Thallium Plate

CAS #

Tl

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SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Thallium Plate TL-M-02-PL Pricing
(3N) 99.9% Thallium Plate TL-M-03-PL Pricing
(4N) 99.99% Thallium Plate TL-M-04-PL Pricing
(5N) 99.999% Thallium Plate TL-M-05-PL Pricing

Properties

Molecular Weight 204.37
Appearance White Crystals
Melting Point 303.5 °C
Boiling Point 1457 °C
Density 11.85 g/cm3
Tensile Strength N/A
Thermal Conductivity 0.461 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Electronegativity 1.8 Paulings
Specific Heat 0.0307 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Heat of Vaporization 38.8 K-Cal/gm atom at 1457 °C
Heat of Fusion 1.03 Cal/gm mole

Health & Safety Information

Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H300-H330-H373-H413
Hazard Codes T+
Risk Codes 26/28-33-53
Safety Statements 13-28-45-61
RTECS Number XG3425000
Transport Information UN 3288 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3

View and Print SDS

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 04/29/2016
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Thallium Plate

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. TL-M-02-PL, TL-M-03-PL, TL-M-04-PL, TL-M-05-PL

CAS #: 7440-28-0

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
International +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
GHS06 Skull and crossbones
Acute Tox. 2 H300 Fatal if swallowed.
Acute Tox. 2 H330 Fatal if inhaled.
GHS08 Health hazard
STOT RE 2 H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Hazards not otherwise classified No information known.
Label elements
GHS label elements The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms

Skull and Crossbones - GHS06 Health Hazard - GHS08

GHS06 GHS08
Signal word Danger
Hazard statements
H300+H330 Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled.
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P284 [In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/…
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see on this label).
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
WHMIS classification
D1A - Very toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1


Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 0
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Chemical characterization: Substances
CAS# Description:
7440-28-0 Thallium
Identification number(s):
EC number: 231-138-1
Index number: 081-001-00-3


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
General information
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
Remove breathing apparatus only after contaminated clothing has been completely removed.
In case of irregular breathing or respiratory arrest provide artificial respiration.
No special measures required.
After inhalation Seek medical treatment in case of complaints.
After skin contact Generally the product does not irritate the skin.
After eye contact Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. If symptoms persist, consult a doctor.
After swallowing Do not induce vomiting; immediately call for medical help.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed No further relevant information available.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed No further relevant information available.


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents Water
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Toxic metal oxide fume
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment: No special measures required.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures Not required.
Environmental precautions: Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
Dispose of contaminated material as waste according to section 13.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Prevention of secondary hazards: No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Open and handle container with care.
Information about protection against explosions and fires: No special measures required.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles: No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility: Do not store together with oxidizing and acidic materials.
Further information about storage conditions:
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
Specific end use(s) No further relevant information available.


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems: No further data; see section 7.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
7440-28-0 Thallium (100.0%)
PEL (USA) Long-term value: 0.1 mg/m³
as Tl; Skin
REL (USA) Long-term value: 0.1 mg/m³
as Tl; Skin
TLV (USA) Long-term value: 0.02* mg/m³
as Tl; *inhalable fraction; Skin
EL (Canada) Long-term value: 0.1 mg/m³
as Tl; Skin
EV (Canada) Long-term value: 0.1 mg/m³
watersoluble compounds, Skin
Additional information: No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Store protective clothing separately.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Not required.
Use self-contained respiratory protective device in emergency situations.
Protection of hands: Not required.
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes) Not determined
Eye protection: Safety glasses
Body protection: Protective work clothing.


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
General Information
Appearance:
Form: Solid in various forms
Color: Not determined
Odor: Odorless
Odor threshold: Not determined.
pH-value: Not applicable.
Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: 303.5 °C (578 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 1457 °C (2655 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
Flammability (solid, gaseous) Not determined.
Ignition temperature: Not determined
Decomposition temperature: Not determined
Auto igniting: Not determined.
Danger of explosion: Not determined.
Explosion limits:
Lower: Not determined
Upper: Not determined
Vapor pressure at 473 °C (883 °F): 0.13 hPa
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 11.85 g/cm³ (98.888 lbs/gal)
Relative density Not determined.
Vapor density Not applicable.
Evaporation rate Not applicable.
Solubility in / Miscibility with
Water: Not determined
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
Viscosity:
dynamic: Not applicable.
kinematic: Not applicable.
Other information No further relevant information available.


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity No information known.
Chemical stability Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided: Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions No dangerous reactions known
Conditions to avoid No further relevant information available.
Incompatible materials: Oxidizing agents
Hazardous decomposition products: Toxic metal oxide fume


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
Fatal if inhaled.
Fatal if swallowed.
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for components in this product.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
Skin irritation or corrosion: Powder: irritant effect
Eye irritation or corrosion: Powder: irritant effect
Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
Carcinogenicity: EPA-I: Data are inadequate for an assessment of human carcinogenic potential.
Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity: The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains multiple dose toxicity data for this substance.
Additional toxicological information: To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity: No further relevant information available.
Persistence and degradability No further relevant information available.
Bioaccumulative potential No further relevant information available.
Mobility in soil No further relevant information available.
Additional ecological information:
General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
Do not allow product to reach ground water, water course or sewage system, even in small quantities.
Danger to drinking water if even extremely small quantities leak into the ground.
May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT: Not applicable.
vPvB: Not applicable.
Other adverse effects No further relevant information available.


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

UN-Number
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA Not applicable
UN proper shipping name
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA Not applicable
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Class Not applicable
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA Not applicable
Environmental hazards: Not applicable.
Special precautions for user Not applicable.
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code Not applicable.
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT): No
UN "Model Regulation": -


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
GHS label elements The product is classified and labeled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Hazard pictograms
GHS06 GHS08
Signal word Danger
Hazard statements
H300+H330 Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled.
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary statements
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P284 [In case of inadequate ventilation] wear respiratory protection.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/…
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see on this label).
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
7440-28-0 Thallium
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
This product is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and 40CFR372.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006. Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the
market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use) Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment: A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

About

High purity thallium platesAmerican Elements specializes in producing Thallium Plates in various thicknesses and sizes. Most plates are cast for use in coating and thin film Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Organometallic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for specific applications such as fuel cells and solar energy. Thicknesses start at 0.25" for all metals. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar, or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Thallium as rods, powder and plates. Other shapes are available by request.

Synonyms

N/A

Chemical Identifiers

Formula Tl
CAS 7440-28-0
Pubchem CID 5359464
MDL MFCD00134063
EC No. 231-138-1
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
SMILES [Tl]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/Tl
InchI Key BKVIYDNLLOSFOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Products & Element Information

See more Thallium products. Thallium (atomic symbol: Tl, atomic number: 81) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 6 element with an atomic weight of 204.38. Thallium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of thallium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 3 and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1. The thallium atom has a radius of 170 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 196 pm. Thallium was discovered by Sir William Crookes in 1861 and first isolated by Claude-Auguste Lamy in 1862. Thallium is a post-transition metal that is not found free in nature. Thallium is primarily used for its electrical conductivity as thallium sulfide, which changes with exposure to infrared light. This ability makes the compound useful in photocells. Elemental ThalliumThallium bromide-iodide crystals have been used as infrared optical materials. Thallium has also been used with sulfur, selenium or arsenic to produce low melting glasses which become fluid between 125 and 150 °C, while thallium oxide has been used to produce glasses with a high index of refraction, and is also used in the manufacture of photo cells. Its name is drived from the Greek word thallos, which means twig or green shoot.

Recent Research

Synthesis and application of a novel nanostructured ion-imprinted polymer for the preconcentration and determination of thallium(I) ions in water samples., Fayazi, M, Ghanei-Motlagh M, Taher M A., Ghanei-Motlagh R, and Salavati M R. , J Hazard Mater, 2016 May 15, Volume 309, p.27-36, (2016)

Thallium dispersal and contamination in surface sediments from South China and its source identification., Liu, Juan, Wang Jin, Chen Yongheng, Shen Chuan-Chou, Jiang Xiuyang, Xie Xiaofan, Chen Diyun, Lippold Holger, and Wang Chunlin , Environ Pollut, 2016 Mar 31, Volume 213, p.878-887, (2016)

Transfer of thallium from rape seed to rape oil is negligible and oil is fit for human consumption., Loula, Martin, Kaňa Antonín, Vosmanska Magda, Koplík Richard, and Mestek Oto , Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess, 2016 Mar 23, p.1-6, (2016)

The value of local normal limits in quantitative Thallium-201 CZT MPI SPECT., Gregoire, Bastien, Pina-Jomir Géraldine, Bontemps Laurence, Janier Marc, and Scheiber Christian , J Nucl Cardiol, 2016 Mar 2, (2016)

Anagen Effluvium Caused by Thallium Poisoning., Campbell, Caren, Bahrami Soon, and Owen Cindy , JAMA Dermatol, 2016 Mar 16, (2016)

Thallium Transfer from Hydrochloric Acid Media into Pure Ionic Liquids., Tereshatov, Evgeny E., Boltoeva Maria Yu, Mazan Valérie, Volia Merinda F., and Folden Charles M. , J Phys Chem B, 2016 Mar 10, Volume 120, Issue 9, p.2311-22, (2016)

Application of bismuth bulk annular band electrode for determination of ultratrace concentrations of thallium(I) using stripping voltammetry., Węgiel, Krystian, Jedlińska Katarzyna, and Baś Bogusław , J Hazard Mater, 2016 Jun 5, Volume 310, p.199-206, (2016)

Thallium transformation and partitioning during Pb-Zn smelting and environmental implications., Liu, Juan, Wang Jin, Chen Yongheng, Xie Xiaofan, Qi Jianying, Lippold Holger, Luo Dinggui, Wang Chunlin, Su Longxiao, He Lucheng, et al. , Environ Pollut, 2016 Jan 31, Volume 212, p.77-89, (2016)

Chelation of thallium by combining deferasirox and desferrioxamine in rats., Saljooghi, Amir Shokooh, Babaie Maryam, Mendi Fatemeh Delavar, Zahmati Maliheh, and Saljooghi Zoheir Shokouh , Toxicol Ind Health, 2016 Jan, Volume 32, Issue 1, p.83-8, (2016)

Stability of Tl(III) in the context of speciation analysis of thallium in plants., Sadowska, Monika, Biaduń Ewa, and Krasnodębska-Ostręga Beata , Chemosphere, 2016 Feb, Volume 144, p.1216-23, (2016)