Tellurium Elemental Symbol
Tellurium



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Tellure Tellur Tellurio Telúrio Teluro Tellur

Tellurium(Te)atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTellurium is a Block P, Group 16, Period 5 element. The number of electrons in each of Tellurium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 6 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4. In its elemental form tellurium's CAS number is 13494-80-9. Elemental TelluriumThe tellurium atom has a radius of 140.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 206.pm. Tellurium Bohr ModelTellurium is most commonly sourced from the anode sludges produced as a byproduct of copper refining.Tellurium was first discovered by Franz Muller von Reichenstein in 1782. The name Tellurium originates from the Greek word 'Tellus' meaning Earth.

Tellurium is a p-type semiconductor, and shows greater conductivity in certain directions, depending on alignment of the atoms. It is grown in crystalline form with other elements such as indium telluride. Its conductivity increases slightly with exposure to light which makes many tellurides candidates for solar energy applications. Tellurium improves the machinability of copper and stainless steel, and its addition to lead decreases the corrosive action of sulfuric acid on lead and improves its strength and hardness. High Purity (99.999%) Tellurium Oxide (TeO2) PowderTellurium is used as a basic ingredient in blasting caps, and is added to cast iron for chill control. Tellurium is used in ceramics. Bismuth telluride has been used in thermoelectric devices. High Purity (99.99999%) Tellurium (Te) Sputtering TargetTellurium is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Tellurium nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Tellurium is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

Safety data for Tellurium and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab below.


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Tellurium Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Te Melting Point: 449.51 oC, 841.118 oF, 722.66 K
Atomic Number: 52 Boiling Point: 988 oC, 1810.4 oF, 1261.15 K
Atomic Weight: 127.6 Density: 6247 kg m-3
Element Category: metalloid Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 5.70 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 16 (chalcogens), 5, p Specific Heat: 0.0481 Cal/g/K @ 25°C
    Heat of Vaporization 104.6 kJ mol-1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 13.5 kJ mol-1
Electrons: 52 Thermal Conductivity: (1.97–3.38) W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 52 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 76 Electrical Resistivity: 4.36x10(5) microhm-cm @ 25°C
Electron Configuration: [Kr]5s24d105p4 Electronegativity: 2.1 Paulings
Atomic Radius: 140 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 138±4 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 25.73 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 206 pm Young's Modulus: 43 GPa
Oxidation States: 6, 4, -2 Shear Modulus: 16 GPa
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: 65 GPa
Crystal Structure: hexagonal[ Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: 2.25
1st Ionization Energy: 869.3 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 1794.64 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: 180 MPa
3rd Ionization Energy: 2697.75 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (20 °C) 2610 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 13494-80-9 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 4885717 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 6327182 Abundance in universe, by weight: 9 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00134062 Abundance in universe, by atom: 0.09 ppb
EC Number: 236-813-4 Discovered By: Franz-Joseph Müller von Reichenstein
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1782
SMILES Identifier: [Te]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Te Other Names: Tellur, Telúrio
InChI Key: PORWMNRCUJJQNO-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       

Tellurium Products

Metal Forms  •  Compounds  •  Alloys  •  Oxide Forms  •  Organometallic Compounds
Sputtering Targets  •  Nanomaterials  •  Semiconductor Materials •  Isotopes

Metal Forms

Telluride
Tellurium Balls
Tellurium Bands
Tellurium Bars
Tellurium Bits
Tellurium Board
Tellurium Briquette
Tellurium Capsules
Tellurium Chunk
Tellurium Circle
Tellurium Coil
Tellurium Coins
Tellurium Concentrate
Tellurium Cylinder
Tellurium Disc
Tellurium Dust
Tellurium Flake
Tellurium Flanges
Tellurium Foil
Tellurium Fragments
Tellurium Grain
Tellurium Granules
Tellurium Ingot
Tellurium Lump
Tellurium Mesh
Tellurium Metal
Tellurium Microfoil
Tellurium Microleaf
Tellurium Nugget
Tellurium Particles
Tellurium Parts
Tellurium Pebbles
Tellurium Pellets
Tellurium Pieces
Tellurium Pills
Tellurium Plate
Tellurium Powder
Tellurium Precipitate
Tellurium Prisms
Tellurium Puck
Tellurium Residue
Tellurium Ribbon
Tellurium Rings
Tellurium Rocks
Tellurium Rod
Tellurium Samples
Tellurium Scraps
Tellurium Segments
Tellurium Shaving
Tellurium Sheet
Tellurium Shot
Tellurium Sleeves
Tellurium Slugs
Tellurium Specimens
Tellurium Spheres
Tellurium Spring
Tellurium Strip
Tellurium Tape
Tellurium Tube
Tellurium Wafer
Tellurium Wire
Ultra Thin Tellurium Foil


Compounds

Ammonium Hexabromotellurate(IV)
Ammonium Hexachlorotellurate(IV)
Calcium Tellurate
Cesium Tellurite
Copper Tellurite
Iron(II) Telluride
Magnesium Tellurate
Manganese Tellurite
Nickel Tellurate
Nickel Tellurite
Potassium Hexabromotellurate(IV)
Potassium Hexachlorotellurate
Potassium Tellurate
Potassium Tellurite
Sodium Tellurate
Sodium Tellurite
Tellurium Bromide (Te2Br)
Tellurium Bromide (TeBr4)
Tellurium Bromide, Ultra Dry (TeBr4)
Tellurium Carbide
Tellurium Chloride TeCl2
Tellurium Chloride TeCl4
Tellurium Chloride Solution
Tellurium Ethoxide
Tellurium Fluoride
Tellurium Iodide
Tellurium Nitrate
Tellurium Nitrate Solution
Tellurium Sulfate Solution


Organometallic Compounds

Diisopropyl Telluride
Tellurium 2-Ethylhexanoate
Sputtering Targets

Aluminum Telluride Sputtering Target
Antimony Telluride Sputtering Target
Arsenic Telluride Sputtering Targete
Bismuth Telluride Sputtering Target
Cadmium Telluride Sputtering Target
Calcium Telluride Sputtering Target
Cerium Telluride Sputtering Target
Cesium Telluride Sputtering Target
Chromium Telluride Sputtering Target
Cobalt Telluride Sputtering Target
Copper Telluride Sputtering Target
Dysprosium Telluride Sputtering Target
Erbium Telluride Sputtering Target
Europium Telluride Sputtering Target
Gadolinium Telluride Sputtering Target
Gallium(II) Telluride Sputtering Target
Gallium(III) Telluride Sputtering Target
Germanium Telluride Sputtering Target
GeSbTe Sputtering Target
Gold Telluride Sputtering Target
Hafnium Telluride Sputtering Target
Holmium Telluride Sputtering Target
Indium Telluride Sputtering Target
Indium(III) Telluride Sputtering Target
Iridium Telluride Sputtering Target
Iron Telluride Sputtering Target
Lanthanum Telluride Sputtering Target
Lead Telluride Sputtering Target
Lithium Telluride Sputtering Target
Lutetium Telluride Sputtering Target
Magnesium Telluride Sputtering Target
Manganese Telluride Sputtering Target
Molybdenum Telluride Sputtering Target
Neodymium Telluride Sputtering Target
Nickel Telluride Sputtering Target
Niobium Telluride Sputtering Target
Osmium Telluride Sputtering Target
Palladium Telluride Sputtering Target
Platinum Telluride Sputtering Target
Praseodymium Telluride Sputtering Target
Rhenium Telluride Sputtering Target
Rhodium Telluride Sputtering Target
Ruthenium Telluride Sputtering Target
Samarium Telluride Sputtering target
Scandium Telluride Sputtering Target
Selenium Telluride Sputtering Target
Silicon Telluride Sputtering Target
Silver Telluride Sputtering Target
Strontium Telluride Sputtering Target
Tantalum Telluride Sputtering Target
Tellurium Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Tellurium Oxide Sputtering Target
Tellurium Rotatable Sputtering Targets
Tellurium Sputtering Target
Terbium Telluride Sputtering Target
Thallium Telluride Sputtering Target
Thorium Telluride Sputtering Target
Thulium Telluride Sputtering Target
Tin Telluride Sputtering Target
Titanium Telluride Sputtering Target
Tungsten Telluride Sputtering Target
Vanadium Telluride Sputtering Target
Ytterbium Telluride Sputtering Target
Yttrium Telluride Sputtering Target
Zinc Telluride Sputtering Target
Zirconium Telluride Sputtering Target


Alloys

Bismuth Antimony Tellurium Granule
Bismuth Antimony Tellurium Powder
Bismuth Antimony Tellurium Lump
Bismuth Telluride Alloy Particles
Bismuth Telluride Alloy Powder
Cadmium Indium Tellurium Granules
Cadmium Indium Tellurium Powder
Cadmium Indium Tellurium Lump
Mercury Cadmium Tellurium Granules
Mercury Cadmium Tellurium Powder
Mercury Cadmium Tellurium Lump
Silver Indium Tellurium Granules
Silver Indium Tellurium Powder
Silver Indium Tellurium Lump
Zinc Indium Tellurium Granules
Zinc Indium Tellurium Lump
Zinc Indium Tellurium Powder
Zinc Cadmium Tellurium Granule
Zinc Cadmium Tellurium Lump
Zinc Cadmium Tellurium Powder


Isotopes

Tellurium-122 Isotope
Tellurium-123 Isotope
Tellurium-124 Isotope
Tellurium-125 Isotope
Tellurium-126 Isotope

Crystal/ Semiconductor Materials

Aluminum Telluride
Antimony Telluride
Arsenic Telluride
Arsenic Telluride Lump
Bi2Se3/Sb2Se3 Solid Solution
Bi2Te3/Sb2Te3 Solid Solution
Barium Telluride
Bismuth Telluride Single Crystal
Bismuth Telluride
Cadmium Telluride
Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT)
Cadmium Tellurite
Calcium Telluride
Cerium Telluride
Cesium Telluride
Chromium Telluride
Cobalt Telluride
Copper Telluride (CuTe)
Copper Telluride (Cu2Te)
Dysprosium Telluride
Erbium Telluride
Europium Telluride
Gadolinium Telluride
Gallium(II) Telluride
Gallium(III) Telluride
Germanium Telluride
Gold Telluride
Gold Ditelluride
Hafnium Telluride
Holmium Telluride
Indium Telluride
Iridium Telluride
Iron Telluride
Lanthanum Telluride
Lead Telluride
Lead Telluride/Antimony Selenide Solid Solution
Lead Telluride/Tin Telluride/Lead Selenide Solid Solution
Lithium Telluride
Lutetium Telluride
Magnesium Telluride
Manganese Telluride (MnTe)
Manganese Telluride (MnTe2)
Mercury Telluride
Molybdenum Telluride
Neodymium Telluride
Nickel Telluride
Niobium Telluride
Osmium Telluride
Palladium Telluride
Platinum Telluride
Praseodymium Telluride
Rhenium Telluride
Rhodium Telluride
Ruthenium Telluride
Samarium Telluride
Scandium Telluride
Selenium Telluride
Silicon Telluride
Silver Antimony Telluride
Silver Telluride
Single Crystal Iron Selenide Telluride
Single Crystal Iron Telluride
Strontium Telluride
Tantalum Telluride
Tellurium Phosphide
Tellurium Sulfide
Terbium Telluride
Thallium Telluride
Thorium Telluride
Thulium Telluride
Tin Telluride
Titanium Telluride
Tungsten Ditelluride
Tungsten Telluride
Vanadium Telluride
Ytterbium Telluride
Yttrium Telluride
Zinc Manganese Telluride
Zinc Telluride
Zirconium Telluride


Nanomaterials

Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots
Tellurium Nanoparticles
Tellurium Nanoprisms
Tellurium Oxide Nanopowder



Oxide Forms

Tellurium Oxide
Tellurium Oxide Pellets
Tellurium Oxide Pieces
Tellurium Oxide Powder
Tellurium Oxide Shot
Tellurium Oxide Tablets



Recent Research & Development for Tellurium

  • Tellurium-Containing Polymer Micelles: Competitive-Ligand-Regulated Coordination Responsive Systems. Cao W, Gu Y, Meineck M, Li T, Xu H. J Am Chem Soc. 2014.
  • Local structure of amorphous tellurium studied by EXAFS. Ikemoto H, Miyanaga T. J Synchrotron Radiat. 2014.
  • Investigation of reaction mechanisms of bismuth tellurium selenide nanomaterials for simple reaction manipulation causing effective adjustment of thermoelectric properties. Kim C, Kim DH, Kim JT, Han YS, Kim H. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Dec.
  • A new tellurium-containing amphiphilic molecule induces apoptosis in HCT116 colon cancer cells. Du P, Saidu NE, Intemann J, Jacob C, Montenarh M. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Feb.
  • Antifungal activity of biogenic tellurium nanoparticles against Candida albicans and its effects on the squalene monooxygenase gene expression. Zare B, Sepehrizadeh Z, Faramarzi MA, Soltany-Rezaeerad M, Rezaie S, Shahverdi AR. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2013 Nov.
  • A tellurium-substituted Lindqvist-type polyoxoniobate showing high H(2) evolution catalyzed by tellurium nanowires via photodecomposition. Son JH, Wang J, Osterloh FE, Yu P, Casey WH. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014 Jan.
  • Catalytic antioxidants: regenerable tellurium analogues of vitamin e. Singh VP, Poon JF, Engman L. Org Lett. 2013 Dec.
  • A totally phosphine-free synthesis of metal telluride nanocrystals by employing alkylamides to replace alkylphosphines for preparing highly reactive tellurium precursors. Yao D, Liu Y, Zhao W, Wei H, Luo X, Wu Z, Dong C, Zhang H, Yang B. Nanoscale. 2013 Sep.
  • A tellurium-substituted Lindqvist-type polyoxoniobate showing high H2 evolution catalyzed by tellurium nanowires via photodecomposition. Son JH, Wang J, Osterloh FE, Yu P, Casey WH. Chem Commun (Camb). 2013 Dec.
  • Thermal and Photoreductive Elimination from the Tellurium Center of p-Conjugated Tellurophenes. Carrera EI, McCormick TM, Kapp MJ, Lough AJ, Seferos DS. Inorg Chem. 2013 Dec.
  • Phenylethynyl-Butyltellurium Inhibits the Sulfhydryl Enzyme Na+, K +-ATPase: An Effect Dependent on the Tellurium Atom. Quines CB, Rosa SG, Neto JS, Zeni G, Nogueira CW. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013.
  • Catalytic Antioxidants: Regenerable Tellurium Analogues of Vitamin E. Singh VP, Poon JF, Engman L. Org Lett. 2013 Nov.
  • Tellurium Compound AS101 Ameliorates Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis by VLA-4 Inhibition and Suppression of Monocyte and T Cell Infiltration into the CNS. Lee JH, Halperin-Sheinfeld M, Baatar D, Mughal MR, Tae HJ, Kim JW, Carter A, Lustig A, Snir O, Lavie G, Okun E, Mattson MP, Sredni B, Taub DD. Neuromolecular Med. 2013.
  • In vitro immunotoxicology of quantum dots and comparison with dissolved cadmium and tellurium. Bruneau A, Fortier M, Gagne F, Gagnon C, Turcotte P, Tayabali A, Davis TA, Auffret M, Fournier M. Environ Toxicol. 2013.
  • Rapid and sensitive determination of tellurium in soil and plant samples by sector-field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Yang G, Zheng J, Tagami K, Uchida S. Talanta. 2013 Nov.
  • Isotopically labeled sulfur compounds and synthetic selenium and tellurium analogues to study sulfur metabolism in marine bacteria. Brock NL, Citron CA, Zell C, Berger M, Wagner-Döbler I, Petersen J, Brinkhoff T, Simon M, Dickschat JS. Beilstein J Org Chem. 2013.
  • Phenylethynyl-Butyltellurium Inhibits the Sulfhydryl Enzyme Na(+), K (+)-ATPase: An Effect Dependent on the Tellurium Atom. Quines CB, Rosa SG, Neto JS, Zeni G, Nogueira CW. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013 Nov.
  • From selenium- to tellurium-based glass optical fibers for infrared spectroscopies. Cui S, Chahal R, Boussard-Plédel C, Nazabal V, Doualan JL, Troles J, Lucas J, Bureau B. Molecules. 2013.
  • Speciation and identification of tellurium-containing metabolites in garlic, Allium sativum. Anan Y, Yoshida M, Hasegawa S, Katai R, Tokumoto M, Ouerdane L, Lobinski R, Ogra Y. Metallomics. 2013.
  • Theoretical studies of the electronic spectrum of tellurium monosulfide. Chattopadhyaya S, Nath A, Das KK. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013.

Tellurium Isotopes


Tellurium has six stable isotopes: 120Te, 122Te, 123Te, 124Te, 125Te and 126Te.

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
120Te 119.90402 Observationally Stable 0+
122Te 121.9030439 Stable 0+
123Te 122.9042700 Observationally Stable 1/2+
124Te 123.9028179 Stable 0+
125Te 124.9044307 Stable 1/2+
126Te 125.9033117 Stable 0+