Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target

CAS #

ThO2

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Product Code Product Request Quote
TH-OX-03-ST (3N) 99.9% Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target Request
TH-OX-04-ST (4N) 99.99% Thorium Oxide Sputtering Target Request

About

American Elements specializes in producing high purity Thorium Oxide Sputtering Targets with the highest possible density High Purity (99.99%) Thorium Oxide Sputtering Targetand smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) display and optical applications. Our standard Sputtering Targets for thin film are available monoblock or bonded with dimensions and configurations up to 820 mm with hole drill locations and threading, beveling, grooves and backing designed to work with both older sputtering devises as well as the latest process equipment, such as large area coating for solar energy or fuel cells and flip-chip applications. Research sized targets are also produced as well as custom sizes and alloys. All targets are analyzed using best demonstrated techniques including X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry (GDMS), and Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP). "Sputtering" allows for thin film deposition of an ultra high purity sputtering metallic or oxide material onto another solid substrate by the controlled removal and conversion of the target material into a directed gaseous/plasma phase through ionic bombardment. We can also provide targets outside this range in addition to just about any size rectangular, annular, or oval target. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar, or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Thorium Oxide as rods, powder and plates. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

N/A

Chemical Identifiers

Formula ThO2
CAS 1314-20-1
Pubchem CID 169899
MDL N/A
EC No. 253-453-3
IUPAC Name Oxygen(-2)anion; thorium(=4) cation
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES O=[Th]=O
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/2O.Th
InchI Key ZCUFMDLYAMJYST-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Properties

Compound Formula O2Th
Molecular Weight 264.028 g/mol
Appearance white solid
Melting Point 3,390° C (6,134° F)
Boiling Point 4,400° C (7,952° F)
Density 10 g/cm3
Exact Mass 264.028 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass 264.027879 Da

Health & Safety Info  |  MSDS / SDS

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
Transport Information N/A
MSDS / SDS

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

Related Products

ThSee more Thorium products. Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. The thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder. In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium.

Research

Recent Research & Development for Thorium

  • A rare tetranuclear thorium(IV) μ4 -oxo cluster and dinuclear thorium(IV) complex assembled by carbon-oxygen bond activation of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME). Travia NE, Scott BL, Kiplinger JL. Chemistry. 2014 Dec 15
  • Production of medical isotopes from a thorium target irradiated by light charged particles up to 70 MeV. Duchemin C, Guertin A, Haddad F, Michel N, Métivier V. Phys Med Biol. 2015 Feb 7
  • Gas Phase Properties of MX2 and MX4 (X = F, Cl) for M = Group 4, Group 14, Cerium, and Thorium. Thanthiriwatte KS, Vasiliu M, Battey SR, Lu Q, Peterson KA, Andrews L, Dixon DA. J Phys Chem A. 2015 May 18.
  • Environmental consequences of uranium atmospheric releases from fuel cycle facility: II. The atmospheric deposition of uranium and thorium on plants. Pourcelot L, Masson O, Renaud P, Cagnat X, Boulet B, Cariou N, De Vismes-Ott A. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Mar
  • Distribution of uranium, thorium and some stable trace and toxic elements in human hair and nails in Niška Banja Town, a high natural background radiation area of Serbia (Balkan Region, South-East Europe). Sahoo SK, Žunić ZS, Kritsananuwat R, Zagrodzki P, Bossew P, Veselinovic N, Mishra S, Yonehara H, Tokonami S. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Jul
  • Adsorption of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) by insolubilized humic acid from Ajloun soil - Jordan. Khalili F, Al-Banna G. J Environ Radioact. 2015 Apr 15
  • Application of ion exchange and extraction chromatography to the separation of actinium from proton-irradiated thorium metal for analytical purposes. Radchenko V, Engle JW, Wilson JJ, Maassen JR, Nortier FM, Taylor WA, Birnbaum ER, Hudston LA, John KD, Fassbender ME. J Chromatogr A. 2015 Feb 6
  • A non-symmetric pillar[5]arene based on triazole-linked 8-oxyquinolines as a sequential sensor for thorium(iv) followed by fluoride ions. Fang Y, Li C, Wu L, Bai B, Li X, Jia Y, Feng W, Yuan L. Dalton Trans. 2015 Feb 17.
  • The influence of different hydroponic conditions on thorium uptake by Brassica juncea var. foliosa. Wang D, Zhou S, Liu L, Du L, Wang J, Huang Z, Ma L, Ding S, Zhang D, Wang R, Jin Y, Xia C. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 May
  • Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on sorption of uranium and thorium from aqueous solutions by a selective impregnated resin containing carminic acid. Rahmani-Sani A, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Hosseini SH, Kharghani K, Zarei H, Rastegar A. J Hazard Mater. 2015 Apr 9
  • Hepatic angiosarcoma occurring 65 years after thorium dioxide (Thorotrast) exposure: imaging, surgical and histo- pathologic findings of a historical case. Coulier B, Pierard F, Gielen I, Maldague P. JBR-BTR. 2014 Jul-Aug

Free Test Sample Program

We recognize many of our customers are purchasing small quantities directly online as trial samples in anticipation of placing a larger future order or multiple orders as a raw material for production. Since our primary business is the production of industrial quantities and/or highly consistent batches which can be used for commercial production and purchased repeatedly in smaller quantity, American Elements offers trial samples at no charge on the following basis. Within 6 months of purchasing materials directly online from us, you have the option to refer back to that order and advise that it is the intention of your company, institution or lab to either purchase a larger quantity, purchase the material in regular intervals or purchase more on some other basis.

We will then evaluate your future needs and assuming the quantity or number of future purchases qualify, we will fully credit your purchase price with the next order. Because of the many variables in the quantity and number of orders you may place, it is impossible to evaluate whether your future order(s) will qualify for this program prior to your placing your next order. Please know American Elements strongly desires to make this free sample program available to you and will make every effort to do so once your next order is placed.