Tunable Magnetism and Extraordinary Sunlight Absorbance in Indium Triphosphide Monolayer.

Title Tunable Magnetism and Extraordinary Sunlight Absorbance in Indium Triphosphide Monolayer.
Authors N. Miao; B. Xu; N.C. Bristowe; J. Zhou; Z. Sun
Journal J Am Chem Soc
DOI 10.1021/jacs.7b05133

Atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) materials have received considerable research interest due to their extraordinary properties and promising applications. Here we predict the monolayered indium triphosphide (InP3) as a new semiconducting 2D material with a range of favorable functional properties by means of ab initio calculations. The 2D InP3 crystal shows high stability and promise of experimental synthesis. It possesses an indirect band gap of 1.14 eV and a high electron mobility of 1919 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), which can be strongly manipulated with applied strain. Remarkably, the InP3 monolayer suggests tunable magnetism and half-metallicity under hole doping or defect engineering, which is attributed to the novel Mexican-hat-like bands and van Hove singularities in its electronic structure. A semiconductor-metal transition is also revealed by doping 2D InP3 with electrons. Furthermore, monolayered InP3 exhibits extraordinary optical absorption with significant excitonic effects in the entire range of the visible light spectrum. All these desired properties render 2D InP3 a promising candidate for future applications in a wide variety of technologies, in particular for electronic, spintronic, and photovoltaic devices.

Citation N. Miao; B. Xu; N.C. Bristowe; J. Zhou; Z. Sun.Tunable Magnetism and Extraordinary Sunlight Absorbance in Indium Triphosphide Monolayer.. J Am Chem Soc. 2017;139(32):1112511131. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b05133

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See more Indium products. Indium (atomic symbol: In, atomic number: 49) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 114.818. The number of electrons in each of indium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 18, 3] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1. The indium atom has a radius of 162.6 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 193 pm. Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter in 1863. Indium Bohr ModelIt is a relatively rare, extremely soft metal is a lustrous silvery gray and is both malleable and easily fusible. It has similar chemical properties to Elemental Indiumgallium such as a low melting point and the ability to wet glass. Fields such as optics and microelectronics that utilize semiconductor technology have wide uses for indium, especially in the form of Indiun Tin Oxide (ITO). Thin films of Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) are used in high-performing solar cells. Indium's name is derived from the Latin word indicum, meaning violet.


Phosphorus Bohr ModelSee more Phosphorus products. Phosphorus (atomic symbol: P, atomic number: 15) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 3 element. The number of electrons in each of Phosphorus's shells is 2, 8, 5 and its electronic configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p3. The phosphorus atom has a radius of 110.5.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 180.pm. Phosphorus is a highly-reactive non-metallic element (sometimes considered a metalloid) with two primary allotropes, white phosphorus and red phosphorus its black flaky appearance is similar to graphitic carbon. Compound forms of phosphorus include phosphates and phosphides. Phosphorous was first recognized as an element by Hennig Brand in 1669 its name (phosphorus mirabilis, or "bearer of light") was inspired from the brilliant glow emitted by its distillation.

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