Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate

Pb(ClO4)2 • 3H2O
CAS 13453-62-8


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate PB-PCL-02-3HYD Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate PB-PCL-03-3HYD Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate PB-PCL-04-3HYD Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate PB-PCL-05-3HYD Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Pb(ClO4)2 • 3H2O 13453-62-8 162252821 25021834
MFCD00149817 237-125-7 lead(2+); diperchlorate; trihydrate N/A O.O.O.[O-]Cl
(=O)(=O)=O.
[O-]Cl(=O)(=
O)=O.[Pb+2]
InChI=1S/2ClH
O4.3H2O.Pb/c2
*2-1(3,4)5;;;;/h2
*(H,2,3,4,5);3*1
H2;/q;;;;;+2/p-2
KKGGEAQRICYXNM-UHFFFAOYSA-L

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
H6Cl2O11Pb 460.15 White crystals N/A N/A N/A 459.905368 459.905368 0 Safety Data Sheet

Perchlorate Formula Diagram (ClO4-)Lead(II) Perchlorate Trihydrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Lead Bohr Model Lead (Pb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolLead (atomic symbol: Pb, atomic number: 82) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 207.2. The number of electrons in each of Lead's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. The lead atom has a radius of 175 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, lead has a metallic gray appearance. Lead occurs naturally as a mixture of four stable isotopes: 204Pb (1.48%), 206Pb (23.6%), 207Pb (22.6%), and 208Pb (52.3%). Elemental Lead Lead is obtained mainly from galena (PbS) by a roasting process. Anglesite, cerussite, and minim are other common lead containing minerals. Lead does occur as a free element in nature, but it is rare. It is a dense, soft metal that is very resistant to corrosion and poorly conductive compared to other metals. Its density and low melting point make it useful in applications such as electrolysis and industrual materials. For more information on lead, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of lead products, visit the Lead Information Center.


HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Danger
Hazard Statements H272-H302-H332-H360Df-H373-H410
Hazard Codes T,N
Risk Codes 61-20/22-33-50/53-62
Safety Precautions 53-45-60-61
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information UN 1470 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity Health Hazard Environment-Hazardous to the aquatic environment    

LEAD(II) PERCHLORATE TRIHYDRATE SYNONYMS
Lead(2+) perchlorate hydrate (1:2:3); lead(2+) diperchlorate trihydrate

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Lead

  • M. Sundara Rao, Y. Gandhi, Bhaskar Sanyal, K. Bhargavi, M. Piasecki, N. Veeraiah, Studies on ?-ray induced structural changes in Nd3+ doped lead alumino silicate glasses by means of thermoluminescence for dosimetric applications in high dose ranges, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 616, 15 December 2014
  • Xiaoshi Lang, Dianlong Wang, Chiyu Hu, Shenzhi Tang, Junsheng Zhu, Chenfeng Guo, The use of nanometer tetrabasic lead sulfate as positive active material additive for valve regulated lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Bo Hong, Liangxing Jiang, Haitao Xue, Fangyang Liu, Ming Jia, Jie Li, Yexiang Liu, Characterization of nano-lead-doped active carbon and its application in lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • R. Tenno, E. Nefedov, Electrolyte depletion control laws for lead-acid battery discharge optimisation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Xiaojuan Sun, Jiakuan Yang, Wei Zhang, Xinfeng Zhu, Yuchen Hu, Danni Yang, Xiqing Yuan, Wenhao Yu, Jinxin Dong, Haifeng Wang, Lei Li, R. Vasant Kumar, Sha Liang, Lead acetate trihydrate precursor route to synthesize novel ultrafine lead oxide from spent lead acid battery pastes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Dominik Schulte, Dirk Uwe Sauer, Ellen Ebner, Alexander Börger, Sven Gose, Heinz Wenzl, “Stratifiability index” – A quantitative assessment of acid stratification in flooded lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Hongyi Li, Lingyun Dong, Yi Lu, Shilie Pan, Xiaoquan Lu, Hongwei Yu, Hongping Wu, Xin Su, Zhihua Yang, Synthesis, crystal structure, and optical properties of a new lead barium borate, PbBa2(B3O6)2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Hui Wang, Jiagang Wu, Phase transition, microstructure, and electrical properties of Ca, Zr, and Sn-modified BaTiO3 lead-free ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Baoxiang He, Hua Wang, Xie He, Vibration test methods and their experimental research on the performance of the lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yue Li, Zheng Shen, Asok Ray, Christopher D. Rahn, Real-time estimation of lead-acid battery parameters: A dynamic data-driven approach, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Olawale L. Osifeko, Tebello Nyokong, Applications of lead phthalocyanines embedded in electrospun fibers for the photoinactivation of Escherichia coli in water, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • L.F. Li, Y.K. Cheng, G.L. Xu, E.Z. Wang, Z.H. Zhang, H. Wang, Effects of indium addition on properties and wettability of Sn–0.7Cu–0.2Ni lead-free solders, Materials & Design, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Sudip K. Chatterjee, Saba N. Khan, Partha Roy Chaudhuri, Two-octave spanning single pump parametric amplification at 1550 nm in a host lead-silicate binary multi-clad microstructure fiber: Influence of multi-order dispersion engineering, Optics Communications, Volume 332, 1 December 2014
  • A.A. El-Daly, A.E. Hammad, G.S. Al-Ganainy, M. Ragab, Properties enhancement of low Ag-content Sn–Ag–Cu lead-free solders containing small amount of Zn, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Xing Liu, Min Zhu, Zhihui Chen, Bijun Fang, Jianning Ding, Xiangyong Zhao, Haiqing Xu, Haosu Luo, Structure and electrical properties of Li-doped BaTiO3–CaTiO3–BaZrO3 lead-free ceramics prepared by citrate method, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Matthew Sorge, Thomas Bean, Travis Woodland, John Canning, I. Frank Cheng, Dean B. Edwards, Investigating the use of porous, hollow glass microspheres in positive lead acid battery plates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Fangxu Li, Dingquan Xiao, Jiagang Wu, Zhuo Wang, Chao Liu, Jianguo Zhu, Phase structure and electrical properties of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3–(Bi0.5Na0.5)ZrO3 lead-free ceramics with a sintering aid of ZnO, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Pengran Gao, Yi Liu, Weixin Lv, Rui Zhang, Wei Liu, Xianfu Bu, Guanghua Li, Lixu Lei, Methanothermal reduction of mixtures of PbSO4 and PbO2 to synthesize ultrafine a-PbO powders for lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Debdoot Hazari, Swapan Kumar Jana, Michel Fleck, Ennio Zangrando, Sudipta Dalai, Two three-dimensional coordination polymers of lead(II) with iminodiacetate and naphthalene-dicarboxylate anions: Synthesis, characterization and luminescence behavior, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 219, November 2014
  • Nicolás Arancibia-Miranda, Samuel E. Baltazar, Alejandra García, Aldo H. Romero, María A. Rubio, Dora Altbir, Lead removal by nano-scale zero valent iron: Surface analysis and pH effect, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Perchlorates

  • M.A. Deyab, Hydrogen generation by tin corrosion in lactic acid solution promoted by sodium perchlorate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Shu Gao, Jiang Zhong, Guobin Xue, Bo Wang, Ion conductivity improved polyethylene oxide/lithium perchlorate electrolyte membranes modified by graphene oxide, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 470, 15 November 2014
  • M. Wojtas, O. Czupinski, Z. Tylczynski, D. Isakov, M. Belsley, R. Jakubas, Optical nonlinearity and piezoelectricity in 2,4,6-trimethylpyridinium perchlorate, Chemical Physics, Volume 441, 30 September 2014
  • G.B. Parravicini, F. Marabelli, F. Floris, V. Pasquali, J. Parravicini, P. Ferloni, Thermal evolution of tetramethylammonium tetrafluoborate and perchlorate investigated through dielectric and IR spectroscopy, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 147, Issues 1–2, 15 September 2014
  • Wen-Xian Li, Feng Guo, Yu-Shan Zheng, Xiao-Fang Cao, Shu-Yan Feng, Juan Bai, Xiao-Dong Xin, Synthesis and luminescence properties of two novel europium (III) perchlorate complexes with bis(benzylsulfinyl)methane and 1,10-phenanthroline, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 153, September 2014
  • Yupeng Gao, Libo Wang, Zhengyang Li, Aiguo Zhou, Qianku Hu, Xinxin Cao, Preparation of MXene-Cu2O nanocomposite and effect on thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Solid State Sciences, Volume 35, September 2014
  • Rui-Tao Wen, Gunnar A. Niklasson, Claes G. Granqvist, Electrochromic nickel oxide films and their compatibility with potassium hydroxide and lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate: Optical, electrochemical and stress-related properties, Thin Solid Films, Volume 565, 28 August 2014
  • Yifu Zhang, Nannan Wang, Yuting Huang, Weibing Wu, Chi Huang, Changgong Meng, Fabrication and catalytic activity of ultra-long V2O5 nanowires on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 7, Part B, August 2014
  • Timothy M. Byrne, Xin Gu, Pin Hou, Fred S. Cannon, Nicole R. Brown, César Nieto-Delgado, Quaternary nitrogen activated carbons for removal of perchlorate with electrochemical regeneration, Carbon, Volume 73, July 2014
  • Vladimir Anan’ev, Mikhail Miklin, Ludmila Kriger, Reactions of atomic oxygen with the chlorate ion and the perchlorate ion, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 607, 27 June 2014
  • Yuan Yuan, Wei Jiang, Yujiao Wang, Ping Shen, Fengsheng Li, Pingyun Li, Fengqi Zhao, Hongxu Gao, Hydrothermal preparation of Fe2O3/graphene nanocomposite and its enhanced catalytic activity on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Applied Surface Science, Volume 303, 1 June 2014
  • Min Zou, Xin Wang, Xiaohong Jiang, Lude Lu, In-situ and self-distributed: A new understanding on catalyzed thermal decomposition process of ammonium perchlorate over Nd2O3, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 213, May 2014
  • K. Kesavan, Chithra M. Mathew, S. Rajendran, M. Ulaganathan, Preparation and characterization of novel solid polymer blend electrolytes based on poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) with various concentrations of lithium perchlorate, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 184, May–June 2014
  • Sevil Seker, Deniz Baris, Nevin Arslan, Yilmaz Turgut, Necmettin Pirinççioglu, Mahmut Togrul, Synthesis of rigid and C2-symmetric pyridino-15-crown-5 type macrocycles bearing diamide–diester functions: enantiomeric recognition for chiral primary organoammonium perchlorate salts, Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, Volume 25, Issue 5, 15 March 2014
  • Wenwen Zhang, Qingping Luo, Xiaohui Duan, Yong Zhou, Chonghua Pei, Nitrated graphene oxide and its catalytic activity in thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 50, February 2014
  • Chin-Shen Lim, K.H. Teoh, Chiam-Wen Liew, S. Ramesh, Capacitive behavior studies on electrical double layer capacitor using poly (vinyl alcohol)–lithium perchlorate based polymer electrolyte incorporated with TiO2, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 143, Issue 2, 15 January 2014
  • Rui-Tao Wen, Gunnar A. Niklasson, Claes G. Granqvist, Electrochromic iridium oxide films: Compatibility with propionic acid, potassium hydroxide, and lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 120, Part A, January 2014
  • Lijuan Chen, Dingyi Zhu, The particle dimension controlling synthesis of a-MnO2 nanowires with enhanced catalytic activity on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Solid State Sciences, Volume 27, January 2014
  • You-Na Kim, Young-Chul Lee, Minkee Choi, Complete degradation of perchlorate using Pd/N-doped activated carbon with adsorption/catalysis bifunctional roles, Carbon, Volume 65, December 2013
  • Cheng-Peng Li, Jian Guo, Miao Du, Two 3D open coordination frameworks constructed by CdII or ZnII perchlorate and 4-(4-pyridyl)-3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole showing selective anion-exchange behaviors to acetate, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Volume 38, December 2013