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Advanced Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements Water Treatment chemicals address numerous water and water discharge requirements including algae prevention, pH adjustment, corrosion and scale control, coagulation or flocculation of metallic and other suspended solids, groundwater remediation, and maintenance of atomic reactors.

Algae Prevention

Until recently, state-of-the-art technology has been used in the prevention of algae by removing or "killing" the algae once it appears visually by using one of several algaecides, such as chlorine or quaternary ammonium salts (QAS). While providing a short term solution, a long term consequence of this process is to actually create more algae. The reason is that the dead algae decompose into various phosphate compounds which then serve as a nutrient for new algae growth. Additionally, the process results in odor formation and foaming in the treated water because chlorine sanitizers and algaecides form chloro-ammine compounds which generate the distinctive smell of a chemically-treated swimming pool. American Elements has developed a new proven technology to break this cycle based on the unique capability of lanthanum to bind with free phosphates. By adding American Elements' proprietary formulation of lanthanum to water, initial phosphate levels can be reduced to below 150 parts per billion (ppb) which is lower than the level needed by all types of algae to survive. Thus, rather than killing the algae, our lanthanum solution will prevent the algae from ever forming because of the lack of an essential nutrient. American Elements sells this solution in both small package sizes and bulk tote and tanker quantities under its trademark Phosbuster brand.Building A of Plant--Laboratory

Additionally, American Elements manufacturers several lanthanum compounds which can used to either produce an algae prevention material or can be applied directly in certain circumstances. These include lanthanum chloride powder, lanthanum chloride solution, lanthanum carbonate, lanthanum sulfate powder and lanthanum sulfate solution.

American Elements also produces copper sulfate and copper sulfate solution which can be used for algae removal or as a general herbicide to remove plant and vegetation from encroaching on water sources.

Groundwater Remediation

American Elements Nanometals™ division produces several nanoparticles which have found important application in remediation of various groundwater contaminants. For example, American Elements Iron Nanoparticles are useful in the removal of carbon tetrachloride, a potentially carcinogenic bi-product of cleaners and degreasers, from ground water and contaminated soils.

Nuclear Reactor Maintenance

American Elements produces several compounds of the rare earth element Gadolinium to absorb the deadly radioactive neutrons emitted by nuclear waste within reactor chambers. These compounds include gadolinium chloride powder, gadolinium chloride solution, and gadolinium nitrate powder and gadolinium nitrate solution. Additionally, in cooperation with the Canadian Atomic Energy Commission (AECL), American Elements has developed Heavy Gadolinium Nitrate™, a unique form of gadolinium nitrate hexahydrate in which a proprietary process replaces the six (6) natural water of hydration molecules with six (6) molecules of deuterium (heavy water) eliminating the potential for H2O contamination of the H3O (heavy water) in the reactor core.

Corrosion & Scaling Prevention

Several American Elements compounds are useful in the prevention of corrosion and scaling in equipment such as cooling towers and water transfer lines. These include zinc chloride powder, zinc chloride solution, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfate powder, zinc sulfate solution, zinc orthophosphate and titanium oxide nanopowder.

Coagulation & Flocculation

Wet Chemistry and Atomic Absorption Analysis and Certification

Contaminant removal by coagulation and flocculation of suspended solids, such as dye and paint waste, can be achieved using several American Elements compounds and nanoparticles including aluminum chloride powder, aluminum chloride solution, iron chloride powder (ferrous and ferric), iron chloride solution, iron sulfate powder, iron sulfate solution and aluminum chlorohydrate.

pH Adjustment

The alkali and alkaline earth metallic compounds are useful in reducing acidity (raising the pH) in water effluents. Typical compounds for this purpose include calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide.

AE Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of many innovative materials for treatment of various water sources including industrial wastewater, municipal water facilities, nuclear reactors, groundwater and soils contamination, and swimming pool & spa applications. American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its water treatment and maintenance products. Additionally, American Elements provides customer guidance on topics such as dosing, water analysis, treatment chemical formulation and material safety data.

Recent Research & Development for Water Treatment

  • Wai Kian Tan Go Kawamura Hiroyuki Muto Khairunisak Abdul Razak Zainovia Lockman Atsunori Matsuda Blue-emitting photoluminescence of rod-like and needle-like ZnO nanostructures formed by hot-water treatment of sol–gel derived coatings Journal of Luminescence Volume 158 February 2015
  • Wenzheng Yu Nigel. J.D. Graham Application of Fe(II)/K2MnO4 as a pre-treatment for controlling UF membrane fouling in drinking water treatment Journal of Membrane Science Volume 473 1 January 2015
  • K. Huang X.S. Zhao Y.F. Li X. Xu C. Liang D.Y. Fan H.J. Yang R. Zhang Y.G. Wang M. Lei Self-assembled ZnGa2O4–RGO nanocomposites and their enhanced adsorption and photocatalytic performance in water treatment Materials Research Bulletin Volume 60 December 2014
  • Roza Tarpagkou Asterios Pantokratoras The influence of lamellar settler in sedimentation tanks for potable water treatment — A computational fluid dynamic study Powder Technology Volume 268 December 2014
  • Iman Mohammadi Hadi Khabbaz Kirk Vessalas In-depth assessment of Crumb Rubber Concrete (CRC) prepared by water-soaking treatment method for rigid pavements Construction and Building Materials Volume 71 30 November 2014
  • A. Motta C. Borges K. Esquerre A. Kiperstok Oil Produced Water treatment for oil removal by an integration of coalescer bed and microfiltration membrane processes Journal of Membrane Science Volume 469 1 November 2014
  • K. Szymanska A.I. Zouboulis D. Zamboulis Hybrid ozonation–microfiltration system for the treatment of surface water using ceramic membrane Journal of Membrane Science Volume 468 15 October 2014
  • Kunli Goh Laurentia Setiawan Li Wei Rongmei Si Anthony G. Fane Rong Wang Yuan Chen Graphene oxide as effective selective barriers on a hollow fiber membrane for water treatment process Journal of Membrane Science Available online 8 October 2014
  • Duan Shu-xuan Xu Hui Xiao Feng Wang Dong-sheng Ye Chang-qing Jiao Ru-yuan Liu Yan-jing Effects of Al species on coagulation efficiency residual Al and floc properties in surface water treatment Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects Volume 459 5 October 2014
  • A. Garofalo L. Donato E. Drioli A. Criscuoli M.C. Carnevale O. Alharbi S.A. Aljlil C. Algieri Supported MFI Zeolite Membranes by Cross Flow Filtration for Water Treatment Separation and Purification Technology Available online 30 September 2014