About Selenides

Selenide Ion, Molecular StructureSelenides are compounds containing the selenide anion, Se2-. As selenium is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and selenide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds used primarily as reagents in chemical synthesis. In contrast, transition metal chalcogenides exhibit a more covalent bond character and useful electronic and optical properties, and many are brightly colored. These are the chalcogenides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. The properties of main-group chalcogenides are less generalizable, but like transition metal halides, they exhibit covalent bonding and many have direct applications. Many chalcogenides compounds occur naturally as minerals such as pyrite (iron sulfide) and calaverite (gold telluride).

Most commercially important selenides are inorganic semiconducting solids, and are found in a variety of optical and/or electronic applications. Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), which is a solid solution of copper indium selenide and copper gallium selenide, is an important thin-film solar cell material. Cadmium selenide is a well-researched material used primarily in the form of quantum dots for applications in solar cells, LEDs, and biofluorescent tagging. Lead selenide is a thermoelectric semiconductor that is widely used for infrared detectors in thermal imaging applications.

Additionally, there are a number of organic selenides that are used primarily in depositing thin films of selenium compounds through processes such as metal organic vapor epitaxy.

Recent Research & Development for Selenides

Tuning carbon nanotube-grafted core-shell-structured cobalt selenide@carbon hybrids for efficient oxygen evolution reaction., Yuan, Menglei, Wang Meng, Lu Peilong, Sun Yu, Dipazir Sobia, Zhang Jingxian, Li Shuwei, and Zhang Guangjin , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2019 Jan 01, Volume 533, p.503-512, (2019)

Influence of Post-Heat Treatment of ZnO:Al Transparent Electrode for Copper Indium Gallium Selenide Thin Film Solar Cell., Eom, Taewoo, Park Jeong Eun, Park Sang Yong, Park Jeong Hoon, Bweupe Jackson, and Lim Donggun , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 18, Issue 9, p.6532-6535, (2018)

Cadmium selenide quantum dot-zinc oxide composite: Synthesis, characterization, dye removal ability with UV irradiation, and antibacterial activity as a safe and high-performance photocatalyst., Mahmoodi, Niyaz Mohammad, Karimi Behzad, Mazarji Mahmoud, and Moghtaderi Hassan , J Photochem Photobiol B, 2018 Sep 01, Volume 188, p.19-27, (2018)

Structural and compositional control in copper selenide nanocrystals for light-induced self-repairable electrodes., Singh, Subhash C., Li Huiyan, Yao Chaonan, Zhan Z, Yu Weili, Yu Zhi, and Guo Chunlei , Nano Energy, 2018 Sep, Volume 51, p.774-785, (2018)

Solution-Based Processing of Optoelectronically Active Indium Selenide., Kang, Joohoon, Wells Spencer A., Sangwan Vinod K., Lam David, Liu Xiaolong, Luxa Jan, Sofer Zdeněk, and Hersam Mark C. , Adv Mater, 2018 Sep, Volume 30, Issue 38, p.e1802990, (2018)

In situ grown nickel selenide on graphene nanohybrid electrodes for high energy density asymmetric supercapacitors., Kirubasankar, Balakrishnan, Murugadoss Vignesh, Lin Jing, Ding Tao, Dong Mengyao, Liu Hu, Zhang Jiaoxia, Li Tingxi, Wang Ning, Guo Zhanhu, et al. , Nanoscale, 2018 Nov 08, Volume 10, Issue 43, p.20414-20425, (2018)

Structural and electronic properties of a van der Waals heterostructure based on silicene and gallium selenide: effect of strain and electric field., Le, P T. T., Hieu Nguyen N., Bui Le M., Phuc Huynh V., Hoi Bui D., Amin B, and Nguyen Chuong V. , Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2018 Nov 06, (2018)

Room Temperature Intrinsic Ferromagnetism in Epitaxial Manganese Selenide Films in the Monolayer Limit., O'Hara, Dante J., Zhu Tiancong, Trout Amanda H., Ahmed Adam S., Luo Yunqiu Kelly, Lee Choong Hee, Brenner Mark R., Rajan Siddharth, Gupta Jay A., McComb David W., et al. , Nano Lett, 2018 May 09, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3125-3131, (2018)

Complementary Characterization of Cu(In,Ga)Se₂ Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells Using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, Auger Electron Spectroscopy, and Atom Probe Tomography., Jang, Yun Jung, Lee Jihye, Jeong Jeung-Hyun, Lee Kang-Bong, Kim Donghwan, and Lee Yeonhee , J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2018 May 01, Volume 18, Issue 5, p.3548-3556, (2018)

Preparation and Characterization of WSe2 Nano-films by Magnetron Sputtering and Vacuum Selenization., Zhang, Yuxi, Wang Yuhua, Zhang Haijun, and Liang Feng , Nanotechnology, 2018 Mar 29, (2018)

Ferromagnetism in CVT grown tungsten diselenide single crystals with nickel doping., Habib, Muhammad, Muhammad Zahir, Khan Rashid, Wu Chuanqiang, Rehman Zia Ur, Zhou Yu, Liu Hengjie, and Song Li , Nanotechnology, 2018 Mar 16, Volume 29, Issue 11, p.115701, (2018)

Surfactant mediated synthesis of bismuth selenide thin films for photoelectrochemical solar cell applications., Desai, Neha D., Khot Kishorkumar V., Ghanwat Vishvanath B., Kharade Suvarta D., and Bhosale Popatrao N. , J Colloid Interface Sci, 2018 Mar 15, Volume 514, p.250-261, (2018)

Simultaneous Detection of Mitochondrial Hydrogen Selenide and Superoxide Anion in HepG2 Cells under Hypoxic Conditions., Cheng, Ranran, Kong Fanpeng, Tong Lili, Liu Xiaojun, Xu Kehua, and Tang Bo , Anal Chem, 2018 Jun 08, (2018)

Vapor transport deposition of antimony selenide thin film solar cells with 7.6% efficiency., Wen, Xixing, Chen Chao, Lu Shuaicheng, Li Kanghua, Kondrotas Rokas, Zhao Yang, Chen Wenhao, Gao Liang, Wang Chong, Zhang Jun, et al. , Nat Commun, 2018 Jun 05, Volume 9, Issue 1, p.2179, (2018)

Lithiation of Copper Selenide Nanocrystals., Banerjee, Progna, and Jain Prashant K. , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2018 Jun 04, (2018)