About Perchlorates

Perchlorate Formula Diagram (ClO4-)

Perchlorates are salts derived from perchloric acid, a monobasic acid stronger than sulfuric and nitric acids and an exceptionally powerful oxidizer. This high reactivity makes perchloric acid and many of its derivitives exceedingly useful in a variety of industrial processes, though it also dictates that these compounds should be handled with care. Alone, the perchlorate salts will not catch fire or explode, but in combination with organic compounds can serve as rocket fuel or pyrotechnic agents. Perchlorates are additionally found in airbags, tire pressure monitor valve sensors, and some batteries. Perchlorates are known to have pronounced biological effects, particularly on the thyroid gland in humans. This is useful in the context of hyperthyroidism, as perchlorates can inhibit the overproduction of thyroid hormones, though this is no longer the primary method available for treating this condition. However, perchlorates have other potential negative effects on biological systems, and perchlorate contamination from industrial use of these chemicals is a significant environmental problem.

American Elements manufactures multiple forms of perchlorate compounds including solutions, nanopowders, submicron, and -325 mesh powders, and high surface area materials with particle distribution and particle size controlled and certified. We also produce larger -40 mesh, -100 mesh, -200 mesh range sizes and <0.5 mm, 2 mm, 5 mm and other sizes of shot, granules, lump, flake and pieces. Purities include 99%, 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999% and 99.9999% (2N, 3N, 4N, 5N and 6N).

American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its perchlorate products and will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Perchlorates Products

Aluminum Perchlorate Nonahydrate Barium Perchlorate Barium Perchlorate Hydrate
Barium Perchlorate Trihydrate Cadmium Perchlorate Hexahydrate Cadmium Perchlorate Hydrate
Calcium Perchlorate Hydrate Calcium Perchlorate Tetrahydrate Cerium Perchlorate Hexahydrate
Cerium Perchlorate Solution Cesium Perchlorate Chromium Perchlorate Hexahydrate
Cobalt Perchlorate Cobalt Perchlorate Hexahydrate Copper(II) Perchlorate Hexahydrate
Dysprosium Perchlorate Solution Erbium Perchlorate Hexahydrate Erbium Perchlorate Solution
Europium Perchlorate Solution Gadolinium Perchlorate Solution Gallium Perchlorate Hydrate
Holmium Perchlorate Solution Indium(III) Perchlorate Hydrate Indium(III) Perchlorate Octahydrate
Iron Perchlorate Iron(II) Perchlorate Hydrate Iron(III) Perchlorate Hydrate
Lanthanum(III) Perchlorate Hexahydrate Lead(II) Perchlorate Hydrate Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate
Lithium Perchlorate Lithium Perchlorate Trihydrate Lutetium Perchlorate Solution
Magnesium Perchlorate Hexahydrate Magnesium Perchlorate, Anhydrous Manganese Perchlorate Hydrate
Manganese(II) Perchlorate Hexahydrate Mercury(I) Perchlorate Tetrahydrate Mercury(II) Perchlorate Hydrate
Neodymium Perchlorate Solution Nickel Perchlorate Hexahydrate Potassium Perchlorate
Praseodymium Perchlorate Solution Rubidium Perchlorate Samarium Perchlorate Solution
Scandium Perchlorate Solution Silver Perchlorate Silver Perchlorate Hydrate
Silver Perchlorate Monohydrate Silver(I) Perchlorate, Anhydrous Sodium Perchlorate Anhydrous
Sodium Perchlorate Hydrate Sodium Perchlorate Monohydrate Strontium Perchlorate
Strontium Perchlorate Hydrate Strontium Perchlorate Trihydrate Terbium Perchlorate Solution
Thallium(III) Perchlorate Hydrate Thulium(III) Perchlorate Solution Ytterbium(III) Perchlorate Solution
Yttrium(III) Perchlorate Solution Zinc Perchlorate Hexahydrate

Recent Research & Development for Perchlorates

A fluorophore-labelled copper complex: crystal structure, hybrid cyclic water-perchlorate cluster and biological properties., Bhat, Satish S., Revankar Vidyanand K., Shivalingegowda Naveen, and Lokanath N K. , Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem, 2017 Sep 01, Volume 73, Issue Pt 9, p.710-717, (2017)

The rapid adsorption-microbial reduction of perchlorate from aqueous solution by novel amine-crosslinked magnetic biopolymer resin., Song, Wen, Gao Baoyu, Wang Hailan, Xu Xing, Xue Moxi, Zha Minchao, and Gong Bo , Bioresour Technol, 2017 Sep, Volume 240, p.68-76, (2017)

Low-temperature, high-mobility, solution-processed metal oxide semiconductors fabricated with oxygen radical assisted perchlorate aqueous precursors., Gao, Peixiong, Lan Linfeng, Lin Zhenguo, Sun Sheng, Li Yuzhi, Song Wei, Song Erlong, Zhang Peng, and Peng Junbiao , Chem Commun (Camb), 2017 May 31, (2017)

An improved size exclusion-HPLC method for molecular size distribution analysis of immunoglobulin G using sodium perchlorate in the eluent., Wang, Hsiaoling, Levi Mark S., Del Grosso Alfred V., McCormick William M., and Bhattacharyya Lokesh , J Pharm Biomed Anal, 2017 May 10, Volume 138, p.330-343, (2017)

Superior thermostability, good detonation property, insensitivity and effect on the thremal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate of a new solvent-free 3D energetic Pb(II)-MOF., Yang, Qi, Yang Guoli, Zhang Wendou, Zhang Sheng, Yang Zhaohui, Xie Gang, Wei Qing, Chen Sanping, and Gao Shengli , Chemistry, 2017 May 06, (2017)

Synthesis, characterization and luminescence of europium perchlorate with MABA-Si complex and coating structure SiO2 @Eu(MABA-Si) luminescence nanoparticles., Fu, Zhi-Fang, Li Wen-Xian, Bai Juan, Bao Jin-Rong, Cao Xiao-Fang, and Zheng Yu-Shan , Luminescence, 2017 May, Volume 32, Issue 3, p.327-333, (2017)

Synthesis of Azanucleosides by Anodic Oxidation in a Lithium Perchlorate-Nitroalkane Medium and Diversification at the 4'-Nitrogen Position., Shoji, Takao, Kim Shokaku, and Chiba Kazuhiro , Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2017 Mar 27, Volume 56, Issue 14, p.4011-4014, (2017)

Determination of chlorate, perchlorate and bromate anions in water samples by microbore reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to sonic-spray ionization mass spectrometry., Mavroudakis, Leonidas, Mavrakis Emmanouil, Kouvarakis Antonis, and Pergantis Spiros A. , Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, 2017 Jun 15, Volume 31, Issue 11, p.911-918, (2017)

Surface water mitigates the anti-metamorphic effects of elevated perchlorate concentrations in New Mexico spadefoot toad larvae (Spea multiplicata)., Sandoz, Melissa A., Wages Mike, Wooten Kim J., Clendening Sheree L., Smith Lucas R., Mulhearn Brian, and Smith Philip N. , Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2017 Jun 12, (2017)

Fluorination of Boron-doped Diamond Film Electrodes for Minimization of Perchlorate Formation., Gayen, Pralay, and Chaplin Brian P. , ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017 Jul 27, (2017)

Potentiometric perchlorate determination at nanomolar concentrations in vegetables., Leoterio, Dilmo M. S., Paim Ana Paula S., Belian Mônica F., Galembeck André, Lavorante André F., Pinto Edgar, Amorim Célia G., Araújo Alberto N., and Montenegro Maria C. B. S. M. , Food Chem, 2017 Jul 15, Volume 227, p.166-172, (2017)

Effect of thiosulfate on rapid start-up of sulfur-based reduction of high concentrated perchlorate: A study of kinetics, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and bacterial community structure., Guo, Jianbo, Zhang Chao, Lian Jing, Lu Caicai, Chen Zhi, Song Yuanyuan, Guo Yankai, and Xing Yajuan , Bioresour Technol, 2017 Jul 11, Volume 243, p.932-940, (2017)

Use of the fluorescent dye tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester perchlorate for mitochondrial membrane potential assessment in human spermatozoa., Uribe, P, Villegas J V., Boguen R, Treulen F, Sánchez R, Mallmann P, Isachenko V, Rahimi G, and Isachenko E , Andrologia, 2017 Jan 11, (2017)

Crystal structure of (perchlorato-κO)(1,4,7,10-tetra-aza-cyclo-dodecane-κ(4)N)copper(II) perchlorate., Gray, Jessica L., Gerlach Deidra L., and Papish Elizabeth T. , Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2017 Jan 01, Volume 73, Issue Pt 1, p.31-34, (2017)