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Advanced Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements Water Treatment chemicals address numerous water and water discharge requirements including algae prevention, pH adjustment, corrosion and scale control, coagulation or flocculation of metallic and other suspended solids, groundwater remediation, and maintenance of atomic reactors.

Algae Prevention

Until recently, state-of-the-art technology has been used in the prevention of algae by removing or "killing" the algae once it appears visually by using one of several algaecides, such as chlorine or quaternary ammonium salts (QAS). While providing a short term solution, a long term consequence of this process is to actually create more algae. The reason is that the dead algae decompose into various phosphate compounds which then serve as a nutrient for new algae growth. Additionally, the process results in odor formation and foaming in the treated water because chlorine sanitizers and algaecides form chloro-ammine compounds which generate the distinctive smell of a chemically-treated swimming pool. American Elements has developed a new proven technology to break this cycle based on the unique capability of lanthanum to bind with free phosphates. By adding American Elements' proprietary formulation of lanthanum to water, initial phosphate levels can be reduced to below 150 parts per billion (ppb) which is lower than the level needed by all types of algae to survive. Thus, rather than killing the algae, our lanthanum solution will prevent the algae from ever forming because of the lack of an essential nutrient. American Elements sells this solution in both small package sizes and bulk tote and tanker quantities under its trademark Phosbuster brand.Building A of Plant--Laboratory

Additionally, American Elements manufacturers several lanthanum compounds which can used to either produce an algae prevention material or can be applied directly in certain circumstances. These include lanthanum chloride powder, lanthanum chloride solution, lanthanum carbonate, lanthanum sulfate powder and lanthanum sulfate solution.

American Elements also produces copper sulfate and copper sulfate solution which can be used for algae removal or as a general herbicide to remove plant and vegetation from encroaching on water sources.

Groundwater Remediation

American Elements Nanometals™ division produces several nanoparticles which have found important application in remediation of various groundwater contaminants. For example, American Elements Iron Nanoparticles are useful in the removal of carbon tetrachloride, a potentially carcinogenic bi-product of cleaners and degreasers, from ground water and contaminated soils.

Nuclear Reactor Maintenance

American Elements produces several compounds of the rare earth element Gadolinium to absorb the deadly radioactive neutrons emitted by nuclear waste within reactor chambers. These compounds include gadolinium chloride powder, gadolinium chloride solution, and gadolinium nitrate powder and gadolinium nitrate solution. Additionally, in cooperation with the Canadian Atomic Energy Commission (AECL), American Elements has developed Heavy Gadolinium Nitrate™, a unique form of gadolinium nitrate hexahydrate in which a proprietary process replaces the six (6) natural water of hydration molecules with six (6) molecules of deuterium (heavy water) eliminating the potential for H2O contamination of the H3O (heavy water) in the reactor core.

Corrosion & Scaling Prevention

Several American Elements compounds are useful in the prevention of corrosion and scaling in equipment such as cooling towers and water transfer lines. These include zinc chloride powder, zinc chloride solution, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfate powder, zinc sulfate solution, zinc orthophosphate and titanium oxide nanopowder.

Coagulation & Flocculation

Wet Chemistry and Atomic Absorption Analysis and Certification

Contaminant removal by coagulation and flocculation of suspended solids, such as dye and paint waste, can be achieved using several American Elements compounds and nanoparticles including aluminum chloride powder, aluminum chloride solution, iron chloride powder (ferrous and ferric), iron chloride solution, iron sulfate powder, iron sulfate solution and aluminum chlorohydrate.

pH Adjustment

The alkali and alkaline earth metallic compounds are useful in reducing acidity (raising the pH) in water effluents. Typical compounds for this purpose include calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide.

AE Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of many innovative materials for treatment of various water sources including industrial wastewater, municipal water facilities, nuclear reactors, groundwater and soils contamination, and swimming pool & spa applications. American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its water treatment and maintenance products. Additionally, American Elements provides customer guidance on topics such as dosing, water analysis, treatment chemical formulation and material safety data.

Recent Research & Development for Water Treatment

  • Gelation Study on a Hydrophobically Associating Polymer/Polyethylenimine Gel System for Water Shut-off Treatment. Yingrui Bai, Chunming Xiong, Falin Wei, Junjian Li, Yong Shu, and Dexin Liu. Energy Fuels: January 19, 2015
  • Supercritical Water Oxidation vs Supercritical Water Gasification: Which Process Is Better for Explosive Wastewater Treatment?. Jinli Zhang, Jintao Gu, You Han, Wei Li, Zhongxue Gan, and Junjie Gu. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.: January 14, 2015
  • Tailored Synthesis of Photoactive TiO2 Nanofibers and Au/TiO2 Nanofiber Composites: Structure and Reactivity Optimization for Water Treatment Applications. Michael J. Nalbandian, Katherine E. Greenstein, Danmeng Shuai, Miluo Zhang, Yong-Ho Choa, Gene F. Parkin, Nosang V. Myung, and David M. Cwiertny. Environ. Sci. Technol.: January 12, 2015
  • TiO2 Nanotube Array Photoelectrocatalyst and Ni–Sb–SnO2 Electrocatalyst Bifacial Electrodes: A New Type of Bifunctional Hybrid Platform for Water Treatment. So Young Yang, Wonyong Choi, and Hyunwoong Park. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces: January 5, 2015
  • Release of Surfactant Cargo from Interfacially-Active Halloysite Clay Nanotubes for Oil Spill Remediation. Olasehinde Owoseni, Emmanuel Nyankson, Yueheng Zhang, Samantha J. Adams, Jibao He, Gary L. McPherson, Arijit Bose, Ram B. Gupta, and Vijay T. John. Langmuir: October 26, 2014
  • Mathematical Model of Dynamic Behavior of Microbial Desalination Cells for Simultaneous Wastewater Treatment and Water Desalination. Qingyun Ping, Chenyao Zhang, Xueer Chen, Bo Zhang, Zuyi Huang, and Zhen He. Environ. Sci. Technol.: October 15, 2014
  • Remediation and Selective Recovery of Metals from Acidic Mine Waters Using Novel Modular Bioreactors. Sabrina Hedrich and D. Barrie Johnson. Environ. Sci. Technol.: September 24, 2014
  • Cleavage of Side Chains on Thiophenic Compounds by Supercritical Water Treatment of Crude Oil Quantified by Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography with Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detection. Yuko Kida, Adam G. Carr, and William H. Green. Energy Fuels: September 22, 2014
  • Oxidation of Bromophenols and Formation of Brominated Polymeric Products of Concern during Water Treatment with Potassium Permanganate. Jin Jiang, Yuan Gao, Su-Yan Pang, Qiang Wang, Xiaoliu Huangfu, Yongze Liu, and Jun Ma. Environ. Sci. Technol.: August 19, 2014
  • Synthesis of a Novel Dendrimer-Based Demulsifier and Its Application in the Treatment of Typical Diesel-in-Water Emulsions with Ultrafine Oil Droplets. Xing Yao, Bin Jiang, Luhong Zhang, Yongli Sun, Xiaoming Xiao, Zhiheng Zhang, and Zongxian Zhao. Energy Fuels: August 19, 2014
  • Fouling-Tolerant Nanofibrous Polymer Membranes for Water Treatment. Jang-Woo Lee, Jiyoung Jung, Young Hoon Cho, Santosh Kumar Yadav, Kyung Youl Baek, Ho Bum Park, Soon Man Hong, and Chong Min Koo. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces: August 12, 2014