Yttrium Chunk

High Purity Y Chunk
CAS 7440-65-5


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Yttrium Chunk Y-M-02-CK Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Yttrium Chunk Y-M-03-CK Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Yttrium Chunk Y-M-04-CK Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Yttrium Chunk Y-M-05-CK Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Y 7440-65-5 24855941 23993 MFCD00011468  231-174-8 N/A [Y] InChI=1S/Y VWQVUPCCIRVNHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

PROPERTIES Mol. Wt. Appearance Density Tensile Strength Melting Point Boiling Point Thermal Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Eletronegativity Specific Heat Heat of Vaporization Heat of Fusion MSDS
88.91 Silvery 4472 kg/m³ 67 MPa 1526 °C 3336 °C 0.172 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K  57.0 microhm-cm @ °C 1.3 Paulings  0.068 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C 93 K-Cal/gm atom at 3338 °C 4.10 Cal/gm mole  Safety Data Sheet

American Elements' AE Bullion™ group mints certified high purity Yttrium Chunk using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. Standard Chunk pieces are amorphous uniform pieces ranging in size from 5-15 mm. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements also casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into granules, rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. We also produce Yttrium as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, disc, granules, and wire, as nanoparticles and in compound forms, such as oxide. Yttrium Chunk may be purchased in bulk or small quantity. Portfolios of different elemental metal bars or coins may also be structured and purchased from the AE Bullion™ group allowing for strategic risk allocation and indexing across a basket of metals.

Yttrium Bohr ModelYttrium (Y) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolYttrium (atomic symbol: Y, atomic number: 39) is a Block D, Group 3, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 88.90585. The number of electrons in each of yttrium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 9, 2] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. The yttrium atom has a radius of 180 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 219 pm. Yttrium was discovered by Johann Gadolin in 1794 and first isolated by Carl Gustav Mosander in 1840. Elemental Yttrium In its elemental form, Yttrium has a silvery white metallic appearance. Yttrium has the highest thermodynamic affinity for oxygen of any element. Yttrium is not found in nature as a free element and is almost always found combined with the lanthanides in rare earth minerals. While not part of the rare earth series, it resembles the heavy rare earths which are sometimes referred to as the "yttrics" for this reason. Another unique characteristic derives from its ability to form crystals with useful properties. The name yttrium originated from a Swedish village near Vaxholm called Yttbery where it was discovered. For more information on yttrium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of yttrium products, visit the Yttrium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Yttrium

  • N. Tahreen, D.F. Zhang, F.S. Pan, X.Q. Jiang, C. Li, D.Y. Li, D.L. Chen, Influence of yttrium content on phase formation and strain hardening behavior of Mg–Zn–Mn magnesium alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • C.W. He, M.F. Barthe, P. Desgardin, S. Akhmadaliev, M. Behar, F. Jomard, Positron studies of interaction between yttrium atoms and vacancies in bcc iron with relevance for ODS nanoparticles formation, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Qizhen Duan, Qiuhong Yang, Shenzhou Lu, Cen Jiang, Qing Lu, Bo Lu, Fabrication and properties of Er/Tm/Pr tri-doped yttrium lanthanum oxide transparent ceramics, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Toshiki Miyazaki, Toru Tanaka, Yuki Shirosaki, Masakazu Kawashita, Yttrium phosphate microspheres with enriched phosphorus content prepared for radiotherapy of deep-seated cancer, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Eran Shaffir, Yaron Kauffmann, Ilan Riess, Void formation in gold films on yttrium-doped zirconia in the initial stage of de-wetting, Acta Materialia, Volume 79, 15 October 2014
  • N. Stanford, R. Cottam, B. Davis, J. Robson, Evaluating the effect of yttrium as a solute strengthener in magnesium using in situ neutron diffraction, Acta Materialia, Volume 78, 1 October 2014
  • Xinxin Wang, Yimin Gao, Yefei Li, Ting Yang, Effect of yttrium on the corrosion behavior of 09CrCuSb alloy in NaCl solution, Corrosion Science, Volume 87, October 2014
  • Dongzhou Ding, Bo Liu, Yuntao Wu, Jianhua Yang, Guohao Ren, Junfeng Chen, Effect of yttrium on electron–phonon coupling strength of 5d state of Ce3+ ion in LYSO:Ce crystals, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • S.S. Chopade, C. Nayak, D. Bhattacharyya, S.N. Jha, R.B. Tokas, N.K. Sahoo, D.S. Patil, EXAFS study on yttrium oxide thin films deposited by RF plasma enhanced MOCVD under the influence of varying RF self-bias, Applied Surface Science, Volume 314, 30 September 2014
  • Xiao-feng Zhang, Ke-song Zhou, Xu Wei, Bo-yu Chen, Jin-bing Song, Min Liu, In situ synthesis of a-alumina layer at top yttrium-stabilized zirconia thermal barrier coatings for oxygen barrier, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Satyam M. Shinde, Sanjay D. Gupta, Sanjeev K. Gupta, Prafulla K. Jha, Lattice dynamics and thermodynamical study of yttrium monochalcogenides, Computational Materials Science, Volume 92, September 2014
  • Yanxing Zhang, Zhaoming Fu, Mingyang Wang, Zongxian Yang, Oxygen vacancy induced carbon deposition at the triple phase boundary of the nickel/yttrium-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) interface, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 261, 1 September 2014
  • X.L. Li, S.M. He, X.T. Zhou, Y. Zou, Z.J. Li, A.G. Li, X.H. Yu, Effects of rare earth yttrium on microstructure and properties of Ni–16Mo–7Cr–4Fe nickel-based superalloy, Materials Characterization, Volume 95, September 2014
  • C. Karunakaran, S. Kalaivani, P. Vinayagamoorthy, Sasmita Dash, Optical, electrical and visible light-photocatalytic properties of yttrium-substituted BiVO4 nanoparticles, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 187, September 2014
  • Trygve Mongstad, Annett Thøgersen, Aryasomayajula Subrahmanyam, Smagul Karazhanov, The electronic state of thin films of yttrium, yttrium hydrides and yttrium oxide, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 128, September 2014
  • Aleksandr Pishtshev, Smagul Zh. Karazhanov, Role of oxygen in materials properties of yttrium trihydride, Solid State Communications, Volume 194, September 2014
  • Christos Argirusis, Georgios Antonaropoulos, Georgia Sourkouni, Francois Jomard, ?xygen tracer diffusion in single crystalline yttrium silicate, Solid State Ionics, Volume 262, 1 September 2014
  • Yuzheng Wang, He Yang, Xiangxin Xue, Synergistic antibacterial activity of TiO2 co-doped with zinc and yttrium, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • Zhiqi Zhang, Zhiqiang Wang, Ruiying Miao, Qiong Zhu, Dehong Chen, Xiaowei Zhang, Lin Zhou, Zongan Li, Shihong Yan, Purification of yttrium to 4N5+ purity, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • Pinit Kidkhunthod, Santi Phumying, Santi Maensiri, X-ray absorption spectroscopy study on yttrium iron garnet (Y3Fe5O12) nanocrystalline powders synthesized using egg white-based sol–gel route, Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 126, 25 August 2014