Graphene quantum dots-terbium ions as novel sensitive and selective time-resolved luminescent probes.

Title Graphene quantum dots-terbium ions as novel sensitive and selective time-resolved luminescent probes.
Authors E.J. Llorent-Martínez; G.M. Durán; Á. Ríos; A. Ruiz-Medina
Journal Anal Bioanal Chem
DOI 10.1007/s00216-017-0728-5

We propose an alternative approach for the development of analytical methods based on terbium-sensitized luminescence (TSL). TSL is based on the complexation between Tb(III) ions and fluorescent organic compounds that have appropriate functional groups to complex with Tb(III). We report the use of graphene quantum dot (GQDs) nanoparticles to improve the sensitivity and selectivity of TSL detection. GQDs can react with terbium ions through the carboxylic groups present in their structure. These Tb(III)-GQD complexes, formed in situ in aqueous solution, can be used as time-resolved luminescent probes. Ascorbic acid was selected as a target analyte to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed method. The selectivity of the TSL method was highly improved for most of the interferences tested. Under the optimum conditions [Tb(III) concentration 5 × 10-4 mol L-1, GQD concentration 4 mg L-1], a minimum 100% increase in selectivity was observed for several vitamins and common cations that may be present in the samples to be analyzed. In addition, the analytical signal showed a 30% enhancement with the use of GQDs compared with the use of merely Tb(III) ions, with a detection limit of 0.12 ?g mL-1. The repeatability and intermediate precision were lower than 3% and 5%, respectively. From the results obtained, the implementation of GQDs in TSL can lead to the development of novel time-resolved luminescent probes with high analytical potential. Graphical abstract Quenching of Tb(III)-graphene quantum dot (GQD) luminescence by ascorbic acid (AA). TBL terbium-sensitized luminescence.

Citation E.J. Llorent-Martínez; G.M. Durán; Á. Ríos; A. Ruiz-Medina.Graphene quantum dots-terbium ions as novel sensitive and selective time-resolved luminescent probes.. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2018;410(2):391398. doi:10.1007/s00216-017-0728-5

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See more Terbium products. Terbium (atomic symbol: Tb, atomic number: 65) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 158.92535.Terbium Bohr Model The number of electrons in each of Terbium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2] and its electron configuration is [Xe]4f9 6s2. The terbium atom has a radius of 177 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 221 pm.Terbium was discovered and first isolated by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1842. In its elemental form, terbium is a silvery-white soft metal. Terbium is found in cerite, gadolinite, and monazite. It is not found in nature as a free element. Elemental TerbiumTerbium compounds are brightly fluorescent, and a majority of the world's terbium supply is used for creating green phosphors that enable trichromatic lighting technology. It is also frequently used as a dopant for crystalline solid-state devices and fuel cell materials. It is named after Ytterby, the town in Sweden where it was discovered.


See more Carbon products. Carbon (atomic symbol: C, atomic number: 6) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 2 element. Carbon Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Carbon's shells is 2, 4 and its electron configuration is [He]2s2 2p2. In its elemental form, carbon can take various physical forms (known as allotropes) based on the type of bonds between carbon atoms; the most well known allotropes are diamond, graphite, amorphous carbon, glassy carbon, and nanostructured forms such as carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, and nanofibers . Carbon is at the same time one of the softest (as graphite) and hardest (as diamond) materials found in nature. It is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and the fourth most abundant element (by mass) in the universe after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Carbon was discovered by the Egyptians and Sumerians circa 3750 BC. It was first recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier in 1789.

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