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Potassium Bifluoride

CAS #:

Linear Formula:

KHF2

MDL Number:

MFCD00011403

EC No.:

232-156-2

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
98% (1N8) Potassium Bifluoride
K-HF-018
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(2N) 99% Potassium Bifluoride
K-HF-02
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Potassium Bifluoride
K-HF-03
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Potassium Bifluoride
K-HF-04
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Potassium Bifluoride
K-HF-05
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >

Potassium Bifluoride Properties (Theoretical)

Compound Formula F2HK
Molecular Weight 78.11
Appearance Colorless Hygroscopic Crystals
Melting Point 238.9 °C
Boiling Point N/A
Density 2.37 g/cm3
Solubility in H2O Soluble in H2O; Insoluble in EtOH
Heat of Fusion 84.76 J/g
Exact Mass 77.968338
Monoisotopic Mass 77.968338

Potassium Bifluoride Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H301-H314
Hazard Codes T,C
Risk Codes 25-34
Safety Statements 22-26-37-45
RTECS Number TS6650000
Transport Information UN 1811 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
GHS Pictograms

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 02/24/2018
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Potassium Bifluoride

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. K-HF-02 , K-HF-03 , K-HF-04 , K-HF-05 , K-HF-018

CAS #: 7789-29-9

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America: +1 800-424-9300
International: +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS06 Skull and crossbones
Acute Tox. 3 H301 Toxic if swallowed.
GHS05 Corrosion
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
T; Toxic
R25: Toxic if swallowed.
C; Corrosive
R34: Causes burns.
Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment:
N/A
Hazards not otherwise classified
No data available
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is classified and labeled according to the CLP regulation.
Hazard pictograms

Corrosion - GHS05 Skull and Crossbones - GHS06

GHS05
GHS06
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements
H301 Toxic if swallowed.
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/...
P303+P361+P353 If on skin (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
D1A - Very toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects
D2B - Toxic material causing other toxic effects
E - Corrosive material
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
3

1
Health (acute effects) = 3
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 1
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
N/A
vPvB:
N/A


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Substances
CAS No. / Substance Name:
7789-29-9 Potassium hydrogen fluoride
Identification number(s):
EC number:
232-156-2
Index number:
009-008-00-9


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
In case of irregular breathing or respiratory arrest provide artificial respiration.
If inhaled:
Supply patient with fresh air. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of skin contact:
Immediately wash with soap and water; rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of eye contact:
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Consult a physician.
If swallowed:
Do not induce vomiting; immediately call for medical help.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Causes severe skin burns.
Causes serious eye damage.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Product is not flammable. Use fire-fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Hydrogen fluoride (HF)
Potassium oxide
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without official permits.
Do not allow product to enter drains, sewage systems, or other water courses.
Do not allow material to penetrate the ground or soil.
Methods and materials for containment and cleanup:
Use neutralizing agent.
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Prevent formation of dust.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
The product is not flammable
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Store away from strong bases.
Store away from water/moisture.
Further information about storage conditions:
This product is hygroscopic.
Store under dry inert gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well-sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No data available


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
Fluorides (as F)
mg/m3
ACGIH TLV 2.5
Austria MAK 2.5
Belgium TWA 2.5
Finland TWA 2.5
France TWA 2.5
Germany MAK 2.5
Hungary TWA 1; 2-STEL
Netherlands MAC-K 3.5
Norway TWA 0.6
Poland TWA 1; 3-STEL
Sweden NGV 2
Switzerland MAK-W 1.5; 3-KZG-W
United Kingdom TWA 2.5
Russia TWA 2
Denmark TWA 2.5
USA PEL 2.5
7789-29-9 Potassium hydrogen fluoride (100.0%)
PEL (USA) Long-term value: 2.5 mg/m3
as F
REL (USA) Long-term value: 2.5 mg/m3
as F
TLV (USA) Long-term value: 2.5 mg/m3
as F, BEI
EL (Canada) Long-term value: 2.5 mg/m3
as F
Ingredients with biological limit values:
7789-29-9 Potassium hydrogen fluoride (100.0%)
BEI (USA) 2 mg/L
Medium: urine
Time: prior to shift
Parameter: Fluoride (background, nonspecific)
3 mg/L
Medium: urine
Time: end of shift
Parameter: Fluoride (background, nonspecific)
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Follow typical protective and hygienic practices for handling chemicals.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Inspect gloves prior to use.
Suitability of gloves should be determined both by material and quality, the latter of which may vary by manufacturer.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
No data available
Eye protection:
Tightly sealed goggles
Full face protection
Body protection:
Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Appearance:
Form: Crystalline powder or solid
Color: White
Odor: Odorless
Odor threshold: No data available.
pH (7.8 g/l) at 20 °C (68 °F): 1
Melting point/Melting range: 239 °C (462 °F) (dec)
Boiling point/Boiling range: No data available
Sublimation temperature / start: No data available
Flash point: N/A
Flammability (solid, gas)
No data available.
Ignition temperature: No data available
Decomposition temperature: No data available
Autoignition: No data available.
Danger of explosion: Product does not present an explosion hazard.
Explosion limits:
Lower: No data available
Upper: No data available
Vapor pressure: N/A
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 2.37 g/cm3 (19.778 lbs/gal)
Relative density
No data available.
Vapor density
N/A
Evaporation rate
N/A
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water at 20 °C (68 °F): 392 g/l
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): No data available.
Viscosity:
Dynamic: N/A
Kinematic: N/A
Other information
No data available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No data available
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Contact with strong acids releases hydrogen fluoride
Conditions to avoid
No data available
Incompatible materials:
Oxidizing agents
Bases
Water/moisture
Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen fluoride
Potassium oxide


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Toxic if swallowed.
Swallowing will lead to a strong corrosive effect on mouth and throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus and stomach.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
No data
Skin irritation or corrosion:
Causes severe skin burns.
Eye irritation or corrosion:
Causes serious eye damage.
Sensitization:
No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
No effects known.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure:
No effects known.
Aspiration hazard:
No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
Fluorides may cause salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, followed by
weakness, tremors, shallow respiration, convulsions and coma. May cause brain and kidney damage. Chronic fluoride poisoning can cause severe bone changes, loss of weight, anorexia, anemia and dental defects.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
No effects known.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No data available
Persistence and degradability
No data available
Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
Mobility in soil
No data available
Additional ecological information:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without official permits.
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach groundwater, water courses, or sewage systems.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
N/A
vPvB:
N/A
Other adverse effects
No data available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult official regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, IMDG, IATA
UN1811
UN proper shipping name
DOT
Potassium hydrogendifluoride, solid
IMDG, IATA
POTASSIUM HYDROGENDIFLUORIDE, SOLID
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8+6.1
Class
8 (CT2) Corrosive substances
Label
8+6.1
IMDG, IATA
Class
8 Corrosive substances.
Label
8+6.1
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
II
Environmental hazards: N/A
Special precautions for user
Warning: Corrosive substances
Segregation groups
Acids
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
N/A
Transport/Additional information: DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT): No
UN "Model Regulation":
UN1811, Potassium hydrogendifluoride, solid, 8 (6.1), Il


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
REACH - Pre-registered substances
Substance is listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2018 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About Potassium Bifluoride

Potassium Bifluoride is a water insoluble Potassium source for use in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as metal production. In extremely low concentrations (ppm), fluoride compounds are used in health applications. Fluoride compounds also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry. They are commonly also used to alloy metal and for optical deposition. Certain fluoride compounds can be produced at nanoscale and in ultra high purity forms. Potassium Bifluoride is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Potassium Bifluoride Synonyms

Potassium hydrogen difluoride, Potassium hydrogendifluoride, Potassium acid fluoride, Hydrogen potassium fluoride

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula KHF2
MDL Number MFCD00011403
EC No. 232-156-2
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
Pubchem CID 11829350
IUPAC Name potassium fluoride hydrofluoride
SMILES [K+].[F-].F
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/2FH.K/h2*1H;/q;;+1/p-1
InchI Key VBKNTGMWIPUCRF-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

Elemental PotassiumSee more Potassium products. Potassium (atomic symbol: K, atomic number: 19) is a Block S, Group 1, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 39.0983. The number of electrons in each of Potassium's shells is [2, 8, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Ar] 4s1. The potassium atom has a radius of 227.2 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 275 pm. Potassium was discovered and first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1807. Potassium is the seventh most abundant element on earth. It is one of the most reactive and electropositive of all metals and rapidly oxidizes. As with other alkali metals, potassium decomposes in water with the evolution of hydrogen because of its reacts violently with water, it only occurs in nature in ionic salts.Potassium Bohr Model In its elemental form, potassium has a silvery gray metallic appearance, but its compounds (such as potassium hydroxide) are more frequently used in industrial and chemical applications. The origin of the element's name comes from the English word 'potash,' meaning pot ashes, and the Arabic word qali, which means alkali. The symbol K originates from the Latin word kalium.

Fluorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 2 element. Its electron configuration is [He]2s22p5. The fluorine atom has a covalent radius of 64 pm and its Van der Waals radius is 135 pm. In its elemental form, CAS 7782-41-4, fluorine gas has a pale yellow appearance. Fluorine was discovered by André-Marie Ampère in 1810. It was first isolated by Henri Moissan in 1886.

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