(2N) 99%  •  (3N) 99.9%  •  (4N) 99.99%  •  (5N) 99.999%  •  (6N) 99.9999%


AE Water Treatment™

Recent technological breakthroughs in nanotechnology and in the uses of
rare earths, high purity and other advanced metals and their compounds
has allowed for the developmentof new and novel approaches to industrial
and municipal water treatment and groundwater remediation.

32.4 (A)/00.023

  Hydrogen                                 Helium
  Lithium Beryllium                     Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
  Sodium Magnesium                     Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
  Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
  Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
  Cesium Barium Lanthanum Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
  Francium Radium Actinium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
      Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium    
      Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawerencium    

American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of many innovative materials for treatment of various water sources including industrial wastewater, municipal water facilities, nuclear reactors, groundwater and soils contamination, and swimming pool & spa applications. AE Water TreatmentT chemicals address numerous water and water discharge requirements including algae prevention, pH adjustment, corrosion & scale control, coagulation or flocculation of metallic and other suspended solids, groundwater remediation, and maintenance of atomic reactors.

Wet Chemistry and Atomic Absorption Analysis and Certification

Algae Prevention. Until recently, state-of-the-art technology has been used in the prevention of algae by removing or "killing" the algae once it appears visually by using one of several algaecides, such as chlorine or quaternary ammonium salts (QAS). While providing a short tem solution, a long term consequence of this process is to actually create more algae. The reason is that the

dead algae decompose into various phosphate compounds which then serve as a nutrient for new algae growth. Additionally, the process results in odor formation and foaming in the treated water because chlorine sanitizers and algaecides form chloro-ammine compounds which generate the distinctive smell of a chemically-treated swimming pool. American Elements has developed a new proven technology to break this cycle based on the unique capability of lanthanum to bind with free phosphates. By adding American Elements' proprietary formulation of lanthanum to water, initial phosphate levels can be reduced to below 150 parts per billion (ppb) which is lower than the level needed by all types of algae to survive. Thus, rather than killing the algae, our lanthanum solution will prevent the algae from ever forming because of the lack of an essential nutrient. American Elements sells this solution in both small package sizes and bulk tote and tanker quantities under its trademark Phosbuster brand.

Additionally, American Elements manufacturers several lanthanum compounds which can used to either produce an algae prevention material or can be applied directly in certain circumstances. These include lanthanum chloride powder, lanthanum chloride solution, lanthanum carbonate, lanthanum sulfate powder and lanthanum sulfate solution.

American Elements also produces copper sulfate and copper sulfate solution which can be used for algae removal or as a general herbicide to remove plant and vegetation from encroaching on water sources.

Groundwater Remediation. American Elements Nanometals™ division produces several nanoparticles which have found important application in remediation of various groundwater contaminants. For example, American Elements Iron Nanoparticles are useful in the removal of carbon tetrachloride, a potentially carcinogenic bi-product of cleaners and degreasers, from ground water and contaminated soils.

Nuclear Reactor Maintenance. American Elements produces several compounds of the rare earth element Gadolinium to absorb the deadly radioactive Building A of Plant--Laboratoryneutrons emitted by nuclear waste within reactor chambers. These compounds include gadolinium chloride powder, gadolinium chloride solution, and gadolinium nitrate powder and gadolinium nitrate solution. Additionally, in cooperation with the Canadian Atomic Energy Commission (AECL), American Elements has developed Heavy Gadolinium Nitrate™, a unique form of gadolinium nitrate hexahydrate in which a proprietary process replaces the six (6) natural water of hydration molecules with six (6) molecules of deuterium (heavy water) eliminating the potential for H2O contamination of the H3O (heavy water) in the reactor core. See related Press Release for more information.

Corrosion & Scaling Prevention. Several American Elements compounds are useful in the prevention of corrosion and scaling in equipment such as cooling towers and water transfer lines. These include zinc chloride powder, zinc chloride solution, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfate powder, zinc sulfate solution, zinc orthophosphate and titanium oxide nanopowder.

Coagulation & Flocculation. Contaminant removal by coagulation and flocculation of suspended solids, such as dye and paint waste, can be achieved using several American Elements compounds and nanoparticles including aluminum chloride powder, aluminum chloride solution, iron chloride powder (ferrous and ferric), iron chloride solution, iron sulfate powder, iron sulfate solution and aluminum chloro hydrate.

pH Adjustment. The alkali and alkaline earth metallic compounds are useful in reducing acidity (raising the pH) in water effluents. Typical compounds for this purpose include, calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide.

American Elements provides customer guidance on topics such as dosing, water analysis, treatment chemical formulation and material safety data. American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its water treatment and maintenance products.

American Elements will execute Non-Disclosure or Confidentiality Agreements to protect customer know-how.

Recent Research & Development for Water Treatment

  • Wai Kian Tan, Go Kawamura, Hiroyuki Muto, Khairunisak Abdul Razak, Zainovia Lockman, Atsunori Matsuda, Blue-emitting photoluminescence of rod-like and needle-like ZnO nanostructures formed by hot-water treatment of sol–gel derived coatings, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 158, February 2015
  • Wenzheng Yu, Nigel. J.D. Graham, Application of Fe(II)/K2MnO4 as a pre-treatment for controlling UF membrane fouling in drinking water treatment, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 473, 1 January 2015
  • K. Huang, X.S. Zhao, Y.F. Li, X. Xu, C. Liang, D.Y. Fan, H.J. Yang, R. Zhang, Y.G. Wang, M. Lei, Self-assembled ZnGa2O4–RGO nanocomposites and their enhanced adsorption and photocatalytic performance in water treatment, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 60, December 2014
  • Roza Tarpagkou, Asterios Pantokratoras, The influence of lamellar settler in sedimentation tanks for potable water treatment — A computational fluid dynamic study, Powder Technology, Volume 268, December 2014
  • Iman Mohammadi, Hadi Khabbaz, Kirk Vessalas, In-depth assessment of Crumb Rubber Concrete (CRC) prepared by water-soaking treatment method for rigid pavements, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 71, 30 November 2014
  • A. Motta, C. Borges, K. Esquerre, A. Kiperstok, Oil Produced Water treatment for oil removal by an integration of coalescer bed and microfiltration membrane processes, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • K. Szymanska, A.I. Zouboulis, D. Zamboulis, Hybrid ozonation–microfiltration system for the treatment of surface water using ceramic membrane, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 468, 15 October 2014
  • Kunli Goh, Laurentia Setiawan, Li Wei, Rongmei Si, Anthony G. Fane, Rong Wang, Yuan Chen, Graphene oxide as effective selective barriers on a hollow fiber membrane for water treatment process, Journal of Membrane Science, Available online 8 October 2014
  • Duan Shu-xuan, Xu Hui, Xiao Feng, Wang Dong-sheng, Ye Chang-qing, Jiao Ru-yuan, Liu Yan-jing, Effects of Al species on coagulation efficiency, residual Al and floc properties in surface water treatment, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014
  • A. Garofalo, L. Donato, E. Drioli, A. Criscuoli, M.C. Carnevale, O. Alharbi, S.A. Aljlil, C. Algieri, Supported MFI Zeolite Membranes by Cross Flow Filtration for Water Treatment, Separation and Purification Technology, Available online 30 September 2014

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