Xenon Elemental Symbol
Xenon



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Xénon Xenon Xeno Xênon Xenón Xenón

Xenon Bohr ModelXenon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 5 element. The number of electrons in each of Xenon's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8 and its electronic configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6. In its elemental form xenon's CAS number is 7440-63-3. The xenon atom has a covalent radius of 140±9.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 216.pm. Xenon is present in the atmosphere and is commercially produced as a byproduct of the separation of air into oxygen and nitrogen. Xenon was discovered and first isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers  in 1898. Xenon is named from the Greek word xenon meaning foreign or strange.

Xenon compounds are considered to be toxic although xenon itself is not. Xenon information, including technical data, safety data and its high purity properties, research, applications and other useful facts are specified below. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on Earth, conductivity and thermal properties are included.


  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Xenon Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Xe Melting Point: -111.74 oC, -169.132 oF, 161.41 K
Atomic Number: 54 Boiling Point: -108.099 oC, -162.578 oF, 165.051 K
Atomic Weight: 131.3 Density: 3560 (88 K) kg m-3
Element Category: noble gases Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 3.057 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 18, 5, p Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 12.65 kJ mol-1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 3.1 kJ mol-1
Electrons: 54 Thermal Conductivity: 5.65×10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 54 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 77 Electrical Resistivity: N/A
Electron Configuration: [Kr]5s24d105p6 Electronegativity: 2.6 (Pauling scale)
Atomic Radius: N/A Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 140±9 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 216 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 (weakly acidic oxide) Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Gas Bulk Modulus: N/A
Crystal Structure: face-centered cubic Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 1170.36 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 2046.45 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 3099.42 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (liquid) 1090 m/s; (gas) 169 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7440-63-3 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 22427 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 23991 Abundance in universe, by weight: 10 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00083855 Abundance in universe, by atom: 0.09 ppb
EC Number: N/A Discovered By: William Ramsay and Morris Travers
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1898
SMILES Identifier: [Xe]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Xe Other Names: Xeno
InChI Key: FHNFHKCVQCLJFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       


Recent Research & Development for Xenon

  • N.S. Benerji, Bijendra Singh, Performance of axicon based conical resonator (ABCR) with a xenon chloride (XeCl) excimer laser, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • I.O. Usov, R.M. Dickerson, P.O. Dickerson, D.D. Byler, K.J. McClellan, Uranium dioxide films with xenon filled bubbles for fission gas behavior studies, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • E. Friedland, K. Gärtner, T.T. Hlatshwayo, N.G. van der Berg, T.T. Thabethe, Influence of radiation damage on xenon diffusion in silicon carbide, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 332, 1 August 2014
  • B.T. Kirby, G.T. Hickman, T.B. Pittman, J.D. Franson, Feasibility of single-photon cross-phase modulation using metastable xenon in a high finesse cavity, Optics Communications, Available online 19 June 2014
  • Yinbin Miao, Wei-Ying Chen, Aaron Oaks, Kun Mo, James F. Stubbins, The incorporation and migration of a single xenon atom in ceria, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 449, Issues 1–3, June 2014
  • Lingling Ma, Zhengguo Huang, Xiqian Niu, Bohai Zhang, Qi Wang, Theoretical study on the selectivity of the insertion xenon atom into hypohalous acids, Inorganica Chimica Acta, Volume 414, 1 April 2014
  • M. Akel, S. Alsheikh Salo, S. Saboohi, C.S. Wong, Xenon plasma as a potential source for EUV and soft X-ray radiations: Numerical experiments, Vacuum, Volume 101, March 2014
  • A. Jelea, R.J.-M. Pellenq, F. Ribeiro, An atomistic modeling of the xenon bubble behavior in the UO2 matrix, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 444, Issues 1–3, January 2014
  • , Earth's missing xenon could hide in iron's hot embrace, New Scientist, Volume 220, Issue 2937, 5 October 2013
  • K.S. Rutkowski, S.M. Melikova, W.A. Herrebout, B.J. van der Veken, Spectroscopic evidence of reversible micro-crystallization of carbon dioxide dissolved in solid xenon, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 583, 17 September 2013
  • O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, R. Schlegel, M. Böhme, N. Kaiser, Preparation and properties of high refractive index tantalum pentoxide coatings deposited by plasma ion assisted deposition with xenon or argon assistance, Thin Solid Films, Volume 542, 2 September 2013
  • Y. Pipon, N. Toulhoat, N. Moncoffre, G. Gutierrez, A. Maître, M. Gendre, Influence of the Oxygen content on the thermal migration of Xenon in ZrCxO1-x, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 440, Issues 1–3, September 2013
  • B. Marchand, N. Moncoffre, Y. Pipon, N. Bérerd, C. Garnier, L. Raimbault, P. Sainsot, T. Epicier, C. Delafoy, M. Fraczkiewicz, C. Gaillard, N. Toulhoat, A. Perrat-Mabilon, C. Peaucelle, Xenon migration in UO2 under irradiation studied by SIMS profilometry, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 440, Issues 1–3, September 2013
  • F.C. Marques, P.F. Barbieri, G.A. Viana, D.S. da Silva, Implantation of xenon in amorphous carbon and silicon for brachytherapy application, Applied Surface Science, Volume 275, 15 June 2013
  • I.O. Usov, R.M. Dickerson, P.O. Dickerson, M.E. Hawley, D.D. Byler, K.J. McClellan, Thin uranium dioxide films with embedded xenon, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 437, Issues 1–3, June 2013
  • Xianming Zhou, Yongtao Zhao, Rui Cheng, Xing Wang, Jieru Ren, Yu Lei, Yuanbo Sun, Ge Xu, Yuyu Wang, Guoqing Xiao, L-subshell X-ray intensity ratio of Xenon for 6 MeV Xe20+ impact on selected targets, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 304, 1 June 2013
  • Youn-Sang Bae, Brad G. Hauser, Yamil J. Colón, Joseph T. Hupp, Omar K. Farha, Randall Q. Snurr, High xenon/krypton selectivity in a metal-organic framework with small pores and strong adsorption sites, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 169, 15 March 2013
  • R. Bès, C. Gaillard, N. Millard-Pinard, S. Gavarini, P. Martin, S. Cardinal, C. Esnouf, A. Malchère, A. Perrat-Mabilon, Xenon behavior in TiN: A coupled XAS/TEM study, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 434, Issues 1–3, March 2013
  • Vadim V. Bardin, Hermann-Josef Frohn, Preparation of first examples of RFCCIF4 molecules. A study of the fluorination of selected 1-iodoalk-1-ynes with xenon difluoride/boron trifluoride, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, Volume 146, February 2013
  • Tetsuro Yuzawa, Chuichi Watanabe, Nobukatsu Nemoto, Hajime Ohtani, Rapid evaluation of photo, thermal and oxidative degradation of high impact polystyrene by a xenon lamp-based online ultraviolet irradiation-pyrolysis-GC/MS system, Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 98, Issue 2, February 2013

Xenon Isotopes


Naturally occurring xenon (Xe) has eight stable isotopes: 124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, and 134Xe

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
124Xe 123.905893 Observationally Stable 0+
126Xe 125.904274 Observationally Stable 0+
128Xe 127.9035313 Stable 0+
129Xe 128.9047794 Stable 1/2+
130Xe 129.9035080 Stable 0+
131Xe 130.9050824 Stable 3/2+
132Xe 131.9041535 Stable 0+
134Xe 133.9053945 Observationally Stable 0+