Waste derivitized blue luminescent carbon quantum dots for selenite sensing in water.

Title Waste derivitized blue luminescent carbon quantum dots for selenite sensing in water.
Authors P. Devi; G. Kaur; A. Thakur; N. Kaur; A. Grewal; P. Kumar
Journal Talanta
DOI 10.1016/j.talanta.2017.03.069

Herein, we report an environmental friendly, facile, and completely green synthetic method for producing carbon quantum dots (CQDs) from whey, a major dairy waste. The as-prepared monodispersed diameter CQDs exhibit blue luminescence with noteworthy quantum yield (~11.4%) and excitation dependent emission behaviour. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis reveals the presence of aromatized carbon peaks, leading to polymerized CQDs diameter architecture during whey pyrolysis. The X-ray and selected area electron diffraction patterns confirm their amorphous nature. Further, we demonstrate, these CQDs as an effective sensor probe for selective selenite monitoring in water upon functionalization with appropriate ligand. The functionalized GCQDs probe is shown to detect selenite with high sensitivity in 10-1000ppb detection range. Further it is selective for selenite over other relevant ions (such as Cu(2+), As(3+), As(5+), Pb(2+), Ni(2+), Se(6+), Cl(-), Br(-), NO3(-), NO2(-) and F(-)) and displays a sub-ppb detection limit at 1.1% relative standard deviation.

Citation P. Devi; G. Kaur; A. Thakur; N. Kaur; A. Grewal; P. Kumar.Waste derivitized blue luminescent carbon quantum dots for selenite sensing in water.. Talanta. 2017;170:4955. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2017.03.069

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See more Carbon products. Carbon (atomic symbol: C, atomic number: 6) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 2 element. Carbon Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Carbon's shells is 2, 4 and its electron configuration is [He]2s2 2p2. In its elemental form, carbon can take various physical forms (known as allotropes) based on the type of bonds between carbon atoms; the most well known allotropes are diamond, graphite, amorphous carbon, glassy carbon, and nanostructured forms such as carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, and nanofibers . Carbon is at the same time one of the softest (as graphite) and hardest (as diamond) materials found in nature. It is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and the fourth most abundant element (by mass) in the universe after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Carbon was discovered by the Egyptians and Sumerians circa 3750 BC. It was first recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier in 1789.


Selenium Bohr ModelSee more Selenium products. Selenium (atomic symbol: Se, atomic number: 34) is a Block P, Group 16, Period 4 element with an atomic radius of 78.96. The number of electrons in each of Selenium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 6 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4. The selenium atom has a radius of 120 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 190 pm. Selenium is a non-metal with several allotropes: a black, vitreous form with an irregular crystal structure three red-colored forms with monoclinic crystal structures and a gray form with a hexagonal crystal structure, the most stable and dense form of the element. Elemental SeleniumOne of the most common uses for selenium is in glass production the red tint that it lends to glass neutralizes green or yellow tints from impurities in the glass materials. Selenium was discovered and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius and Johann Gottlieb Gahn in 1817. The origin of the name Selenium comes from the Greek word "Selênê," meaning moon.

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