Cadmium Metal

CAS #

Cd

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SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Cadmium Metal CD-M-02 Pricing
(3N) 99.9% Cadmium Metal CD-M-03 Pricing
(4N) 99.99% Cadmium Metal CD-M-04 Pricing
(5N) 99.999% Cadmium Metal CD-M-05 Pricing
(6N) 99.9999% Cadmium Metal CD-M-06 Pricing
(7N) 99.99999% Cadmium Metal CD-M-07 Pricing

Properties

Molecular Weight 112.41
Appearance Yellow
Melting Point 320.9 °C
Boiling Point 765 °C
Density 8.65 g/cm3
Thermal Expansion

(25 °C) 30.8 µm·m-1·K-1

Poisson Ratio 0.3
Vickers Hardness N/A
Young's Modulus 50 GPa
Thermal Conductivity 96.6 W ·m-1 ·K-1
Electronegativity 1.7 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.23 kJ/kg K
Heat of Vaporization 99.87 kJ ·mol-1
Heat of Fusion 6.21kJ ·mol-1

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H330-H341-H350-H361-H372
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number EU9800000
Transport Information DOT
WGK Germany 3

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 04/29/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Cadmium Metal

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. CD-M-02, CD-M-03, CD-M-04, CD-M-05, CD-M-06, CD-M-07

CAS #: 7440-43-9

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS06 Skull and crossbones
Acute Tox. 2 H330 Fatal if inhaled.
GHS08 Health hazard
Muta. 2 H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects.
Carc. 1B H350 May cause cancer.
Repr. 2 H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
STOT RE 1 H372 Causes damage to the lung, the kidneys, the reproductive system and the blood through prolonged or repeated exposure. Route of exposure: Oral.
Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
T+; Very toxic
R26: Very toxic by inhalation.
T; Toxic
Carc. Cat. 2
R45-48/23/25: May cause cancer. Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.
Xn; Harmful
R62-68-63: Possible risk of impaired fertility. Possible risk of irreversible effects. Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
N; Dangerous for the environment
R50/53: Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Muta. Cat. 3, Repr. Cat. 3
Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment:
Not applicable
Hazards not otherwise classified
No information known.
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is classified and labeled according to the CLP regulation.
Hazard pictograms

GHS06 GHS08
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements
H330 Fatal if inhaled.
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects.
H350 May cause cancer.
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
H372 Causes damage to the lung, the kidneys, the reproductive system and the blood through prolonged or repeated exposure. Route of exposure: Oral.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P284 [In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see on this label).
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
D1A - Very toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects
D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1


Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 0
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7440-43-9 Cadmium
Identification number(s):
EC number: 231-152-8
Index number: 048-002-00-0


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
Remove breathing apparatus only after contaminated clothing has been completely removed.
In case of irregular breathing or respiratory arrest provide artificial respiration.
After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
After swallowing
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No further relevant information available.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No further relevant information available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents
Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Cadmium oxide
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
Do not allow to penetrate the ground/soil.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Open and handle container with care.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
No information known.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
No information known.
Further information about storage conditions:
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Specific end use(s)
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace: 7440-43-9 Cadmium (100.0%)
PEL (USA) Long-term value: 0.005 mg/m³ as Cd; see 29 CFR 1910.1027
REL (USA) See Pocket Guide App. A
TLV (USA) Long-term value: 0.01 0.002* mg/m³ as Cd; *respirable fraction; BEI
EL (Canada) Long-term value: 0.01 mg/m³ as Cd; ACIGH A1, IARC 1
EV (Canada) Long-term value: 0.01 0.002* mg/m³ *respirable
Ingredients with biological limit values: 7440-43-9 Cadmium (100.0%)
BEI (USA) 5 μg/g creatinine
Medium: urine
Time: not critical
Parameter: Cadmium (background)
5 μg/L
Medium: blood
Time: not critical
Parameter: Cadmium (background)
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Store protective clothing separately.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use self-contained respiratory protective device in emergency situations.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Check protective gloves prior to each use for their proper condition.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Material of gloves
Nitrile rubber, NBR
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
Not determined
Eye protection: Safety glasses
Body protection: Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Solid in various forms
Color: Silvery-white
Odor: Not determined
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 321 °C (610 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 765 °C (1409 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous): Not determined.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure at 180 °C (356 °F): 0.00013 hPa
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 8.65 g/cm³ (72.184 lbs/gal)
Bulk density at 20 °C (68 °F): 2700 kg/m³
Relative density: Not determined.
Vapor density: Not applicable.
Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Not determined
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information
No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No information known.
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
No dangerous reactions known
Conditions to avoid
No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials:
No information known.
Hazardous decomposition products:
Cadmium oxide


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Fatal if inhaled.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for this substance.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
Skin irritation or corrosion:
Powder: irritant effect
Eye irritation or corrosion:
Powder: irritant effect
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
Suspected of causing genetic defects.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains mutation data for this substance.
Carcinogenicity:
May cause cancer.
IARC-1: Carcinogenic to humans: sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity.
EPA-B1: Probable human carcinogen, limited evidence of carcinogenicity from epidemiologic studies.
Carcinogen as defined by OSHA.
ACGIH A2: Suspected human carcinogen: Agent is carcinogenic in experimental animals at dose levels, by route(s) of administration, at site(s), of histologic type(s), or by mechanism(s) considered relevant to worker exposure. Available epidemiologic studies are conflicting or insufficient to confirm an increased risk of cancer in exposed humans.
NTP-K: Known to be carcinogenic: sufficient evidence from human studies.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains tumorigenic and/or carcinogenic and/or neoplastic data for this substance.
Reproductive toxicity:
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains reproductive data for this substance.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure:
Causes damage to the lung, the kidneys, the reproductive system and the blood through prolonged or repeated exposure. Route of exposure: Oral.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains multiple dose toxicity data for this substance.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity: No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability
No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential
No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil
No further relevant information available.
Ecotoxical effects:
Remark:
Very toxic for aquatic organisms
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow product to reach ground water, water course or sewage system, even in small quantities.
Danger to drinking water if even extremely small quantities leak into the ground.
Also poisonous for fish and plankton in water bodies.
May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Very toxic for aquatic organisms
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects
No further relevant information available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
UN proper shipping name
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Class
Not applicable
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
Not applicable
Environmental hazards:
Environmentally hazardous substance, solid
Special precautions for user
Not applicable.
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No
UN ""Model Regulation"":
-


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
7440-43-9 Cadmium
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
7440-43-9 Cadmium
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
7440-43-9 Cadmium
Information about limitation of use:
Workers are not allowed to be exposed to this hazardous material. Exceptions can be made by the authorities in certain cases.
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
This substance is included in the Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH).
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
REACH - Pre-registered substances
Substance is listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

High Purity (99.99999%) Cadmium (Cd) MetalCadmium Metal is available as disc, granules, ingot, pellets, pieces, powder , rod, wire, and sputtering target. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, quantum dots, targets for thin film deposition, pellets for evaporation and single crystal or polycrystalline forms. Elements can also be introduced into alloys or other systems as fluorides, oxides or chlorides or as solutions. Cadmium metal is generally immediately available in most volumes. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Synonyms

N/A

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Cd
CAS 7440-43-9
Pubchem CID 23973
MDL MFCD00010914
EC No. 231-152-8
Beilstein Registry No. 8137359
SMILES [Cd]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Cd
InchI Key BDOSMKKIYDKNTQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Cadmium products. Cadmium (atomic symbol: Cd, atomic number: 48) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 112.411. Cadmium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Cadmium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2. The cadmium atom has a radius of 151 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 230 pm.Cadmium was discovered and first isolated by Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann and Friedrich Stromeyer in 1817. In its elemental form, cadmium has a silvery bluish gray metallic appearance. Cadmium makes up about 0.1 ppm of the earth's crust. Elemental CadmiumNo significant deposits of cadmium containing ores are known, however, it is sometimes found in its metallic form. It is a common impurity in zinc ores and is isolated during the production of zinc. Cadmium is a key component in battery production and particular pigments and coatings due to its distinct yellow color. Cadmium oxide is used in phosphors for television picture tubes. The name Cadmium originates from the Latin word 'cadmia' and the Greek word 'kadmeia'.

Recent Research

Enrofloxacin at environmentally relevant concentrations enhances uptake and toxicity of cadmium in the earthworm Eisenia fetida in farm soils., Li, Yinsheng, Tang Hao, Hu Yingxiu, Wang Xiuhong, Ai Xiaojie, Tang Li, Matthew Cory, Cavanagh Jo, and Qiu Jiangping , J Hazard Mater, 2016 May 5, Volume 308, p.312-20, (2016)

Development of a highly specific and sensitive cadmium and lead microbial biosensor using synthetic CadC-T7 genetic circuitry., Kim, Hyun Ju, Lim Ji Won, Jeong Haeyoung, Lee Sang-Jae, Lee Dong-Woo, Kim Taesung, and Lee Sang Jun , Biosens Bioelectron, 2016 May 15, Volume 79, p.701-8, (2016)

Effects of algae growth on cadmium remobilization and ecological risk in sediments of Taihu Lake., Ni, Lixiao, Li Dandan, Su Lili, Xu Jiajun, Li Shiyin, Ye Xiang, Geng Hong, Wang Peifang, Li Yi, Li Yiping, et al. , Chemosphere, 2016 May, Volume 151, p.37-44, (2016)

Cadmium-induced genomic instability in Arabidopsis: Molecular toxicological biomarkers for early diagnosis of cadmium stress., Wang, Hetong, He Lei, Song Jie, Cui Weina, Zhang Yanzhao, Jia Chunyun, Francis Dennis, Rogers Hilary J., Sun Lizong, Tai Peidong, et al. , Chemosphere, 2016 May, Volume 150, p.258-65, (2016)

Phosphorus and cadmium availability in soil fertilized with biosolids and ashes., Kumpiene, Jurate, Brännvall Evelina, Wolters Martin, Skoglund Nils, Čirba Stasys, and Aksamitauskas Vladislovas Česlovas , Chemosphere, 2016 May, Volume 151, p.124-32, (2016)

Utilization of reduced graphene oxide/cadmium sulfide-modified carbon cloth for visible-light-prompt photoelectrochemical sensor for copper (II) ions., Foo, C Y., Lim H N., Pandikumar A, Huang N M., and Ng Y H. , J Hazard Mater, 2016 Mar 5, Volume 304, p.400-8, (2016)

Flexible and free-standing ternary Cd2GeO4 nanowire/graphene oxide/CNT nanocomposite film with improved lithium-ion battery performance., Wang, Linlin, Zhang Xiaozhu, Shen Guozhen, Peng Xia, Zhang Min, and Xu Jingli , Nanotechnology, 2016 Mar 4, Volume 27, Issue 9, p.095602, (2016)

Risks and benefits of compost-like materials prepared by the thermal treatment of raw scallop hepatopancreas for supplying cadmium and the growth of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)., Ushijima, Kensuke, Fukushima Masami, Kanno Shinya, Kanno Itoko, and Ohnishi Mitsuhiro , J Environ Sci Health B, 2016 Mar 3, Volume 51, Issue 3, p.170-5, (2016)

Effects of extended growth periods on subcellular distribution, chemical forms, and the translocation of cadmium in Impatiens walleriana., Lai, Hung-Yu, and Cai Ming-Cyuan , Int J Phytoremediation, 2016 Mar 3, Volume 18, Issue 3, p.228-34, (2016)

A simple and sensitive fluorimetric aptasensor for the ultrasensitive detection of arsenic(III) based on cysteamine stabilized CdTe/ZnS quantum dots aggregation., Ensafi, Ali A., Kazemifard N, and Rezaei B , Biosens Bioelectron, 2016 Mar 15, Volume 77, p.499-504, (2016)