Xenon Elemental Symbol
Xenon



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Xénon Xenon Xeno Xênon Xenón Xenón

Xenon Bohr ModelXenon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 5 element. The number of electrons in each of Xenon's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8 and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6. In its elemental form xenon's CAS number is 7440-63-3. The xenon atom has a covalent radius of 140±9.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 216.pm. Xenon is present in the atmosphere and is commercially produced as a byproduct of the separation of air into oxygen and nitrogen. Xenon was discovered and first isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers  in 1898. Xenon is named from the Greek word xenon meaning foreign or strange.

Xenon compounds are considered to be toxic although xenon itself is not. Xenon information, including technical data, safety data and its high purity properties, research, applications and other useful facts are specified below. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on Earth, conductivity and thermal properties are included.


  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Xenon Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Xe Melting Point: -111.74 oC, -169.132 oF, 161.41 K
Atomic Number: 54 Boiling Point: -108.099 oC, -162.578 oF, 165.051 K
Atomic Weight: 131.3 Density: 3560 (88 K) kg m-3
Element Category: noble gases Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 3.057 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 18, 5, p Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 12.65 kJ mol-1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 3.1 kJ mol-1
Electrons: 54 Thermal Conductivity: 5.65×10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 54 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 77 Electrical Resistivity: N/A
Electron Configuration: [Kr]5s24d105p6 Electronegativity: 2.6 (Pauling scale)
Atomic Radius: N/A Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 140±9 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 216 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 (weakly acidic oxide) Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Gas Bulk Modulus: N/A
Crystal Structure: face-centered cubic Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 1170.36 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 2046.45 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 3099.42 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (liquid) 1090 m/s; (gas) 169 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7440-63-3 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 22427 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 23991 Abundance in universe, by weight: 10 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00083855 Abundance in universe, by atom: 0.09 ppb
EC Number: N/A Discovered By: William Ramsay and Morris Travers
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1898
SMILES Identifier: [Xe]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Xe Other Names: Xeno
InChI Key: FHNFHKCVQCLJFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       


Recent Research & Development for Xenon

  • Early Cerebral Circulation Disturbance in Patients Suffering from Different Types of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Xenon CT and Perfusion CT Study. Honda M, Sase S, Yokota K, Ichibayashi R, Yoshihara K, Masuda H, Uekusa H, Nomoto J, Sugo N, Kishi T, Seiki Y. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2013;118:259-63. doi: 10.1007/978-3-7091-1434-6_49.
  • Neuroprotection against Traumatic Brain Injury by Xenon, but Not Argon, Is Mediated by Inhibition at the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Glycine Site. Harris K, Armstrong SP, Campos-Pires R, Kiru L, Franks NP, Dickinson R. Anesthesiology. 2013 Jul 17. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Cation location in microporous zeolite, SSZ-13, probed with xenon adsorption measurement and 129Xe NMR spectrum. Shin NR, Kim SH, Shin HS, Jang IJ, Cho SJ. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2013 Jun;13(6):4346-9.
  • Reactivity of xenon with ice at planetary conditions. Sanloup C, Bonev SA, Hochlaf M, Maynard-Casely HE. Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Jun 28;110(26):265501. Epub 2013 Jun 24.
  • [Xenon and sevoflurane anti stress activity comparative assessment during elective anaesthesia in pediatric patients]. Bagaev VG, Amcheslavsky VG, Leonov DI. Anesteziol Reanimatol. 2013 Jan-Feb;(1):7-10. Russian.
  • Quantum decoherence of I2 in liquid xenon: A classical Wigner approach. Elran Y, Brumer P. J Chem Phys. 2013 Jun 21;138(23):234308. doi: 10.1063/1.4810009.
  • Emergence in elderly patient undergoing general anesthesia with xenon. Sanfilippo M, Wefki Abdelgawwad Shousha AA, Paparazzo A. Case Rep Anesthesiol. 2013;2013:736790. doi: 10.1155/2013/736790. Epub 2013 May 22.
  • Xenon treatment attenuates early renal allograft injury associated with prolonged hypothermic storage in rats. Zhao H, Yoshida A, Xiao W, Ologunde R, O'Dea KP, Takata M, Tralau-Stewart C, George AJ, Ma D. FASEB J. 2013 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Xenon consumption during general surgery: a retrospective observational study. Stoppe C, Rimek A, Rossaint R, Rex S, Stevanovic A, Schälte G, Fahlenkamp A, Czaplik M, Bruells CS, Daviet C, Coburn M. Med Gas Res. 2013 Jun 11;3(1):12. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Photodegradation of Dechlorane Plus in n-nonane under the irradiation of xenon lamp. Wang S, Huang J, Yang Y, Yu G, Deng S, Wang B. J Hazard Mater. 2013 Apr 30;260C:16-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.04.034. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Nanoemulsion Contrast Agents with Sub-picomolar Sensitivity for Xenon NMR. Stevens TK, Ramirez RM, Pines A. J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Jul 3;135(26):9576-9. doi: 10.1021/ja402885q. Epub 2013 Jun 18.
  • Intermittent Exposure to Xenon Protects against Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity. Jia P, Teng J, Zou J, Fang Y, Jiang S, Yu X, Kriegel AJ, Liang M, Ding X. PLoS One. 2013 May 30;8(5):e64329. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064329. Print 2013.
  • Supercritical xenon-filled hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. Lynch-Klarup KE, Mondloch ED, Raymer MG, Arrestier D, Gerome F, Benabid F. Opt Express. 2013 Jun 3;21(11):13726-32. doi: 10.1364/OE.21.013726.
  • Xenon Treatment Protects Against Cold Ischemia Associated Delayed Graft Function and Prolongs Graft Survival in Rats. Zhao H, Watts HR, Chong M, Huang H, Tralau-Stewart C, Maxwell PH, Maze M, George AJ, Ma D. Am J Transplant. 2013 May 24. doi: 10.1111/ajt.12293. [Epub ahead of print]
  • The effect of portable pulsed xenon ultraviolet light after terminal cleaning on hospital-associated Clostridium difficile infection in a community hospital. Levin J, Riley LS, Parrish C, English D, Ahn S. Am J Infect Control. 2013 May 16. doi:pii: S0196-6553(13)00249-6. 10.1016/j.ajic.2013.02.010. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Regional mapping of gas uptake by blood and tissue in the human lung using hyperpolarized xenon-129 MRI. Qing K, Ruppert K, Jiang Y, Mata JF, Miller GW, Shim YM, Wang C, Ruset IC, Hersman FW, Altes TA, Mugler JP 3rd. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 May 16. doi: 10.1002/jmri.24181. [Epub ahead of print]
  • miR-21 Contributes to Xenon-conferred Amelioration of Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Mice. Jia P, Teng J, Zou J, Fang Y, Zhang X, Bosnjak ZJ, Liang M, Ding X. Anesthesiology. 2013 May 15. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Retraction Note to: Effect of xenon on diaphragmatic contractility in dogs. Hoshi T, Fujii Y, Takahashi S, Toyooka H. Can J Anaesth. 2013 Jun;60(6):611. doi: 10.1007/s12630-013-9946-2. No abstract available.
  • Neither Xenon nor Fentanyl Induces Neuroapoptosis in the Newborn Pig Brain. Sabir H, Bishop S, Cohen N, Maes E, Liu X, Dingley J, Thoresen M. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug;119(2):345-357.
  • Xenon neurotoxicity in rat hippocampal slice cultures is similar to isoflurane and sevoflurane. Brosnan H, Bickler PE. Anesthesiology. 2013 Aug;119(2):335-44. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829417f0.

Xenon Isotopes


Naturally occurring xenon (Xe) has eight stable isotopes: 124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, and 134Xe

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
124Xe 123.905893 Observationally Stable 0+
126Xe 125.904274 Observationally Stable 0+
128Xe 127.9035313 Stable 0+
129Xe 128.9047794 Stable 1/2+
130Xe 129.9035080 Stable 0+
131Xe 130.9050824 Stable 3/2+
132Xe 131.9041535 Stable 0+
134Xe 133.9053945 Observationally Stable 0+