fillers., Li, Yaofeng, Guo Jianbo, Li Haibo, Song Yuanyuan, Chen Zhi, Lu Caicai, Han Yi, and Hou Yanan , Bioresour Technol, 2020 Jan, Volume 296, p.122340, (2020)

Cross-Species Root Transcriptional Network Analysis Highlights Conserved Modules in Response to Nitrate between Maize and Sorghum., Du, Hongyang, Ning Lihua, He Bing, Wang Yuancong, Ge Min, Xu Jinyan, and Zhao Han , Int J Mol Sci, 2020 Feb 20, Volume 21, Issue 4, (2020)

Effects of water level and vegetation on nitrate dynamics at varying sediment depths in laboratory-scale wetland mesocosms., Han, Ji Yeon, Kim Dong-Hun, Oh Seolran, and Moon Hee Sun , Sci Total Environ, 2020 Feb 10, Volume 703, p.134741, (2020)

Fabrication of Si Nanoparticles Encapsulated into Porous N-Doped Carbon for Superior Lithium Storage Performances., Tang, Ze-Hua, Xie Jin-Feng, Bian Zheng-Xu, Zhang Jun-Hao, Liu Yuan-Jun, Guo Xing-Mei, Kong Qing-Hong, and Yuan Ai-Hua , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2020 Feb 01, Volume 20, Issue 2, p.949-956, (2020)

The First Step of Molybdenum Cofactor Biosynthesis: Regulatory Aspects under N-Derepressing and Nitrate-Inducing Conditions., Wajmann, Simon, Hercher Thomas W., Buchmeier Sabine, Hänsch Robert, Mendel Ralf R., and Kruse Tobias , Microorganisms, 2020 Apr 07, Volume 8, Issue 4, (2020)