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Advanced Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements Water Treatment chemicals address numerous water and water discharge requirements including algae prevention, pH adjustment, corrosion and scale control, coagulation or flocculation of metallic and other suspended solids, groundwater remediation, and maintenance of atomic reactors.

Algae Prevention

Until recently, state-of-the-art technology has been used in the prevention of algae by removing or "killing" the algae once it appears visually by using one of several algaecides, such as chlorine or quaternary ammonium salts (QAS). While providing a short term solution, a long term consequence of this process is to actually create more algae. The reason is that the dead algae decompose into various phosphate compounds which then serve as a nutrient for new algae growth. Additionally, the process results in odor formation and foaming in the treated water because chlorine sanitizers and algaecides form chloro-ammine compounds which generate the distinctive smell of a chemically-treated swimming pool. American Elements has developed a new proven technology to break this cycle based on the unique capability of lanthanum to bind with free phosphates. By adding American Elements' proprietary formulation of lanthanum to water, initial phosphate levels can be reduced to below 150 parts per billion (ppb) which is lower than the level needed by all types of algae to survive. Thus, rather than killing the algae, our lanthanum solution will prevent the algae from ever forming because of the lack of an essential nutrient. American Elements sells this solution in both small package sizes and bulk tote and tanker quantities under its trademark Phosbuster brand.Building A of Plant--Laboratory

Additionally, American Elements manufacturers several lanthanum compounds which can used to either produce an algae prevention material or can be applied directly in certain circumstances. These include lanthanum chloride powder, lanthanum chloride solution, lanthanum carbonate, lanthanum sulfate powder and lanthanum sulfate solution.

American Elements also produces copper sulfate and copper sulfate solution which can be used for algae removal or as a general herbicide to remove plant and vegetation from encroaching on water sources.

Groundwater Remediation

American Elements Nanometalsā„¢ division produces several nanoparticles which have found important application in remediation of various groundwater contaminants. For example, American Elements Iron Nanoparticles are useful in the removal of carbon tetrachloride, a potentially carcinogenic bi-product of cleaners and degreasers, from ground water and contaminated soils.

Nuclear Reactor Maintenance

American Elements produces several compounds of the rare earth element Gadolinium to absorb the deadly radioactive neutrons emitted by nuclear waste within reactor chambers. These compounds include gadolinium chloride powder, gadolinium chloride solution, and gadolinium nitrate powder and gadolinium nitrate solution. Additionally, in cooperation with the Canadian Atomic Energy Commission (AECL), American Elements has developed Heavy Gadolinium Nitrateā„¢, a unique form of gadolinium nitrate hexahydrate in which a proprietary process replaces the six (6) natural water of hydration molecules with six (6) molecules of deuterium (heavy water) eliminating the potential for H2O contamination of the H3O (heavy water) in the reactor core.

Corrosion & Scaling Prevention

Several American Elements compounds are useful in the prevention of corrosion and scaling in equipment such as cooling towers and water transfer lines. These include zinc chloride powder, zinc chloride solution, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfate powder, zinc sulfate solution, zinc orthophosphate and titanium oxide nanopowder.

Coagulation & Flocculation

Wet Chemistry and Atomic Absorption Analysis and Certification

Contaminant removal by coagulation and flocculation of suspended solids, such as dye and paint waste, can be achieved using several American Elements compounds and nanoparticles including aluminum chloride powder, aluminum chloride solution, iron chloride powder (ferrous and ferric), iron chloride solution, iron sulfate powder, iron sulfate solution and aluminum chlorohydrate.

pH Adjustment

The alkali and alkaline earth metallic compounds are useful in reducing acidity (raising the pH) in water effluents. Typical compounds for this purpose include calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide.

AE Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of many innovative materials for treatment of various water sources including industrial wastewater, municipal water facilities, nuclear reactors, groundwater and soils contamination, and swimming pool & spa applications. American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its water treatment and maintenance products. Additionally, American Elements provides customer guidance on topics such as dosing, water analysis, treatment chemical formulation and material safety data.

Recent Research & Development for Water Treatment

  • Seasonal evaluation of the presence of 46 disinfection by-products throughout a drinking water treatment plant. Serrano M, Montesinos I, Cardador MJ, Silva M, Gallego M. Sci Total Environ. 2015 Jun 1: Sci Total Environ
  • A comparative study of coagulation, granular and powdered activated carbon for the removal of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate in drinking water treatment. Pramanik BK, Pramanik SK, Suja F. Environ Technol. 2015 Apr 10: Environ Technol
  • Analysis of microbial biofilm communities developed on granular activated carbon in oil sands process-affected water treatment using next-generation pyrosequencing. Islam MS, Zhang Y, McPhedran KN, Liu Y, Gamal El-Din M. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Apr 3.: Appl Environ Microbiol
  • [On the issue of the safety of reagents used for water treatment and purification]. [No authors listed]. Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct: Gig Sanit
  • Enhancing the efficacy of electrolytic chlorination for ballast water treatment by adding carbon dioxide. Cha HG, Seo MH, Lee HY, Lee JH, Lee DS, Shin K, Choi KH. Mar Pollut Bull. 2015 Apr 1.: Mar Pollut Bull
  • Tracing Nitrogenous Disinfection Byproducts after Medium Pressure UV Water Treatment by Stable Isotope Labeling and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Kolkman A, Martijn BJ, Vughs D, Baken KA, van Wezel AP. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Apr 7: Environ Sci Technol
  • Occurrence of cyanobacteria and microcystin toxins in raw and treated waters of the Nile River, Egypt: implication for water treatment and human health. Mohamed ZA, Deyab MA, Abou-Dobara MI, El-Sayed AK, El-Raghi WM. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Apr 10. : Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • Evaluation of the Water-treatment Ability of Silica-doped Titanium Dioxide-coated Glass Plates Using a Cationic Coupling Reagent Based on a Flow Analytical System. Sugita T, Mori M, Mase A, Noguchi SN, Tokutome T, Fujii K, Hara C, Katayama K, Iwamoto S, Itabashi H. Anal Sci. 2015: Anal Sci
  • Coagulation behavior and floc properties of compound bioflocculant-polyaluminum chloride dual-coagulants and polymeric aluminum in low temperature surface water treatment. Huang X, Sun S, Gao B, Yue Q, Wang Y, Li Q. J Environ Sci (China). 2015 Apr 1: J Environ Sci (China)
  • An evaluation of the residual toxicity and chemistry of a sodium hydroxide-based ballast water treatment system for freshwater ships. Elskus AA, Ingersoll CG, Kemble NE, Echols KR, Brumbaugh WG, Henquinet JW, Watten BJ. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2015 Feb 18.