About Selenides

Selenide Ion, Molecular StructureSelenides are compounds containing the selenide anion, Se2-. As selenium is a member of group 16 on the periodic table, it is considered a chalcogen, and selenide compounds belong to a class of compounds known as chalcogenides.

Alkali metal and alkaline earth chalcogenides are typically colorless, water-soluble compounds used primarily as reagents in chemical synthesis. In contrast, transition metal chalcogenides exhibit a more covalent bond character and useful electronic and optical properties, and many are brightly colored. These are the chalcogenides most often used directly as functional materials; they are found as pigments, catalysts, optical materials, phase change materials, solid electrolytes, or semiconductors. The properties of main-group chalcogenides are less generalizable, but like transition metal halides, they exhibit covalent bonding and many have direct applications. Many chalcogenides compounds occur naturally as minerals such as pyrite (iron sulfide) and calaverite (gold telluride).

Most commercially important selenides are inorganic semiconducting solids, and are found in a variety of optical and/or electronic applications. Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), which is a solid solution of copper indium selenide and copper gallium selenide, is an important thin-film solar cell material. Cadmium selenide is a well-researched material used primarily in the form of quantum dots for applications in solar cells, LEDs, and biofluorescent tagging. Lead selenide is a thermoelectric semiconductor that is widely used for infrared detectors in thermal imaging applications.

Additionally, there are a number of organic selenides that are used primarily in depositing thin films of selenium compounds through processes such as metal organic vapor epitaxy.

Recent Research & Development for Selenides

Cobalt-iron selenides embedded in porous carbon nanofibers for simultaneous electrochemical detection of trace of hydroquinone, catechol and resorcinol., Yin, Duanduan, Liu Jian, Bo Xiangjie, and Guo Liping , Anal Chim Acta, 2020 Jan 06, Volume 1093, p.35-42, (2020)

Out-of-plane orientation of luminescent excitons in two-dimensional indium selenide., Brotons-Gisbert, Mauro, Proux Raphaël, Picard Raphaël, Andres-Penares Daniel, Branny Artur, Molina-Sánchez Alejandro, Sánchez-Royo Juan F., and Gerardot Brian D. , Nat Commun, 2019 Sep 02, Volume 10, Issue 1, p.3913, (2019)

Antimony selenide/graphene oxide composite for sensitive photoelectrochemical detection of DNA methyltransferase activity., Xue, Huaijia, Chen Kaiyang, Zhou Qing, Pan Deng, Zhang Yuanjian, and Shen Yanfei , J Mater Chem B, 2019 Nov 21, Volume 7, Issue 43, p.6789-6795, (2019)

Low-Bandgap Se-Deficient Antimony Selenide as a Multifunctional Polysulfide Barrier toward High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries., Tian, Yuan, Li Gaoran, Zhang Yongguang, Luo Dan, Wang Xin, Zhao Yan, Liu Hui, Ji Puguang, Du Xiaohang, Li Jingde, et al. , Adv Mater, 2019 Nov 07, p.e1904876, (2019)

NpSe : a Binary Chalcogenide Containing Modulated Selenide Chains and Ambiguous-Valent Metal., Jin, Geng Bang, Malliakas Christos D., Hu Yung-Jin, Booth Corwin H., Ibers James A., Sokaras D, Weng T-C, Skanthakumar S, and Soderholm L , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019 Nov 04, Volume 58, Issue 45, p.16130-16133, (2019)

Stimuli responsive PEGylated bismuth selenide hollow nanocapsules for fluorescence/CT imaging and light-driven multimodal tumor therapy., Sun, Lihong, Li Qian, Zhang Lei, Chai Huihui, Yu Ling, Xu Zhigang, Kang Yuejun, and Xue Peng , Biomater Sci, 2019 May 22, (2019)

Combined Experimental and Theoretical Studies on the Radical Nucleophile Addition Reaction for Sulfide and Selenide Centered Anions., Bouchet, Lydia M., Peñeñory Alicia B., Pierini Adriana Beatriz, and Argüello Juan E. , J Phys Chem A, 2019 May 22, (2019)

Redox-Responsive Fluorescent Polycarbonates Based on Selenide for Chemotherapy of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer., Yu, Li, Ke Heliang, Du Fu-Sheng, and Li Zichen , Biomacromolecules, 2019 Jun 11, (2019)

Growth of environmentally stable transition metal selenide films., Lin, Huihui, Zhu Qi, Shu Dajun, Lin Dongjing, Xu Jie, Huang Xianlei, Shi Wei, Xi Xiaoxiang, Wang Jiangwei, and Gao Libo , Nat Mater, 2019 Jun, Volume 18, Issue 6, p.602-607, (2019)

Photothermal and Joule-Heating-Induced Negative-Photoconductivity-Based Ultraresponsive and Near-Zero-Biased Copper Selenide Photodetectors., Singh, Subhash C., Peng Yao, Rutledge James, and Guo Chunlei , ACS Appl Electron Mater, 2019 Jul 23, Volume 1, Issue 7, p.1169-1178, (2019)

Effect of Sodium Hydroxide Concentration in Synthesizing Zinc Selenide/Graphene Oxide Composite via Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Method., Lee, Han Kee, Talib Zainal Abidin, Nazira Md Shuhazlly, Wang EnZe, Lim Hong Ngee, Mahdi Mohd Adzir, Ng Eng Khoon, Yusoff Norita Mohd, Al-Jumaili Batool Eneaze, and Liew Josephine Ying Chyi , Materials (Basel), 2019 Jul 18, Volume 12, Issue 14, (2019)

Band to Band Tunneling at the Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Lead Selenide (PbSe) Quantum Dot Contact; Interfacial Charge Transfer at a ZnO/PbSe/ZnO Probe Device., Kim, Minkyong, Han Chang-Yeol, Yang Heesun, and Park Byoungnam , Materials (Basel), 2019 Jul 17, Volume 12, Issue 14, (2019)

Hierarchical "tube-on-fiber" carbon/mixed-metal selenide nanostructures for high-performance hybrid supercapacitors., Lv, Li-Ping, Zhi Chuanwei, Gao Yun, Yin Xiaojie, Hu Yiyang, Crespy Daniel, and Wang Yong , Nanoscale, 2019 Jul 16, (2019)

Liquid Exfoliation of Atomically Thin Antimony Selenide as An Efficient 2D Antibacterial Nanoagent., Miao, Zhaohua, Fan Linxin, Xie Xianli, Ma Yan, Xue Jingzhe, He Tao, and Zha Zhengbao , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019 Jul 09, (2019)

The deposition of cadmium selenide and cadmium phosphide thin films from cadmium thioselenoimidodiphosphinate by AACVD and the formation of an aromatic species., Oyetunde, Temidayo, Afzaal Mohammad, Vincent Mark A., and O'Brien Paul , Dalton Trans, 2019 Jan 22, Volume 48, Issue 4, p.1436-1442, (2019)