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Advanced Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements Water Treatment chemicals address numerous water and water discharge requirements including algae prevention, pH adjustment, corrosion and scale control, coagulation or flocculation of metallic and other suspended solids, groundwater remediation, and maintenance of atomic reactors.

Algae Prevention

Until recently, state-of-the-art technology has been used in the prevention of algae by removing or "killing" the algae once it appears visually by using one of several algaecides, such as chlorine or quaternary ammonium salts (QAS). While providing a short term solution, a long term consequence of this process is to actually create more algae. The reason is that the dead algae decompose into various phosphate compounds which then serve as a nutrient for new algae growth. Additionally, the process results in odor formation and foaming in the treated water because chlorine sanitizers and algaecides form chloro-ammine compounds which generate the distinctive smell of a chemically-treated swimming pool. American Elements has developed a new proven technology to break this cycle based on the unique capability of lanthanum to bind with free phosphates. By adding American Elements' proprietary formulation of lanthanum to water, initial phosphate levels can be reduced to below 150 parts per billion (ppb) which is lower than the level needed by all types of algae to survive. Thus, rather than killing the algae, our lanthanum solution will prevent the algae from ever forming because of the lack of an essential nutrient. American Elements sells this solution in both small package sizes and bulk tote and tanker quantities under its trademark Phosbuster brand.Building A of Plant--Laboratory

Additionally, American Elements manufacturers several lanthanum compounds which can used to either produce an algae prevention material or can be applied directly in certain circumstances. These include lanthanum chloride powder, lanthanum chloride solution, lanthanum carbonate, lanthanum sulfate powder and lanthanum sulfate solution.

American Elements also produces copper sulfate and copper sulfate solution which can be used for algae removal or as a general herbicide to remove plant and vegetation from encroaching on water sources.

Groundwater Remediation

American Elements Nanometals™ division produces several nanoparticles which have found important application in remediation of various groundwater contaminants. For example, American Elements Iron Nanoparticles are useful in the removal of carbon tetrachloride, a potentially carcinogenic bi-product of cleaners and degreasers, from ground water and contaminated soils.

Nuclear Reactor Maintenance

American Elements produces several compounds of the rare earth element Gadolinium to absorb the deadly radioactive neutrons emitted by nuclear waste within reactor chambers. These compounds include gadolinium chloride powder, gadolinium chloride solution, and gadolinium nitrate powder and gadolinium nitrate solution. Additionally, in cooperation with the Canadian Atomic Energy Commission (AECL), American Elements has developed Heavy Gadolinium Nitrate™, a unique form of gadolinium nitrate hexahydrate in which a proprietary process replaces the six (6) natural water of hydration molecules with six (6) molecules of deuterium (heavy water) eliminating the potential for H2O contamination of the H3O (heavy water) in the reactor core.

Corrosion & Scaling Prevention

Several American Elements compounds are useful in the prevention of corrosion and scaling in equipment such as cooling towers and water transfer lines. These include zinc chloride powder, zinc chloride solution, calcium carbonate, zinc sulfate powder, zinc sulfate solution, zinc orthophosphate and titanium oxide nanopowder.

Coagulation & Flocculation

Wet Chemistry and Atomic Absorption Analysis and Certification

Contaminant removal by coagulation and flocculation of suspended solids, such as dye and paint waste, can be achieved using several American Elements compounds and nanoparticles including aluminum chloride powder, aluminum chloride solution, iron chloride powder (ferrous and ferric), iron chloride solution, iron sulfate powder, iron sulfate solution and aluminum chlorohydrate.

pH Adjustment

The alkali and alkaline earth metallic compounds are useful in reducing acidity (raising the pH) in water effluents. Typical compounds for this purpose include calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide.

AE Water Treatment Chemicals

American Elements' manufacturing emphasizes production of many innovative materials for treatment of various water sources including industrial wastewater, municipal water facilities, nuclear reactors, groundwater and soils contamination, and swimming pool & spa applications. American Elements maintains industrial scale production for all its water treatment and maintenance products. Additionally, American Elements provides customer guidance on topics such as dosing, water analysis, treatment chemical formulation and material safety data.

Recent Research & Development for Water Treatment

  • Tracing nitrogenous disinfection by-products after medium pressure UV water treatment by stable isotope labeling and high resolution mass spectrometry. Kolkman A, Martijn AJ, Vughs D, Baken KA, van Wezel A. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Mar 11.
  • Emerging desalination technologies for water treatment: A critical review. Subramani A, Jacangelo JG. Water Res. 2015 Feb 26
  • Triple bottom line assessment of raw water treatment : Methodology and application to a case study in the municipality of Oppegård in south-eastern Norway. Venkatesh G, Azrague K, Bell S, Eikebrokk B. Environ Technol. 2015 Feb 12:1-36.
  • Microbial Removals by a Novel Biofilter Water Treatment System. Wendt C, Ives R, Hoyt AL, Conrad KE, Longstaff S, Kuennen RW, Rose JB. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Mar 9.
  • Seasonal evaluation of the presence of 46 disinfection by-products throughout a drinking water treatment plant. Serrano M, Montesinos I, Cardador MJ, Silva M, Gallego M. Sci Total Environ. 2015 Mar 11
  • The practical influence of rapid mixing on coagulation in a full-scale water treatment plant. Allerdings D, Förster G, Vasyukova E, Uhl W. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • An evaluation of the residual toxicity and chemistry of a sodium hydroxide-based ballast water treatment system for freshwater ships. Elskus AA, Ingersoll CG, Kemble NE, Echols KR, Brumbaugh WG, Henquinet JW, Watten BJ. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2015 Feb 18.
  • The Detection Rate of Enteric Viruses and Clostridium difficile in a Waste Water Treatment Plant Effluent. Steyer A, Gutiérrez-Aguirre I, Ra?ki N, Beigot Glaser S, Brajer Humar B, Stražar M, Škrjanc I, Poljšak-Prijatelj M, Ravnikar M, Rupnik M. Food Environ Virol. 2015 Feb 7.
  • Biomineralized multifunctional magnetite/carbon microspheres for applications in li-ion batteries and water treatment. Shim HW, Park S, Song HJ, Kim JC, Jang E, Hong KS, Kim TD, Kim DW. Chemistry. 2015 Mar 16
  • Ferrates: greener oxidants with multimodal action in water treatment technologies. Sharma VK, Zboril R, Varma RS. Acc Chem Res. 2015 Feb 17
  • Selection of the surface water treatment technology - a full-scale technological investigation. Pruss A. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • Changes in water biostability levels in water treatment trials. Wolska M. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • Nanofiltration technology in water treatment and reuse: applications and costs. Shahmansouri A, Bellona C. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • Circular economy in drinking water treatment: reuse of ground pellets as seeding material in the pellet softening process. Schetters MJ, van der Hoek JP, Kramer OJ, Kors LJ, Palmen LJ, Hofs B, Koppers H. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • Structural characterisation of pretreated solids from flow-through liquid hot water treatment of sugarcane bagasse in a fixed-bed reactor. Reddy P, Lekha P, Reynolds W, Kirsch C. Bioresour Technol. 2015 May
  • Comparison of methods for the isolation of mycobacteria from water treatment plant sludge. Makovcova J, Babak V, Slany M, Slana I. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2015 Feb 28.
  • A comparison of six different ballast water treatment systems based on UV radiation, electrochlorination and chlorine dioxide. Stehouwer PP, Buma A, Peperzak L. Environ Technol. 2015 Feb 23:1-30.
  • Methodological approach for the optimization of drinking water treatment plants' operation: a case study. Sorlini S, Collivignarelli MC, Castagnola F, Crotti BM, Raboni M. Water Sci Technol. 2015
  • Effect of Electrolyzed Oxidizing Water Treatment on the Reduction of Nitrite Levels in Fresh Spinach during Storage. Hao J, Li H, Wan Y, Liu H. J Food Prot. 2015 Mar
  • On-Line Monitoring of Escherichia coli in Raw Water at Oset Drinking Water Treatment Plant, Oslo (Norway). Tryland I, Eregno FE, Braathen H, Khalaf G, Sjølander I, Fossum M. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Feb 4