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Thorium Spheres

High Purity Th Spheres
CAS 7440-29-1


Product Product Code Request Quote
(2N) 99% Thorium Spheres TH-M-02-SPH Request Quote
(2N5) 99.5% Thorium Spheres TH-M-025-SPH Request Quote
(3N) 99.9% Thorium Spheres TH-M-03-SPH Request Quote
(3N5) 99.95% Thorium Spheres TH-M-035-SPH Request Quote
(4N) 99.99% Thorium Spheres TH-M-04-SPH Request Quote

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Th 7440-29-1 166489 23960 N/A 231-139-7   N/A [Th] InChI=1S/Th ZSLUVFAKFWKJRC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
232.03 N/A 232.03 kg/m³ 144 MPa 1842 °C 4820 °C N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Safety Data Sheet

High Purity SphereAmerican Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopeia/British Pharmacopeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above. American Elements specializes in producing Thorium as ribbon in various thicknesses and sizes. Most ribbon is rolled for use in coating and thin film Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Organometallic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy. Thicknesses up to 0.02" and widths up to 1" are available for most metals. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar, or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles () and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Thorium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Thorium (Th) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Thorium (atomic symbol: Th, atomic number: 90) is a Block F, Group 3, Period 7 element with an atomic weight of 232.03806. The number of electrons in each of thorium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 10, 2] and its electron configuration is [Rn] 6d2 7s2. Thorium Bohr ModelThe thorium atom has a radius of 179 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 237 pm. Thorium was first discovered by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1829. The name Thorium originates from the Scandinavian god Thor, the Norse god of war and thunder.Elemental Thorium In its elemental form, thorium has a silvery, sometimes black-tarnished, appearance. It is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils. Thorium is a radioactive element that is currently the best contender for replacing uranium as nuclear fuel for nuclear reactors. It provides greater safety benefits, an absence of non-fertile isotopes, and it is both more available and abundant in the Earth's crust than uranium. For more information on Thorium, including properties, satefy data, research, and American Elements' catalog of Thorium products, visit the Thorium element page.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Thorium

  • Thorium Triamidoamine Complexes: Synthesis of an Unusual Dinuclear Tuck-in–Tuck-over Thorium Metallacycle Featuring the Longest Known Thorium-Alkyl Bond. Benedict M. Gardner, William Lewis, Alexander J. Blake, and Stephen T. Liddle. Organometallics: January 26, 2015
  • Surface Reduction of Neptunium Dioxide and Uranium Mixed oxides with Plutonium and Thorium by Photocatalytic Reaction with Ice. Pelin Cakir, Rachel Eloirdi, Frank Huber, Rudy J. M. Konings, and Thomas Gouder. J. Phys. Chem. C: December 8, 2014
  • Effect of Successive Alkylation of N,N-Dialkyl Amides on the Complexation Behavior of Uranium and Thorium: Solvent Extraction, Small Angle Neutron Scattering, and Computational Studies. Parveen Kumar Verma, Priyanath N. Pathak, Neelam Kumari, Biswajit Sadhu, Mahesh Sundararajan, Vinod Kumar Aswal, and Prasanta Kumar Mohapatra. J. Phys. Chem. B: November 5, 2014
  • Uranium- and Thorium-Doped Graphene for Efficient Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide Reduction. Zdenk Sofer, Ond?ej Jankovský, Petr Šimek, Katerina Klímová, Anna Macková, and Martin Pumera. ACS Nano: June 30, 2014
  • Investigation of Thorium Salts As Candidate Materials for Direct Observation of the 229mTh Nuclear Transition. Jason K. Ellis, Xiao-Dong Wen, and Richard L. Martin. Inorg. Chem.: June 17, 2014
  • Unexpected Structural Complexity in Cesium Thorium Molybdates. Bin Xiao, Jakob Dellen, Hartmut Schlenz, Dirk Bosbach, Evgeny V. Suleimanov, and Evgeny V. Alekseev. Crystal Growth & Design: April 16, 2014
  • Tetrapositive Plutonium, Neptunium, Uranium, and Thorium Coordination Complexes: Chemistry Revealed by Electron Transfer and Collision Induced Dissociation. Yu Gong, Guoxin Tian, Linfeng Rao, and John K. Gibson. J. Phys. Chem. A: March 24, 2014
  • Relativistic Small-Core Pseudopotentials for Actinium, Thorium, and Protactinium. Anna Weigand, Xiaoyan Cao, Tim Hangele, and Michael Dolg. J. Phys. Chem. A: March 14, 2014
  • Introduction of Bifunctional Groups into Mesoporous Silica for Enhancing Uptake of Thorium(IV) from Aqueous Solution. Li-Yong Yuan, Zhi-Qiang Bai, Ran Zhao, Ya-Lan Liu, Zi-Jie Li, Sheng-Qi Chu, Li-Rong Zheng, Jing Zhang, Yu-Liang Zhao, Zhi-Fang Chai, and Wei-Qun Shi. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces: March 12, 2014
  • High-Temperature Phase Transitions, Spectroscopic Properties, and Dimensionality Reduction in Rubidium Thorium Molybdate Family. Bin Xiao, Thorsten M. Gesing, Philip Kegler, Giuseppe Modolo, Dirk Bosbach, Hartmut Schlenz, Evgeny V. Suleimanov, and Evgeny V. Alekseev. Inorg. Chem.: March 6, 2014