Indium Foil

High Purity In Foil
CAS 7440-74-6

Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Indium Foil IN-M-02-F Contact American Elements
(2N5) 99.5% Indium Foil IN-M-025-F Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Indium Foil IN-M-03-F Contact American Elements
(3N5) 99.95% Indium Foil IN-M-035-F Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Indium Foil IN-M-04-F Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Indium Foil IN-M-05-F Contact American Elements

Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
In 7440-74-6 24855907 N/A MFCD00134048 231-180-0 N/A [In] InChI=1S/In APFVFJFRJDLVQX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
114.82 N/A 7310 kg/m³ N/A 156.6 °C 2080°C 0.818 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 8.37 microhm-cm @ 20°C 1.7 Paulings 0.056 Cal/g/K @ 25°C 53.7 K-Cal/gm atom at 2080 °C 0.781 Cal/gm mole Safety Data Sheet

American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopeia/British Pharmacopeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. American Elements specializes in producing Indium High Purity Foil and sheets in many thicknesses and sizes for numerous industrial uses and provides health and occupational safety information for this product. Most foils are produced from cast Ingots for use in coating and thin film Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Ultra High Purity (99.9+%) thin film foilThermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Organometallic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy. Thickness can range from 0.003" to approximately 2mm for all metals. Some metals can also be rolled down as thin as 0.001” for use as an evaporation source in microelectronics, optics, magnetics, MEMS, and hard resistant coatings. Piece sizes are available up to approximately 7" maximum width. Maximum lengths of about 20" can be obtained with a nominal thickness between about 0.005" and 0.020" for thin film deposition on glass or metal substrates. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Indium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Indium (In) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIndium (atomic symbol: In, atomic number: 49) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 114.818. The number of electrons in each of indium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 18, 3] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1. The indium atom has a radius of 162.6 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 193 pm. Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter in 1863. Indium Bohr Model It is a relatively rare, extremely soft metal is a lustrous silvery Elemental Indium gray and is both malleable and easily fusible. It has similar chemical properties to gallium such as a low melting point and the ability to wet glass. Fields such as optics and microelectronics that utilize semiconductor technology have wide uses for indium, especially in the form of Indiun Tin Oxide (ITO). Thin films of Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) are used in high-performing solar cells. Indium's name is derived from the Latin word indicum meaning violet. For more information on indium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of indium products, visit the Indium Information Center.

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Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.

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Recent Research & Development for Indium

  • Numerical comparison of iodine-based and indium-based antibody biodistributions. Williams LE, Wu AM, Kenanova VE, Olafsen T, Yazaki PJ. Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2014
  • Direct carboxylation of allylic halides with carbon dioxide in the presence of indium. Miao B, Ma S. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014
  • Plasmon spectroscopy of small indium-silver clusters: monitoring the indium shell oxidation. Cottancin E, Langlois C, Lermé J, Broyer M, Lebeault MA, Pellarin M. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014
  • Recycling indium from waste liquid crystal display panel by vacuum carbon-reduction. He Y, Ma E, Xu Z. J Hazard Mater. 2014
  • Unmasked Acyl Anion Equivalent from Acid Chloride with Indium: Reversed-Polarity Synthesis of Unsymmetric Aryl Aryl and Alkenyl Aryl Ketone through Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reaction. Lee D, Ryu T, Park Y, Lee PH. Org Lett. 2014
  • Ga-doped indium oxide nanowire phase change random access memory cells. Jin B, Lim T, Ju S, Latypov MI, Kim HS, Meyyappan M, Lee JS. Nanotechnology. 2014.
  • Indium Chloride Catalyzed Alkylative Rearrangement of Propargylic Acetates Using Alkyl Chlorides, Alcohols, and Acetates: Facile Synthesis of α-Alkyl-α,β-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds. Onishi Y, Nishimoto Y, Yasuda M, Baba A. Org Lett. 2014
  • Ultrafast Modulation of the Plasma Frequency of Vertically Aligned Indium Tin Oxide Rods. Tice DB, Li SQ, Tagliazucchi M, Buchholz DB, Weiss EA, Chang RP. Nano Lett. 2014
  • Huge photoresistance in transparent and conductive indium titanium oxide films prepared by electron beam-physical vapor deposition. Martínez-Morillas R, Ramírez R, Sánchez-Marcos J, Fonda E, de Andrés A, Prieto C. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014
  • Indium-bridged [1]ferrocenophanes. Bagh B, Sadeh S, Green JC, Müller J. Chemistry. 2014
  • Scalable Integration of Indium Zinc Oxide/Photosensitive-Nanowire Composite Thin-Film Transistors for Transparent Multicolor Photodetectors Array. Liu X, Jiang L, Zou X, Xiao X, Guo S, Jiang C, Liu X, Fan Z, Hu W, Chen X, Lu W, Hu W, Liao L. Adv Mater. 2014
  • Low-voltage protonic/electronic hybrid indium zinc oxide synaptic transistors on paper substrates. Wu G, Wan C, Zhou J, Zhu L, Wan Q. Nanotechnology. 2014.
  • Application of ZnO/graphene and S6 aptamers for sensitive photoelectrochemical detection of SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells based on a disposable indium tin oxide device. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 | first author:Liu F
  • Fabrication of a highly sensitive disposable immunosensor based on indium tin oxide substrates for cancer biomarker detection. Canbaz MÇ, Sezgintürk MK. Anal Biochem. 2014 Feb.
  • Colloidally stable selenium@copper selenide core@shell nanoparticles as selenium source for manufacturing of copper-indium-selenide solar cells. Dong H, Quintilla A, Cemernjak M, Popescu R, Gerthsen D, Ahlswede E, Feldmann C. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014 Feb.
  • Effective indium-doped zinc oxide buffer layer on silver nanowires for electrically highly stable, flexible, transparent, and conductive composite electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 | first author:Lee HJ
  • Electrochemically driven biocatalysis of the oxygenase domain of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in indium tin oxide nanoparticles/polyvinyl alcohol nanocomposite. Bioelectrochemistry. 2013 create date:2013/06/04 | first author:Xu X
  • Tuning indium tin oxide work function with solution-processed alkali carbonate interfacial layers for high-efficiency inverted organic photovoltaic cells. Nanotechnology. 2013 | first author:Chen F
  • Use of and occupational exposure to indium in the United States. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2013 | first author:Hines CJ
  • High-Performance Low-Cost Back-Channel-Etch Amorphous Gallium-Indium-Zinc Oxide Thin-Film Transistors by Curing and Passivation of the Damaged Back Channel. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 create date:2013/11/14 | first author:Park JC
  • Structural properties of the inner coordination sphere of indium chloride complexes in organic and aqueous solutions. Dalton Trans. 2013 | first author:Narita H
  • Fabrication of Highly Transparent and Conductive Indium-Tin Oxide Thin Films with a High Figure of Merit via Solution Processing. Langmuir. 2013 | first author:Chen Z